CHARLESTON MERCURY
July 1860 – December 1862
 

CHARLESTON MERCURY, July 2, 1860, p. 3, c. 3

Fresh Arrival of European Seeds.

                We are in receipt (per steamer Hammonia) of our European Turnip Seeds, etc., viz:   Yellow, Red, and Purple Top Rutabaga Turnip, White Hanover Turnip, Large White Norfolk, Large White Globe, Large Red Top, and Dale's Hybrid Field Turnips.  Yellow Aberdeen, Yellow Maltese, Early White Flat and Red Top Flat Turnips.  Asiatic and Walcherene Cauliflower, Early White and Purple Broccoli, Kohl Rabbi or Turnip-rooted Cabbage.  Green and Brown Curled Kale, Green Curled and Drumhead Savoy Cabbages, Brussel [sic] Sprouts.  Large Late Drumhead, Large Late Flat Dutch and Green Glaze Cabbages, etc.

also,

                A superior assortment of Agricultural and Horticultural Implements, Housekeeping Articles, etc., at                                                                                 John Thomson & Co.'s
                                                                                                                           
No. 262 King-street. 

Eastern Hay.

350 Bales Superior Eastern Hay.

North River Hay.

400 bales selected North River Hay.

Mixed Corn.

4000 bushels Mixed Western Corn, 56 lbs., bags included.

White Provision Corn.

5000 bushels prime White Provision Corn.

Peas.

200 bushels Shinney Seed Peas.

Rice Flour.

250 bushels Fresh Rice Flour.

Bran.

4000 bushels Fresh Wheat Bran.
All in store and for sale low by Thomas E. Ryan, no. 81 East Bay.
 

Eastern Hay Afloat.

150 Bales Superior Eastern Hay, per Schr. Gilliland, at Boyce's Wharf.  For sale at a reduced price from the vessel, by Robert A. Young, No. 161 East Bay.

In Store:

300 Bales North River Hay
5000 bushels prime White Provision Corn
4000 bushels Sound Yellow Feeding Corn
6000 bushels Heavy Feeding Oats
3000 bushels Fresh Wheat Bran
200 bags Georgia Shorts
Cracked Corn, Cow Peas, &c.
 

CHARLESTON MERCURY, July 2, 1860, p. 3, c. 4

Cheap!  Cheap!!  Cheap!!!

Selling off at reduced prices, to close to-day Summer Stock of Millinery, Ladies' and Misses' Bonnets, cheap Caps, from 37 1/2 cents and upwards.  Also A variety of Dress Trimmings, at low prices.  Ladies will not forget that Dress-Making is done as usual at Mrs. S. Brooks', No. 147 King Street. 

China, Glass, and Earthenware.

                The Subscribers have in store, and are receiving a full and complete assortment of the latest and most approved patterns of the above Goods, Direct from the European manufactories, consisting, in part, of Plain, White, Colored and Decorated Dinner, Tea and Toilet Sets, together with a great variety of Glassware, &c.
               
We would invite an examination of our Stock by all who may desire to purchase, as we are satisfied that we offer the best qualities, at the lowest prices they can be sold for.
               
Families of our country, as well as of our city friends, are advised that they can procure of us anything in our line they may require, either in complete sets, or to match broken sets.
               
Webb & Sage, 145 Meeting-Street, Opposite the Charleston Hotel. 

CHARLESTON MERCURY, July 2, 1860, p. 3, c. 1

The Artesian Baths

Having been overhauled and [?], are now open for the reception of visitors.  There are accommodations for twenty-one persons at one time, so every one can receive due attention without any delay. 

CHARLESTON MERCURY, July 3, 1860, p. 4, c. 2
               
Ladies' Dress.--The saying is proverbial that when two ladies pass on the street, they are sure to turn their heads to see how each other are dressed.  We were witnesses a short time since to a scene of this kind, which was decidedly amusing.  We were sitting in our office, gazing out at the window, when we espied, on the opposite side of the street, two ladies, dressed in the extreme of the fashion, approaching each other with heads thrown back, and a dignified scornful look, which was meant, we suppose, to convey the idea that they were totally unaware and careless of each other's presence.  They passed, and before twenty feet had separated them, they both turned at the same moment, to see how each other was dressed.  They were caught.  There was confusion.  One of them, with lowered crest and quickened pace, passed on.  The other, under the impression, no doubt, that she was still gazed at by the lady who had just passed, resorted to a subterfuge.  Her bonnet--poor thing--was just at that moment found to be terribly out of order, and the way she twisted her neck and tugged at the bonnet, was painful to the neck and death to lace and artificial flowers.
               
We guess the curiosity of these two ladies was satisfied, and no more observations were made that day, at least.--Macon Telegraph. 

CHARLESTON MERCURY, July 7, 1860, p. 4, c. 1

From the Journal of Commerce.

                Sewing Machines.--Women are not yet wholly superseded, being useful in their appropriate place--in fact absolutely indispensable.  Yet the improvement attempted in the Sewing Machine has exerted an important influence upon her social state.  Besides, this machine, though of but five years' existence, has effected great mechanical results.  As an invention, it has arrived at a rare degree of success.  Not a few, either from want of tact or energy, or on account of the worthlessness of their inventions, have entirely disappeared from the arena of trade, "leaving no trace behind" save the wreck of fortune.
               
The Sewing Machine is being introduced into general use, with a rapidity of which few have any conception.  Hardship may result in some instances from the substitution of this instrument for hand labor, but is, no doubt, destined to confer a lasting benefit; its advantages are circumscribed to no particular class, and are unlimited in their application.  With occasional slight modifications, with a view to more complete adaptation, the machine works its way among different classes of tradesmen.  It promises permanent relief to the wearisome bondage of the sewing woman.  Its celerity is incredible.  Each one of Wheeler & Wilson's is calculated to do the work of ten ordinary sewers.  Women's powers, whatever their cultivation, are unable to compete, either in rapidity, precision, or finish; from one to two thousand stitches per minute is not unusual.  On shirt bosoms, the number per minute is about fifteen hundred; in cording and binding umbrellas, two thousand.  Thousands of machines are sold for family sewing, several families often uniting in the purchase of a machine, and passing it around as needed; and among them are those of affluence and the highest respectability.
               
Sometimes a woman buys a machine for gaiter-work, for instance; hires female fitters in sufficient number to keep her constantly employed, and pays them $4 or $5 per week, often leaving a handsome profit.  A woman has been known to make as high as $60 per week, with two fitters.  Sewing Machines are getting to be extensively employed in making mantillas, hat and cap making, etc.  Machinery has already done much to emancipate men from exhausting toil--has developed the industrial arts, and quickened the wheels of commerce--so that, instead of depriving the laborer of his means of support, he is only enabled to apply his powers to the greatest advantage.
               
Another subject worthy of notice is the great improvement which has taken place in the quality of sewing silk, twist, thread, &c., made necessary by the rapid and accurate movement of the Sewing Machine.  We now produce thread in this country, which far exceeds any of foreign importation, in strength and evenness of texture.  If the foreign and domestic are looped together and jerked asunder, the former, even of the best descriptions has been found to yield in the greatest number of instances.
               
The Wheeler & Wilson Sewing Machine has prepared tables, showing by actual experiment of four different workers, the time required to stitch each part of a garment by hand and with their Sewing Machine.  The superiority of the work done by the Machine, and the healthfulness of the employment, are advantages quite as great as the saving of time.  Subjoined is a summary of the several of the tables:

                                                       By Machine                                          By Hand.                    
  
                                         Hours                     Min.                        Hours.                    Min.
Gentlemen's Shirts                    1                          16                            14                          26
Frock Coats                             2                          33                            16                          35
Satin Vests                               1                          14                              7                          19
Linen Vests                               0                          48                             5                          14
Cloth Pants                               0                          51                             5                          10
Summer Pants                           0                          33                             2                          50
Silk dress                                  1                          18                           10                          22
Merino Dress                            1                            4                             8                          27
Calico Dress                             0                          57                             6                          37
Chemise                                    1                            1                           10                         34
Moreen Skirt                            0                           35                             7                         28
Muslin Skirt                              0                           30                             6                           1
Drawers                                   0                            28                            4                           1
Night Dress                              1                              7                          10                           2
Silk Apron                                0                           15                             4                         16
Plain Apron                              0                              9                             1                         26

                Seams of considerable length are ordinarily sewed at the rate of a yard a minute.
               
The Lock Stitch made by this machine is the only stitch that cannot be raveled, and that presents the same appearance upon each side of the seam.  It is made with two threads, one upon each side of the fabric, and interlocked in the centre of it. 

CHARLESTON MERCURY, July 10, 1860, p. 1, c. 3-4

Correspondence of the Mercury.
Fashion Letter.

                New York, July 1.--There is positive danger of New York's forgetting its morality (which we all know is unquestionable) and becoming dissipated, for our generally "stale, flat and unprofitable days" at this period are filled with furious excitement.  The Great Easterners' star waned, and was merged into, and out-dazzled by the Great Eastern's arrival the day previous.
               
It was privately reported that a troop of Amazonians, whose names and blushes I will charitably spare, disdaining "to pine in thought," intended to decoy the immortal TOMMY in certain quarters, and hide the darling monster until after the departure of the Niagara.  But the wariness of the Ambassadors, the arrival of the Great Eastern, and the fear of TOMMY's self-immolation, frustrated these charming plans, and the little tawny, shaven-headed Oriental was suffered to depart rejoicing.
               
To a sagacious, profound, inquiring mind (like your correspondent's, par example), a problem remains to be solved, which ne'er Alchymist, in searching for the philosopher's stone, or poring at midnight over crucibles destined to reveal untold gold, was more anxious for light than I.  My mystery relates to the TOMMY infatuation among the women of Gotham.  In vain I gazed into TOMMY'S long black eyes; in vain I watched his waddling gait, seeking for grace; I explored his shaven crown, and imagined fascination in the stick of black sealing wax on the apex; my inquiring nose but inhaled the essence of Obe oil; I pondered over the broad yellow cheeks; I surveyed the fearfully mobile mouth.  Alas!  I could only arrive at the conclusion that

                                "Shrewd and knavish sprite called Robin Goodfellow,"

had been casting glamor [sic?] over the eyes of our modern Titanias, only ceasing his pranks upon the departure of the object.  I shall not recapitulate any items of that never-to-be-forgotten ball, with the proceedings of which you are already familiar--exquisitely beautiful as were the gardens, gorgeous and brilliant the gay phantasmagoria--yet those "who hung out their banners on the outer wall," consisting of lace and tulle fragments, and segments of flounces, will remember that scene as a fearful dream.  Then, too, to be elbowed by one's laundress at an "invitation ball;" crushed by aldermen and bar-keepers, pummeled by stablemen, and wedged into a moist mass of human beings of all nations, creeds, and positions; while gazing down upon this crush were three or four "What Is It's," clad in white vestments, passively receiving the worship of Christians.  But hung be the heavens in black, for the Japanese have departed!  We have see the last of their broad, good-natured faces; the paper lanterns have vanished; blue trowsers [sic] cease to win fair ladies' eyes; "pig tails" are no more; with the presto of a wizard, itzebues are changed into shillings, and the metropolis, cleansed and purified, is itself again.  Yet women refuse to be comforted, for TOMMY is not.
               
These, the most uneventful days for recording toilette matters, bring to light very few changes for summer.  All the fashionable world are travelling, or intend to travel, or have a strong desire to do so, which amounts to the same thing, philosophically rendered; therefore, since en voyage is the motto of the times, necessarily the costume is to be considered.  Colors of neutral tints being long since pronounced comme il faut, yet to relieve the inevitable grayness generally so unbecoming, these dresses and cloaks or basquines are relieved by the introduction of a bright tint, to bind the mantle, ornament the pockets and hood, or where the bottom of the skirt is trimmed with a broad box plaiting of the same material, to have each edge bound with a narrow ribbon.
               
Casaques are more used for travelling than cloaks or mantles, for the convenience of extra pockets; and in exceedingly warm weather the waist of the dress can be packed in the bag or basket, the nicely-fitted basquine being all that is necessary.
               
I hinted in my last of a change in bonnets.  Modistes generally confirm all these rumors, and their size is already being reduced.  August will inaugurate an entire change.  "Pile net" is usurping the place of lace over bonnets.  At the atelier of Mrs. Cripps are several exquisite hats of delicate crepe covered with this very pretty net, which is imported in all colors.  The fashion of mingling black with bonnet trimmings still exists.  Lilac is the color par excellence, though many disfigure themselves in Magenta and Solferino gory ribbons and flowers, merely because the color is called fashionable; thus, we meet gamboge checks, drab hair and saffron chins amicably beaming from Magenta roses and poppies, comfortably rejoicing in the reflection of a fashionable color.  At Mrs. Cripps' are some lovely ashes-of-roses crape bonnets, daintily trimmed with misty illusion and careless droppings of white cape jessamine; one sometimes wonders if human fingers and substantial pins and needles are actually used in the creation of these fairy-like gossamer chapeaux; if one woman could but wear them all!  Helas!
               
Neglige bonnets for good taste, while perfectly plain, yet can be adorned with a small bouquet of corn flowers in blue, scarlet and black, or drab and brown.  Leghorns still keep their position among the aristocrats (I mean of bonnets) and in elegance are certainly unsurpassed, simply trimmed with drooping ostrich feathers.
               
Flowers manifest the very perfection of art.  One dreamily bends over the creamy petals of the queenly cool water lily, reposing amid dark green leaves, unconsciously seeking for perfume.  Ferns, suggestive of woody dells, regal moss roses and sweet violets; in fact, one lingers distractedly among these beautiful step-children of Nature, each new flower creating new fancies.
               
I have alluded already to the Bedouin cloaks, or Arabian mantles.  Outré and ugly as they are, they are fashionable; still the quality of material must prevent them from becoming popular.  They are very much worn now made of black silk.
               
Casaques, very long and voluminous, divide the palm with the Arabian.  From seven to eight yards of silk, according to the height of the person, are used in their manufacture; the sleeves are not remarkable for width; a small pelerine of lace relieves the plain back.

  
             Manteaux
are very ample, made of black silk, and in every variety of shape, always, however, fancied with a quantity of plaits, which enables the mantle to fall with exceeding grace over the arm.  Mantelets of black silk are trimmed with box-plaited or flounced silk in colors, such as lilac, green, groseille, or delicate rose.  Muslin berege and grenadine mantelets and shawls are fashionable; some plain, simply trimmed with puffings others ornamented with a deep flounce and a narrow bouillon heading, through which is run a ribbon.
               
A barege "Clotilde," at Brodie's attracted my attention from its exceeding airiness.  I also saw at the same place a very elegant Arabian cloak in white barege, faced with rose-colored silk and ornamented with large silky chenile [sic] rose and white tassels.  Black barege mantelets are worn trimmed with red or purple; they are both every ugly and in bad taste.
               
Embroidery is again revived, on mantles, robes, flounces, &c., and very elaborate for lingerie.
               
Dress goods this season are very beautiful, not only because they are dresses, and calculated to adorn graceful forms, but the finish of the flowery patterns, the elegance of the arabesque designs are in themselves sufficient to arrest attention and elicit admiration.
               
The tastes of our fore-mothers are being resuscitated in some patterns recently imported.  Organdy de Pompadour has been exhibited in striking contrast to the quiet grays and drabs, for which there has been so great a furore.  The white ground is brilliantly laid out, if I may use the term, with gorgeous large bouquets, resembling tropical butterflies--these are sometimes separated by broad stripes of horizontal bright pink, brilliant blue or purple.
               
Barege Anglaise is rapidly becoming more and more favored; it is extremely serviceable, and is invariably in excellent taste.  There are some robes of five flounces; the ground white with a short broken black thread; the ensemble a close imitation of chene.  The flounces are relieved by tiny bright bouquets, or single little brilliantly-tinted flowers.  Mantles or shawls accompany these robes generally, with one deep flounce to correspond.  The making up of these dresses is very simple; without lining to the corsage the material is gathered full into the belt, sleeves puffed at the shoulder, and a flounce sometimes trimmed with a puff of the same.
               
Evening dresses of pure white grenadine, without colored trimming of any kind, in five and nine flounces, are exquisitely beautiful; also white crepe lisse, made with low surplice corsage, sleeves short and plain, trimmed with narrow volants of lace; three skirts each trimmed as the sleeves, a puffing surmounting each, through which is passed a ribbon, an opening on one side permitting the ribbon to pass out and gracefully loop up each skirt fastened with a knot and long floating ends.
               
For coiffures, there is scarcely any variety since my last notes.  We have had Japanese nets, ad infinitum, of gay chenille, or black braided ribbon and golden cable cord.  We may now anticipate Great Eastern head-dresses, until the advent of the Prince of Wales shall plunge our modistes into a maze; for, alas! no matter how exquisite may be the wreaths and garlands of clematis and jasmine, I do not think Prince of Wales coiffures would be at all appropriate.  What a pity His Royal Highness is not a woman!  Among the odd new things are bunches of snow drops, Indian corn and roses, worn upon the side of the head.  Wreaths are much the same, with long trailing pendants.
               
Perhaps, mes amis, you will be glad to learn that aprons are really revived from too long oblivion, and are to be fashionable.  Really elegant ones have made their appearance.  I have seen one of dark blue silk, with two deep lace flounces and tiny black lace pockets, barred with narrow black velvet ribbon.  Another was of heavy black silk, trimmed with lilac velvet ribbon in three rows, the outer edge having a fulling of black lace.  Medallion buttons of lilac velvet, in one row on each side, and a heavy cord and tassel to confine the apron at the waist.  Still another variety was gored and trimmed with bias box-plaiting; this was fastened at the waist by a belt, and a long floating bias silk sash trimmed the same.  Another was of lilac silk, trimmed with a quantity of pinked ruffles, the little pockets crescent-shaped and trimmed with black lace and medallions.
               
For little children, walking dresses made of white and buff Marseilles, with deep cape to match; are much worn, generally embroidered or braided.  Little girls emulate their mammas in dove colored or steel gray dresses and mantles; it is to be hoped this fashion will exist long enough to lay a foundation for good taste in these little heads, too apt to resemble the wonderful cat of good old Dame Trot, in hat, feathers, and astonishing attire.
               
Gotham is full of the Great Eastern and the "Glorious Fourth," as well as strangers pouring in from every part of the United Creation--people of all sorts, kinds and conditions; but "comparisons are odorous," so says Mrs. Partington; so adieu until the reign of the dog star.
                                                                                                                               
Votre Amie.
                                                                                                                               
G. H. S. H. 

CHARLESTON MERCURY, July 14, 1860, p. 2, c. 7

Plantation Toddy,
or,
Old Homestead Tonic

                A delicious Morning Beverage and Tonic, used by almost every Planter, Homestead and Ranch in the Tropics.  It is especially adapted to the climate of this country and conceded to be the most effectual, wholesome and delicious Tonic in the world.  Free from intoxicating qualities, it is harmless in its adoption and should be found on the Sideboard of every family as well as at the Bar of every well regulated Hotel.
                                                                                                                        
Drake & Co. Propr's.

For Sale by
Claucius & White,
Sole Agents.
No. 114 East Bay.
 

CHARLESTON MERCURY, July 23, 1860, p. 3, c. 5
               
On Marriage.--I suppose there is a modicum of romance in most natures, and that if it gather about any event it is that of marriage.  Most people marry their ideals.  There is more or less fictitious and fallacious glory resting upon the head of every bride, which the inchoate husband believes in.  Most men and women manufacture perfection in their mates by a happy process of their imaginations, and then marry them.   This, of course, wears away.  By the time the husband has seen his wife eat heartily of pork and beans, and, with her hair frizzled, and her oldest dress on, full of the enterprize [sic] of overhauling things, he sees that she belongs to the same race as himself.
               
And she, when her husband gets up cross in the morning, and undertakes to shave himself with cold water and a dull razor, while his suspenders dangle at his heels, begins to see that man is a very prosaic animal.  In other words, there is such a thing as a honeymoon, of longer or shorter duration; and while the moonshine lasts, the radiance of the seventh heaven cannot compare with it.  It is a very delicious little delirium--a febrile mental disease--which, like measles, never comes again.
               
When the honeymoon passes away, setting behind dull mountains, or dipping silently into the stormy sea of life, the trying hour of marriage life has come.  Between the parties, there are no more illusions.  The feverish desire of possession is gone--vanished into gratification--and all excitement has receded.  Then begins, or should begin, the business of adaptation.  If they find that they do not love one another as they thought they did, they should double their assiduous attentions to one another, and be jealous of everything which tends in the slightest degree to separate them.  Life is too precious to be thrown away in secret regrets, or open differences.  And let me say to every one to whom the romance of life has fled, and who are discontented in the lightest degree with their condition and relations, begin the work of reconciliation before you are a day older.
               
Renew the attentions of earlier days.  Draw your hearts close together.  Talk the thing all over.  Acknowledge your faults to one another, and determine that henceforth you will be all in all to each other; and my word for it, you shall find in your relation the sweetest joy earth has for you.  There is no other way for you to do.  If you are happy at home you must be happy abroad; the man or woman who has settled down upon the conviction that he or she is attached for life to an uncongenial yoke fellow, and that there is no way of escape, has lost life; there is no effort too costly to make which can restore to its setting upon the bosoms, the missing pearl.--Timothy Titcomb. 

CHARLESTON MERCURY, July 28, 1860, p. 4, c. 4
               
The Fashions.--The Philadelphia Bulletin is highly pleased with the present fashions for ladies' dresses.  We must not (it says) abuse Fashion indiscriminately.  When she takes counsel of taste we should commend.  There are so many ugly and inconvenient freaks of the fickle goddess, and we are so much in the habit of laughing at her and her votaries--by whom we mean, of course, every woman in America--that we really ought to spare an article, now and then, to praise her when she gratifies the taste of the whole country.
               
First, then, the hat and feather is decidedly pretty.  For young girls--not married women and middle-aged ladies--it is the prettiest and most tasteful thing we have ever seen on their pretty heads.  For all girls with passably regular features and tolerable complexions it is the very thing.  It ought not, however, to be worn too much off the face, which gives the wearer a bold look.  The idea is to droop the hat and feather a little, so as not to lose sight of that modesty without which a woman, young or old, is leather and prunella.
               
The nets for the hair, with the little tassels at the side, are very graceful and becoming for the same class of girls.  To those just coming out, and indeed to all who have a youthful look, they add a charm of lightness and airiness such as we have seldom seen given by any head dress.  Grace, with the hat and feather and net, may be the rule and not the exception.
               
The mantillas are very becoming, and the subdued tone of the colors, the absence of all glare and flaunting, the different shades of gray, the coolness and grace of the whole style, enable us to congratulate the ladies.  They have done that important thing this summer--they have made a hit. 

CHARLESTON MERCURY, July 30, 1860, p. 1, c. 4
                                                                                                                           
New York, July 27
.... The town is completely running over with country people.  In the stages, cars, and on the fashionable sidewalk of Broadway, one encounters nothing but black hats, satin vests, linen overcoats and sunburnt [sic] faces--the four characteristics which mark people from the rural districts.  All the hotels are full, and every place of amusement is crammed nightly.  It reminds me of Anniversary Week, without the white cravats, black thread gloves and cotton umbrellas.  The principal object of this inroad from the interior is to see the Great Eastern which, for several days, has been as thickly crowded with inquisitive people as a sugar hogshead with flies. . . NOX.

CHARLESTON MERCURY, July 30, 1860, p. 4, c. 1
               
How Ladies Should Dress.--We find in All the Year Round the following view in regard to ladies' dress, which we would recommend to the attention of our readers:
               
As you look from your windows in Paris, observe the first fifty women who pass; forty have noses depressed in the middle, a small quantity of dark hair, and a swarthy complexion; but, then, what a toilet!  Not only suitable for the season, but the age and complexion of the wearer.  How neat the feet and hands!  How well the clothes are put on, and more than all, how well they suit each other!
               
Before English women can dress perfectly, they must have the taste of the French, especially in color.  One reason why we see colors ill-arranged in England is, that the different articles are purchased each for its own imagined virtues, and without any thought of what is to be worn with it.  Women, while shopping, buy what pleases the eye on the counter, forgetting what they have got at home.  That parasol is pretty, but it will kill, by its color, one dress in the buyer's wardrobe, and be unsuitable for the others.  To be magnificently dressed costs money; but to be dressed with taste, is not expensive.  It requires good taste, knowledge, and refinement.  Never buy an article unless it is suitable to your age, habits, style, and to the rest of your wardrobe.  Nothing is more vulgar than to wear costly dresses with a common delaine, or cheap laces with expensive brocades.
               
What colors, we may be asked, go best together?  Green with violet; cold [gold?] with dark crimson or lilac; pale blue with scarlet; pink with black or white; and gray with scarlet or pink.  A cold color generally requires a warm tint to give life to it.  Gray and pale blue, for instance, do not combine well, both being cold colors.  White and black are safe wear, but the latter is not favorable to dark or pale complexions.  Pink is, to some skins, the most becoming; not, however, if there is much color in the cheeks and lips, and if there be even a suspicion of red in either hair or complexion.  Peach color is perhaps one of the most elegant colors worn.  Maize is very becoming, particularly to persons with dark hair and eyes.  But whatever the colors or materials of the entire dress, the details are all in all; the lace round the bosom and sleeves, the flowers--in fact, all that furnishes the dress.  The ornaments in [on?] the head must be harmonize with the dress.  If trimmed with black lace, some of the same should be worn in the head, and the flowers that are worn in the hair should decorate the dress. 

CHARLESTON MERCURY, August 2, 1860, p. 3, c. 4
               
A Chance for the Girls.--Jane Swisshelm advertises, editorially, in her last issue, as follows:
               
"Wanted in St. Cloud, a large supply of raw material, for the manufacture of brides.  None in the market, and a pressing demand.  Those having surplus to dispose of would do well to put up small packages, carefully in straw bonnets, barege veils, crinoline and silk flounces, and consign them to the care of any of our commission merchants, or any of our business men will gladly receive consignments.  Evans, Postmaster, requires one super-extra package of his own use.  McKelvey, County Attorney, is in like condition.  Our place is perfectly infested with widowers and old and young bachelors, kept so from the necessities of the case.  Widows and maiden ladies, none on hand, and none likely to be." 

CHARLESTON MERCURY, August 3, 1860, p. 2, c. 7

Artesian Baths.

The Artesian Baths are open daily from 5 o'clock a.m., to 10 o'clock, p. m.--Those who have not tried these Baths should do so at once.  Plenty of hot and cold water.

Rates.

Five Tickets for                                                                                                    $1.00
Thirty Tickets for                                                                                                    5.00
Daily Bathing per month                                                                                          3.00
Single Bath                                                                                                            cts. 25 

CHARLESTON MERCURY, August 9, 1860, p. 1, c. 3
               
Where Our Bonnets Come From.--There are six or seven millions of women in the United States, and each woman considers herself an injured individual if she don't [sic] have at least four bonnets a year.  Now, did all these followers of fashion ever stop to reflect where the multitudinous chapeaus [sic] come from?  We think we can enlighten them.  Foxboro, in Massachusetts, is, probably, the largest place of straw manufacture in the world.  At one factory, three hundred girls and two hundred and seventy men are employed outside of the factory, and fifteen thousand hats and bonnets are manufactured per day.  Very little of the straw goods used are plated in this country, the wages being too high here to afford it at the importing rates. 

CHARLESTON MERCURY, August 10, 1860, p. 1, c. 3-4 

Fashion Letter.
Correspondence of the Mercury.

                                                                                                                        New York, August 7.

Great Eastern Experience--Particulars of the Voyage--
Fall Bonnets--The Solferino Hat--"Opening Day"--
Shawls, Skirts, et omne id genus.

                Are you bored, ad nauseum, about the Great Eastern?  Nevertheless, I insist upon condensing my experience, which, moreover, I shall insist upon your reading, through my spectacles, coleur de rose, without grimace, for remember--
               
"If she will, she will, you may depend on't."
               
After having been regaled with the fearful afflictions borne by crabbed grumblers of genus homo, it remains for my wee diamond-tipped pen to cast the glamour from the heavenly RHETORIC of the MERCURY's eyes!
               
You will have understood by this time, Messieurs, that your correspondent was one among the two thousand passengers to Cape May.  I was not a "dead head," nor a John Bull; on the contrary, my tickets for passage and state room were duly paid for, and I am quite too patriotic to care a sous for the little isle across the water, therefore I was perfectly disinterested in my anticipations of pleasure, which I am glad to say were realized, all of the newspapers of Gotham to the contrary notwithstanding.
               
I do not pretend to ask equal credit for brains with all of those sapient and much-abused individuals.  Imagine I have a heart, which, now-a-day, will answer as well.  One never can tell what
               
"Difference there can be
               
'Twixt tweedledum and tweedle dee,"
considering how well both commodities are imitated.
               
You have heard all about the cries of the wounded--the victimized sufferers deprived of pate de fois gras, iced champagne and rare tit-bits of choicest green turtle fat.  That these gourmands were sorely disappointed I do not deny; if fact, the diet was not so paradisical as to make a VERY of the cuisinier; like the miserable Mr. Guppy, in a general way, my "soul recoiled from food," albeit it was exceedingly refreshing to be brought back to juvenile bread and butter days.  "N'importe!  as if one could eat amid the romance of moonlight on the ocean wave.  The state-room in which I was delightfully lulled to sleep--
               
"Rocked like a sea gull on the waves.--"
contained four ample berths, occupied by myself and three more (?) charming companions of the "soft sex," as we are irreverently termed by yours.  There were two windows or port-holes, making shawls and cloaks decidedly necessary.  Mirrors, toilette table, sofa, abundance of fresh clean water and a peerless stewardess, to say nothing of "Old Brown Windsor Soap," and fine damask towels, which being already provided, did not occasion any extra cash.  I must not omit to add that our table, upon retiring, was graced by a large pitcher of ice water; whether sent by the gods, I know not; I merely wish to chronicle the fact that, during the time I was on board, ice water was furnished me whenever I asked for it, without charge; the waiters were attentive and polite, the ice cream was excellent, and cheaper than in a Broadway salon.  Certainly we all had to bide our time about being waited upon, but there was enough of the comic around us to cause the little fountain of merriment in our hearts to gush up and fairly run over.  It was, moreover, proved, that fasting is not always the way to mortify the flesh, but one need not starve with plenty of bread, and good nature to sweeten the tea when the coffee "gave out."  At the different tables, the conduct of the gentlemen was certainly sans reproche--we discovered naught that the most fastidious could cavil at.  Mr. A's bread, Mr. B's butter, Mr. C.'s spoon, or Mr. D's sugar, were all placed at our disposal.  I merely note down these little items of truth, to show you the silver lining to the dark cloud raised by some dissatisfied grumblers among our two thousand compagnons du voyage.  Two adventures befell us:  one was the intrusion into our badly fastened state-room of a masculine pick-pocket, or oblivious adventurer, during the "wee sma' hours ayant the twal," whom, notwithstanding terrific palpitations on the four left sides, our four voices and eight threatening fists succeeded in routing.  A council of war was held, the door safely barricaded by carpet bags and satchels, and I was unanimously chosen "watch" for the remainder of the night.  How I fulfilled my trust I have not the slightest recollection.  The second was the despoiling of one of our party of his Panama while dreaming on his mattress beneath the stars.  He was aroused in time to pursue the delinquent, but had the fearful alternative of losing his bed.  You can imagine which a sleepy man would prefer.  The beauty of the scene at night I have not time to dwell upon.  The six tall, stately masts, so exquisite in their symmetry; the regular tracing of the rattlings against the clear, dark sky; the measured rise and fall of our immense ship over the silver-crested, leaping ripples; the delicious mellow moonbeams; the fresh, sweet breeze; while near us
               
"Music arose with its voluptuous swell;"
and at the extreme end of the deck, beyond the sound of Dodworth's, some few sweet, plaintive voices sang dear old melodies, finding sad echoes in the heart and whispering of "auld lang syne."
               
Mes amies, are you impatient to hear about the fall bonnets?  For your dear sakes, I have penetrated into an inner sanctum, from which all but "envoys extraordinaire" are excluded, and have seen the new just arrived Paris bonnets rigorously hidden from the public eye--and over which, were it not for the heat of the weather, I should have been extraordinarily enthusiastic; as it was, the "flesh was weak," owing to the vast amount of exercise taken on board the Great Eastern, for one who loves the dolce far niente--thus falling heir to ills undreamed of in my philosophy.
               
I do not know of any thing more inspiring than a new bonnet, excepting a particularly becoming one.  A brain as dull as
               
"The fat weed that rots on Lethe's shore,"
or stale as that last loaf I wot of, on the big ship, cannot but be enlivened at the prospect of fresh traps and snares combined in a distracting new bonnet.  At Mr. R. T. Wilde's I was especially overcome by the specimens, of what is to be, the coming winter.  The shapes are smaller, open at the sides and rather elevated in the brim; the curtains are narrow, but covered by a rather wide fall of lace.  Crowns are no longer soft, but in some hats are covered with a velvet plaiting.  I will particularize the very few it was my good fortune to examine, asking your patience until September openings are fully inaugurated.  One hat of dark rich green velvet, was trimmed with two black feathers directly on the top, reaching right and left, confined in the centre by a plaited band of velvet; the brim was covered by velvet in folds, plaited velvet curtain edged with white tulle was covered by a fall of rich black lace.
               
Another was rich mazarine blue velvet, plaited velvet around the brim, trimmed with blue flowers and bright golden petals--not golden in color merely, but a close imitation of the real glittering metal.  A gold passion follower inside shone resplendent amid dark blue velvet leaves.  I must add, en passant, that this mingling of golden ornaments and flowers will be a striking feature in the autumn fashions.
               
Solferino pink, I regret to say, as well as the Magenta, are to be the colors par excellence.  Pretty to look at, at a respectful distance, the two colors are excessively unbecoming to almost every complexion, besides impossible to dress with good taste with such colors.  The fairest face becomes sallow under its influence, lovely cheeks lose their roses, while brunettes fairly lose their identity.  Still, as they are fashionable, they will find votaries enough; aye, with blue dresses, green shawls and lilac ribbons to match.
               
The Solferino hat, I admired poised on my hand, was very gay, decorated with a bunch of bright gold strawberries and a lovely ostrich feather, tipped with marabout.  Cherry and Solferino velvet, mingled with black lace, formed the bandeau, among which was twisted more of the golden berries.  Another was of chocolate brown uncut velvet, bound with satin; a rich thread lace barbe, gathered full on top, was confined by a knot or fold of velvet--inside, Solferino velvet flowers with gold petals.
               
Another was very peculiar in its trimming, made of green velvet, the foundation front covered with black pile net, over which, laid on exquisitely, beautiful net work, formed entirely of marabout feathers; the brim was bound with green velvet, on which was studded tiny stars of marabout; while around the crown and back of the hat fluttered and waved like sea foam, a perfect cloud of the same showy feathers.  This hat was really beautiful, and cheap for $10.  The inside was white and scarlet velvet, with green velvet leaves and golden petals.
               
One more--of black velvet front and Solferino plaited velvet crown; on top, a superb black ostrich feather, mingled with velvet Solferino flowers and lace.  Bonnets are trimmed across the front as before, with side ruche, and outside on the top near the brim.  Gold is the rage; heavy ribbons are brocaded in gold color, to correspond with the gold flowers and gimp.  Brocade ribbons are to be very fashionable.
               
It is pretended that the Clotilde hat--the little straw jockey, rolled at the sides and trimmed with the plume de coque is to be worn indiscriminately.  I dare venture to dispute it.  I do not think New York ladies will ever promenade Broadway in anything so decidedly coquettish, juvenile or striking; yet, nothing is so charming for a fresh, round, youthful face, when shaded by its fall of lace.   For the seashore, and country ramblings, or drives out of town, they are perfect; but I have lately looked, in sorrow, at thin hollow cheeks, pale thin mouths, lean jaws, scanty hair and lank visages, generally, over-topped by those youthful hats.  Alas!  when will women learn discretion, and how to grow old gracefully!  With a keen eye for the beautiful, there is nothing I love to gaze upon so much as a lovely, fresh young face, rendered all the more piquant and bewitching, peeping out from one of those coquettish hats.  A Clotilde attracts my fancy; I seek for a glimpse of the face; the little hat, the graceful feathers, the fall of lace, the ensemble is perfect; she turns--"angels and ministers of grace defend us"!--in the dull eye, the wrinkles, the lantern jaws, I behold some one's grandmother.  Mes amies, did you ever taste a green persimmon?  I can venture to aver that the fashion will be confined to the rural districts, whose population pour in upon us always, during the dog days, and are persuaded by naughty modistes into wearing anything, however unsuitable and outre.
               
I must not forget the rare and beautiful flowers, long green leaves and sprigs of bilberries, barely tinged with the purple bloom, each with its tiny golden eye--the Solferino velvet leaves, intermixed with black roses and black grapes, with gold tendrils--gorgeous and queenly crimson roses, with gold petals and black leaves, streaked with gold.  I cannot fancy any more beautiful evening head-dress than a cluster of these roses.  Also, black velvet roses and leaves, frosted with gold.  A cluster of purple velvet pansies arrested my attention, with leaves and eyes of bright gold.  Who does not love the graceful, poetical Morning Glory, so suggestive of love in a cottage?--here they may be seen faintly breathing perfume from beneath sheets of nicely oiled tissue paper, contented as their neighbors, the "lilies of the field," who "take no thought for the morrow."
               
But as the "opening day" has not yet arrived, the magic "open sesame" has not yet been pronounced, I leave the specialities for the present with a "lastly" composed of a few on dits, scraps of information charily dealt out, just sufficient to create the most intense curiosity, and keep us all on the qui vive.
               
I have been informed by a well-known establishment that the Arab mantles are not purchased by the cream of their customers, and when I reflect upon the odd-looking people one meets arrayed in this ugly cloak, I am not inclined to doubt the truth of the assertion.
               
Shawls are to be exceedingly fashionable.  French camel's hair will be extensively used in the manufacture of elegant shawlettes, some of which are embroidered.  I have seen some very elegant black silks, wide and heavy, costing $2.75 per yard, called the cable cord, the stripes nearly a nail's width, forming a right angle in the centre of each breadth.  When made up, the skirt presents a curious zig-zag appearance.  Thirteen yards is sufficient for a full dress.
               
Skirts are to be set on the waist in double and treble box plaits.  Corsage generally high and plain, trimmed with macaroni or medallion buttons, of which a beautiful variety are being imported.
               
I am told by importers that robes are passe.  Plain skirts are to be the mode, still they will be much worn, and two flounces are coming in again; also, five and seven flounces.  Gored skirts are to be the mode, and the new skeletons are frightfully ugly to accommodate the gores.  They are slim around the body, very much the shape of a bell, with the exception of a little tournure, which barely saves the flatness of the back.
               
Sleeves are very wide and flowing; but more anon.
               
In haste, adieu au revoir.                                                                              G. H. S. H. 

CHARLESTON MERCURY, August 24, 1860, p. 2, c. 2

Greer's
Book Store

The Ebony Idol.
Nemesis.  By Harland.
The Queen of Society.
Jack Hopeton's Adventures.
Rutledge.
Semi-Detached House.
Castle Richmond.  By Trollope.
Hawksvies.  By Holme Lee.
Sand Hill of Jutland.
Right at Last.  Mrs. Gaskell.
Mill on the Floss.  By G. Elliot.
Fresh supplies received and for sale at the Corner of King and Market Streets. 

CHARLESTON MERCURY, August 27, 1860, p. 2, c. 6

Important to the Ladies!
Fresh Stock of
Lubin's Perfumeries!

And Choice Imported Toilet Articles, comprising
Highly Scented Soaps
Perfumery for the Handkerchief--every variety
Lavender Water, Cold Cream, Pomatums
Scented Hair Oils
Bandoline
Toilet Powder
Shaving Creams
Satchels, also
English and French Hair, Tooth, Nail, and Cloth Brushes of Ivory, Bone and Wood.
All of which having been purchased for Cash will be sold at reasonable prices by Van. Schaack & Grierson, Chemists and Druggists, and Importers of Perfumery, Toilet Articles, &c.
 

CHARLESTON MERCURY, August 28, 1860, p. 2, c. 8

Maillard's
French
Confectionery!

Cordial Butter Pears and Apples
               
Superfine Sugared Almonds
                               
Cordial Almonds
                                               
Cordial Lima Beans
                                                               
Cream Chocolate Drops
                                                                               
Lady Beans
                                                                                               
Cocoanut Beans.
                               
Also, a Large Variety of
               
Cream Bon Bons.
For sale at Reduced Prices by Kinsman & Bro., No. 247 King-Street. 

French Confectionery!

Extra Fine Sugared Almonds,
               
Sugared Barberries,
               
                Sugared Filberts,
                                               
Sugared Pistachoes,
                                                               
Sugared Pastellage,
Cordial Almonds,
               
Chocolate Almonds,
                               
Chocolate Carmilu,
                                               
Crystallized Fruits.
For sale by Kinsman & Bro., No. 247 King-Street. 

Gum Drops!

                2000 pounds fresh gum drops, for sale by the box.
                                                                                         
Kinsman & Bro., No. 247 King-Street. 

CHARLESTON MERCURY, September 14, 1860, p. 4, c. 1

Our New York Correspondence.
Fashion Letter.

                                                                                                                New York, September 8.
               
With a delicious sense of present rest after the din, confusion and whirl of travel, I find dear old Gotham just awakening from her Rip Van Winkle sleep, lazily arousing herself for one of the most brilliant of coming seasons.  I shall not bore you with a recapitulation of my wanderings; floating in the gay tide of Saratoga; worshipping with never-wearying eyes and heart at the sublime Falls of Niagara; romancing at Sweet Springs of Avon; sentimentalizing among the magnificent hills among which flows the beautiful Chemung in Elmira; of moonlight sailings on the emerald Niagara; or floating on the calm waters of Lake Ontario.  These memories are niched in the happy past.  Thanks to the generous bills of fare of mine hosts at Niagara's International, the Brainard at Elmira, at the hospitable table at Avon, I find I can greet you with renewed physical vigor; at Saratoga's Union Hall I find it is only necessary to dress and play Lydia Languish, all bodily considerations giving way gracefully to the absorbing excitement of forming one of the gay pageantry of butterflies.  I admit the excessive bad taste of possessing an appetite:  in fact, I quite sympathise [sic] with the unfortunate Mr. Guppy, "whose soul recoiled from food."  It is, nevertheless, a fact, that we are not consulted in regard to our creation, and moreover are told to pray for our "daily bread;" therefore, with the anti-sentimental properties, upon the proper indulgence of which, alas! rest our claims to beauty, in natural roses and diamond eyes, one must fain, at Saratoga, be content with the Paradisical diet of a houri, or perform constant miracles, whereby the deaf are made to hear through the clink of "filthy lucre."  Do no dub me a gourmand, for really I care nothing for eating, excepting that once in a while it seems rather necessary--and I like Saratoga.  I dote on its scandal; I adore its amiable platitudes; its reunions in the grand salons, where we fairly gloat over Mrs. _____'s crow's foot, which no possible art can conceal; and where every one is so y young, so fresh, so blooming, of whose age and seasons Miss Prim knows every item; where y our dear friends teach you to quiz the unsophisticated, ridicule the parvenues, laugh at the simple out-manouevre the manoeuvering, watch toadyism--in fact, one feels excessively charitable at Saratoga, among all this gentle persiflage and good-natured malice; but the world is woman's book, and where can one turn its leaves to learn a better experience than in a sojourn at Saratoga?
               
There are people who cannot yet mentally digest the lamentable fact of being ignored by young Albert Edward, as far as private hospitality goes; whose extensive mental heaviness cannot comprehend the young Prince refusing the metropolitan marble front, gorgeous plate, "the purple and fine linen" of Japonicadom, for a hotel; and thus ambitious mamas are made miserable for ever, for they can never tell the grateful mama across the water how they dined, and wined, and feted the young heir.  At the grand ball, however, each has hopes for "our eldest," and papa waxes generous over his claret, at the significant "who knows, my dear?"
               
Thus it comes to pass that feminized human nature is in a great state of excitement at the approach of "opening day," always under all circumstances set down for the last Thursday in September.
               
Piety, per se, is omnipotent, or would be if it could thus exist; but, while Fashion holds the sceptre, Piety must perforce succumb.   Who would go to church en dishabille?  Where would be the profit of a new fall hat if not to swell with envy rivals in church?
               
Shakespeare says, "'Tis not for gravity to play at cherry pits with Satan."  His Satanic majesty teaches us Le Follet for amusement, during the sermon, and as the fashionable churches open simultaneously with the opera season, we may expect some examples.
               
As I said before, "opening day," as yet, is not.  Still, we are kept on the qui vive by hints of what those darling Parisian originators of charming specialites have been about for the success of our autumn and winter toilettes.  That there is a change in style is already perceptible; dark, rich colors are beginning to make their appearance on the fashionable pave, while all summer costumes look decidedly passe.
               
Our yearnings for
                                               
That gem of the very rarest kind,
                                               
That thing most difficult to find,
                                               
That pet for which we all have pined--
                                                               
A perfect "love of a bonnet"--
seems in a fair way to be realized during this season.  Artistic skill has exhausted itself in producing perfection, and if every woman is not henceforth beautiful, it is altogether her own fault.
               
As I before hinted in my last, bonnets are returning to moderation in size, trimmed with the most exquisite Birds of Paradise, marabouts, and velvet flowers, each and all sprinkled or ornamented with gold.  At the newly fitted up atelier of Mrs. Cripps, in Canal-street, I had a peep at the very elegant hats about to be sent away to add newer charms to the dark-eyed daughters of the Sunny South.  The silk quilting of which many of these most expensive hats are made, is rather new, resembling the old-fashioned stitched quilting, excepting that this is woven in the material.  One of these hats, in Magenta quilting front, with plain black on top, also the crown, was trimmed with rich black lace and bright golden wheat, which, being imported, never tarnishes.  Another was of the rarest purple silk, with an exquisite little golden-plumed Bird of Paradise lightly poised over the side--the bandeau of purple velvet fastened with a golden buckle set in pearls, small purple berries and pure white blossoms.
               
Some hats are exceedingly gorgeous, with their crimson velvet flowers and glittering petals; but all tastes must be suited, and when the "day of days" arrives, why, I dare aver that "all that's bright" will be most affected, and our optics will again be offended by the trying ordeal so many complexions are subjected to.  Among these beautiful delicate colors, which seem to suit so few faces, is the Marguerite, a tint seeming to unite the variations of light crimson, blending into a soft Tyrian purple or pink lilac.  The polka spot straw bonnet is very much sought for this season.  A fine black straw, dotted with white--some of these are trimmed with vivid scarlet velvet and black feathers.  The capes are always bias, sometimes of black silk, bound with the pervading colors.  There is a rage for black in bonnets, in silk, straw, or Neapolitan.  I saw one of the latter, trimmed with black bitter-sweet berries, with golden eyes, pendant from broad Magenta velvet leaves; the cape was of black velvet, bound with Magenta; one string of the same color, the other of black; the ruche of black Malihes lace, contrasted with rich Magenta velvet flowers, tipped with marabout feathers.  I understand that white straw bonnets have to beat a retreat before their colored rivals, or dye!  Fashion has naught to do with politics, however, and if your correspondent dons a black chapeau, be assured it will not cover a Republican head.
               
Flowers are next akin to bonnets; flowers and feathers, of which the most exquisitely beautiful specimens are to be seen at the sales rooms of R. T. Wilde & Co., where we can linger, reveling in beauty, for hours.  Strawberries and blackberries in bright gold, as well as wheat half buried in golden bronzed leaves, are a specialite here; also, large all-hued velvet buttons, covered with sparkling jet, or knotted with strings of jet or wax beads for trimming.  There were some exquisite Marguerite velvet dahlias, surrounded by bronzed leaves, the whole bunch covered with gold dust.  A cluster of Rose of Sharon, the dainty heads seemingly bending with its weight of dew droppings in the shape of tiny wax beads, attracted my admiration.  The French chapeaus [sic] imported by Mr. Wilde forced attention; but I think the American copies, manufactured by the tasty fingers belonging to his establishment, far more suitable for the American face.  It is an indisputable fact that nothing really intended for a French complexion and contour of face, exactly suits the peculiar beauty of la belle Americaine!  As far as delicacy and beauty of finish goes, it is impossible to tell, here, the Parisian from the New York creator.
               
For dress goods there is little variety; one style seems pre-eminent, called the brocade, or as a change, the "illuminated."  A changeable ground (only in the same color) brocaded, or illumined with tiny bouquets; the grounds are black or dark, the figures very bright and designs new.  For example--a tiny sheaf of golden wheat; a group of little crimson fuschias; golden drops like earrings seemingly set with pears; another bright with emeralds; again, true-lover's-knots of corn colored silk, with pretty flossy tassels, are very effective upon a rich reps black silk ground.  The cable cord is very distingue.  As I predicted, the reign of narrow flounces is over; they have entirely disappeared from among the new goods.  As a matter of course, many cannot afford to throw their costly ruffled beauties aside.  I can only sympathise [sic] with them, and say wear them out as fast as possible and purchase plain solid colors.  The broche style above mentioned watered silks, which are being resuscitated, or the new brocaded bias stripe meeting in the centre of each breadth, called the cable cord; plain, full skirts are to be only really fashionable.  Bayadere stripes are utterly passe.  I am glad to chronicle the fact they are among the styles of the "dead past;" peace go with them!  Some lengthwise stripes have been imported, and probably will find their admirers.
               
Plain Irish poplins are resuming a position in the popular taste; always quiet and in good taste, I anticipate quite a demand for them.
               
Moire Antiques have also had their day, having been fairly deposed.  In their lieu we have Moire Francaise, or French watered silks, very rich and very beautiful, in "marguerite," "Magenta," or "Napoleon blue."  For street costume, nothing will be more appropriate or fashionable than the Velour Armure, or Ottoman Velour, which is a species of heavy corded or ribbed cloth; some of the most expensive resembles uncut velvet.  One variety, which is costly, is "illuminated" with a little bright flower; another, perfectly plain and heavy, seems precisely the comfortable dress needed for cold and dreary days.
               
Double skirts have been imported, and will still be worn, if I may judge of some magnificent robes of this kind just received, where the upper skirt is made to represent the richest black lace in graceful arabesque designs over a Marguerite ground.
               
The corsage, so far, is still worn with round belt, sometimes coat sleeves, but never the latter for rich or full dress.  But opening day will decide all that.
               
The rage for gold seems to increase; belts of gold and bright buckles--ribbons have a golden edge--golden nets to confine the hair, fastened with golden pins;--in fact, women are all Danus, bending meekly beneath their glittering showers of gold.  Cupid's darts would be aimless unless pointed with gold; and Ovid, now-a-days, would read his Art of Love to deaf ears unless the book was gilt edged and clasped with gold.  For heretically closed hearts, a black and yellow dress, with golden ornaments to match au present, is the only magical open sesame!
               
I do not expect everyone to sympathize with my satisfaction at the continuance of hoops, proudly proving the strength and durability of feminine persistence.  Every woman will agree with me in pronouncing
                                                               
"A hoop
                                               
An eternal round of pleasure,"
at which men may cavil and sneer, but unhappily for them, can never, never comprehend.  The bell-shaped skeleton has been improved by the addition of a light tournure, which relieves the flatness at the belt.
               
It is rather early to speak decidedly about outside gear.  The Arab cloak is being extensively manufactured; also the casaque, in heavy material, made very deep.  Dresses, much to the disgust of gentlemen, will be worn en train--in fact, much longer than heretofore.  Adieu.                                                                                Yours,                                                                                                    G. H. S. H. 

CHARLESTON MERCURY, September 17, 1860, p. 4, c. 1

Our Bailey Springs Correspondence.

                                                                                              Bailey Springs, near Florence, Ala.,  }
                                                                                                       
September 9, 1860.               }

How to go to Bailey Springs--The Town of Florence--
Description of the Springs--Wonderful Medicinal
Qualities of the Waters--Remarkable Cures--A
Sketch of the Surroundings--Romantic Walks--Trout
Fishing and Sailing on Shoal Creek--Delightful
Drives--Muscle Shoals of Tennessee River--Cotton
and Wool Factories--Old Lauderdale the Lowell of
the South, &c.

                To visit this charming and delightful watering place, you take the Memphis and Charleston Railroad to Tuscumbia, Ala., at which point you take a small branch road to Florence, distance five miles.  This branch road crosses the Tennessee river within a mile of the town just below the Muscle Shoals, and over a roofed bridge, the cars passing on top, with a fine carriage way and foot path beneath.
               
Florence is a most rural looking little town, of about 1500 inhabitants.  The Wesleyan University is located there, a most flourishing institution, which has nearly 200 students, and also the Female Synodical College, with about the same number of pupils.  It contains also a Masonic Hall, several churches, and a good hotel.  Within a mile of Florence are three large cotton factories, all in successful operation, belonging to Messrs. Martin, Weakly & co., which employ over three hundred operatives, and consume annually nearly seven thousand bales of cotton.
               
From Florence you take the stage to Bailey Springs, distance nine miles, over a beautiful rolling country, and after passing highly cultivated farms, you arrive at the fine hotel of Messrs. A. G. Ellis & Co., the proprietors of the Springs.  The hotel is very pleasantly situated on an eminence, the grounds being highly improved with beautiful shady groves, walks and paths, leading to the Springs, which are located in a hollow about a hundred yards in the rear of the hotel.  The Springs are covered over by a shed one hundred and fifty feet long by sixty feet wide, and are five in number.
               
The Rock Spring, so called from the waters forcing themselves up through a bed of black cherty rocks, is the most noted here, and contains carbonic soda; carbonic magnesia; oxyde [sic] iron; chloride sodium; carbonic acid gas; sulphurated hydrogen gas; carbonic potassa, and traces of iodine.  The water is cool, transparent, and almost tasteless.  This Spring is celebrated for its wonderful cures of cases of scrofula, dropsy, dyspepsia, affections of the skin, female complaints, liver complaint, and diseased kidneys.  It is a strong tonic, acts powerfully as a diuretic, and its stringent qualities are highly beneficial in diarrhoea.  The number of remarkable cures which this Spring has effected is truly surprising.  The most distinguished physicians have certified as to its great efficacy.
               
The Brick Spring (the well being formed of brick) has fine chalybeate qualities, is a fine tonic, and acts on the skin, liver, kidneys and bowels, being destitute of any astringent qualities.  This is also a wonderful water, and is strongly impregnated with iron.  In cases of general debility its effects are marvelous in its restorations.  There is also the marble or alum spring, the soda spring, and a large free-stone spring of the most delightful water, both of the former containing likewise great medicinal properties.
               
These springs are largely and fashionable attended by citizens from all the Southern States, as well as many from the North and West, and by officers of the army and navy, not only for their great medicinal qualities, but as a delightful summer resort.  There is a splendid brass band here, and the balls throughout the season have been as brilliant as even Newport can boast of; indeed Bailey Springs have become the Saratoga of the South, while the waters are incomparably superior to any yet discovered in the Union.  A bright-eyed young lady, with real natural rosy cheeks (the test being that she could really blush!), made the confession that when she first came here she was so thin and debilitated that it exhausted her to walk from the hotel to the springs even, and now she thought nothing of a ramble of two or three miles, while all her spare time was occupied in letting her dresses out!
               
About a hundred yards from the Springs, in a little valley shaded by forest trees; on each side is a rocky branch, along which pleasantly murmurs a pretty streamlet with little cascades falling over ledges of rock; following which for a quarter of a mile, you come to "Cold Spring," a fine, soft, freestone water, as cold as ice, which jets up through the layers of the rocks on the side of the branch.  A few hundred yards further on you arrive at Shoal Creek--a long, winding stream, which finally empties into the Tennessee river.  This walk is as charming and romantic as any lover could wish.  The Creek is celebrated for its great water power and fine trout, where the disciples of Isaac Walton may most successfully indulge in the piscatory sport of angling, while little coves afford fine bathing, and the canoes and pretty sail boats entice pleasure parties to explore the windings of the Creek.
               
The neighboring farms and plantations supply the hotel with melons, peaches, apples, grapes, and other fruits in season, and the surrounding country also affords many fine rides and drives to points of great interest.  The drive to the Muscle Shoals and the falls of the Tennessee river, about six miles distant from the hotel, is very interesting.  Above the shoals a canal was commenced a number of years ago by the State of Alabama to facilitate navigation, but which never has been finished.  Three miles from the hotel another drive carries you to the large cotton factory of Messrs. Baugh, Kennedy, & co., situated on Shoal Creek.  This factory consumes over sixteen bales per day, and turns out very superior osnaburgs and cotton yarns.  It is called the Lauderdale Cotton Factory.  They employ about one hundred and fifty operatives, principally girls, and the village, which contains a pretty little church, numbers about three hundred persons.  The factory has been in operation for the past six years.  Three miles further on, at another point on the creek, brings you to the "Cowper Wool Factories" of Messrs. Milner, Wood, and Wenn.  They turn out coarse woollen negro clothing, linseys, and fine cassimeres, and cannot keep up with their orders, though they have fifteen looms constantly running.  Most of their wool is obtained from Texas, thus showing the importance of wool growing that State, the mills of Georgia and Alabama consuming alone the most of the wool crop of Texas.  The Lauderdale Mills are the Lowell of the South, the water power in "old Lauderdale," being sufficient to work all the machinery in the States.
The fact is, the majority of the people of the North are not aware how independent the South is in regard to her manufactories.  Four miles from the springs are also the large casting and machine works of Messrs. Wright & Rice, where they manufacture steam engines, cotton gins, sugar mills, and all manner of castings.   And I will close by saying, in a word, Bailey Springs cannot be surpassed as a watering place or summer resort.                                                                                                                              ORA. 

CHARLESTON MERCURY, September 24, 1860, p. 1, c. 6

The New Nursing Bottle.

                The superiority of this bottle over all others now used at once made apparent, when it is considered that they are entirely free from all metallic substances, and in whatever position held the end of the flexible tube will always be at the bottom of the bottle, thereby preventing the child from drawing air, as is too commonly the case with other kinds.  Call and see them.  For sale by G. W. Aimar, Chemist and Druggist, Corner King and Vanderhorst-streets.
               
[drawing] A.  The Rubber Nipple.  B. The flexible part of the Tube.  C. The glass part of the tube in the milk with the rubber on the end. 

CHARLESTON MERCURY, September 27, 1860, p. 1, c. 3
                                                                                                               
New York, September 24.
. . .Funny contrasts are seen on Broadway.  Last Saturday, while "Der Hoogh Straat" (as the antique Dutchmen called it) swarmed with ladies, brilliant in all the novelties of Fall fashion, three of those scraggy females (of course scraggy), known as Bloomers, boldly took the western pavement and marched up the street.  The amusement which they created was by no means confined to the feminine promenaders.  The boys--the small boys, I mean--to whom a Bloomer is more attractive than two elephants and a dromedary, were in high glee at the spectacle.  They yelled, "hi-hied," hurled juvenile jokes at the oddities, and followed them in a grand procession through the street.  As for the Bloomers, they rather liked it.  It was a gratifying instance of martyrdom.  Your true reformer in dress covets nothing so anxiously as ridicule.  It is his or her crown of glory.  Of course, these Bloomers are rural people.  A New York woman would as soon think of parading Broadway in her robe de nuit, as in a Bloomer costume. . . . NOX. 

CHARLESTON MERCURY, September 28, 1860, p. 4, c. 1

Fast Young Ladies.

Here's a stunning set of us,
               
Fast young ladies;
Here's a flashy set of us,
               
Fast young ladies;
Nowise shy or timorous,
Up to all that men discuss,
Never mind how scandalous,
               
Fast young ladies. 

Wide-awakes our heads adorn,
               
Fast young ladies;
Feathers in our hats are worn,
               
Fast young ladies;
Skirts hitched up on spreading frame,
Petticoats as bright as flame,
Dandy high-heeled boots, proclaim
               
Fast young ladies. 

Riding habits are the go,
               
Fast young ladies;
When we prance in Rotten Row,
               
Fast young ladies,
Where we're never at a loss,
On the theme of "that 'ere 'oss,"
Which, as yet, we do not cross,
               
Fast young ladies. 

There we scan, as bold as brass,
               
Fast young ladies;
Other parties as they pass,
               
Fast young ladies:
Parties whom our parents slow,
Tell us we ought not to know,
Shouldn't we, indeed?  Why so?
               
Fast young ladies. 

On the turf we show our face,
               
Fast young ladies;
Know the odds of every race,
               
Fast young ladies;
Talk, as sharp as any knife,
Betting slang--we read Bell's Life;
That's the ticket for a wife,
               
Fast young ladies. 

We are not to be hooked in,
               
Fast young ladies;
I require a chap with tin,
               
Fast young ladies;
Love is humbug; cash the chief
Article in my belief;
All poor matches come to grief,
               
Fast young ladies; 

Not to marry is my plan,
               
Fast young ladies;
Any but a wealthy man,
               
Fast young ladies;
Bother that romance and stuff;
She who likes it is a muff,
We are better up to snuff,
               
Fast young ladies. 

Give me but my quiet weed,
               
Fast young ladies;
Bitter ale and ample feed,
               
Fast young ladies;
Pay my bills, portmonnaie store,
Wardrobe stock--I ask no more,
Sentiment we vote a bore,
               
Fast young ladies.--Punch. 

CHARLESTON MERCURY, October 6, 1860, p. 4, c. 2

How to Enjoy the Springs and Stay at Home

                Now that the tide of summer absentees is returning, the following racy burlesque upon the leading Springs, taken from the Southern Literary Messenger, will be keenly relished:
               
White Sulphur.--Tie a roll of brimstone under your nose, and drink freely of thick warm water.  Break some doubtful eggs in your pocket, and run round till you are exhausted.  Procure a second-hand diabetes, change your linen six times a day, and strut loftily under a tree.
               
Old Sweet.--Get a large tub, and put some white pebbles in the bottom.  Sit down in it and blow soap-bubbles.  Dress your best, and don't know anybody.
               
Red Sweet.--Obtain some iron fillings, paint 'em red, put 'em in a tin-pan or pitcher, and look at 'em in solitary silence.  Eat much mutton, and go to bed early.  Whisky julep eight times a day.
               
Salt Sulphur.--Call yourself a South Carolinian, and take things easy.  Live well.  Stay in one place a long time.  Tincture of brimstone occasionally.
               
Montgomery White.--Wear a loose sack coat and look at mulattos frequently.  Eat a great variety of raw meats and undone vegetables.  Play at faro and draw poker.
               
Yellow Sulphur.--Get good living on the top of a hill, where you can't see anything whatever.  Dominoes, draughts and backgammon.
               
Alleghany.--Sit down in a hard chair in a deep, hot hole, and drink citrate of magnesia and epsom salts.  Gamble some with dyspeptics.
               
Coyner's.--Take the Lynchburg papers, and gaze with melancholy pertinacity at the side of a naked hill.  Whist and religious tracts.
               
Rockbridge Allum.--Select some cases of cancer on the face, with a few necks scrofulously raw, and dine with them daily on indifferent victuals.  Then catch the drippings of the caves of a very old house, in a tin cup with a long handle, thicken the drippings with powdered nutgalls, and drink three times a day.
               
All Healing Springs.--Throw a green blanket in a shallow pond, and wallow on it.  Cut off a strip of blanket and clap it to your ribs.  Read old novels and talk to pious old ladies about deaths and chronic diseases of the digestive tube.
               
Warm Springs.--Diet yourself on the unadulterated juice of the tea-kettle.
               
Hot Springs.--Wear a full suit of mustard plasters, and walk about in the sunshine at noon day, swearing you have got the rheumatism.
               
Berkley Springs.--Keep your shin [skin?] clear, and know nothing but Baltimore ten pins.
               
Peaks of Otter.--Climb a high pole on a cold day at sunrise.  Shut your eyes and whistle.
               
Weir's Cave.--Go into the cellar at midnight--feel the edges of things, and skin your shins against the coal scuttle.  Sit down on a pile of anthracite, with a tallow candle, and wonder.
               
Old Point Comfort.--Build a hog pen in a mud-puddle; fill it with cockle-burs and thistles, and call it surf-bathing.  Drink bad brandy.  Don't sleep.  Lie down with your windows wide open, and no clothing on.  Come home with a fishbone in your throat, and oyster shell in your head, a pain in your stomach, and ten thousand mosquito bites in your body.
               
Cape May.--Penetrate an immense crowd of male and female rowdies, drop some salt water in both eyes.  Shoot pistols.  Eat some ice cream and claret, and send up one sky rocket every night.  Have yourself insulted often by niggers.  At mid-day smell of an oven with a dead pig in it.  Fill your pockets with cut glass broken into minute fragments.
               
Yankee Watering Places Generally.--Keep a stale codfish under each arm, live on onions and pumpkins, go in strong for the Union and freesoil, and dance the round dances in big breeches. 

CHARLESTON MERCURY, October 11, 1860, p. 1, c. 3-4.

Fashion in New York  
Our New York Correspondence.

                                                                                                                     New York, October 8.

The Belles of Gotham Preparing for the Prince--What  
they are going to Wear--Matters which Stingy Men  
need'nt read about--Prevalence of Peacock Finery--  
Zouave Jackets and Japanese Sets--Opening Day and  
its Delights--Chapeaux, Plumes and Ribbon Scarfs--  
The Donna Volente, etc. etc.

                The great pulses of Upper Tendom are throbbing, as never ennuied pulses throbbed before, and from such different causes.  The favored ones who are to attend the Prince's ball, sigh with feverish impatience and anxiety, at the same time not forgetting to murmur noli me tangere [sic?--hard to read] to the miserable [illegible] crest-fallen herd, who can [illegible] of "when I danced with the Prince," or "when I was the vis-a-vis of the Prince."  The proverb says "the Queen can do no wrong."  I mean no heresy or schism, therefore I congratulate her Majesty upon her happy ignorance of the "envy, hatred and malice, and all other uncharitableness" she has innocently brought to a state of ferment in Gotham. 
               
Sackcloth and ashes, vs. [illegible] and diamonds!  Floating amid the perfumed tide of fashion, basking in a chance glance or smile from royalty, vs. playing at snap-dragon in a dark back parlor. 
               
But I dare not pursue the subject further.  I dread the horrible phantoms imagination has conjured up; therefore I hasten to tell you of what some of the dear creatures,

                                                "In all the queenliness of being fair,"

are going to wear on that night never-to-be forgotten in the annals of japonicadom, notwithstanding the many epidemics to which that region is subjected. 
               
One of the prettiest dresses I have seen, which is to be worn by a lovely girl from the sweet sunny South, a blooming germ just bursting into womanhood, is a fine white illusion, richly embroidered with white silk, a tunic to correspond.  This is worn over white silk.  The wreath and bouquet de corsage of violets, white and purple.  The jewels a full and chastely elegant set of pearls.  The waist is quite low, made with Grecian folds; sleeves very short, of puffed illusion, very full over the short silk cap. 
               
Another, for a lovely brunette, is of rich canary colored Moire Francaise--the new style watered silk--trimmed with five skirts of illusion, the front breadth left plain, the skirts caught down on each side by [illegible] and yellow velvet pansies.--Low pointed corsage, the short sleeve a mixture of black velvet, puffed illusion and silk, opened to the shoulder and slashed across by gold cord, the coiffure and boquet [sic] to correspond. 
               
A very elegant white silk has nine flounces, exquisitely embroidered with rose-colored chenille, and white bugles in elaborate arabesque designs. 
               
As a matter of course, the rare and costly point lace dresses, imported expressly for the ball, far excel any thing else.  Some are in double skirts; others with narrow flounces of lace, worth about fifty or sixty dollars a yard; all of the sets, however, include the berthe, sleeve-trimmings, and handkerchief.  A magnificent mauve velvet dress for a gorgeous matron, was made very full, en traine, the low corsage trimmed with a fall of rich point lace, the sleeve short covered with puffed illusion and point, fastened down by a cluster of white roses with diamond clasps; jewels for the head, necklace, bracelets, brooch, etc., also of diamonds set in black enamel. 
               
Pearls and jet, black lace and black velvet, or chenille, will be very extensively used in trimming white or colored dresses; also, black roses and other flowers, powdered with gold dust. 
               
Among the wonderful preparations, I must not omit the superb opera cloaks; one I have seen, composed of the softest white cashmere, and embroidered with silver in a tiny acorn and oak leaf bordering, the hood lined with white silk and trimmed with flossy white and silver tassels; others are of white grenadine, through which gleams, like sunset upon snow banks, the brightest rose, or Magenta silk.  Another of rose-colored thibet, trimmed with silver gimp and braid.   Some of these are the ordinary shape, others in the Arab style. 
               
Lace fichus and capes are more than ever fashionable, made up in Point d'Angleterre, Point d'Alencon, or in less costly tulle, with puffings and elaborately ornamented tabs.  The most faultless neck gleams all the brighter through its misty shadowing.   Certainly the suspicious shoulders need no longer offend the artistic eye, when the defects can be so readily and tastily hidden by these charming creations.  Nothing tones down the complexion and softens the tout ensemble more than lace, besides adding richness as well as floating grace to the figure. 
               
Perhaps you remember the expression of Sam Weller in regard to the famous veal pie:  "It's the seasoning as does it."  Thus the accompaniments are everything to the dress.  Want of skill in proper blending of colors has caused many an elegant robe to look fuzzy or overloaded, while complexions for the time have been ruined by the wretched ordeals they are forced to pass through by the caprice of fashion or an arbitrary modiste. 
               
While speculating upon the disbursement of pin-money, it should never be forgotten that, to be well and elegantly dressed, does not require a stagey [sic], fantastic loading down of costly goods and trinkets of rainbow tints.  Remember it is woman's business to be as beautiful and fascinating as possible; to study the complexion, size, and general style, while uniting a quiet richness of dress with a total disregard and unconsciousness of one's self.  As naturally as the rose wears her foliage, so should woman's whole attire, whole manner, harmonize. 
               
The green parasol with the blue dress, magenta ribbons, pink hood and tassels to the light cloak, with straw-colored or green gloves, may each be pretty apart, but imagine the combined effect; yet such incongruous costumes meet the eye and offend the taste by the dozen, every fine day.  It is remarkable this love of finery, this vanity, so paramount in woman's heart, above all other considerations.  I have yet to meet the poor sewing girl in her faded chintz or delaine dress, the thin small shawl and bare chilled fingers, who had not cash enough to lay out upon the tawdry bonnet flaring back from the head, with its face trimmings of cheap lace, gaudy tumbled flowers, and soiled high-colored ribbons--a miserable melange of frayed, crumpled, soiled finery!  Let one venture to lose caste by promenading below Canal street, at six in the evening, or take a ferry boat to Brooklin [sic], and I'll wager you a lunch at Maillard's you'll not find a clean, modest straw hat and plain clean ribbon and face trimming among the legions who pour out from the wholesale establishments down town.  There is a sort of moral insanity in this feverish love of peacock adornment, which also affects Biddy on Sundays, who emerges from the basement door magnificent in her gorgeous Bowery bonnet and flounced silk robe. 
               
What has become of our philanthropic "Hearthstone Club?"  While I pause for a reply, I must tell you about a superb peignoir, called the "Montague," which I have had the pleasure of admiring at the establishment of Madame Demoriss Goodall, 338 Canal-street, which is the newest of the new styles of morning robes, composed of maise [sic]-colored silk, gored skirt, the front made entirely in puffings on each side the front breadth, a narrow double pinked ruffle in black silk, a broad black ribbon set on plain around the hem, surmounted by one narrow ruffle, very open and deep sleeve in a point, slashed across the fore-arm with black cable cord, the same ruffled trimming going around the neck of the corsage, which is closed to the throat, and buttoned with black silk buttons to the belt, where the buttons are continued down each side of the front breadth. 
               
I am assured that to be in the cream of fashion one must be antique--in dress merely--it has remained for the belles of the nineteenth century to have found and laved in the Fountain of Youth.  Therefore gored skirts, with three narrow little flounces on the bottom, bias, bound or pinked, are a la mode.  Stout persons--and, alas! there are some of my fair readers who must, perforce, plead guilty to charming embonpoint--can have the gored skirt placed on to the waist with double and treble box-plaits to conceal the manifest rotundity.  The same rule will apply to slender forms who are willing to add a little fullness.  But there are others with "grace in every step," conscious of perfection, who can have the waist and skirt all cut in one piece; Mesdames, you have your choice. 
               
I have seen a white silk dress, gored around the bottom were three black ruffles, bound with rose color.  Both unique and pretty.  The waist is made with round belt, excepting for evening dress when it is pointed. 
               
Another very elegant dress can be made in double skirt.  On every alternate breadth are little flowers in pyramidal shape, with three ruffles on the under skirt, half a finger in depth. 
               
Still another is a double skirt with puffings in pyramids on both the hem of the upper skirt edged with lace (if for evening); pagoda sleeve very open, lined with lace; the entire dress, as are the pyramids, sleeves, corsage, &c., to be trimmed with gold braid. 
               
A very superb dress, [illegible] for "the ball," is of white silk, white grenadine over-dress, with fifteen flounces inch and a quarter depth, the waist covered with a shell trimming, with berthe of point lace, very broad sash, fastened under the left arm, crossing from right shoulder, with an opal and diamond clasp.  Other jewels to correspond. 
               
Tight sleeves are to be fashionable after a long effort; the corsage generally is to be very high, fastened at the throat by a bow of black velvet ribbon, or any color, a small collar, or lace turned back. 
               
Another new and pretty waist has open front, collar of the same, rolled back, and bretelles, which are being revived, to pass over the shoulder. 
               
Zouave jackets, pretty and fashionable as ever, are worn with vests, as usual, of black or gray moire antique, silk or velvet, with pretty buttons. 
               
The deep cloth basquine will be almost universally worn this season, with the addition of a pretty cape, falling nearly to the waist, which very much relieves the stiffness so apparent.  There are additions, also, in the shape of epaulettes for the sleeves, a guipure or crochet net work, very pretty, finished with tassels. 
               
The new style "Japanese sets," of embroidery and linen for collar and sleeves, terminate in lappets at the throat and across the back of the wrist by a jewelled [sic] or gold button or slide to suit the fancy or purse.  Pretty sleeve buttons can easily be detached from the links and become converted into these new style fastenings for the cross-over sets. 
               
The famous opening day for milliners, as usual, was born in storms and swathed in dim clouds.  Jupiter Pluvius, the most suspicious and spiteful of myths, takes special pleasure in spoiling pretty eyes and trying women's souls.  Taking into consideration, however, that each little head was filled with the Prince, and how absolutely necessary a becoming hat must be at this season above all others in the world, unless Louis Napoleon applies for a divorce and comes over here, and "who knows?"  the old gentleman relented; he concluded to make the amende honorable, and presto!  Broadway was filled to the utter exclusion of those great horrid awkward creatures in broadcloth, who were perfectly dying with envy because they never can know the paradisical happiness of being women, trying colors and matching complexions. 
               
The first of an advancing army has invaded the sacred precincts of Fifth Avenue--Fifth Avenue, where the word "trade" causes ladies to faint, and where Mr. FitzSnip challenged Mr. DeMeasure because the latter innocently called the former a goose.  The Intrepid Mme. Regnier actually took possession of No. 9 Fifth Avenue, near the aristocratic Brevoort House, sacred to exclusive diamond weddings, and audaciously planted bonnets just from Paris, coiffures and the most delicious things imaginable, in those plate-glass windows.  But, alas!  for the degeneracy of the times, she lives; she is patronized, and the fortress once stormed others of that ilk will enter the breach.  O! tempora, O! mores. 
               
Madame Harris, also an importer only, has opened a new and beautiful atelier, corner of Broadway and Waverley Place.  Of her chapeaux, I mention one or two particularly "sweet."  A "real love" was the black velvet bonnet, with a lovely Bird of Paradise peeping over the side with ruby eyes, his long violet plumes gracefully sweeping almost to the destined shoulder. 
               
Plumes are fully inaugurated at present--marabouts and plumes de coque. 
               
Ribbon scarfs [sic] are very elegant for bonnet strings; plain, very wide, and nearly two yards long, richly brocaded at the ends in blocks or flowers.  These can also be used for sashes, if the belt is narrow and of corresponding color. 
               
The capes to bonnets are always silk or velvet.  As I mentioned in my last, there is a furore for gold ornaments:  stars, buckles, slides, buttons, bees and butterflies, golden wheat and berries, gold grapes and gold pins and belts, gold tinsel, lace fringe and braid.  It is unnecessary to warn my fair readers that the "stagey" [sic] effect of this tawdry glitter will very soon lose caste among those of good taste.  Still, a little of this species of ornamentation, mixed judiciously in dark face trimming, is rather becoming and pretty. 
               
There are some new cloaks deserving attention.  The French Paletot, quite a saucy looking affair, having a collar turned back like one of the masculine gender, buttoned and having turned back lappets and all.  The Zouave cloak is a favorite of mine; (is it necessary to say more?) made of cloth, faced with velvet, and opens to discover a cunning jacket belonging to it, either made of velvet, cloth or quilted silk. 
               
The Donna Volente is another of my favorites.

                                                "How happy could I be with either, 
                                               
Were t'other dear charmer away?"

This is made of velvet, descending in full heavy folds from a small square yoke in treble box plaits.  A small gore on each side, plain in front, deep sleeves, with a wide cuff turned back; the whole garment lined with violet silk. 
               
The Arabian cloak is being improved by losing the "slouch" and receiving the addition of a yoke.  In any shape, to your correspondent's eyes, they are detestable.  If the poor Queen of Oude were not dead (rest her soul), I should be tempted to say something naughty about the ugly fashion she left behind her.  I understood the Bowery belles rejoice in the Arabian cloaks, which Broadway will soon discover, and then--nous verrons! 
               
But, more anon.  Au revoir.                                                                G. H. S. H.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, October 15, 1860, p. 4, c. 1 
               
The Game of Euchre and Life--An Arkansas Father's Advice to his Son.--There is a genuine humor in the idea that an Arkansas man finds the most natural expression, even of parting advice to his son, in the language of the card table, and the manner in which the terms of the game of "euchre" are there fitted to the game of life is ingenious: 
               
"Bob, you are about leaving home for strange parts.  You're going to throw me out of the game, and to it alone.  The odds is against you, Bob, but remember always that industry and perseverance are the winning cards; they are the 'bowers.'  Book larning and all that sort of thing will do to fill up with, like small trumps, but you must have the bowers to back 'em, else they ain't worth shucks.  If luck runs agin you pretty strong, don't cave in and look like a sick chicken on a rainy day, but hold your head up and make 'em believe you're flush of trumps; they won't play so hard agin you. 
               
"I've lived and travelled around some, Bob, and I've found out that as soon as folks thought you held out a weak hand, they'd back agin you strong.  So, when you're sorter weak, keep on a bold front, but play cautious, be satisfied with a p'nt.  Many's the hand I've seen euchred 'cause they played for too much.  Keep your eyes well skinned, Bob; don't let 'em 'nig' on you; recollect the game lays as much with the head as with the hands.  Be temperate; never get drunk, for then no matter how good your hand, you won't know how to play it; both bowers and the ace won't save you, for there's sartin to be a 'miss deal' or something wrong.   And another thing, Bob (this was spoken in a low tone), don't go too much on the women; queens is kinder poor cards; the more you have of them the worse for you; you might have three and nary trump.  I don't say discard 'em all; if you get hold of one that's a trump, it's all good, and there's sartin to be one out of four.  And above all, Bob, be honest; never take a man's trick wot don't belong to you; nor 'slip cards,' nor 'nig,' for then you can't look your man in the face, and when that's the case there's no fun in the game; it's a regular 'cut throat.'  So now, Bob, farewell, remember wot I tell you, and you'll be sure to win, and if you don't, sarves you right to get skunked!"  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, October 19, 1860, p. 3, c, 5 
               
The fashionable color of the season.--Red is the fashionable color now among the ladies of Paris.  We see, says a letter, black mousquetaire hats, bordered with red and decorated with a red feather; the red flannel under skirt is displayed by the dress being tucked up a la Pompadour, in festoons; the red stockings set off to advantage the prettily turned ankle, and Parisian black bootine.  This costume has become the vogue from having been adopted by the Empress in her rovings on the sea-side at Biarritz.  The brilliant color is peculiarly adapted for displaying to advantage the beautifully fair complexion of her Majesty.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, October 20, 1860, p. 3, c. 5

Ball and Opera Costume for Gentlemen.

                Genio C. Scott publishes in the Home Journal, of New York, the following directions to gentlemen, relative to the appropriate ball and opera costumes: 
               
Habit Noire Habille--Black Dress Coat.  Waist of medium length; skirt extending to the bend of the knee, and very narrow; sleeves very large at the scye, with very full sleeve-heads, and tapering regularly to a modest size at the hand; rather short and cuffless; collar with M ends, short and very light; lapels rather wide, with small holes to correspond with the small buttons, and the breast formed to roll down to the second button from the bottom; breast facings of silk, extending out beyond the under lapel to near the button-holes, disclosing a very narrow lapel above the turn. 
               
Pantalon Noire--Black Pantaloons--Droit et demi-large.--Straight and half large, tracing the form of the figure above the limbs, from whence rather tapering than straight to a springless bottom, three inches lower at the heel than on the instep.  Made up entirely plain. 
               
Gilet Soie Noire--Transparent Blanc--Black Silk Vest--White Under Vest.--Plain roll-collar vest of black silk, rolling very low to correspond with the roll of the breast of the coat.  Under vest of white silk or marseilles; (pique,) cut double breasted, with a roll collar, rolling low to conform with the outer vest, and double breasted, to form a more tasteful fit than can be done where two rows of buttons come in contact; but there are only three buttons and holes on each forepart of the under vest.  The roll of the breast of the under vest discloses from a half inch to an inch of the fold projecting beyond the crease row or fold of the breast of the outer vest. 
               
Gloves.--Straw color of the lightest tint, or pure white is admissible. 
               
Shirt Collars.--The standing shirt collar is the mode. 
               
Cravats.--It is impossible--according to the "Commission des Modes," the highest authority on fashion in the world--to dress en regale for a ball without wearing a white cravat.  The cravat or white neck-tie should be very narrow, to conform with the narrow collar, and the tie should be very small. 
               
Boots and Shoes.--Pump-soled boots or pump-soled shoes with low quarters, and black silk stockings, are the wear au riguer.   For an evening like that of the Prince's ball, the first are preferable; while for a party, more quiet and select, where the utmost refinement in dress is necessary, the latter should obtain.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, October 22, 1860, p. 1, c. 5

Letters from a Tourist--No. XI.

                                                                                                            Hot Springs, Ark., Sept. 30.

Travelling in Arkansas--Memphis and Little Rock  
Railroad--Fundamental Principles of Stage Coach  
Riding--Arkansas Fare--Arrival at Little Rock,  
etc. etc.

                There is no day or place so remarkably quiet as a Sunday afternoon in the country--especially in the country where I am at present located--that is, in Hot Springs Valley.  It is so very, very quiet, that not a leaf is stirring amid the dense foliage on the hill-sides, and even the whiz of the grasshopper is still.  The gay and fashionable crowd have all dispersed, leaving only the invalids behind, and, as I find it insufferably dull to-day, I will give you an account of my first travels in Arkansas. 
               
Crossing the Mississippi at Memphis in a ferry boat at daylight, you arrive on the Arkansas shore, where, after ascending a very high bank, you arrive at the platform of the depot of the Memphis and Little Rock Railroad.  A mule, attached to a windlass, draws a car containing the baggage up the bank, and after the baggage is transferred to the cars, a very small locomotive gives a pig's squeal, the conductor cries out "all aboard!" and you are off.  I must confess that this is the most primitive railroad on which I ever traveled.  It runs through a thick cypress swamp, on an embankment, for a distance of nearly forty miles, ending at St. Francis' River, opposite to which is the town of Madison.  It took us about four hours to make the distance, the road being extremely rough.  I am informed by the Superintendent of this road, Mr. J. H. Berry, a very intelligent gentleman, that preparations are being made to re-lay this part of the track, and complete the road to Little Rock. 
               
Crossing the St. Francis, we arrived at a log house hotel, where we had a famous dinner of bacon and greens, with corn-bread for dessert--all for fifty cents!  Our baggage having been transferred to the boot of a four-horse mail coach, a couple of blasts on an old tin horn announced that the "mail" was ready to start, and the Jehu cried out, "all aboard, gents!"  Among the "gents," however, was a very pretty young lady, who had accompanied us from Memphis.  Four more passengers entered, the driver cracked his whip, and we were off. 
               
The road for a few miles was rather hilly, but pretty fair; we soon, however, entered the swamps again, and passed over a considerable portion of what is called corduroy road, made by laying fence rails crosswise.  For variety sake, we would occasionally bounce into a rut or a mud-hole, with a sufficient inclination of our vehicle to warrant the fears of an upset.  It was the most rickety-rockety, rumpity-bumpity ride I ever had in my life, knocking the breath out of one nearly every five minutes.  It was my first lesson in the rudiments of stage-coach riding, and I shall not soon forget it. 
               
At sundown a storm threatened us, and the rain soon fell in torrents.  We soon after arrived at a log cabin ranche [sic], where we stopped to change horses and get supper.  The stage going East had just passed on, and had consumed all the delicacies of the "first table," so we had to wait until preparations could be made for the second, which was on the "cheap and nasty" plan.  There being very little to eat, and that not too clean or tempting in appearance, our meal was hastily despatched [sic].  "All aboard!" shouted the driver once more, and we tramped back through the mud and rain to the stage.  Night had now set in and darkness veiled our jolts and miseries.  At midnight we arrived at Clarendon, forty miles from Madison, the rain still falling in torrents.  Here we had to cross White River, and it being quite stormy the driver concluded it would be safer to wait till daylight.  So the horses were taken out, and we were left to snooze away in the stage. 
               
Crossing the river the next morning, we soon after entered the prairie country, and had fine roads, stopping at a snug looking farm house to breakfast.  It had now cleared up, and we had a fine day of it.  The passengers grew communicative, and many a story was told of Arkansas murders in "old times," among which was that of a man being flayed to death with a hand-saw--the house being a stand where they change horses, is called the "Hand-Saw Station" to this day.  At 5 p.m. we arrived at Little Rock, beautifully situated on the Arkansas river. 
               
In my next I will give you some account of my first experiences of the place.   
                                                                                                                                               
ORA.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, November 20, 1860, p. 1, c. 3

Good Example.

To the Editor of the Charleston Mercury: 
               
We observed, while on visit to a lady friend, a bonnet and dress of Georgia linsey and cotton, designed for the daughter of one of our leading Secessionists.  The dress is made in fashionable style, a la Gabrielle, and the bonnet is composed of white and black Georgia cotton, covered with a net work of black cotton, the streamers ornamented with Palmetto trees and Lone Stars, embroidered in gold thread, while the feathers are formed of white and black worsted.  The entire work is domestic, as well as the material, and exhibits considerable ingenuity.  The idea illustrates the patriotism of the ladies, and their earnest sympathy with the great Southern movement, while its execution affords convincing proof of how independent we can be of our Northern aggressors, when we have the will to undertake, and the energy to achieve    
                                                              HOME INDUSTRY.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, November 23, 1860, p. 1, c. 3

Hints to South Carolina Women

To the Editor of the Charleston Mercury: 
               
A very few weeks must see South Carolina out of this Union.  We are fairly entered for the glorious struggle, and the stunning disgrace of backing out is now, thank God, an impossibility.  Our Legislature, which assembles in a few days, will doubtless make immediate arrangements for a thorough arming of the State, already too long delayed.  This, our Revolution of 1860, destined to be (except that of 1776) the grandest in its results which modern history has chronicled, may take place peaceably, and we may possibly pass without bloodshed, from our now almost abject condition of colonial dependency, to the full possession of those rights which, in our desire for peace and conciliation, we have so long allowed to lie dormant.  But it may be otherwise, and it is folly to shut our eyes to contingencies, and conclude that what may be must be, because we wish it.  Our men may be called upon to show their nerve in fight, as well as in council, and it is now the most stringent duty of our legislators to see them fully prepared for the struggle.  Prompt enough they are, God knows, and up to mark.  Our bold boys seem only to fear that all may be too peaceable, and that the surest of all seals, the seal of blood, may be needed to the charter of our rights.  Men and boys we have, bold spirits enough, to meet the brunt of action.  Ill armed, or well, our men will fight.  The Palmetto banner has never waved over cowards.  May God in his mercy put it into the hearts of our legislators to prepare us for all possible contingencies.  Let us be prepared for the worst, and hope for the best. 
               
In the mean time our men--I have said it--are ready.  What are our women doing?  Talking of fight--giving bouquets, wreaths, and banners with mottos [sic] and good wishes--some of us scribbling for newspapers--all of us saying, "God speed" to the great cause!  But, sisters and daughters, is this enough?  Empty words!  empty words!--can you give no more?  The heartless braggart may talk it out as plausibly as the best; but bragging is not doing.  Woman, will you send your son, your husband, and your brother--or you, pretty maiden, your lover--to the fight, giving him a wreath, or a mottoed flag, and then lie down to sleep?  Nay, nay, you cannot--you dare not.  When that time comes the midnight hour will find you watching--the dawning day will wake upon your unclosed eyes.  And then, to still the anxious throbbings of a watching heart--sisters, believe me--we will want something besides the recollections of wreaths and bouquets, mottos [sic] and newspaper articles.  These are well enough in their way, and in their time, when backed by earnest effort.  But spare us the mockery of them if these be all we can do. 
               
We have all heard the story of Nero fiddling while Rome was burning.  Day after day, as I see our women fresh rigged with the frippery of the season--new bonnets, new laces, new flounces and furbelows,--day after day, as I hear of their frequenting Yankee shows, operas, and concert singers,--I remember Nero:  and, shuddering, wonder if these, his petticoated imitators, can be South Carolina women.  Forgive me, sisters, the harsh thought.  We have sinned, we have sinned; but, as yet, it has been in thoughtless ignorance, rather than heartless folly.  Let us now wake up to better things.  A great free people must have true-hearted, whole-souled women.  Nothing has of late years marked more the rottenness at heart of this Union of States, now falling to pieces from its festering iniquities, than the follies of its women.  Fast ladies have we had, woman's rights ladies; ladies who must have new silk dresses to sweep the streets though the husband break or the children starve for it; girls who must spend on the wardrobe of one what thirty years since would have supported a family, thus driving fathers and brothers to defalcations, frauds, and perjury; mothers who find no better lessons for their daughters than midnight balls, ending only with daylight--a gas-light life, where heart and soul are crushed under show and tinsel.  Let our men believe it, and teach our women so, the broken-down devotee of fashion, with her train of prematurely withering daughters, has left to her self and them nothing that can render them fitting mothers and wives for freemen.  We, at the South, have only partially fallen into this career of folly, and our now enacting revolution (for it is upon us) may save us from our down-hill course. 
               
Women of the South, when comes that hour of blood and triumph, which shall call away our dear ones "to do or die;" then, as we kneel to pray for all that we hope for on earth, then will spring to our lips the self-accusing words:  "We have left undone those things which we ought to have done, and we have done those things which we ought not to have done;" and bitterly, bitterly will these fall back on our weak if not guilty consciences.  Now, then, now, "while it is called to-day," let us resolve to do all that woman can do in our most righteous cause.  Let us, with a grave sympathy in the vital affairs of the day, remember that this time of struggle and suspense (the fore-runner, we in earnest faith believe, of the grandest triumph that a nation can achieve), if no time for doubt and mourning, is equally no time for thoughtless frolic and foolish self-dedication on the altar of fashion.  Funds are needed.  Our Legislature hesitates to tax the people too heavily.  They talk of half a million, and a million might be better.  Ladies, will you give up some ribands [sic] and jewelry, flounces and embroidery?  or will Carolina women choose to robe themselves in silks and laces, the price of which might alone suffice to arm the State?  Shame us not by the doubt! 
               
Mr. Editor, assist us only by suggesting and forwarding such arrangements as will enable us to make voluntary contributions, and my life upon it, the State will not want funds.  Let us know, and, if possible, at once, how and with whom our deposits can be made.  Let me begin.  I have two daughters, each of whom is ready with the hundred dollars otherwise due for her winter's adornment.  As a mother let me give two hundred; and our young ladies may exercise their arithmetical and financial powers to determine how many women (contributing each only in proportion to her means) will be wanted to make the extra half million.  Let us begin with this, and we will come again if you will only tell us that our country needs us.  Down with the silks, when we have anything better to do with our money. 
               
And you, fair daughters of our State, believe me, you will be far more lovable in old-fashioned gowns than in the latest New York modes.  Would you bring true hearts to your shrines, show that you too have true hearts to give in return, and spurn the man who could admire you the more for a new gown or a pretty head gear.  Remember those flaunting ornaments are, in perspective, tinged with drops of blood.  Whose may it be?  Ask not; but like true-hearted women cast aside these worse than follies, and at least until our struggle for liberty be won, let it be the fashion of South Carolina ladies to dress unexpensively [sic], and let the greatest belle pride herself upon her simple toilette and the plainness of her attire. 
                                                                                                                               
L. S. M.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, November 24, 1860, p. 4, c. 3 
               
The Sewing Machine.--It is only seven years since the sewing machine came into general use in the manufactories of America.  This most meritorious of modern inventions has gradually extended its sphere of usefulness to the fireside, till it has literally become as familiar as household words in every part of the Union.  Few inventions have more speedily gained popular favor, yet its introduction was impeded by all those obstacles that usually stand in the way of labor-saving machines.  The employers and the employed alike opposed the "innovation;" the former on account of the original outlay for the machines, and their decreasing the coast of production, and the latter from fear of their decreasing the demand for hand labor. 
               
The prejudices of both classes having been overcome by trial and experience, the sales for the last seven years, large as they have been, will undoubtedly be greatly exceeded by the sales for the next seven.  The sewing machine trade of the United States exceeds that of all other countries combined, still there it is only in its infancy.  It is estimated that 200,000 have already been sold for home use, and 20,000 exported. 
               
These machines represent the capacity for work of about two million hands.  They consume $1,000,000 worth of spool thread, which is manufactured expressly for machine use.  The manufacture of "machine twist" has been carried to a great degree of perfection, and to this improvement no less than to the continued improvements in the invention itself, is due the rapid and increasing sales. 
               
The manufacture of machine needles employs 1000 men, and the profit on this business is estimated at $300,000, or about L60,000 per annum. 
               
Five thousand men are engaged in the United States in constructing machines, and a capital of $3,000,000 or more than L60,000 is employed. 
               
Some of the Companies pay yearly dividends of 100 per cent.  The annual profit of all the Companies cannot be less than $250,000, or more than L50,000. 
               
One Company is now able to construct 150 daily, and the sales for 1860, in the United States, will probably amount to more than 50,000 machines.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, November 30, 1860, p. 1, c. 2

Resolutions Aux Temps

To the Editor of the Charleston Mercury: 
               
A party of young ladies, recently, while sipping inspiration from the China leaf, became warmly imbued with the spirit of the times, and after electing officers, etc., drew up the following resolutions: 
               
Resolved, That we, though by Divine authority termed the "weaker vessels," are nevertheless endowed with resolute wills, and hence have the power to make resolves, and to keep them, 
               
Resolved, That since the election of Lincoln to the Presidency, we consider our allegiance to the North as ended, and will therefore use our influence in favor of an immediate secession, 
               
Resolved, that we honor all men who are for this movement, but are determined to secede ourselves from all who are opposed to it, 
               
Resolved, That at present the best "feather in the cap" of any young man, is the "Palmetto cockade," and it makes our hearts flutter to see one mounted above a manly brow, 
               
Resolved, That "gunpowder tea" shall be our favorite beverage, and "percussion caps" the only ones that we shall set, 
               
Resolved, That "Yankee Doodle" is now defunct, and we can henceforth play only marches and quicksteps, and sing of the Lone Star, the Soldier's Return, etc., 
               
Resolved, That the Military Institution of the State is a great institution, and her Cadets great fellows, 
               
Resolved, That notwithstanding we feel duly grateful to the Yankees for their past services in making our shoes, &c., we are now seized with a decided predilection in favor of French boots, and hope to get a supply as soon as our Southern President becomes inaugurated. 
               
Resolved, That since the weather is getting quite cold, and manufacturing establishments South rather scarce, we will hold on to our Northern "goods and chattels" a while longer, knowing that our silks and worsteds are from Europe, and feeling that to our calicos and cotton stuffs, at least, we have the original, the "God-given" right, 
               
Resolved, That though our Palmetto shades are dearer to us than life, yet we love every State at the South--two of them especially--and dwell with delight upon the beautiful lake scenery of the one, and the mountain and grotto view--ideal-painted--of the other, 
               
Resolved, That we honor the sons of Carolina in proportion to their patriotism, and are ready to yield up our hearts to the first Garibaldi who shall show himself, 
               
Resolved, That we wish the world to know our views on the present issue of events, and will therefore place them at the disposal of the Charleston Mercury.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, December 6, 1860, p. 3, c. 7

Roses,  
Flowering Shrubs,  
Fruit Trees, Evergreens,  
Bulbous Roots, etc.

20,000 Rose Bushes, in 200 varieties, at 50 cents each, $3 per dozen, $20 per hundred.  
6,000 Fruit Trees--Pear, Peach, Nectarines  
15,000 Flowering Plants and Evergreens, in pots,

also,

Hyacinths, Tulips, Crocus, Verbenas, Carnations, etc., etc.  
Cultivated and for sale by

A. Pudigon, Florist,  
King street Road, Charleston, S. C.

Catalogues sent to all applicants.  

Pomaria, S. C.,  
Nurseries.  
A full Descriptive Catalogue sent to all who apply.  
Address Wm.  Summer, Pomaria, S. C.

Charleston Agents--Messrs. Ingraham & Webb,  
Columbia Agents--Dr. C. H. Miot and Robt. M.  Stokes,  
Fernandina, Fla.--Roux & Co.

Fruit Trees.

Apple, Apricot, Cherries, Nectarines, Peach, Pear, Plum, Quinces, Figs, Service Trees, &c.  All the approved varieties adapted to Southern culture.

Nut Trees.

Almonds, English Walnuts, or Madeira Nuts, large fruited Spanish Chestnuts, Pecan Nuts--all of which bear early in our climate.

Grapes.

Native and Foreign--the best sorts.

Strawberries and Raspberries.

Lawton Blackberries--the best varieties, giving a succession of fruit in their Season.

Evergreen Trees and Shrubs, Roses, &c.

The largest and most varied collection in the South.  
Particular care has been given to the propagation of rare and beautiful Evergreens for the decoration of Rural Cemeteries and Family Burial Grounds, and selections will be made particularly appropriate when left to the taste of the Proprietor.

Hedge Plants.

Osage Orange and McCartney Rose, for fields; Arbor Vitae, Privets, Cassina, &c., for gardens.

Miscellaneous.

Embracing a great variety of Plants, Vines, and small Shrubs, as well as Dahlias, Asparagus, and other Garden Roots, for which see Catalogue.  
Orders solicited and satisfaction given to purchasers.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, December 13, 1860, p. 1, c. 4-5

Fashion in New York.  
Our New York Correspondence.

                                                                                                                  New York, December 8. 
               
In my bulletin for this month, credit me, mes amies, for a strict avoidance of all Republican houses--whose very show-windows I avoid as I would a pestilence.  The agitation of the past month has utterly overcome the usual equanimity of your correspondent's temperament, serving, however, but to strengthen, if that were possible, the ardent affection cherished for the South, and still more ardent detestation of all Republican Northerners. 
               
I wish I could positively endorse, with any degree of certainty, the sentiments of many of your friends here, that the morning will never dawn upon the inauguration of Lincoln; whatever his fate may be I care not; but at all events, it is a far more comforting reflection to be a beaten Democrat than one of the insolent, triumphant corps of renegade Lincolnites.  We shall see! 
               
Mais allons:  let us wade from the slough of politics to the charming, sparkling waters of Queen La Mode's dominion, whose rare and elegant dresses for Winter have been issued with inimitable beauty. 
               
Out of every evil springs some good, is an old, time-worn proverb, heartily endorsed, now, if ever, by the frantic Mesdames Toodles, of Gotham.  Never before, in the memory of your correspondent, were such bargains offered--Achieved by the panic, the goods sold at "panic prices" are really astonishing.  As Mrs. Yellowplush sententiously remarks, "even common people can afford to dress now-a-days;" and the same lady deplores the lamentable fact that there's nothing to distinguish her from the plebian herd, since finery is so cheap, and "if dress does not make the lady, what does?"  But Mrs. Yellowplush is coming out with a coat of arms, which, she will positively assure you, in regard to its originality, was actually made to order, regardless of expense.  Call upon her New Year's day, and you can hob nob to her and it, over the massive plate.  I humbly, and with due appreciation of my own insignificance, suggested a motto--"Quid vides;" which was totally rejected and ignored, as being "horrid vulgar"--no tobacco quids ever rode in her carriage.  To this day the indignant lady thinks I insulted her (?) and remains in serene, profound ignorance of the motto's meaning, which I shall take no pains to make lucid, because--life is sweet! 
               
The two most fashionable styles for groundwork of dress goods, are black and Havanne, which is a rich warm brown.  Fuschia is another new and beautiful shade of purple.  These silks are shot with gorgeous colors, or interwoven with almost an invisible thread of silver or gold, the ensemble presenting a moonlight shimmering of light very unique and beautiful. 
               
Wide and narrow stripes, longitudinal and horizontal, are really passe, though still worn by those who have them; plain grounds, in mode colors or covered with tiny broche figures, still reign predominant.  I have seen some superb silks with watered stripes, between which meander exquisitely brocaded vines and blossoms or tiny set figures; also the richest of black satins, striped with Solferino or Havanne reps, but these are widely different from the usual style of striped goods. 
               
Amid numerous items of gossip and interest jotted down in a letter I have just received from a friend in Paris, she notes a few fashions as worn by ladies of the highest rank, which I quote for your benefit, though not quite definite enough for a public letter.  N'importe: 
               
"In so faithfully copying the French fashions, we decidedly omit the best, for the French ladies dress very little in the streets--their attire is plain and comfortable; in their carriages, however, they appear very differently.  I could not but remember Broadway last winter--the muddy sidewalks swept by costly silks.  I think I shall set a better example when I return.  Black silk, trimmed with colors, is the prevailing fashion; flounces plaited on and beaded with velvet or some high color in silk.  These are placed at the bottom of the skirt.  Magenta is a great favorite.  Velvet bonnets are principally black, purple or Magenta, and these colors shaded; for instance, darkest shade around the face, then a shade lighter, and so on--the front drawn in plaits and the crown made plain of one shade or black, but mostly of figured lace, white or black.  India shawls are very much worn.  I am surprised to see them so common; they are also quite cheap.  Dress skirts are almost universally made now without lining, hemmed and bound with silk or worsted braid." 
               
Dresses for promenade are generally made very full, without borderings of mud and debris, the natural consequence arising from the absence of the disgusting trail.  Expensive silks or merinos can neither be sent to the laundry or thrown aside; what then becomes of the soiled and begrimed lining of the trail and the dust thereon?  It must be surely communicated to the under garments; and I have yet to find a lady of refined delicacy who would not shudder were the unseen portions of her attire not of immaculate purity and whiteness; hence, I am glad to note that skirts en train, for the street at least, are no longer popular.  A sensible revolution is taking place.  In lieu of white tucked and trimmed skirts, plentifully bespattered with mud, low paper-soled gaiters, disclosing splashed and wet stockings, we have the comfortable dark Balmoral skirt, fully disclosed by the festooned dress, warm and thick-soled water-proof Balmoral boots, or the regular India rubber full boot, defying even New York mud; and no better proof can be given of their necessity and comfort. 
               
Large medallion buttons are as much worn as ever, ornamenting sleeves, corsage and skirts; also, braiding with gold and black cording, a la militaire. 
               
Some waists are made, lining and material gathered full together in a belt.  This is very ugly and unbecoming; one resembles, in this style, a fat and very much overgrown baby.  Waists are also made with yokes, but the most proper style is plain, the side seams and front plentifully trimmed with buttons or braided. 
               
Sleeves are pretty, puffed half way, and tight to the wrist, the outer portion trimmed with large buttons to the elbow; or sleeves can be made rather full, with a deep pointed cuff extending back from the wrist, trimmings of velvet bands or galoons, in true military style. 
               
The tight beaver cloth basquines are very much worn, and give a peculiarly ungraceful appearance to the wearer, especially with the bell hoop skirt now in vogue.  They present a long, lank ensemble, flat and ungainly, the heavy skirt of the basquine compressing and swaying the light hoops in every position but that intended originally.  I is certainly odd that women in their furore for new fashions should so absolutely ignore grace and symmetry.  These basques, however, are comfortable, as far as warmth is concerned, and certainly convenient for wearing out one's old dresses, the hem of which is frequently scarcely to be seen. 
               
Odd combinations are seen in dress bonnets, patronized because all tastes are different.  I have seen a very rich black velvet bonnet, without trimming, save on top an oblong rosette of white blonde lace, in which laid three pink roses; the inside trimming was three similar roses on one side above the forehead, and just opposite a knot of the lightest blue satin ribbons.  This combination of pink and blue is very much affected, also black and white.  Black velvet hats, lined with white silk, the cape lined the same, and simply trimmed with a long drooping white and black plume de coque; inside can be placed colors to suit the fancy, or black and white velvet flowers petaled with gold. 
               
In regard to face ornamentation, it is no longer necessary to have a ruche--the hat inside is lined with silk, plain or in puffings, and the trimming is made of a mixture of velvet loops intermixed with blonde trimming lace; but even this can be omitted at the sides, providing the face is full, with thick plaits or bandeaux of hair or curls.  The trimmings over the brow are of two kinds, invariably--either of a rich cluster of flowers at one temple or half wreath, or a single flower, a velvet roll or bouillonee dotted with golden spots, crosses over and fills up the brim, and at the other side or temple, a knot of rich velvet ribbons or flowers of different style and color.  Bonnets, this season, except those intended for reception and the opera, are only fashionable when dark. 
               
A very elegant black velvet bonnet was trimmed on top with a small cluster of blue velvet flowers, with two broad black velvet leaves, from which depended a black ostrich feather; on the other side a black velvet scarf fell, faced with blue silk and edged with wide black thread lace.  Inside were a cluster of the same flowers, a roll of golden starred black velvet, and opposite a black velvet pansy, with bright golden veins and petals.  Strings were black and blue velvet, very long, and I must not omit to say, tied with very large bows; tie strings of another color, are out of vogue. 
               
The melancholy days of sombre mourning are among the past.  I do not refer, please believe me, to the mourning of the heart, which ne'er can be affected by

                                                "The trappings and suits of woe;"

but even to those it will certainly be comforting to know that the becoming is made decidedly a study.  Every degree and gradation of grief is beautifully modified.  Widow's caps, formerly the most trying of ordeals, are now enchantingly coquettish--the most "sweetly angelic tributes to the dear departed."  The mourning bonnets are especially rich for those whose grief is not too deep for consolation.  A black reps silk hat was very elegant; the front in broad plaits, confined by a square knot of silk, from which depended a scarf lined with lavender; inside were loops of white and lavender velvet, and white velvet flowers with jet centres. 
               
It is admissible to

                                                "Wear a golden sorrow."

Mourning flowers of dark purple and black velvet glisten with gold dust, and tiny white velvet violets peep with golden eyes from black foliage.  Black silk hats are very chaste and lady-like, made in plaits and broad bows lined with white, the cape to correspond, and inside trimming of white velvet and black roleau, sparkling with jets, black broad strings edged with white velvet. 
               
For mourning dress goods the Empress cloth is very desirable; the Ottoman silks, Ottoman velours, the superb Armures silks, as well as the black poplins shot with lavender, or plain black silks brocaded with a tiny white flower, are all fashionable and elegant. 
               
Cloaks and sacques are to be seen corded with white; in beaver or pilot cloth, they are ornamented with large whitish horn buttons.  They are rather pretty when the white cording is used up on silk, velvet or satin wraps, and really distingue. 
               
The "Garibaldi" jacket is certainly extremely piquant as well as picturesque, particularly becoming to a brilliant brunette; as for blondes, they look well in everything but yellow and pale pink.  These new jackets are be-braided and be-frogged with black or golden braid, or a mixture of black and gold in gimps, a la militaire, or left quite plain, lined with white silk, which can be left to show just a trifle. 
               
Scarlet Balmoral skirts are quite the rage here.  In the days of auld lang syne, so say the gossips, whoever betrayed even an edge of a scarlet petticoat during the reign of leap year, was challenge sufficient to the unlucky biped who viewed it to marry the lady, either give her himself or a new dress.  What a commotion the introduction of this fashion would create here, especially upon Fifth Avenue or Broadway, on a muddy day! 
               
Gored dresses make spasmodic efforts to be favored, but their long, lank ugliness condemns them.  Skirts are placed on to the waist in deep hollow plaits in lieu of box plaits or gathers; the latter is quite obsolete.  Head-dresses for evening full dress are en diademe, composed of velvet, flowers, or any mingling of gold, coral, and precious stones.  Evening dresses are made with pointed corsage, cut low, pointed berthes, and small wings of blonde or point lace for sleeves.  Sashes are passe, skirts ruffled or flounced, mode en train.  Chenille nets are still very fashionable. 
                                                                                                               
Tout a vous, G. H. S. H.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, December 19, 1860, p. 2, c. 1 
               
Cockades.--The following is the description of the cockades adopted in Maryland and Virginia: 
               
Virginia.--This consists of a double rosette of blue silk, with a pendant of lemon color, the whole fastened together by a gilt button, on which appears in relief the arms of Virginia, with the name of the State and its motto encircling it.  The motto is--Sic semper tyrannis. 
               
Maryland.--This cockade is formed of a double rosette of blue silk, with blue pendants, and fastened the same as that of Virginia, with the State button, with the simple word "Maryland" beneath the arms.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, January 1, 1861, p. 1, c. 2 
               
Cookery and Domestic Matters.--We certainly had occasion, only the other day, to acknowledge, from some quarter, a copious Cookery Book, calculated, in practice, to realize the brilliant culinary reveries of Brillat Savarin.  And lo!  here is another, from the press of Charles De Silver, of Philadelphia, which is placed by Russell & Jones upon our table.  Would they had sent us the dishes rather than the book of receipts for making them.  A "Hand-Book of Family Knowledge," in accordance with the precepts of Soyer, and which recognizes all the idealisms of the Physiologie de Gout."  But this manual of household economy, and toothful knowledge and juiceful instruction, does not confine itself to the business of the cuisine; it airs the chambers; makes up the beds; tends the sick; cultivates flower and kitchen garden; and even teaches you to discipline, train, domesticate duly and exercise gratefully, your household pets; how to write love, friendship and business letters; keep accounts; regulate servants; carve a joint; win a lover; anchor a husband; behave at table, in church; and when you are asked a delicate question, how to answer; and everything besides!  In short, it is a hand-book of universal information, in regard to the soul, the stomach, the senses, soups and seasons.  The Editor, thus universal in his capacity to teach, being none other than M. Guilllaume St. Jean, touching whom--the Saints forgive our ignorance--we know not a syllable.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, January 1, 1861, p. 1, c. 4

A Query.

To the Editor of the Charleston Mercury: 
               
Several young ladies having dear friends at the forts, volunteer their services to enact the part of Florence Nightingale, during the impending struggle.  Will their offer be accepted? 
               
Daughters of the "Spunky Little State." 
               
Monday, December 31.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, January 3, 1861, p. 2, c. 2 
               
The Brave and the Fair.--We suppose that every body knows, by this time, that all the good ladies--young and old--of Charleston are busy as bees, preparing creature comforts of all kinds for the gallant men who are keeping watch and ward on the ramparts and breastworks which defend our city.  We might enumerate a host of good things which we have been the happy instruments of transmitting to worthy recipients--good things of every imaginable kind, from turkeys to sandwiches, and from mattresses to lint.  (For the last named article we hope that our volunteers may have no special use--unless it be to stuff the mattresses--for, with all deference, we submit that lint, although perhaps less agreeable than feathers, would at all events be a happy substitute for straw). 
               
We received, last night the following piquant, as well as patriotic, little note, brimful of generosity, and duly authenticated with the writer's name.  Without having taken the pain to consult the Chiefs of the Commissary Department, we venture to respond most emphatically (from personal acquaintance with a number of non-commissioned officers), that no edible delicacy, of any nature whatsoever, even leaving out of view the enchanting fact of its having been prepared by fair hands, is at all likely to go a-begging at this time, within the martial precincts of Fort Moultrie, Castle Pinckney or Morris' Island.  And now, without more ado, we print the note, so that all our young compaigners, in reading the Mercury, may at least revel in the pleasures of anticipation:  
To the Editor of the Charleston Mercury: 
               
While everybody else is volunteering his or her services, to aid in this great cause of Southern independence, I would not be idle.  My every pulse beats secession; and in thinking of the wrongs we have suffered from Yankee oppression, I am actually imbued with the spirit of John of Arc. 
               
I have concluded, however, to relinquish this, and adopt the more feminine position of Florence Nightingale. 
               
I also have many dear friends at the forts (not Fort Sumter).  Please add my name to that list of sister spirits who have tendered their services.  I will promise also to make every delicacy that a Southern soldier can fancy.  If my services are accepted, please inform me through the columns of your glorious paper. 
               
From one who is proud to be 
                                                                               
The Daughter of a Nullifier.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, January 4, 1861, p. 1, c. 2

The Ladies of the Empire State

                                                                                                Waynesboro', Burke Co., Ga.,} 
                                                                                                               
January 1, 1861.    } 
               
Editor Mercury:  The following patriotic resolutions were adopted, among others, by the ladies of this town and county, at an enthusiastic meeting held by them on Saturday last. 
               
The following was presented by Mrs. Col. I. Carter, and received with a joyous outburst of applause: 
               
Resolved, That the ladies of Burke county do tender their warmest sympathies, and pledge their love and devotion to the proud, gallant, chivalrous and "free people" of South Carolina, for the fearless and heroic act of December 20th, 1860, which has opened a page in the history of human greatness that the pride of man shall herald through all time, and woman's holiest and noblest affection embalm for all eternity. 
               
A Committee of young ladies presented the following, which was adopted: 
               
Resolved, That we, the young ladies of Burke county, do, henceforth, reject with haughty scorn and proud disdain, all civilities from any gentleman who refuses, or neglects, to join the ranks of any Southern State that shall, in her sovereign capacity, withdraw her allegiance from this unconstitutional Confederacy, holding it to be self-evident--that a dasdard's glove can never win a woman's love, or defend her honor. 
                                                                               
Very respectfully, 
                                                                                               
A Native Carolinian.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, January 7, 1861, p. 3, c. 5 
               
Lint.--An interesting circumstance connected with the lint, which the teachers and pupils of the Columbia Female College (during this their present recess) are preparing for the use, if need be, by our Southern army, is, that it is from linen sheets, spun and wove by a woman of the Revolution of 1776 (the great-grand-mother of one of the teachers of the institution).  The women of one revolution, thus, as it were, coming up to the help of the women of another, even as the memory of the patriotism of the women of the past causes to glow with increased ardor that of the women of the present.--Carolinian.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, January 14, 1861, p. 1, c. 3-4

The Fashions.  
Our New York Correspondence.

                                                                                                           New York, January 11, 1861.

Fashion and Politics--Empress Eugenie not attending  
to the toilette of the season--The Holidays in Gotham--  
Elegant simplicity the Rage--Delightful details of  
Ladies costume--Arrangement of the Hair, &c., &c., &c.

                Fashion, chere amies, trembling and uncertain, stands at your thresholds, awaiting the magical open sesame, excessively nervous and doubtful regarding her reception--feeling, however, that 
                               
"This world is all a fleeting show, 
                               
For woman's illusion given!"  
and that, elevated as we may esteem ourselves above the 
                                
"Gauds that women sigh for,"  
the brilliant delusions vanity lays at our shrine, notwithstanding the unfathomable profundity of our minds, our superhuman sagacity and depth of character, are as difficult to penetrate as was the riddle of the Sphynx [sic].  Yet you will, I think, agree with me that it is an inexpressible relief to descend from the elevated "divine proprium" to earth earthy [sic?], and the delicious nothingness of the toilette. 
               
Queen La Mode will never secede; she at least will keep us united while she receives allegiance upon her throne in la belle France!  I am but the mouthpiece of her majesty, as little Prince Nosey, surnamed Seward, is of the old Rail Splitter; excepting your correspondent has some antique ideas of honesty of purpose, odd notions about gentlemen of the old school, and mushroom and fungus aristocracy, totally ignored, even if comprehended by the above mentioned parties. 
               
Since my earliest recollection I have never missed an inauguration in Washington.  The coming fourth of March I shall pass in the quietude of my own sanctum in fasting and prayer, humiliation and shame, that the noblest gift in the hands of the American people, the sacred sceptre which has been wielded by the best blood in the country, should be polluted by the touch of the mongrel apostates, rank in hearts 
                               
"As the foul weed that rots on Lethe's shore."  
But enough of politics, which have been sadly interfering of late with the even tenor of my way and the far niente I so much love; but these are the days to "try women's souls" as well as men's. 
               
The present month is very dull regarding variety in fashions, the winter styles having been inaugurated, and the spoiled and willful Empress Eugenie too much occupied in having her own way, meddling with Court matters and flying round the country in a very unroyal or un-Empress sort of fashion, proving she was "not to the manor born," to be much interested in inventing and changing matters of the toilette.  I may be, however, premature in my conclusions--for having travelled [sic] about just as she used to do, and Time, with his "mighty iron power," perhaps dulled the edge of her grief for her sister's loss, and indulged in the satisfaction of ruling the great Napoleon, rather of forcing one of his most faithful ministers to resign, the next Parisian bulletin may convey some extraordinary intelligence in the way of ornamentation.  Quien sabe? 
               
During the Christmas and New Year's carnival Gotham exhibited a mise en scene indescribable in its brilliancy and superb tout ensemble.  Merchants, taking advantage of holiday liberality in expenditure, made the most gorgeous displays of the most beautiful and tempting goods at "panic prices," fairly, with a sort of magic, persuading the cash out of one's porte monnaies nolens volens. 
               
The most fashionable and exclusive of our modistes gave their last opening reception ere preparing for early spring.  The bonnets were really chef d'ouvres in magnificent simplicity.  Colored velvets and black, intermingled with the purest white, is the favorite style, too delicate and pure to become common or too popular.  An uncut velvet hat of the lovely thing of sea green foam on the ocean wave, had a cape of white Russia velvet, a fall of rich point lace on the front was caught down one side by a rosette of the same lace, in which nestled an exquisite boquet [sic] of green velvet flowers and white buds; the inside trimming consisted merely of a few buds and loops of the green velvet, covered by blonde lace in fan-like plaitings; strings were white velvet edged with green.  Another was of white uncut velvet, with a broad plaiting of Solferino velvet around the front a finger's depth, a small cluster of the same colored velvet flowers nearly on top, from which depended a snowy marabout, tipped with the same warm hue, as if tinged with the gleams of sunset. 
               
Many hats have no inside trimming of any description; the lining of shirred velvet or silk, and the outside perfectly plain, with the exception of rich real lace.  The shapes remain unaltered, common size--neither large or small; some are flattened over the brow--a style as ugly as it is unbecoming. 
               
More attention is given to ball and evening dress costumes at present, since Madame and Mam'selle are satisfied with their favorite cloaks, sacques, basquines or furs; have settled into their last new bonnets, and have no more winter dresses to make up, to the vexation of dress makers, and the intense joy of pater familias, in the innocence of masculine hearts ne'er dreaming that such flimsey [sic] stuff as lace, and tarlatane, and flowers, can possibly cost much.  Soyez tranquille, mes amies, and be happy in your ignorance. 
               
As with all other fashions this season, the rage is for elegant simplicity, yet of the finest and richest quality of material, sold now-a-days as bargains, really less than cost. 
               
An exquisite fine white tarletane, high corsage, in a series of puffings over low lining, long sleeves to correspond, and the skirt precisely similar--the ensemble appearing like a pile of fleecy mid-summer clouds, the boquet de corsage of real flowers, heliotrope predominating, and wreath of heliotrope for the hair.  The bouquet-holder, fan and handkerchief the only apparently rich and expensive additions to this lovely toilette. 
               
Our Miss Floras, dying for a new sensation, look particularly bewitching in a sort of stagey [sic] costume, after the style of a Swiss or French paysanne; a bodice of velvet or silk, any color to suit the tastes, laced across a high corsage of fine thin muslin or lace; a silk skirt is worn with it unlike the stage costume, which generally consists of one remarkably full and short.  This is suitable for sociables, re-unions, or private hops. 
               
All diaphanous materials are particularly affected by young ladies, and are certainly more appropriate for graceful youth.  These light, airy fabrics are trimmed with garlands, or boquets [sic] or flowers. 
               
A very distingue dress is of violet crape over white silk, two skirts, each trimmed with puffings interspersed with white violets and cape jessamine, the wreath and boquet [sic] to correspond, sleeves a tiny puff of crape over the silk, and a narrow flouncing of blonde or point lace, caught up by a small cluster of flowers; corsage pointed before and behind.  Sleeves can be made for full evening dress, if desired, to entirely cover the arm, in a series of graduated puffs, or one puff with one or two flounces falling below or just to the elbow.  This is a pleasant liberty for those who desire to conceal the arm. 
               
Another dress had the skirt covered with longitudinal puffings, wide, and ornamented between by knots of tri-colored ribbons with floating ends.  The waist corresponded. 
               
It is almost impossible to describe the various delicately beautiful capes, fichus and berthes, created by the dainty fingers of fashion, to render still more lovely "ivory shoulders," as well as hiding all disfigurements upon those less gifted by nature.  Ribbon quillings with curled ends ornament these cobweb fabrics, which look, in their snowy whiteness, like heaps of drifted snow.  Some of the capes are plain thule, the edge trimmed with oblong puffs edged with blond, and a single flower, bud, or dew-bespangled leaf resting in the heart of each.  Others have a tiny rosette of narrow black velvet ribbon, or a bunch of scarlet berries and black leaves frosted with gold.   [six lines illegible] 
               
There is little change since my last bulletin in the making up of dresses; in evening or ball dresses, or even where a skirt is required to form a trail, small gores can be introduced in the bottom of the under skirt, beneath the one deep flounce.  Skirts are still set on in treble box plaits or deep hollow plaits in heavy dresses, such as Ottoman velours and plain poplins.  The Empress style is still observed of having the front nearly plain, with the plaits set back, and a row of buttons from the throat to the hem.  An improvement on the Jockey sleeve, introduced in Paris, has been shown me.  The seam on the outside of the arm is continued quite to the shoulder, a cable cord fastened down the entire length, finishing with a large button; the turned back cuff is plainly rounded on the under part, and divided in points on the upper, each point fastened down by a button; at the top of the sleeve is a crocheted flat button, with tags, a sort of epaulette.  Guipure medallion buttons graduated are very elegant trimmings for a rich heavy silk; the sleeves and corsage should be trimmed with guipure lace to correspond. 
               
The Garibaldi jacket is still as popular and piquant as ever.  These are made in front like a waist, a small basque or coatee, gradually widening back from the hips.  They are buttoned, generally closely, with gold buttons, and either trimmed with black and gold gimp, or black cloth or velvet, or braided with gold cord, if of scarlet cloth. 
               
The corsage is round, and belts are invariably worn, with or without buckles, optional with the wearer. 
               
Arabian cloaks are un peu passe.  I sincerely hope this most ungraceful of styles may never be resuscitated.  In fact a rather stiff uniformity pervades our promenades in the present furore for the deep street basquines.  Exceedingly warm, and comfortable, as I must imagine they are, yet they are certainly not adapted for all forms.  Coming nearly to the hem of the dress, they are very convenient, serving to prevent too frequent changes of attire, as well as rendering serviceable one's old skirts. 
               
My favorite style is the shawl-shaped velvet mantle, trimmed with handsome fur.  These are very much worn by the wealthy.  Full fur capes of sable or mink, still continue to reign paramount.  There are quantities of imitation; an experienced eye can, however, detect the crystals from the diamonds. 
               
There is much more latitude allowed in the arrangement of the hair than in former years.  Bunches of curls at the temples, or braids brought around the ear, bandeaux or long ringlets, are alike the fashion.  Hair is left more to the dictates of taste and as nature intended, and one no longer shrinks from touching the lips to some fresh, rosy cheek, fearing to come in contact with stiff locks plastered down as with a mason's trowel, covered with bandoline, cosmetique, gum arabic, or, for aught I know, Spalding's glue.  Long faces can now be relieved by broad braids or glossy, wavy bandeaux, and plump cheeks toned down by sentimental ringlets or flat bands; or, if liked, the hair can be rolled a la Imperatrice, or combed back a la Chinoise.  Therefore, belle amies, consult your mirrors and dress your locks to suit your several styles. 
               
Little gentlemen look very canny in the fashionable Hieland costume; the gay tartan skirts short and full, the velvet tunic scarf crossing over one shoulder and fastened at the belt with the buckle, goat-skin pouch and jewelled [sic] buttons in the shape of thistles, the round Glengarry cap with the single heron's plume, and warm velvet leggins. [sic] 
               
Toilet slippers are unusually elaborate this season.  Of brown or bronze kid, the former rosette is superseded by a quilling of ribbon extending to the sides, the long rosette on top fastened with a golden buckle, or the slippers can be ornamented with a puffing of ribbon fastened on each edge with a gold cord. 
                                                                               
Yours, in haste,                               G. H. S. H.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, January 16, 1861, p. 1, c. 3

Letter From a Georgia Lady.

                We have been favored, by a venerable gentleman of this city, with the following extract of a letter from his niece, now living in Georgia, which fully shows the spirit which animates the matrons of the South, and evidences that they are the worthy descendants of the women of '76: 
               
"You know that it has always been from childhood a subject of regret to me that I was not of the other sex; but never have I felt it more bitterly than at this time.  A poor weak woman, that can do nothing for her country, unless it is to nurse the sick and wounded, which I know I would do to the best of my ability; but you may rest assured, if there is a gun lying idle that could be made effective, here is an individual that would not stop to think of petticoats, but put it to the best use she knows how, and I would not hesitate to make old Scott the first victim if I could. 
               
"My boys are healthy and strong fellows; I wish they were old enough to do duty.  I would willingly give them up for this cause."  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, January 17, 1861, p, 2, c. 1 
               
The Baggy Style.--Nat. P. Willis criticises [sic] in the Home Journal the present fashion in gentlemen's clothes as possessing "a needless bulk, a bloated and disproportionate largeness and fullness," &c.  He neglects the greatest objection, however, viz:  the bill.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, January 21, 1861, p. 1, c. 3 
               
The Rage in Ladies' Dress.--Fanny Fern really thinks "there is great and sensible improvement in the matter of female apparel this winter.  Dress bonnets are scarce upon promenade--that's a blessing, when one never sees more than three pretty 'dress bonnets' in a life-time.  Thick-soled boots are voted 'genteel;' outside garments are fashioned with an eye to warmth as well as shapeliness.  The timid, who turned aside their eyes with a shocked 'oh,' when the first independent lady pinned the skirt of her dress up out of the mud, now go and do likewise.  At our places of evening amusement, gauze bonnets, ermine, and white kidism are marks of 'the stranger within our gates,' or of persons with whom one would feel honored to be at variance on the dress question.  Display in dress is beginning to be confined, as it should be, to the drawing room" and Fanny is glad to see this on the score of good taste as well as economy.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, January 22, 1861, p. 4, c. 4 
               
The ladies of Marion, Alabama, are busily engaged in making sand bags to send to Fort Morgan.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, January 25, 1861, p. 4, c. 3 
               
The Patriotic Ladies of Pensacola are busily engaged every day, at the late United States Court House, making up uniforms for the army.  The spirit which animated the mothers of '76 still lives and burns in the daughters of '61, and nowhere does it exist in a higher degree than in the "Land of the Flowers," which, by the way, we have always understood to refer to these living breathing, blushing flowers.--Pensacola Gazette, 19th inst.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, January 28, 1861, p. 1, c. 2

Our Flag. [drawing]

                On Saturday last both Houses of the General Assembly finally concurred in the design of the flag which is hereafter to represent the Sovereign State of South Carolina.  The field is dark blue.  Upon the upper inner corner of the flag is the crescent, in white, the horns pointing upward.  In the middle of the flag is an oval, in white, emblazoned with a golden palmetto, upright.  The cut we present will give an idea of the proportions of the new ensign.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, January 29, 1861, p. 1, c. 3 
               
Expression of Dress.--Women are more like flowers than we think.  In their dress and adornment they express their natures, as the flowers do in their petals and colors.  Some women are like the modest daisies and violets; they never look or feel better than when dressed in a morning wrapper.  Others are not themselves unless they can flame out in gorgeous dress, like the tulip or the blush rose.  Who has not seen women just like white lilies?  We know several double marigolds and poppies.  There are women fit only for velvets, like the dahlias; others are graceful and airy, like azaleas.  Now and then you see hollyhocks and sunflowers.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, February 2, 1861, p. 1, c. 2

The Flag of South Carolina [illustration]

                We present this morning a carefully prepared cut of the flag of our State.  The field is dark blue, with the palmetto tree upright in the middle.  Upon the upper inner corner of the flag is a crescent in white, the horns pointing upward.  The design is at once distinct and simple.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, February 6, 1861, p. 4, c. 4 
               
Homespun.--Two of Portsmouth's (Va.) fair daughters appeared in its streets Tuesday in homespun, and the general verdict was they looked charming.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, February 7, 1861, p. 4, c. 1

Texas!

Up! up with the Lone Star banner! 
               
Its hues are still as bright  
As when its glories braved the breeze 
               
At San Jacinto's fight;  
Its fluttering folds in glory waved 
               
O'er many a gory brow;  
The freedom that was conquered then 
               
Will not be yielded now.  

The honor of that Lone Star Flag 
               
That floats the blue above,  
Is held as dear by Texan hearts 
               
As that of her they love;  
And not a stain shall dim its hues 
               
While yet a man remains  
To save its flower encircled land 
               
From ignominious chains.  

That banner with the single star, 
               
Is Freedom's favored sign;  
Beneath its folds unfurled to-day 
               
Her purest glories shine;  
And in the whirlwind and the storm, 
               
Amid the crash and jar,  
Her brightest hopes still rest upon 
               
That Solitary Star.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, February 14, 1861, p. 4, c. 2 
               
Fanny Fern on "Ladies' Papers."--I rise, Mr. Public, with some hesitation (being born to a bonnet, though no fault of mine), to ask a question:  Why is it necessary to sexualize newspapers?   Why cannot an intelligent woman appreciate a paper which commends itself to the perusal of an intelligent man?  I don't fancy this Shaker way of seating the sisters on one side of the house and the brethren on the other.  It is my present intention to cross over and take a seat, on this question, with the brethren.  Perhaps you will answer that the majority of women are not "intelligent."  Granting this for the sake of the argument--though I will say I've found as many male as female fools in my travels--are these "ladies'" papers and periodicals particularly adapted to the purpose of rendering the dear creatures more intelligent?  I trust there's no harm in answering the question.  Now, a "family paper" does not excite my ire; although it is my private opinion that what generally comes recommended as "fit to lay on the family table," had better be under it.  A family paper, I say, don't [sic] irritate me, because it puts my understanding on a level with those of the hats in the house; but when you hand me a regular out and out "ladies' paper," so called, I am very apt to throw up the window for a little fresh air.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, February 15, 1861, p. 1, c. 4-5

The Fashions.  
Our New York Correspondence.

                                                                                                         New York, February 9th, 1861.

Fashions and Failures--The Passion for Dress not  
Quenched by the Troublous Times--An Old Lady's  
Equanimity--Colors Crowing Out of Vogue--The  
Style in Ladies Hats--French Novelties--A Lady's  
Politics, etc., etc., etc.

                Bankrupt sales are now the order of the day or the signs of the times among us.  Thus, notwithstanding hard times, retrenchment and reform, bank suspensions, revolution and secession, woman--irrepressible and indomitable--manages to buy bargains and keep herself and neighbors au courant to the autocratic decrees of Queen Fashion. 
               
In these troublous days that try women's souls, I shall perchance gain the reputation of being heartless and farcical for venturing before the footlights with a Petite_ bulletin of La Mode, perhaps in close proximity to hints of bandages, lint, and other horribly suggestive ideas relative to "grim-visaged war," a perfect disenchantment de la vie. 
               
Credit me, nevertheless, for being disinterested enough to risk the foul imputation at the prospect of being one of the first victims to the projected banishment, and the uncomfortable sensation of feeling myself decidedly de trop.  With Spartan heroism I shall endure my sentence.  Until I receive it, however, I imagine that my fair Southern sisters still comprehend the duties expected of their sex, of ever appearing gracefully apparent of the business of the toilette, which, so much more important than the mere downfall of a nation, should never, under any circumstances, be neglected. 
               
Republicans may snub Democrats, and Democrats turn up supercilious noses at Republicans; still, before one throne of earth earthy, all alike assemble, nor dare dispute the immutable laws of Fashion. 
               
A love for 
                                               
"All the gauds that woman sighs for"  
is cast in each feminine horoscope from peeress to peasant.  Fate is fate; so says the wise and opium-steeped Musselman; and though one clear and perfect chrysolite might be found, yet the flaw will exist in a passion for Le Follet. 
               
Par exemple:  A charming old lady, whose vivacity and suavity rendered her years full of graceful youth, was unceremoniously aroused one night by the alarming fact of her hotel being on fire; in fact the fierce flames were fast approaching her apartments.  Notwithstanding the entreaties of agonized friends (not heirs), the courageous old lady, with astonishing presence of mind, completed an elaborate toilette, not forgetting the efforts made by her coiffeur and dentist to supply the ravages of Time, and issued forth in the admiring presence of all, a monument of rare constancy in maintaining the fidelity due to herself.  In the words of the immortal Webster, that old lady "still lives," a pious example to the rising generation. 
               
It is quite too early yet here to be made au fait to the Parisian modes.  Had I the requisite seven-leagued boots I would soon acquire the important information, but with such shivering evidences around us of winter's reign, and where skating is the prevalent mania, one dares not even dream of sunny skies and sweet spicy winds, laden with the odorous breath of spring violets. 
               
I am glad to announce that there is a possibility of the downfall of two colors--the Solferino and Magenta.  Their very popularity ruined them, besides the fact of really being exceedingly unbecoming to the mass.  Hence a new color is inaugurated in Paris, called the "Garibaldi," which will soon be seen here.  This new shade is a lovely salmon pink, one of the few tints exceedingly becoming to brunettes, who should be congratulated.  Since blondes have been the rage, dark complexions were forced to ignore fashion altogether, or make themselves hideous; therefore this new delicate shade of orange salmon, slightly verging upon the pink flush of a sea shell, is very acceptable, while blondes must be satisfied with the consciousness of always being fair in every color. 
               
Among bonnets as yet no change of consequence is observed, excepting the gradual disappearance of ruches, and all inside trimmings have a single knot of velvet ribbons fastened by a bright gilt buckle near the front edge of the hat, or a gay little bouquet. 
               
Armed with the magic Shibboleth, I have had two or three peeps into fairy land, the enchanted portals being hermetically sealed to the curious public.  Wrapped in furs, one's chin nestling in bows of velvet, and one's form otherwise defended against sharp cutting wintry blasts, imagine the state of ecstasy into which one is plunged upon viewing these few enchanting spring bonnets; delicate straws, charming fabrics of lace and pansies; fresh grass green ribbons, floating tulle, violets and apple blossoms, blush roses and snow drops, coquettish knots of pink ribbons or true blue, budding to apple green; peach blooms, rose buds and sweet lilies-of-the-valley.  Is it a matter of wonder that one looks upon the muff, the Balmoral boots and velvet hat, with the most profound disgust, after retreating from this glimpse of spring? 
               
Au present the shapes of these new bonnets are, while being comparatively small, of the Marie Stuart style; a few more weeks and I shall be enabled to describe some of the pattern hats from la belle France.  Inside ornamentation will be simply confined to a full lining of silk or satin.  This, of course, is a matter of taste--as to many it will be extremely unbecoming--but the blonde ruches are being superseded by the soft, misty, Malines lace, or tulle in light airy puffings.  Capes placed on in box single and treble plaits, are not quite so wide as formerly. 
               
Among dresses is a new style entitled "La Gabrielle," very much the shape of a deep basquine; from the fact of the skirt, which is gored, being made of the same piece as the waist, very wide around the bottom, the seams under the arms are concealed by box plaits.  The gores are corded in the same materials or colors to correspond; the former is in the best taste; they can also be trimmed. 
               
I have seen some plain silks with one flounce three quarters of a yard deep, set on very full, with box plaits and a heading.  A rich mauve silk had a full black silk flounce.  At the heading of the box plaiting was a narrow trimming of mauve.  Several robe dresses have been imported in this style, others with a bordering to place on the bottom in wide box plaits. 
               
The modes in Paris seem to discard flounces, rufflings, and other skirt trimmings altogether, the prevailing style being black and mode silks, with the bright petite bouquet.  Still flowers will be worn here. 
               
The Vandyke or double-breasted corsage finds much favor.  In very rich material, as velvet, par exemple, the revers are faced with silk or satin to correspond with the sleeve linings, which it is unnecessary to state should be white; colored silk linings are in very bad taste.  The part laid over, as in gentlemen's vests, if pointed, can be fastened with a medallion button. 
               
Sleeves are only tight--puffed or wide--otherwise close, when of heavy material, such as dark merino or otherwise.  A friend writes here from Paris that all silks and robes of a dressy nature have the very open sleeve; sometimes cut square, descending from three box plaits at the shoulder, or the Arabian style, rather difficult to describe in a pen and ink illustration.  The Lucrezia Borgia is another, extremely wide, lined with white silk, three or four deep plaits confining it in the inside, fastened by a rich guimpe or cord and tassel. 
               
The Zouave and Garibaldi jackets continue to be popular as ever, and their reign will probably remain undiminished throughout the coming summer, as well for evening as morning toilet, when delicate border patterns and rufflings will take the place of the present military gold braiding and embroidery. 
               
Silk and other dress goods are beginning to be universally made without linings.  There are many who will adhere to the good old-fashioned style regardless of Parisian edicts.  I have seen a superb mauve silk, "thick as a board," richly trimmed around the very full skirt and bound with silk braid. 
               
Among French novelties are the "corselet sashes."  Wide at the front and back, they gradually narrow under the arms, made of any handsome material, either like the dress or of satin or velvet, rounded ends elegantly ornamented with buillion fringe or embroidered in gold.  I have seen some which were purchased in Rome and sent to some friends, called "Romantics," the sashes of plain green, heavily ribbed or blue, the ends of the richest combination of colors, and bound with a slender lattice-work of velvet; a narrower style, matching exactly, was for the coiffure, to be made in a flat bow and worn on the back of the head.  These were purchased in Rome, but doubtless emanated from Paris. 
               
Sashes made to order of velvet or silk can be worn with three ends; those above mentioned had but two.  The scarf girdle, , made of the dress material, is sometimes trimmed with a ruche of ribbon or pinked cut silk.
               
I had forgotten to note another new and beautiful sleeve called the "Francis First," something of the jockey shape; the edge, in place of a turned back cuff, trimmed with velvet, the back of the sleeve to the elbow is opened, and a gore, pointed and slightly full, is inserted; one or two more bands of velvet can be placed on, one at the elbow and another at equal distance above.  Old ladies, who while naturally desiring to be a la mode, find open sleeve uncomfortable and too dressy, can be suited with a full bishop sleeves, plaited down from the shoulder, and confined at the waist with a little puffing, finished off by a neat pointed cuff.  Caps of fine lace are frequently lined with colors, of course to suit different ages and tastes. 
               
For the young wife nothing is prettier than the fresh and piquant matin cap, lined with rose color and trimmed with soft puffings of tulle and petite bows. 
               
For outside wraps, the very latest style is of black, corded and trimmed with white.  Although we are not supposed to spoil our eyes grieving for the Empress of Russia, the King of Prussia, the Dutchess [sic] D'Alba, or any other high and mighty personages, yet as the Court is in mourning, so must we be; therefore Fashion wills that we wear black and white.  I, for one, shall not object, as many will agree with me that the style, odd as it is, is certainly very becoming, and a relief to the wearied eye, a delicious rest and taming down from bright combinations of reds, greens, and blues. 
               
French sacques and Garibaldi wraps are very fashionable of black reps silk, very heavy, or cloth, corded, bound or trimmed with white.--The sleeves are exceedingly long, and finished off at the pointed end, which quite reaches the bottom of the skirt, with a large tassel.  The latter style is very much ornamented with buttons. 
               
Sans badinage, my heart misgives me while scribbling about fashions; for the dark cloud of impending evil lowering o'er our heads, has at last, even for me, lost its silver lining.  I congratulate you upon your election of a President, the only one I shall ever recognize during the next four years; at the same time my mind is filled with the most melancholy and desponding emotions.  I love my country with the faithful undying love of one in whose veins flows naught but the purest, most unadulterated American blood, which, could it have availed, I would willingly have sacrificed; since all is lost, you have my sympathies and my love; my scorn had you submitted to a vile, corrupt government of Aminidab Sleek Republicans.  I had ample reasons for loving the Union, being a descendant of a signer of the Declaration of Independence, and of another who assisted in the framing of the Constitution, losing many relatives in both wars; in fact, all of them having fought and died for their country.  Therefore none can accuse me of not inheriting plenty of patriotism; nevertheless, my ancestors would scarce blame me were they to know that the glorious country they saved for us has been drifting about, like a ship among the breakers, with neither rudder or compass, and not one wise head to stand at the helm.  Too much prosperity, too much money, and a scarcity of brains, has ruined us; hence the blow has fallen; the result remains to be seen. 
               
Whether you rise or fall, mes amies, under all circumstances, I remain, unchangingly, the Southron's warmest friend.                                                    G. H. S. H.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, February 16, 1861, p. 1, c. 5 
               
Skating Costume for New York Ladies.--The latest style of dress worn by New York lady skaters is described as the Polish costume, with short blue skirts, fur trimmed basques and hats, and tight-fitting ankle boots, trimmed also with fur.  Others have a semi-Zouave costume, with a short skirt of bright red, and pantalets of the same ruddy hue, fastened tightly around the ankle; the basque and hat both trimmed with fur, and neatly fitting skating boots.  These are considered picturesque and comfortable.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, February 18, 1861, p. 2, c. 1 
               
Photographic Cards.--Card photographs in Paris are now in the height of fashion.  In several of the leading galleries it makes the chief business, and in one so great is the demand that the actual work is at least a week behind the orders, and the patrons make their applications and appointments a week in advance.  Each photograph is multiplied by the dozen, so that it appears that photographs may soon become as common as newspapers, and we trust as useful.  Speaking of these cards, Cook, the Charleston Photographist, has now ready neat card photographs of Major Anderson and his officers.  The likenesses are good, and we have no doubt that there will be quite a rush to Cook's to-day to secure copies.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, February 23, 1861, p. 1, c. 7 
               
A new fashion in ladies' stockings has come out in England.  They are of woollen [sic] or cotton, but are parti-colored, as red and white, red and black, mauve and gray.  When harmonizing in color with the dress, the effect is said to be very pretty.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, March 2, 1861, p. 4, c. 1

Song of the Newspaper

I am a newspaper-- 
               
I carry the news  
To all of your dwellings-- 
               
Wherever you choose.  
A more faithful servant 
               
Can hardly be found--  
Almost omnipresent, 
               
I'm scattered around.  

Like stars in the heavens, 
               
And sands on the shore--  
Like leaves that have fallen 
               
When summer is o'er,  
I fly o'er the land, 
               
I pass o'er the sea,  
I brave every danger-- 
               
It's pleasure for me.  

I gather the news from 
               
The steamers and cars,  
And telegraphs, sparkling 
               
With trade, peace, and wars--  
I fill up my mission, 
               
Defending the Truth,  
And teach useful lessons, 
               
For old men and youth.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, March 9, 1861 p. 4, c. 1

Paris Fashions for March.

                For young persons very charming scarfs [sic] are made of black or blue velvet, piped with white satin.  It is very graceful and simple, and more novel than the casaque, though this is far from being abandoned.  Monkey fur is also very fashionable.  Chinchilla is becoming more so, and swan's down is much worn on pelerines for the theatre, and to trim wedding dresses. 
               
The Zouave vest is more and more indispensable for in-door dress--for the more simple as well as the richer toilettes.  It is made either in braided cloth or velvet.  The favorite colors for those of velvet are black and Solferino, with embroidery of gold or silver, and pearls.  Astracan is also used to trim them, but this is equally suitable for cloth.   Black, brown and Louise blue are the colors preferred for the cloth Zouave. 
               
Opera mantles are now made exceedingly elegant--some of white cachemire, bordered with white tassels.  The Sultan is one of white or colored cachemire, richly embroidered with gold.  The most simple and suitable for young girls is a burnous of striped, thick and transparent white, alternately lined and edged with white silk.--White cachemire, or white satin sorties de bal, are frequently trimmed with white plush.   A burnous is sometimes made entirely of white plush, with beautiful tassels of dead gold hanging from the hood. 
               
The material called groguet is in great request for home dress, and it is made now in such rich and elegant designs, that it may rank next to velvet.  Velvet of various colors is worn.  For evening dress, there are many light and beautiful fabrics.  Tulle is more in vogue than tarlatane.  There are many dresses of gauze, checked with colors or embroidered with gold or silver; others of striped gauze; and some of the grenadine, worked with velvet.  White grenadine, with a pattern in rose color (rose de roi), or with natural flowers dotted over it, and silk tulle embroidered with chenille, make exceedingly pretty and tasteful ball dresses. 
               
Very elegant ball dresses are made of satin, either of rose de roi, green, yellow, azure or lilac.  Satin is also worn for visiting dress, in brown with a black pattern, or of violet and of Russian leather color.  Tulle, spotted with gold, forms a charming tunique, opening over a dress of tarlatane covered with narrow flounces, or tulle worked with rings of chenille and gold, or in silver.  Flounces are more and more rarely seen, excepting in full dress; flat trimmings placed round the bottom of the skirt being decidedly more stylish.  Thick materials are gored.  Bodies, tight or open; the former certainly seem the most suitable for cold weather, but the latter permit a great display of lingerie. 
               
Low bodies are now made straighter across the top than they were formerly.  Plastrons of velvet, or of gold or silver cloth, are frequently placed upon the body instead of sashes.  Pointed bodies are still generally in vogue, and are made either with drapery, or with a berthe trimmed with rows of lace.  Bodies, either drawn together or plain in front, very low on the shoulders, with a scarf sash, are used greatly for trimmings, placed either in bouquets or in long garlands. 
               
Bonnets are still worn very large, and high over the forehead, and the trimming is worn either on the top or round the crown; and sometimes a wreath of small feathers is placed round the front.  Velvet and silk are used together, and often the feathers are white and black, whatever color may be used for the bonnet.  A bonnet, lately made for one of the ladies of the Empress's court, was very distingue.  It was of black velvet, quite plain, with the exception of a trimming round the front, formed with very small blue feathers as light as marabouts.  The trimming is equally elegant in either black or white feathers.  Another black velvet bonnet had the curtain made of white blonde, and the trimming a bouquet of small feathers fastened inside, and falling gracefully over the front.  These were of two colors--two green and one white.  It is equally pretty with two roses de roi and one white, or violet and white; but there must always be one white feather in this style of trimming.  A third was destined for a young lady, and was made of white plush, edged with tulle, embroidered lightly.  Bouillonnes of the same trimming, both inside and out; the only trimming, a small bunch of roses just at the top.  Flowers are much worn even in coiffure; but feathers are gaining favor, and are certainly most elegant and graceful.  Diadems and combs are also much used, and are becoming to some styles of beauty; but the diadem is not well suited for very young faces, which always look best with a simple head-dress. 
               
Touquets are much worn.  The one styled Henri the Third is a padded band of black velvet, with a gold cord twisted over it, and ornamented with a white feather.  Another is of matted gold fastening a magnolia.  Gold nets with pearls, golden ears of corn with diamonds, or a coiffure of vine leaves with black grapes and daisies, composed of diamonds, are all much admired.--Le Follet.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, March 11, 1861, p. 2, c. 2 
               
Flag Presentation.--The Anderson Intelligencer gives an interesting account of a presentation of a splendid flag to the "Piercetown Guards," by the ladies of that place.  The flag is of blue silk.  On one side, the palmetto and crescent--reverse, the "grand old mountains," over which are the words, in plain letters, WE STRIKE FOR OUR HOMES--underneath, PIERCETOWN GUARDS.  Altogether the design and execution is unique, pretty and tasteful.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, March 18, 1861, p. 1, c. 3-4

The Fashions.  
Our New York Correspondence.

                                                                                                             New York, March 13, 1861.

Society in Washington--Gossip in Gotham--The Latest  
Fashions--Colors, Diamonds and Fruit--The Latest  
"Loves of Bonnets"--Simplicity Reviving--  
Trimmings, etc. etc.

                Notwithstanding my asseverations in my last about passing the fourth of March in the solitude of my sanctum, I am under the necessity of confessing that the greater portion of that eventful day was occupied by your correspondent gazing from a balcony on Pennsylvania Avenue at the very procession I resolved to ignore.  I have not excuse to offer; in fact, I feel you will not expect one from only a woman; our vows are traced in sand.  Thus I have just returned from three weeks' participation in the dissipation, hurly-burly vexations, and political imbroglios of Washington.  Curiosity, per se, was sufficient to take me there--a desire to see the Lincoln's practice how to rule it. 
               
I have seen, and am satisfied, so much so, that I have not the faintest wish to take another peep at the miserable farce, the puppets who dance, nor at those who pull the strings. 
               
It would be impossible for you to believe in the reality of the present state of society in Washington.  The adherents of Uncle Abe, and the western belles decked in western finery, strolling around seeing the elephant by day light, armed with oranges, gingerbread and nuts; by gas light, gorgeous in the last fashion of prairiedom, elbowing, pushing, struggling for precedence in the Senate, House, lobbies, or at that never-to-be-forgotten astonishing Lincoln levee. 
               
The Presidentess is extremely hospitable, exceedingly "jolly and comfortable," as Polly Marshall has it--a specimen of her tact you perhaps have heard of.  I allude to the cordial invitation given to Mr. Buchanan to make them a visit, and always make their house his home during any future stay in Washington, &c.  Comment is unnecessary. 
               
Alas!  Washington, while smiling superciliously at this new regime, groans terrifically at the multiplicity of the counterfeit presentments of our Mrs. Yellowplush. 
               
From the beginning, the recent advent of Mr. Lincoln in the city, the funeral cortege of the Inauguration like the solemn silence of a dead march, the invasion of Goths, the miserable taste and total lack of refinement, policy and etiquette every where manifest among the present occupants of the White House, proves it a broad, stupid farce--like Mr. Lincoln's far-fetched jokes, aimless, destitute of point. 
               
With a profound sensation of unmitigated honest disgust, for the present I ignore the city of my birth.  I apply the word "honest" because I am not a toadying office-seeking Republican or vulgar demagogue.  I remember with strong affection those who formerly reigned there; wondering, with many others in Washington, whether Mr. Lincoln will find it expedient to make his exit after the fashion of his entree!  Quien sabe. 
               
The delicious vernal air which charmed Gotham during my absence, and of which I experienced a foretaste in a more southern latitude, brought forth in shop windows a beautiful display of spring goods, the very recollection of which causes me to shudder as I now glance skyward at the dull leaden clouds and watch the slowly falling mingled hail and snow. 
               
One can scarcely tell, in so vacillating and capricious a climate, what to wear. 
               
"Such heavenly weather," lisps Miss Japonica, in full spring costume. 
               
"One swallow does not make a summer," growls Mrs. Chadbird, groaning beneath the weight of her furs; "to-morrow it will perhaps snow"--which disagreeable possibility, with diphtheria and catarrh en attendant, the clerk of the weather has amicably corroborated. 
               
At the atelier of R. M. Mitchell, successor to R. T. Wilde & Co., I have had my first peep at the Paris pattern hats and flowers.  There are but three colors among the latter predominating, from which we must take the hint that these three--the Nora rose, Solferino, and a lonely tint of Mauve--are the colors par excellence. 
               
The first is a new shade of pink, indescribable in a pen and ink sketch, but beside which all other pinks assume a yellow faded look.  The present Mauve also shows a different shade, now approximating nearer to the blue violet, losing the pinkish purple that formerly characterized it.  These three colors, together with white and green foliage, we are permitted by La Mode to choose from. 
               
Blues, common pinks and yellow are obsolete; green, as a matter of taste or choice, is admissible. 
               
I am glad to chronicle the downfall of gilt tawdriness, which has the past season glittered on all bonnets--from Biddy's red velvet chapeau and nodding golden-dahlias and buillion cording, to Madame's gilded daisies and birds-of-Paradise. 
               
Diamonds are now the rage, or will be, if I may judge from the Parisian hats.  In the heart of the roses, or cluster of posies, sparkles and shimmers, a goodly sized diamond, poised and trembling on its silver stem like a large dew drop; or a small cluster of these gems (?) confine, perhaps, the trimming over the brow.  This is at least a fine way of displaying one's jewels, whilst those who have them not must fain be content with the Parisian very good counterfeit. 
               
Fruit is also revived. Positively one feels like Tantalus, contemplating those bunches of transparent white grapes, apparently bursting with their own lusciousness; rare ripe cherries pendant from stems, on which yet lingers clusters of the delicate white and pink veined blossoms.  When one is debarred from real fruit, one might derive the same consolation as did the miser who placed his cheese in a bottle, upon which he daily rubbed his crust, and imagined the flavor. 
               
But I have digressed from my mutton, as usual.   Bonnets are moderate in size, rather narrow at the sides, quite elevated above the brow, without the Marie Stuart flat bend.  One hat of mauve (blue lilac) silk, with pinked ruches around the top in crape of the same tint, trimmed with a bunch of small white eatable looking grapes, nestling amid a cluster of creamy white roses; the inside trimming heliotrope and golden-eyed daisies, small ruche of fine Malines lace.  Ruches are in all the imported bonnets, but very much narrower and smaller than of yore. 
               
A very elegant and distingue white crape bonnet one can imagine gracing the youthful brow of a lovely bride, trimmed with puffings of misty tulle and one rich creamy tea rose, over which are involuntarily bent to inhale the delicious fragrance, a few waxen honeysuckle leaves carelessly trailed half around the cape.  Puffings of tulle, a small cluster of rose buds and some moss, formed the inside ornamentation. 
               
Flowers, arranged a la Imperatrice, take the place of bandeaux.  They are imported in this style, arranged some three or four in a flat row--the centre flower rather longer than those on each side, or sprays of grass and honeysuckle, with hawthorn blossoms and scarlet strawberries. 
               
Capes are quite deep, set on with box plaits, and beaded.  Some very new styles of imported ruches were shown me by Mr. Mitchell, only two rows of finely gauffered tulle, moderate size until reaching the temples, gradually hemmed, while the crimping was fine to correspond, widening again on the top.  These look peculiarly Frenchy, and I scarcely think can be imitated here. 
               
Straw birds of Paradise, with long feathery tails, composed of Neapolitan straw, are among other novelties.  Also, really little bronzed backed beetles and rose-bugs--offered as a sacrifice upon the altar of vanity--are gummed fast to the leaves of roses, from the heart, where the little epicures might be supposed to have just issued from a matudinal meal and dew-drop bath.  Ladies who wear these flowers upon their heads may expect to endure many a thumb and finger flip to charitably rid them of "that horrid bug." 
               
[five lines illegible at bottom of page]  
found gravity--probably a Wall-street Bear--his immaculate lines held together by a single stud, representing a mottled spider, of platina and enamel.  Imagine the horror of the gentleman deep in the stock market, at receiving a blow upon his breast of a crumpled newspaper, and then a dash made at him with a handkerchief from his opposite neighbor--and then imagine the consternation of said neighbor upon discovering his mistake--the mischievous chuckles of the other passengers, and the ruffled composure of the owner of the spider. 
               
The black straw, polka spotted, Clotilde hats, for equestriennes and little girls, will be very fashionable again; somewhat different in shape, the brim being rolled up so as nearly to touch the crown; the only places for trimming being at the front and back, where an oblong rosette of velvet can be placed, from which a long plume can extend on the outside of the rolled brim, quite around the entire side.  Tiny hats, for very little people, are made the same shape.  Then there are the Gabrielle hats, the brim slightly lifted and curved down like a shell. 
               
In dress goods, Quaker-like simplicity will reign, for which we (some of us chant Laus Deo.)  The new silks are pearl color, ashes of roses, lively drabs, chestnut browns, mode, lavender, and so on.  These styles are either plain or brocaded in some colors harmoniously contrasting.  An exquisite shade of Mauve was illumined by velvet leaves in black and white.  The brocaded figures are of every variety of shapes; some are in large lozenge, crescent, medallions and octagons, which, beautiful as they are, petite forms must in good taste ignore. 
               
All sorts of stripes are passe, and chene silks are going, going, if not quite gone.  Quantities of flounces and ruffles are to be seen on the plaza; but few, if any, are imported.  It is difficult to give up a style of dress universally liked; therefore people still cling to their flounces though robes can be had for a mere song. 
               
Gimps and braids, long ago obsolete, are now resuscitated, and every conceivable variety in the way of crochet buttons "large as a platter," graduating to a sixpence; chenille buckles dotted with jet or gold; slides which you are told are made of Roman pearls, and which you must presume to doubt, are laid in the centre of velvet bows, dozens of which are to ornament the front breadth of a dress, or the gores, if gored it be; medallions of silk surrounded by lace and pendant chenille tassels; in short, there is no end of the vagaries of the present style of rather bizarre ornamentation. 
               
People receive a dubious sort of comfort from the knowledge that now-a-days, to be anybody, one must possess a camel's hair shawl, or at least scarf, or a Persian shawl, whose elegance displays-- 
               
The Pride of Turkey and of Persia land, or camels' hair centre, is at least indispensable, although how the fact is to be reconciled with the present tangled state of affairs, the money market and pater familias pockets in a corresponding state of tightness, I dunna ken.  Blessed are those who can enjoy without coveting these exhibitions of exquisite and rare fabrics from the "farther Ind;" still more blessed are those with superfluous cash with which to buy. 
               
Gored robes have been imported--the latest novelty; the skirt is in four gores, quite wide; the gores corded the front of the waist and skirt all in one piece. 
               
  As yet, the season is not sufficiently advanced to decide about the fashions of outside gear.  I have heard that mantles in colored silk will be again worn.  One new style, basque shape, called the Princess basque, of black silk, corded with white and finished off by a deep flounce; sleeves to correspond. 
               
Embroidered, or brocaded Barege Anglaise, will be much used for travelling and promenade; made with a deep basquine of the same material. 
               
Yours,                                                                                                    G. H. S. H.  
[last fashion letter from NY]  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, April 8, 1861, p. 4, c. 5 
               
Female Volunteers.--The Holly Spring Herald learns that the county of Chickasaw, Miss., has ten companies of volunteer soldiers ready to be mustered into the service of the State.  It adds that, in addition to these: 
               
"The county has a regularly officered and drilled company of young ladies, who have pledged themselves, in the event that the men are called into service, to protect their homes and families during their absence, and see that the farms are properly cultivated, and full crops raised not only for the support of the county, but of the army of Mississippi."  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, April 9, 1861, p. 4, c. 1

For the Mercury.  
                Acrostic.

Lady with eyes so tender and true,  
Under their lids of violet hue,  
Charming all hearts, the gay and the grave,  
Youth and old age, the gentle and brave.

Purity joined to an exquisite grace,  
Is seen in thy actions--expressed in thy face;  
Candor and gentleness beam in thy smile,  
Kind are thy accents, thy heart without guile;  
Every envious feeling to thee is unknown,  
No dark thoughts hath found in thy spirit a throne,  
So genial its temper, so tender its tone.  

Charleston, April 5, 1861.                    A. L. L.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, April 11, 1861, p. 1, c. 3 
               
Fanny Fern says "if there is a thing which a man cannot do, it is to write a lucid description of a lady's dress.  The sex of any book or magazine or newspaper article may be instantaneously determined when this delicate subject is ventured upon.  After a man has 'shot a gold arrow' through a woman's hair, or stuck the inevitable stereotyped 'simple rose' in it, or mentioned that 'her lace was point,' her jewelry 'the simple diamond'--(?)--her dress of 'evident richness,' or 'very tasty'--he couldn't possibly say tasteful--or that her bouquet was 'chaste,' his occupation is gone and it is really touching to see the bewildered creature's embarrassment!  One thinks of an elephant trying to thread a cambric needle."  As an offset to this, Fanny would remark "that women are quite as awkward when they attempt pen-and-ink-ually to make male characters converse.  It is invariably feminine prattle, the masculine element evaporating in the 'by Joves' and 'my dear fellows.'"  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, April 11, 1861, p. 4, c. 2 
               
Description of a Shaker Village.--A correspondent writing from Concord, N. H., sends the following interesting account of the Canterbury Shakers: 
               
"Twelve miles from Concord, in the township of Canterbury, is situated the Shakers' village.  These peculiar people have here a settlement of about three hundred persons; their buildings are painted buff, and are large and commodious.  They reside in what they term 'families,' each numbering from fifty to a hundred souls.  The lower family is called church family, from the fact of the church being there situated.  Then there are the centre family and the north family.  In winter they have no public worship, but the members of each family have devotions in their respective houses.  Their farms consist of some four thousand acres, in a high state of cultivation, while their out-buildings are not equalled [sic] by those of any farms in the world.  One barn we entered was two hundred feet in length, a cellar underneath for manure.  Each cow had its name placed in a conspicuous position.  The barn or stable was so clean that a lady with the finest silk dress would not be in the least soiled.  The house we were in was painted yellow, furniture and all, and oil cloth took the place of carpet on the floor.  The men wear blue cloth coats, claret colored pants, and drab vests, the latter garment coming down almost to their knees.  The women are dressed in white caps, with their hair pushed back from their foreheads, dark dresses fitting closely to their persons, with high white collars coming up to their chins.  The groups presented quite a unique appearance.  They are most excellent livers--the dinner we sat down to would beat a good many served up in New York.  They have a very good, though somewhat singular rule posted up, which many families might profit from, viz:  'nothing must be left on the plate.'  They hold their property in common, each one having a share in it.  Celibacy is strictly adhered to as the means of living a pure life; indeed, so strict are they that a man and wife stopping there over night are obliged to sleep in different apartments.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, April 19, 1861, p. 4, c. 2 
               
Paper Linen.--The London Lace Paper Company, in the Strand, are bringing out a new invention, called a paper cloth, for ladies' collars, cuffs, and similar articles.  The Critic, in noticing it, says:  "It is extremely beautiful, and so very cheap (say 3d. a collar), as to threaten to drive crotchet [sic] work entirely out of fashion."  The material, if it be like some we have seen, consists of a very slight fabric of woven stuff, felted, as it were, with linen or other fibrous shreds, such as paper is made of; it is a sort of shoddy-linen, in fact, if we may so describe it; and has all the appearance of starched linen at a very little distance; looked at closely, however, no texture like that of woven linen appears.  Men's collars are sold at 6d. a dozen by a stationer in High Holborn.  Each, it is said, will last a day or two, and be "reversible" even then.  The washerwomen and laundresses may look out for squalls.  We should not wonder to see Japanese paper handkerchiefs next in hand.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, May 1, 1861, p. 4, c. 2 
               
Interesting to Pretty Brunettes.--The Fashion editress of the Sunday Mercury issues the following pleasing announcement for dark-eyed belles: 
               
The "Garibaldi has just made its debut in Paris.  It is an exquisite tint--something of the tawny orange, verging on a pink salmon--oftimes seen on the carnation lip of the sea shell.  Dark-eyed, brilliant brunettes may congratulate themselves--this color, of all others, being most becoming to their style.  They have been made hideous long enough by those two trying ordeals, Solferino and Magenta; therefore, brunettes may now promise themselves the felicity of not only looking divine, but being a la mode.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, May 6, 1861, p. 3, c. 5 
               
How to Make Ball Cartridges.--Prepare a stick four inches long, perfectly round, and a little smaller than the ball; cut small slices of paper, an inch and a half long, and wide enough to go one and a half times around the stick; prepare a mucilage of water and gumarabic; roll the paper on the stick one time, then put on the mucilage and press it firmly by rolling it; then trim the stick one-eighth of an inch and put mucilage in the end of the paper; insert the ball and stand it on the point in a cup of flour, or fine dirt or sand, and let it remain until it is dry.  This mode is much more convenient and better than the ordinary mode of tying the paper to the ball.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, May 6, 1861, p. 4, c. 4 
               
The ladies of New Orleans propose organizing a society, to be called the "Sisters of the Confederate Army," for the purpose of aiding and nursing sick and wounded officers and soldiers.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, May 11, 1861, p. 2, c. 1 
               
Flag for the Calhoun Guards.--We saw at the jewelry store of Messrs. Carrington & Co., King-street, on yesterday, one of the handsomest and neatest flags which has yet come to our notice.  It has been gotten up by the lady friends of the Calhoun Guards, and it is to be publicly presented to that Company early next week.  The design is strikingly characteristic, and is from the fertile imagination of our young friend T. Ladson Webb, jr.  The ground of the flag is blue; in the centre is a full length miniature portrait of Calhoun, standing on a block dated December 20, 1860, and with his left hand resting on a palmetto log.  The portrait is encircled with a golden wreath, over which is a scroll with the motto "Dulce et Decorum est pro Patria Mori;" underneath is the name of the company in prominent letters.  In the upper inner corner is the golden crescent of South Carolina.  The reverse side is the same as the front, and the whole, which is little over a yard square, is richly trimmed with a heavy gold fringe.  The design of Mr. Webb has been most handsomely and effectively executed by Mr. Th. Knock.  The flag may be seen at Messrs. Carrington & Co., for a few days.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, May 11, 1861, p. 4, c. 4

Baths and Bathing.

                A cold bath is 75 degrees and under; temperate, 75 to 85 degrees; tepid, 85 to 95 degrees; warm 95 to 100 degrees; hot, 100 degrees and over. 
               
The temperature of the body in health is 98 degrees fahrenheit.  For purpose of cleansing the skin a hot bath is the most efficient, but it should be indulged in only occasionally, and for very few minutes at a time, as it rapidly exhausts the physical powers.  It opens the pores of the skin and increases the activity of the circulation for a moment; but if followed by an instantaneous cold shower bath an invigorating effect is produced.  A hot bath excites, a warm bath soothes and tranquilizes; it makes the pulse slower, and causes more equable breathing. 
               
A vapor bath is of steam instead of water, and is applied inside as well as out; its first effect is a feeling of oppression, but soon perspiration is induced, and delightful sensations ensue.  To prevent taking cold, the person should pass from the steam chamber into a tepid bath for a single moment, then wipe dry briskly, dress and walk. 
               
No kind of bath ought to be taken within an hour before a regular meal, nor sooner than four hours after; sudden death has often resulted from inattention to the latter.  The best time for bathing is immediately after rising in the morning, as then there is greater power of reaction, without which there is no invigoration, no benefit. 
               
The sponge bath is the application of water to the surface of the body by means of a sponge.--When persons are feeble, one portion of the body should undergo the process at a time, then quickly wiped and dried, and covered, before another is exposed.  There are few persons, indeed, who would not be greatly benefited by the following procedure every morning, winter and summer:  Wash the hands, first in a small amount of water with soap, for if but little is used, a teacupful, it is warmed by the hands, and thus becomes more cleansing, without the trouble of preparing warm water; then rinse them well; afterwards wash the face in a large basin of cold water just drawn or brought into the room, for all cold water becomes filthy in an hour or two if kept standing in a sleeping or sitting apartment. 
               
After the face has been washed plentifully, throw the water up to the elbows, then a little higher at every dash with the hand, until the arms, neck, throat, behind the ears, arm-pits, and upper portion of the chest have been deluged with water; next (except women with long hair) wash the whole scalp abundantly, rubbing the water into and about the roots of the hair with the ends of the fingers; then wipe with a towel, absorbing as much of the dampness from the hair as possible with an extra dry cloth, and dress, leaving the arrangement of the hair to the last, so as to give it an opportunity of drying somewhat; for if it is wringing wet it will not dress well, and besides will keep the head cold by its evaporation.  In dressing the hair after such a washing of the head, the comb should be passed through it in the gentlest manner, so as to make no strain upon the roots, nor break any hair in disengaging the tangles.  The hair thus dressed in the morning will remain so the whole day, or, if not, can be easily redressed with the advantage of perfect cleanliness, which cannot be said of the filthy practice of using hair oils.   
                                                                                                               
Hall's Journal of Health.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, May 13, 1861, p. 2, c. 7

Photographic Card Portraits,  
From Life, of:

President Davis.  
Gov. Pickens.  
Edmund Ruffin.  
Gen. Beauregard.  
Gen. Dunovant.  
Gen. Simons.  
Gen. Jamison.  
Gen. Jones.  
Capt. Hartstein.  
Capt. Hamilton.  
Hon. L. T. Wigfall.  
Hon. W. P. Miles.  
Hon. R. B. Rhet.  
Hon. W. F. DeSaussure.  
Hon. John S. Preston.  
Hon. James L. Orr.  
Hon. James Chesnut, jr.  
Chancellor Inglis.  
Chancellor Dunkin.  
Judge Withers.  
Judge Wardlaw.  
Ex-Gov. Means.  
E-Gov. Adams.  
Ex-Gov. Richardson.  
Ex-Gov. Manning.  
Price 25 cents each.  Sent by mail on receipt of price.  
Quinby & Co.,  
Photographic Artists,  
Charleston, S. C.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, May 14, 1861, p. 4, c. 3 
               
Thirty women were discovered in Ellsworth's zouaves after the regiment arrived in Washington.  They were sent home.  The Zouaves, we fear, are not all of the highest moral character.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, May 14, 1861, p. 4, c. 3 
               
The ladies of Virginia propose to cut up their India rubber piano covers to make blankets for the soldiers, to be spread on the ground for them to rest on.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, May 15, 1861, p. 2, c. 1 
               
Keep Off the Moths.--It is usual, during the summer months, for dry goods and clothing houses, as well as private families, to use large quantities of camphor for the purpose of preserving their goods from the moths.  Now, as camphor is one of the most necessary drugs for medicinal purposes, and as our means for receiving further supplies are restricted, it behooves us to husband the supply now on hand, especially as many other and more plentiful articles will answer equally as well for the removal of these destructive insects. 
               
One of our most prominent druggists has recommended us to suggest the use of Vanilla leaves, which grow in abundance in the neighborhood of Summerville.  Tobacco leaves are also an excellent substitute.  Either of these articles are just as good for the preservation of clothes as the more expensive article of camphor.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, May 15, 1861, p. 3, c. 2

India Rubber Wanted.

                Cash will be paid for old rubber, such as Shoes, Car Springs, Clothing, &c., by Charles H. West & Son.  No. 77 East Bay.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, May 15, 1861, p. 3, c.3 
               
The Ladies of New Orleans held a fair last week, and raised $12,000 for the cause of the South.  God's sun never shone upon a braver or more generous people than those of the Crescent City.  And the women are as beautiful as the men are brave.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, May 16, 1861, p. 1, c.  7

Soldiers' Health
Interesting Suggestions and Recommendations.
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                The following article, on "Soldiers' Health," is from Hall's New York Journal of Health.  It contains much valuable information for both soldiers and civilians:
               
1.  In an ordinary campaign sickness disables or destroys three times as many as the sword.
               
2.  On a march, from April to November, the entire clothing should be a colored flannel shirt, with a loosely-buttoned collar, cotton drawers, woolen pantaloons, shoes and stockings, and a light colored felt hat, with broad brim to protect the eyes and face from the glare of the sun and from the rain, and a substantial but not heavy coat when off duty.
               
3.  Sun-stroke is most effectually prevented by wearing a silk handkerchief in the crown of the hat.
               
4.  Colored blankets are best, and if lined with brown drilling the warmth and durability are doubled, while the protection against dampness from lying on the ground is almost complete.
               
5.  Never lie or sit down on the grass or bare earth for a moment, rather use your hat--a handkerchief, even, is a great protection.  The warmer you are the greater need for this protection, as a damp vapor is immediately generated, to be absorbed by the clothing, and to cool you off too
rapidly.
               
6.  While marching, or on other duty, the more thirsty you are the more essential is it to safety of life itself, to rinse out the mouth two or three times, and then take a swallow of water at a time, with short intervals.  A brave French general, on a forced march, fell dead on the instant, by drinking largely of cold water, when snow was on the ground.
               
7.  Abundant sleep is essential to bodily efficiency, and to that alertness of mind, which is all important to an engagement; and few things more certainly and more effectually prevent sound sleep than eating heartily after sun-down, especially after a heavy march or desperate battle.
               
8.  Nothing is more certain to secure endurance and capability of long-continued effort, than the avoidance of everything as a drink except cold water, NOT excluding coffee at breakfast.  Drink as little as possible of even cold water.
               
9.  After any sort of exhausting effort, a cup of coffee, hot or cold, is an admirable sustainer of the strength, until nature begins to recover herself.
               
10.  Never eat heartily just before a great undertaking; because the nervous power is irresistibly drawn to the stomach to manage the food eaten, thus drawing off that supply which the brain and muscles so much need.
               
11.  If persons will drink brandy, it is incomparably safer to do so after an effort than before; for it can give only a transient strength, lasting but a few minutes; but as it can never be known how long any given effort is to be kept in continuance, and if longer than the few minutes, the body becomes more feeble than it would have been without the stimulus, it is clear that its use before an effort is always hazardous, and is always unwise.
               
12.  Never go to sleep, especially after a great effort, even in hot weather, without some covering over you.
               
13.  Under all circumstances, rather than lie down on the ground, lie in the hollow of two logs placed together, or across several smaller pieces of wood, laid side by side; or sit on your hat, leaning against a tree.  A nap of ten or fifteen minutes in that position will refresh you more than an hour on the bare earth; with the additional advantage of perfect safety.
               
14.  A cut is less dangerous than a bullet wound, and heals more rapidly.
               
15.  If from any wound the blood spurts out in jets, instead of a steady stream, you will die in a few minutes, unless it is remedied; because an artery has been divided, and that takes the blood direct from the fountain of life.  To stop this instantly, tie a handkerchief or other cloth very loosely BETWEEN the wound and the heart; put a stick, bayonet, or ramrod between the skin and the handkerchief, and twist it around until the bleeding ceases, and keep it thus till the surgeon arrives.
               
16.  If the blood flows in a slow, regular stream, a vein has been pierced, and the handkerchief must be on the other side of the wound from the heart; that is, below the wound.
               
17.  A bullet through the abdomen (belly or stomach) is more certainly fatal than if aimed at the head or heart; for in the latter cases the ball is often glanced off by the bone, or follows around it under the skin; but when it enters the stomach or bowels, from any direction, death is inevitable under all conceivable circumstances, but in scarcely ever instantaneous.  Generally the person lives a day or two with perfect clearness of intellect, often not suffering greatly.  The practical bearing of this statement in reference to the great future is clear.
               
18.  Let the whole beard grow, but no longer than some three inches.  This strengthens and thickens its growth, and thus makes a more perfect protection for the lungs against dust, and of the throat against winds and cold in winter, while in summer a great perspiration of the skin is induced, with the increase of evaporation; hence, greater coolness of the parts on the outside, while the throat is less feverish, thirsty and dry.
               
19.  Avoid fats and fat meat in summer and in all warm days.
               
20.  Whenever possible take a plunge into any lake or running stream every morning as soon as you get up; if none at hand, endeavor to wash the body all over as soon as you leave your bed, for personal cleanliness acts like a charm against all diseases, always either warding them off altogether or greatly mitigating their severity and shortening their duration.
               
21.  Keep the hair of the head closely cut, say within an inch and a half of the scalp in every part, repeated on the first of each month, and wash the whole scalp plentifully in cold water every morning.
               
22.  Wear woolen stockings and moderately loose shoes, keeping the toe and finger nails always cut close.
               
23.  It is more important to wash the feet well every night than to wash the face and hands of mornings, because it aids in keeping the skin and nails soft, and to prevent chaffings, blisters, and corns, all of which greatly interfere with a soldier's duty.
               
24.  The most universally safe position after all stunnings, hurts and wounds, is that of being placed on the back, the head being elevated three or four inches only, aiding more than any one thing else can do, to equalize and restore the proper circulation of the blood.
               
25.  The more weary you are after a march or other work, the more easily will you take cold, if you remain still after it is over, unless, the moment you cease motion, you throw a coat or blanket over your shoulders.  This precaution should be taken in the warmest weather, especially if there is even a slight air stirring.
               
26.  The greatest physical kindness you can show a severely wounded comrade is first to place him on his back, and then run with all your might for some water to drink; not a second ought to be lost.  If no vessel is at hand, take your hat; if no hat, off with your shirt, wring it out once, tie the arms in a knot, as also the lower end, thus making a bag, open at the neck only.  A fleet person can convey a bucketful half a mile in this way.  I've seen a dying man clutch at a single drop of water from the fingers' end, with the voraciousness of a famished tiger.
               
27.  If wet to the skin by rain or by swimming rivers, keep in motion until the clothes are dried, no harm will result.
               
28.  Whenever it is possible, do, by all means when you have to use water for cooking or drinking from ponds or sluggish streams, boil it well, and when cool, shake it, or stir it, so that the oxygen of the air shall get to it, which greatly improves it for drinking.  This boiling arrests the process of fermentation which arises from the presence of organic and inorganic impurities, thus tending to prevent cholera and all bowel diseases.  If there is no time for boiling, at least strain it through a cloth, even if you have to use a shirt or trouser leg.
               
29.  Twelve men are hit in battle dressed in red where there are only five dressed in a bluish gray--a difference of more than two to one; green, seven; brown, six.
               
30.  Water can be made almost ice cool in the hottest weather by closely enveloping a filled canteen, or other vessel, with woolen cloth, kept plentifully wetted and exposed.
               
31.  While on a march lie down the moment you halt for a rest.  Every minute spent in that position refreshes more than five minutes standing or loitering about.
               
32.  A daily evacuation of the bowels is indispensable to bodily health, vigor and endurance; this is promoted in many cases by stirring a teaspoonful of corn (indian) meal in a glass of water, and drinking it on rising in the morning.
               
33.  Loose bowels, namely, acting more than once a day, with a feeling of debility afterwards, is the first step towards cholera.  The best remedy is instant and perfect quietude of body, eating nothing but boiled rice, with or without boiled milk; in more decided cases a woolen flannel, with two thicknesses in front, should be bound tightly around the abdomen, especially if marching is a necessity.
               
34.  To "have been to the wars" is a life-long honor, increasing with advancing years, while to have died in defence [sic] of your country will be the boast and the glory of your children's children.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, May 23, 1861, p. 1, c. 7 
               
The Vivandiere of the Monroe Rifles.--A noble spirited young lady--Miss Leona Neville--has volunteered her aid and services as nurse to the ranks of the Monroe Rifles, attached to Col. Hunt's Regiment.  The ceremony of her formal reception to this sturdy band of soldiers took place at their headquarters on Julia street last evening, and was witnessed by a large number of ladies and gentlemen.  She was presented to Lieut. Hinckly, of the Rifles, by their commander, Capt. Benjamin, in a very excellent and impressive speech, and the Lieutenant formally presented her to the soldiers, who welcomed her with all the deference and respect which careful, soldierly training can instill into the military man.  The young lady had of her own free will chosen to brave the dangers of the battle-field, and must indeed be nerved by the fortitude of a--we like to have said, "hero"--well, "hero" be it, for she looked the hero, with her nicely-fitting black alapaca [sic] uniform.--N. O. Delta, 16th.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, May 23, 1861, p. 2, c. 1 
               
Presentation of Colors to the Marion Artillery.--Institute Hall was, last night, the scene of another pleasant and patriotic ceremony.  At half past eight o'clock the galleries and floor were filled with the friends of the Marion Artillery, and in a few minutes that gallant corps, which has won so enviable a name by its gallantry in working the Trapier Battery during the bombardment of Fort Sumter, filed to the front of the stage.  The Sumter Guards also, who had relieved the Marions towards the close of the action, were present upon this occasion as escort.  Both companies showed to great advantage.  The stage was filled with officers of the regulars and volunteers and distinguished civilians.  Governor Pickens honored the ceremony with his presence.  Lieut.-Col. DeSaussure presented the flag in a short address.  He alluded to the proud position which South Carolina had taken among the nations of the earth, since the time when, in common with the other Colonies, she established her independence of British rule.  Recent events had required the re-assertion of that independence, and the Battle of Fort Sumter was a part of that re-assertion.  In that battle the Marion Artillery had acted a distinguished part.  The name which they bore had, through their gallantry, become a second time historical.  And as, after the Battle of Fort Moultrie, a flag had been presented to its brave defenders by Sabina Elliott, so now were the descendants of those defenders to be rewarded for like heroism by Narcissa Washington.  Their past gave assurance that they would never prove unworthy to uphold that flag.  He had seen them in the hour of trial, and he knew that they would bear it onward.  That beautiful flag, waving beside the frayed banner which floated over them in the battle, would ever remind them that the women of South Carolina rely for their safety upon the men of South Carolina. 
               
In receiving the flag, Lieutenant Kirkwood, who, in the absence of Capt. King, commanded the Marions, responded appropriately.  He said that it was pleasant, when returning from the conflict, to meet the well done of their countrymen; but it was still more pleasant to receive such a token from the ladies.  He felt satisfied that that flag would never be dishonored in the hands of his gallant comrades.  He then addressed his command, exhorting them, in the midst of privations and hardships, to stand by that banner, and redeem the pledge which he had given. 
               
The flag was then received by the corps.  It is a splendid and elaborately worked ensign.  The field, of crimson silk, bears a spirited representation of the well known scene of Marion's homely meal of sweet potatoes, with this inscription:

"Sub Hoc Signo Vinces."  
M A R I O N   A R T I L L E R Y,  
Incorporated 1843.

                The reverse is of blue silk, richly embroidered with the Palmetto.  With their new banner waving over their ranks, the Marions and their escort marched from the Hall, and when we last saw them, were going up Meeting-street to the tune of Dixie Land.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, May 24, 1861, p. 4, c. 2 
               
How to Take Care of the Hair.--As to men, we say, when the hair begins to fall out, the best plan is to have it cut short; give it a good brushing with a moderately stiff brush, while the hair is dry; then wash it well with warm soap suds; then rub into the scalp, about the roots of the hair, a little bay rum, brandy, or camphor water.  Do these things twice a month--the brushing of the scalp may be profitably done twice a week.  Damp the hair with water every time the toilet is made.  Nothing ever made is better for the hair than pure soft water, if the scalp is kept clean in the way we have named.  The use of the oils or pomatums, or grease of any kind, is ruinous to the hair of man or woman.  We consider it a filthy practice, almost universal though it be, for it gathers dust and dirt, and soils whenever it touches.  Nothing but pure soft water should ever be allowed on the heads of children.  It is a different practice that robs our women of their most beautiful ornament long before their prime; the hair of our daughters should be kept within two inches, until their twelfth year. 
                                                                                                               
Hall's Journal of Health.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, May 29, 1861, p. 1, c. 7 
               
The girls in Columbus, Ga., have organized a "Home Guard" for the special protection of the young men who have concluded to remain home during the existence of the war.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, June 7, 1861, p. 3, c. 2 
               
Army Cooking.--The following may be useful at this time: 
               
Salt Beef--Salt beef comes in pieces from eight to twelve pounds in weight.  Before being cooked they should be well washed and soaked in cold water for twenty four hours, changing the water three times. 
               
For Boiling.--For boiling, it should be placed in a stewpan of cold water, and made to boil quickly; as soon as the water boils the meat must be taken out, the water thrown away, and fresh cold water placed in the pot, with the meat still warm; boil it the usual time, according to the description of joint. 
               
Baked or Roasted Ribs of Beef.--Prepare the meat as above, make a paste of flour and water, and bake it in a slow oven for twenty minutes for each pound; do not cut it till cold. 
               
Stewed Salt Beef.--Prepare it as above, and cut it into steaks of the usual thickness; have some cabbage or other greens ready boiled; chop them up, and with the meat placed in a stew pan with a gill of water to every pound of meat, one tea spoonful of sugar to each pound, and one tea spoonful of pepper to every four pounds of meat; stew gently for two hours; to vary the flavor, carrots, potatoes, haricot beans, boiled macaroni, cut up into pieces about an inch long, may be added.  Beef prepared in these modes is fit for the tables of a thousand pounds a year.  

To Drive Away Mosquitoes.--Camphor is the most powerful agent.  A camphor bag hung up in an open casement will prove an effectual barrier to their entrance.  Camphorated spirit applied as perfume to the face and hands will act as an effectual preventive; but when bitten by them, aromatic vinegar is the best antidote.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, June 8, 1861, p. 1, c. 7 
               
Paris Fashions.--We learn from Paris that Zouave jackets continue to be worn indoors.  Many are made of black taffetas, braided or embroidered with silk.  There is also a new kind of jacket which they call a la Hussard, because the basques are made in hollow plaits, long at the back, and gradually diminishing towards the front, thus resembling the dress of the Hussars.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, June 10, 1861, p. 3, c. 3  
Just Received.  Six hundred fine ducks and fowls.  Ducks from $5.50 to $6.00 per dozen.  Fowls from $4.50 to $5 per dozen, at the Poultry Depot, John street, one door east of King.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, June 13, 1861, p. 1, c. 4

Prayers suitable for the Times in which we Live.

                Mr. Editor:  The following prayers have been circulated in manuscript, and used for some time past by many who, believing firmly in an over-ruling Providence, and in the righteousness of our cause, have daily poured out their hearts to Him who sitteth in the throne judging right. 
               
They have now been printed for distribution, and may be had at Russell & Jones, King-street, by all those who value the privilege of intercessory prayer.             Filia.

---  
A Prayer for the Times.

                Compiled from an old writer, with alterations and additions suitable to the present condition of the Confederate States of America.

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                Gracious Father, the life of man is a warfare upon earth, and the dangers which assault us are diversely pointed against us.  We humbly beseech Thee be present with us in all the course and passages of our lives, but especially in the Secession we have undertaken, and the hostilities in which it has involved us.  Suffer no malice, or treachery, or stratagem--whether civil, diplomatic, or military, to hurt us; no cunning to circumvent us; no surprises to come upon us unawares; no falsehood to betray us.  That which we cannot foresee we beseech Thee to prevent; that which we cannot withstand we beseech Thee to master; that which we do not fear we beseech Thee to unmask and frustrate--that being delivered from all dangers of spirit, soul and body, we may praise Thee, our Deliverer, and experience how secure and happy a thing it is to make the Lord of Hosts our Protector and Helper in the day of fear and trouble, or peril and distress. 
               
O, our God, though mighty and numerous States gather together on heaps, yet let them be driven away from our borders as the smoke before the wind; and though they take counsel together, bring it to nought [sic].  For though they pronounce a decree, yet it shall not stand, if Thou, O God, be with us.  Be with us, therefore, O God, for Jesus Christ's sake.  Almighty and merciful Father, at this time we need Thy more especial assistance, both by land and by sea, and for the mercy of Christ deny us neither.  Defeat, we implore Thee, the designs and confound the machinations of our enemies; abate their pride and assuage their fury; soften their hearts and change their unnatural hatred into Christian love, and forgive them all their sings against Thee and against us.  Grant that their ships may find no way in our seas, nor any path in our floods; may their spies be speedily detected and effectually banished from our midst; preserve us from war and tumult; from battle, murder and sudden death; guard us from sedition, conspiracy and rebellion; defend our soil from invasion and our ports from blockade--that we may glorify Thee for these deliverances, no less than for Thy signal presence and power in the mercies of our bloodless victory; and thus being sheltered by Thy grace and favor from every spiritual and temporal evil, and from all personal and national calamities, we may ever obey and serve Thee in purity of heart and holiness of life, through Jesus Christ, our Lord and Saviour, to whom, with Thee and the Holy Ghost, be all praise, worship and dominion for ever and ever.  Amen.

---  
A Prayer for Our Enemies.  
[From the same writer]

                O God, we beseech Thee, forgive and pardon our enemies, and give us that measure of Thy grace, that for their hatred we may love them, for their cursing we may bless them, for their injury we may do them good, and for their persecution we may pray for them.  They have laid a net for our steps, and have digged a pit before us.  Lord; we desire not that they themselves should fall into the midst of these, but, we beseech Thee, keep us out of them, and deliver, establish, bless and prosper us for Thy mercy's sake in Jesus Christ our Saviour, to whom, with Thee and the Holy Spirit, we desire to consecrate ourselves and our country, now and forever, imploring Thee to be our God and to make us Thy people.  Amen.  

---  
Washington's Prayer.  
[From McGuire's Religious Opinions and Character of Washington.]

                Almighty Father, if it is Thy holy will that we shall obtain a place and name among the nations of the earth, grant that we may be enabled to show our gratitude for Thy goodness by our endeavors to fear and obey Thee.  Bless us with wisdom in our councils, success in battle, and let all victories be tempered with humanity.  Endow, also, our enemies with enlightened minds, that they may become sensible of their injustice, and willing to restore our liberty and peace.  Grant the petition of Thy servant for the sake of Him whom Thou hast called Thy beloved Son; nevertheless, not our will but Thine be done.  Amen.

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A Prayer for Our Armies.  
[By Bishop Green, of Mississippi.]

                Almighty God, whose Providence watcheth over all things, and in whose hands is the disposal of all events, we look up to Thee for Thy protection and blessing amidst the apparent and great dangers with which we are encompassed.  Thou hast, in Thy wisdom, permitted us to be threatened with the many evils of an unnatural and destructive war.  Save us, we beseech Thee, from the hands of our enemies.  Watch over our fathers and brothers and sons who, trusting in Thy defence [sic] and in the righteousness of our cause, have gone forth to the service of their country.  May their lives be precious in Thy sight.  Preserve them from all the dangers to which they may be exposed.  Enable them successfully to perform their duty to Thee and to their country, and do Thou, in Thine infinite wisdom and power, so overrule events, and so dispose the hearts of all engaged in this painful struggle, that it may soon end in the safety, honor and welfare of our Confederate States, but to the good of Thy people, and the glory of Thy great name, through Jesus Christ, our Lord.  Amen.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, June 19, 1861, p. 1, c. 2

Prepare to Save Hay by the Bale.

                The hay crop of the Confederate States must not be lost sight of.  Let the tall grass of our fields be gathered and packed into bales next fall.  Our Government will buy it, and may not be able to get it elsewhere.  Hay is almost indispensable to any army, and should be neatly baled.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, June 27, 1861, p. 3, c. 4 
               
Hebrew Patriotism.--The fair daughters of Judah are nobly represented in Charlotte, N. C., as may be seen in the following communication: 
               
To the Intendant and Commissioners of the Town of Charlotte--Gentlemen:  enclosed find the sum of one hundred and fifty dollars from the Jewish ladies, residents of this town, to be appropriated for the benefit of the families of our brave volunteers now fighting in defence [sic] of our home and liberty.  With our prayers to Almighty God for their safety, and that he will bless our glorious cause with victory and success, 
                                                                               
We remain yours respectfully, 
                                                                                               
The Jewish Ladies of Charlotte.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, July 4, 1861, p. 3, c. 4 
               
Starch of Home Manufacture.--We commend the following recipe for making starch, to all who may wish to try it, it having been furnished us by one who has tried it, and who knows it to be a good one.  This starch will be found as good an article as that which comes from Yankeedoodledum: 
               
Take a peck of unground wheat of the best quality; pick and soak it carefully.  Next put into a tub; pour on sufficient clear, soft water to cover it, and then set it in the sun.  Be sure to change the water every day, keeping it in the sun as much as possible, or an equally warm place in the house, should the weather prove unfavorable.  When all the grains of wheat have become quite soft, rub it well in your hands, and separate it from the husks, which must be thrown into another tub.  Let the soft wheat settle in a mass; and then pour off the water and put it on fresh; stir it well, and let it settle again.  Repeat this every day, till the last water comes off clear and colorless.  Then pour the water finally off.  Take the starch out of the tub, collect it into a thin bag, and hang it for a few days in the sun; after which spread on dishes or a sheet to dry.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, July 8, 1861, p. 1, c. 8 
               
Arkansas Ladies.--The ladies of Little Rock, who, since the war, have performed an extraordinary amount of labor, are still doing wonders in the fitting out of the volunteers from Arkansas.  With their own hands they have made nearly three thousand military suits, fifteen hundred haversacks, five thousand shirts, and covered more than twelve hundred canteens.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, July 9, 1861, p. 1, c. 6

Southern Manufactures.

                The substance of the following article is at least two years old.  The account is highly satisfactory, and we publish it now with the view to stimulate other parties to the proper degree of enterprise.  If, two years ago, we could effect such results in an obscure part of Alabama, what might not now be done, with the Yankees driven out of the country.  The field is open to all comers.  Scottsville may well increase its capital, enlarge its machinery, multiply its operatives, and others may wisely follow its example.  The first in the field, is the first reaper: 
               
People who imagine that a single, isolated manufactory, here and there, is the best that the South can produce, will be agreeable disappointed to hear of an entire village in Alabama being devoted exclusively to manufactures.  It is called Scottsville, and is situated in the northwestern portion of Bibb county, near the river Catawba, between Centreville and Tuscaloosa, and to the southeast of the latter place some fifty or sixty miles. 
               
Scottsville was originally known as the Tuscaloosa Manufacturing Company.  It was incorporated by the Alabama Legislature in 1837, with a capital stock of $36,000, which sum was quickly subscribed by a number of capitalists in Tuscaloosa. 
               
In May, 1837, the mills got to work, making coarse cotton cloths, but for some years they made no money.  The company and the locality soon changed names and management; the latter coming into the hands of Mr. Scott, as principal owner and director, and the place itself took the name of Scottsville.  He immediately went to work making improvements and additions to the buildings and machinery, and the mill soon paid dividends.  The first $2200 realized in 1841, was expended in a family of negros [sic] to work in the factory.  This family has so increased that the company values them at $10,000, and most of them are now working in the factory, and are very useful.  The company have made several purchases of negros with the profits of the factory, and negro labor is much employed by them. 
               
The principal mill is a large brick building of three stories, with two wings, filled with the best machinery and employing over one hundred hands, of whom three fourths are females.  A large over-shot wheel, driven by water, is the principal motor of the machinery.  There are about 24,000 spindles and 50 looms at work. 
               
Wool and cotton are both spun.  The consumption of cotton averages 35,000 pounds per month, and $1000 worth of yarns in the same time, together with a large quantity of linseys and a superior article of cotton sewing thread. 
               
In 1841 the sum of $40,000 capital stock had been paid in.  Every year since then a dividend of ten per cent. has been declared, which has been laid out in buying negros, land, &c., adding to the buildings and machinery in the village, until the capital stock has increased to $117,000, of which $25,000 is in negros and about $16,000 in goods in the company's store. 
               
The company owns 3,000 acres of land, and all the buildings on the place, which consists of the factory, a large hotel, the store, blacksmith, carpenter, wheelwright, and boot and shoe shops, a saw mill, grist mill, large flouring mill, a church and a large number of cottages.  No liquor is permitted in the village, and the company will not sell an inch of its land to any one.  Its stock has long been over par, and its dividend this year will be at least twelve per cent.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, July 9, 1861, p. 2, c. 1  
Quills.--Our readers in the country who have geese will do well to save their quills, as it will not be long before the stock of steel pens will give out, and the old firm of "Goose, Gander &  Co.," will have to supply the South with writing implements.  We shall rejoice at this necessary substitution of the good old-fashioned "grey goose quill" for the barbarous metal innovations now so universally used.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, July 9, 1861, p. 2, c. 1 
               
Cordial for our soldiers.--An army surgeon suggests the propriety of friends sending "black berry cordial," having the following ingredients--cloves--cinnamon, allspice and ginger--to their soldier friends.  The suggestion is doubtless a good one, and needs only to be mentioned to be put in execution by the devoted and patriotic women of our land.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, July 10, 1861, p. 1, c. 4 
                                                                                                                      
Army of the Potomac, 
                                                                                                                      
Camp Pickens, July 4.  
. . .  I mentioned, a few days since, the appearance of a new feature of military life in one of the Louisiana Regiments.  Many of the officers and some of the men brought their wives with them, and as they first appeared jaded, dusty and bedraggled, among men as dusty and bedraggled as themselves, I must confess I was in doubt whether they would constitute a valuable addition to the service.  But, while at Fairfax Station yesterday, I visited the encampment of Col. Seymour, and must confess that to a great extent my doubts have been removed.  Many of the officers have their wives with them.  Their tents gave unmistakable evidences of care and taste.  The grounds of the encampment are arranged with a more decided reference to appearances.  The men all gave evidence of a consciousness that women were about; all were as nearly in full dress as their wardrobes permitted; all who came upon the parade have their hair combed; and I am very sure that in that case there was more of physical comfort and convenience than in any others of the army.  If there were much marching, transportation would be difficult, and to remain there might be inconvenience to themselves and great inconvenience to others; but in an army as nearly stationary as this has been, the inconveniences of their presence are not considerable, while in other respects, and I say it as an economist and without the slightest feeling of gallantry, their influence is of decided service to the soldier. 
               
It might be supposed that in case of a fight their sympathies and fears would occasion trouble, but this was not the case, in one instance at least.  One of the lieutenants mentioned, that upon the occasion of an alarm the night before, his wife declined to get up, as he was being armed for the encounter, upon the ground that if she should, she did not know what better place to go to, and an hour afterwards, when the alarm proved to be false, and he went back, she was sound asleep.                                                                    L. W.  S.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, July 11, 1861, p. 2, c. 1 
               
A Pleasant Summer Beverage.--We have had an opportunity of testing the merits of a very delightful preparation of Cream Soda, put up in bottles, and sold by Mr. D. W. Davis, America street, near Line.  This drink has been approved by medical men and army officers as being wholesome and simple in its ingredients, and being of home manufacture, should be liberally patronized by those who are fond of a pure and refreshing draught.  The price is only ten cents per bottle, each bottle containing two glasses.  Try it.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, July 18, 1861, p. 1, c. 2 
               
The Mississippi Women.--In Choctow [sic] County, Miss., a company of ladies has been organized for some time under the name of "Home Guards," numbering over one hundred.  The Vicksburg Sun tells what they have done, as follows: 
               
They have been constantly exercising on horseback and foot with pistol, shot gun, and rifle, and have attained such perfection that we doubt if there is a better drilled company in the country.  Each one is almost a Boone with her rifle, and an Amazon in her equestrian skill.  We have heard that one lady (our informant, Gen. T. C. McMackin, could not give us her name), in shooting at a cross mark, one hundred yards distant, with a rifle, struck the centre five times and broke it three times out of eight shots fired in succession.  She had a rest.  If any State can beat this, we should like to see it done.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, July 20, 1861, p. 1, c. 7

[Communicated]  
The Confederate Flag.

                We believe we speak the sentiments of three-fourths of the Southern people, when we state that the Confederate Flag has not only failed to satisfy, but has greatly disappointed them.  The idea of a committee having been occupied for weeks in composing or selecting from a hundred different specimens, a flag to be at once original and striking; finally, rejecting all assistance from artists and others, who had furnished abundance of good material, and adopting, as the result of their labor, what?  The Union and three stripes of Lincoln's Abolition Flag.  Mr. Russell, in one of his letters, has well styled it "the counterpart of the U. S. Flag;" and so perfectly is it so, that in a calm at sea, it is not distinguishable from it.  But not only is it stolen from the U. S. Flag, it is also a theft of the coat of arms of another despotism--we mean the House of Austria, whose arms are red, with a white bar running through the centre.  Nor is this all.  The U. S. Flag itself was directly stolen from the British East India Company, with the poor addition of thirteen stars for distinction.  Now, if the coat of arms of the Confederate States be drawn with the three bars horizontal we pilfer the arms of the House of Austria; and if we adopt the plan of the United States and draw the coat of arms with the bars perpendicular, we pilfer the arms of the town of Beauvais in France.  So that, whichever way we twist, we will be laughed at by everybody and despised by those whose emblems we have borrowed, not to say stolen.  We are living under a Provisional Government--may we not hope that this may be also a Provisional Flag?  Our Congress is soon to meet, and we sincerely hope that this question will be brought up by some patriotic and able member, and not allowed to rest until we obtain with the permanent Government a flag fit to be retained as permanent also.  We think the Southern people, generally, were anxious that the Southern Cross should have been conspicuous in their flag, which form would at once dispense with the Union part of it, and all the stripes, by simply making the flag red, with a white cross, containing on it the stars of blue, thereby retaining all the three emblems of Republicans, red, white and blue.  And, in the language of one of Virginia's bards--

                                The "Cross of the South" shall triumphantly wave, 
                               
As the flag of the free and the pall of the brave!

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                We are informed by one skilled in Heraldry, that such a flag is in rule; and if desirable to change the arrangement of colors, the ground could be blue, and the stars red--cross white in either, so as to be metal on color--an imperative requisition in correct Heraldry.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, July 22, 1861, p. 4, c. 4 
               
Departure of Nurses.--The Charlotte (N.C.) Bulletin, of the 15th inst., notices that three or four ladies, citizens of Charlotte and of the county, sacrificing ease and enjoyments of home and society of friends, departed on Friday night last, for Yorktown, to nurse and provide for the soldiers who may be sick at that point.  They have gone well provided with hospital stores furnished with subscriptions made by the citizens for that purpose.   

CHARLESTON MERCURY, July 24, 1861, p. 1, c. 6 
               
"The Sisters of Charity."--The friends of our sick soldiers at Norfolk may feel assured that every kindness and attention that can avail to comfort and cure them are ministered by the Sisters of Charity at Norfolk.  The letters from the army are full of praises of these angels of mercy.  We have a young friend, who probably owes his life to their unceasing watching and careful nursing.  Dr. Nott, in his letter published elsewhere, writes in the same strain.  A letter just received by us from a member of the 3d Alabama Regiment, says: 
               
"______ is much better now, and is rapidly improving.  I have been in to see him several times, but as the Sisters told me he was not dangerously ill.  I have not written about him, for fear of causing uneasiness.  He gets every attention and kindness that good nursing and medical treatment can afford.  All of the soldiers have fallen in love with the Sisters for their kindness and devotion to those who are sent to their care.  ______ was in their hospital for several days, and says he could not have been more tenderly and carefully nursed in his mother's house. 
                                                                                                        
Mobile Advertiser and Register.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, July 25, 1861, p. 1, c. 3 
               
Nurses for the Camps.--A Southern "Nightingale" from North Carolina has just established herself at Yorktown, accompanied by a matron and two servants, and provided with every requirement, in order to thoroughly perform the mission she has undertaken.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, July 25, 1861, p. 2, c. 2 
               
Help for the Soldiers.--While our sons and brothers are exposing their lives upon the plains of Virginia for our safety, and while many are now languishing in the hospitals on beds of pain and suffering, it is a gratifying fact to know that our wives, and sisters and mothers are laboring so zealously in their attempts to provide such help for the soldiers as will render their positions more comfortable.  It has been again verified, in this instance, that the ladies are the most energetic portion of every community, as the work which they have performed, in the short space of twenty-four hours, has been truly marvelous.  A preparatory meeting of the members of the Ladies' Christian Association, auxiliary to the Young Men's Christian Association, and many other ladies of the city, was held on Tuesday morning, when the first steps were taken, and by yesterday, at 2 o'clock, they had prepared a sufficient amount of necessaries and luxuries for the soldiers to fill twelve cases, and valued at over one thousand dollars, all of which was at once dispatched for Virginia, in care of Dr. E. H. Bissell, who has gone to render his professional services to the suffering, and who will attend personally to the proper disbursement of the articles sent. 
               
Up to dark last evening the ladies had cut and given out to be made up over four hundred garments, and will to-day resume their labor of love and sympathy.  Truly they deserve all credit for their efforts in this noble cause.  A meeting of all ladies interested in this work will be held at the Young Men's Hall at ten o'clock to-day, for the purpose of a more thorough organization, appointment of committees, and other matters of business, for the permanent working of the Association during the continuance of the war.  Our merchants and citizens generally have responded nobly to the calls made upon them, and suitable fabrics of all descriptions have been sent in, valued at nearly two thousand dollars, while over one thousand dollars in money have been liberally subscribed.  The goods have been forwarded by Adams' Southern Express, through their Agent, Woodward, free of all Express charges.  It is the intention of the ladies to send forward all the articles in the charge of some responsible person who will attend faithfully to their proper and judicious distribution, in order that the donors may have the satisfaction of knowing that their gifts are not misapplied; and when the wants of those in Virginia are fully satisfied, the remaining articles will be preserved for the use of our own troops during the coming fall and winter. 
               
We republish the former Committee, appointed from the Young Men's Christian Association, to co-operate with the ladies, with additional names of other members, all of whom are requested to solicit donations in money, and such articles as may be serviceable in providing for the hospital and the camp.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, July 25, 1861, p. 2, c. 3

Soldiers' Relief Association.

                The Depository in Chalmers-Street will be open to-day and on every Wednesday to receive the contributions of those who desire to aid in relieving our sick and wounded soldiers.  Old sheets, pillow-cases, under garments, old or new, linen or cotton rags, will be acceptable.  Housekeeping stores, rice, barley, arrow-root, flax-seed, tea, sugar, brandy, wine, especially blackberry and port, and any fine, nourishing articles for the sick room, are solicited.  These will be immediately forwarded to our friends in Virginia.  Let every family in the city aid in providing for the relief of our brave defenders.  Any contribution of money or useful articles will constitute membership of the Association.  Donations will be received every Wednesday afternoon at the Depository, or may be sent at any time to the President or Treasurer.  Ladies willing to aid in this good cause are invited to meet at the Depository every day from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m., and from 4 p.m. to 7 p.m.  Work will be provided for those who will undertake it.

Officers.

                President--Mrs. George Robertson. 
               
Vice President--Mrs. Wm. Snowden. 
               
Corresponding Secretaries--Miss Laura Porter and Miss Blamyer. 
               
Secretary and Treasurer--Miss E. P. Hayne. 
               
Other ladies have cheerfully consented to act as Managers in their respective wards, and their names will be published as soon as the lists are filled.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, August 2, 1861, p. 4, c. 3 
               
Yopon Tea.--In view of the probable scarcity of tea and coffee during the war, we see the papers are recommending the use of the leaves and twigs of the Yopon, an evergreen which grows spontaneously on our coast.  The Yopon is a common drink on the Banks, and is highly esteemed by many.  We have heard it said, that when it is well cured, it is greatly improved when the milk and molasses are boiled with it.  It is rather vulgar to use sugar for sweetening with Yopon.  Molasses is the thing.  A venerable lady who lived to a considerable age on the Banks, once speaking of the healthiness of Yopon as a drink, said, "Bless the Lord, Yopon has kept me out of Heaven these twenty years."--Raleigh Register.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, July 27, 1861, p. 1, c. 4 
               
Winter Clothing for Our Soldiers.--The question of supplying our troops with winter clothing is beginning to attract considerable attention.  It is now evident that the South must depend mainly on herself for clothing material during the war.  Her magnificent crops will supply a large surplus of breadstuff and food above the demand for consumption at home.  But the blockade of our ports may continue up to the season when our volunteers in the field will require heavy woolen goods to protect them against the inclemency of winter. 
               
Every loom in the Confederate States ought to be busy to supply this necessary demand.  We should not suffer the shame and disgrace of seeing these brave men subjected to suffering from want of foresight, energy and patriotism on the part of those who remain at home.  We can work for our country as well at the plow-handle and at the loom as in the tented field.  Our woolen factories are too few to depend upon them for the fabrics that will be necessary to supply the demands that are now near at hand. 
               
Every private loom and every fair hand that can direct should now ply with unceasing care until we are satisfied that there is not a soldier unclad among our gallant men.  It is an act of patriotism, which may be done, in main part, by our fair countrywomen, that we are sure they will not neglect, when their attention is properly directed to it.  The efficiency, nay, the safety of our army may depend upon it.  The lady who furnishes the largest quantity of jeans and linseys for service, this year, is entitled to a gold medal commemorating her patriotism.  We would suggest that such a testimonial be offered by the merchants of our city, to the lady who brings to the market the largest quantity of serviceable goods for winter clothing.  On no account ought this matter to be neglected by those who have the material and the machinery.--Nashville Union.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, August 14, 1861, p. 1, c. 3-4 
                                                                                               
Richmond, Va., August 12.  
. . . Thus one passes on from bed to bed through the many wards, and reads the awful moral of this unholy war in the saddest illustrations which the vices and passions of men can furnish.  And yet, through all this gloom and suffering, a gleam of light shoots like a golden thread on a funeral pall.  I have told you how clean and neat the rooms are, and how comfortable the patients look.  And the secret of the pleasant fact lies in that woman flitting across the corridor, with her gray serge dress and tidy blue apron from chin to toe, and bonnet blanc, whose wide flaps, white as a snow drift, and stiff with starch, wave over her shoulders like a pair of wings.  She is one of that devoted band of good women, known all over the Christian world wherever there is sorrow to be assuaged, or pain relieved, or comfort administered, whom we name "Sisters of Charity," but who should be called the "Angels of the Earth."   Her step is swift-paced and noiseless, her hand light and soft, her care and attention devoted, unobtrusive, intelligent, gentle and consoling.  She it is on whom these grave, thoughtful surgeons lean, to support and carry out all their directions for the sick; and these miserable men to lighten the burden of their pain and captivity.  If a biscuit or a mattress, a cup of water, a clean pillow or fresh bed or body clothes are wanted, the universal demand which satisfies every desire is, "Call a Sister!"  Day and night, with tireless patience; kind, considerate and obliging to all alike; asking no recompense and accepting no reward, their skilful ministrations are bestowed on these wounded enemies, whose malignant hate and unspeakable purposes of rapine and violence to their sex (had victory crowned their arms), they are now repaying with a care and gentleness "mild as any mother's to a sick child."  With such a reality before us, we may well pass by with contempt and scorn the foul charges of cruelty which the Northern press has falsely laid upon us, and retort upon them their own inhumanity and unchristian neglect in neither tending their wounded nor securing decent burial for their dead . . .  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, August 16, 1861, p. 1, c. 6

Persimmon Beer.

To the Editor of the Charleston Mercury: 
               
In response to your call, contained in The Mercury of a late date, I send you the following from the Southern Cultivator for March: 
               
The best Persimmons ripen soft and sweet, having a clear, thin, transparent skin, without any rough taste.  A good ripe persimmon is a delicious morsel; most animals fatten on them; the chicken, duck, turkey, goose, dog, hog, sheep and cow, all eat them greedily.  The fruit, when mashed and strained through a coarse wire sieve, makes delightful bread, pies and pudding.  When kneaded with the wheat bran, and well baked in an oven, the bread may be put away for winter use in making Beer, and used when wanted. 
               
The following is one of the very best receipts for making the Beer: 
               
Sweet ripe persimmons, mashed and strained-------1 bushel. 
               
Wheat bran-----------------------------------------1/2  " 
               
Mix well together, and bake in loaves of convenient size; break them in a clean barrel, and add 12 gallons of water and two or three ounces of hops.  Keep the barrel in a warm room.  As soon as fermentation subsides, bottle off the beer, having good long corks, and place the bottles in a low temperature, and it will keep and improve for twelve months. 
               
This beer, when properly made, in a warm room, is an exquisitely delightful beverage, containing no alcohol, and is, to the connoisseur of temperate taste, not inferior to the fermented juice of the vine. 
               
The ordinary way of making it is more simple, and the drink is relished heartily by most persons.  A layer of straw is put in the bottom of the cask, on which a sufficient quantity of fruit, well mashed, is laid; and the cask then filled with water.  It should stand in a warm room, and if the weather is cold, fermentation will be promoted by occasionally putting a warm brick or stone in the barrel.  The addition of a few honey locusts, roasted sweet potatoes, or apple peelings, will make the beer more brisk.  Wheat bran always improves the quality.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, August 19, 1861, p. 3, c. 4 
               
A Recherche Style of Hat.--A Memphis paper says: 
               
The city ladies have donned the latest style hat.  If the country ladies wish for the pattern, let them take one fourth of the thick end of a goose egg, and lay it on the table, round end upward; then take one-third of the same end of a hen egg, and place it end upward on the top of the portion of a goose egg.  The result will be a perfect pattern of the proportions and appearance of the new style.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, August 20, 1861, p. 1, c. 7 
               
The old Marine Hospital between the Navy Yard and Fort Barrancas, below Pensacola, has been provided with all necessary appliances for the treatment of the sick, and placed under charge of the Sisters of Charity, of whom six have been sent from Mobile, and two or three from New Orleans.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, September 2, 1861, p. 2, c. 2 
               
Lint for the Army.--For the information of such of our community as are engaged in the preparation of lint for army use, I am requested to make the following suggestions: 
               
The best form of lint is that prepared of the ravellings of old linen, such as towels, sheets or table-cloths, and known among French surgeons as "charpie."  In making this, the cloth is cut into narrow, transverse strips, and its fibres subsequently separated.  The lint prepared by the old method of scraping answers a very good purpose, but is not so porous, and is, consequently, inferior as a dressing to "charpie." 
               
As I am sometimes asked why I do not substitute cotton for lint, I reply that, notwithstanding the high authority adduced in its favor, there are few substances less suited for that purpose than the one indicated. 
               
To meet the requirements of a good dressing, there must be not only softness of texture, but also a ready capacity for absorbing liquids, and it is upon the defect of cotton in this latter property that the objections to the proposed substitution are grounded. 
               
To any one who has attempted to saturate a piece of cotton with water, the validity of the objection must be apparent. 
               
But lest it be supposed that I am condemning it upon theoretical grounds, I would add that, after a fair trial of cotton, I am more than ever convinced of its unfitness to supersede lint. 
                                                               
Very respectfully, 
                                                                                                                               
A. N. Talley, 
                                                                                                               
Medical Director P.A.C.S.

CHARLESTON MERCURY, September 2, 1861, p. 4, c. 1 
               
The ladies of Henderson, Rusk county, Texas, have formed a company of sixty-five strong, who practice target shooting every week, and are excellent markswomen.  A similar company exits in Waco.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, September 5, 1861, p. 1, c. 2 
               
Several Sisters of Charity have recently arrived in Richmond from the vicinity of Washington, and are now engaged in attending the sick.  We learn that they solicited permission to come from Old Abe and were refused passports, when finally, having determined to persevere in their mission of mercy, they escaped by stealth from the Baboon's dominions.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, September 11, 1861, p. 2, c. 1 
               
Charleston Made Matches.--We have received a box of Lucifer Matches, manufactured by Mr. W. M. Sack, of this city.  On a trial, we found the matches to inflame with great facility, even after being wet for a short time.  We hail with pleasure this new effort of native industry.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, September 13, 1861, p. 2, c. 1 
               
Leeches.--Mr. G. W. Aimar, the enterprising druggist at the corner of King and Vanderhorst streets, has succeeded notwithstanding the Lincoln blockade, in obtaining a large supply of leeches, direct from Cuba.  This arrival was most opportune, as the stock in Charleston was entirely exhausted, and the medical profession generally throughout the State were at a loss for a supply of these necessary little animals.  They will be now pleased to learn, however, that Mr. Aimar can supply them in any quantity, and with many other foreign articles, also of recent direct importation.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, September 17, 1861, p. 1, c. 8 
               
A Simple Salve for Soldiers' Feet in Marching.--The Scientific American has received the following receipt for making an excellent composition for anointing the feet of the soldiers during long marching:  Take equal parts of gum camphor, olive oil and pure beeswax, and mix them together warm until they are united and become a salve.  At night wash the feet well, dry them, and apply the salve, and put on clean stockings and sleep with them on.  Next day the feet will be in excellent trim for marching.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, September 17, 1861, p. 2, c. 1 
    
      
Sagamite.--Portable Food for Scouts.  The old historians and travelers, and Indian fighters, tell us of an admirable and easily portable food, which the Red men carried with them in their pouches on their hunting and war parties.  It was a combination of Indian meal and brown sugar, three parts of the former to one of the latter, browned together over the fire.  This food, in small quantities, not only sufficed to arrest hunger, but to allay thirst.  This is the famous sagamite of the Red men.  A few pounds in one's haversack would occupy little space, and would serve for several days.  Let our boys here and there try the preparation in camp, and learn the uses of the article before going on a march.  Their friends might prepare a supply of it in the cities, and forward to the camp; and if, upon experiment, it shall prove palatable, it may be prepared in any quantities.  In the siege of Charleston, in 1780, the people lived wholly on rice and sugar for some weeks.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, September 19, 1861, p. 1, c. 1 
               
Burning of a Cotton Factory.   
               
Mobile, September 18.--The Dog River Cotton Factory accidentally took fire to-day and was totally destroyed.  Loss, $100,000.  Insurance, $42,000.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, September 19, 1861, p. 2, c. 1 
               
Palmetto Button Factory.--A few weeks ago we mentioned that M. B. Schur had in contemplation the starting of a military button factory.  As the stock of buttons with the palmetto and State motto was entirely run out, and as thousands of uniforms are being manufactured for our brave volunteers, as well as those in regular service, such a factory fills another gap, and places us one step higher in the ladder of independence.  Mr. Schur's factory is now in full operation in Market-street, south side, midway between Meeting and King streets, where six operatives are constantly employed to supply the demand for these necessary appendages to the soldier's uniform.  This is as it should be, for Mr. Schur deserves a full measure of encouragement for his undertaking.  Some months ago, when the palmetto buttons were getting scarce and prices running up, Mr. Schur, though no mechanic and without any previous knowledge of button making, set his wits to work, and the result is, after some difficulty, it is true, the manufacture of a good substantial button, and just the article now needed.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, September 21, 1861, 1, c. 1 
               
The Sisters of Charity.--The world-wide benevolence of that revered order, the Sisters of Charity, meets in our city with an ample field for its exercise.  The casualties of the battle-field, not less than the diseases incident to those unaccustomed to the hardships of camp life, all contribute to swell the catalogue of human ills, and leave in our midst objects of their attention, not less of the enemy than our own.  Where sickness and death visit the hospitals, where are congregated the weary, wounded and dying, there, gliding in to succor and console, the sisters came upon their errand of mercy.  The couch of disease is made easier by their presence; the pillow of the dying is smoothed by their care; friend and enemy alike receive their soothing attentions.--Worldly fame they ask not.  Unobtrusive in their charities as in their garb, they engage in their labor of love, actuated by that pure philanthropy which has its source in a higher sphere than earth.  The task imposed upon themselves, and faithfully executed by these self-sacrificing women, sometimes "even unto death," should entitle them to the rewards of the blessed.  Some of those now in our midst came from Washington, by stealth, after in vain soliciting from the petty tyrant who reigns there, permission to pass the bounds of his army; some came from the far South.  Come, however, from where they may, they all act as ministering angels, actuated alone by the desire to do good.--Richmond Examiner.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, September 21, 1861, p. 1, c. 3 
                                                                                                               
Flint Hill, Fairfax Co., Va., 
                                                                                                                               
September 14. 
               
"The excitement of camp life!"  What a myth!  Catch your young birds with chaff, but don't try to sprinkle this sort of husk on the tail of an old one.  If you really want excitement, go to a Quaker Meeting, attend a lecture on Phrenology, illustrated by the examination of decrepit old gentlemen's head, spend some Sunday afternoon in the Fish Market--these are lively and diverting amusements compared to the company, battalion, and brigade drills--the breakfast, dinner and supper cooking--the noonday doze, the afternoon nap, the long uneasy night slumber--the dirt, the smoke, the heat, the rain--which make up the sum of a camp day's unrelieved and intolerable tedium. . . .  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, September 21, 1861, p. 2, c. 1  
The Flag of the Second Maine Regiment, captured on the Plains of Manassas at the great battle by the Palmetto Guard, which was exhibited for some days at the Mercury office, and which has been in the possession of Capt. P. B. Lalane for some weeks past, has been demanded from Col. Kershaw by Gen. Beauregard.  A formal requisition for the flag was, in consequence, made to Capt. Lalane, who complied by sending it to Virginia on Thursday, by the Southern Express.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, September 21, 1861, p. 1, c, 1 
               
The Army Nurse's Uniform.--The style of dress which the Military, not Millinery, Board has ordered the Yankee army nurses to wear is thus described:  The color is bright brown; no crinoline; dress reaches half way between the knee and ankle; upper sleeve loose, gathered at the waist; pantalettes same color, wide but gathered tight around the ankle; black hat, with plumes of feathers of same color; feet dressed in morocco boots.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, September 23, 1861, p. 1, c. 1 
               
"Tennessee Exiles."--Some sharpers are making a good thing in Cincinnati and other Western cities, playing the role of Tennessee exiles.  The costume is an antiquated wagon, a venerable horse, with great development of hip and rib, and an ordinary stock of sun-burnt children clad in dilapidated costume.  The caravan parades the streets, and a crowd of curious spectators is soon assembled; when the doleful tale of exile is told.  Driven from home with barely enough time to get aboard of their carts, they have traveled, so the story goes, through "thick and thin," and reached their destination penniless of course.  Then contributions are solicited, the hat goes around--and $40 or $50 is subscribed at once.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, September 23, 1861, p. 2, c. 1  
Things about town.--The juveniles wear Palmetto hats, made by their patriotic mammas.--The Farmers near the city are storing large quantities of hay, high pyramids on carts with the driver high in the air can be seen daily.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, October 3, 1861, p. 1, c. 3 
               
Women and Dress.--Alphonse Karr writes of woman in a far less poetic strain than Michelet.  In a recent work of the former, we find the following: 
               
"In a woman's life, everything leads to a new dress; everything ends with a new dress, every circumstance is marked by a new dress, and the dress is the most important part.  A girl is going to be married--a new dress.  For a moment her heart is filled with love, thoughts of an entirely new existence, and of a long separation from her parents.  Everything disappears before the all-absorbing question of the wedding dress.  A relation dies.  The grief of the ladies is violent; but it is soon checked, for the mourning has to be thought of.  What are people wearing?  What is the most fashionable mode of testifying one's sorrow?  It is necessary to go to the linen-draper's, to the dress maker's, to the milliner's, and in a little while they are so thoroughly occupied that there is quite an end to lamentation, unless, however, the dress do not [sic] happen to fit, or the bonnet to be too much or too little off the head.  But if the dress is made of some new material, if the bonnet is becoming, then they experience an involuntary glow--they are triumphant, they are very happy.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, October 3, 1861, p. 1, c. 7  
To the Editor of the Charleston Mercury. 
               
In reply to many inquiries, I would state: 
               
1.  That the South Carolina Tract Society have now printed, in Charleston, fifteen different tracts of which the following are the titles: 
               
No. 1.  Am I Self Deceived? 
               
No. 2.  Have You? 
               
No. 3.  The Sinner's Friend. 
               
No. 4.  The Act of Faith. 
               
No. 5.  What is it to Believe on Christ? 
               
No. 6.  Dialogue between the Bible and a Sinner. 
               
No. 7.  Self Dedication to God. 
               
No. 8.  Why do we sit still? 
               
No. 9.  Ye shall not surely Die. 
               
No. 10.  A Convenient Season. 
               
No. 11.  The Bible the Word of  God. 
               
No. 12.  Three Words. 
               
No. 13.  A Word of Warning. 
               
No. 14.  Grieving the Spirit of God. 
               
No. 15.  Hinder Me Not. 
               
2.  The publishers, being pious men, do not make anything by printing, in order to put the tracts as low as the American Society have been able to print them for in New York. 
               
3.  1500 pages will be given for $1, or nearly forty-four paged tracts. 
               
4.  They can be had in sorted parcels. 
               
5.  Donations will be thankfully received, and applied to particular purposes, or given in other grants. 
               
6.  It is contemplated to issue original tracts, and also to employ a general agent and colporteurs. 
               
7.  Applications for grants or other letters and donations, may be addressed to E. L. Kerrison Esq., Charleston, S. C. 
               
8.  Orders for tracts are to be sent to W. N. Hughes, Sunday School Depository, 67 Meeting street, Charleston. 
               
N. B.--Will all papers friendly to the cause publish this notice, which will apply to all in our Southern States.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, October 5, 1861, p. 1, c. 6 
               
An Excellent Substitute for Coffee.--For a family of seven or eight persons, take a pint of well toasted corn meal, and add to it as much water as an ordinary sized coffee pot will hold, and then boil it well.  We have tried this toasted meal coffee, and prefer it to Java or Rio, in as much as genuine coffee does not suit our digestive organs, and we have not used it for years.  Many persons cannot drink coffee with impunity, and we advise all such to try our receipt.  They will find it more nutritious than coffee and quite as palatable.--Raleigh Register.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, October 5, 1861, p. 1, c. 6 
               
The Flag of Florida.--The following is a description of the flag recently adopted by the State of Florida: 
               
The one half of the flag next to the staff is dark blue; the other half has alternately one red, one white stripe.  Each stripe (three in all) of equal width, and perpendicular to the staff.  [The stripes are the same as the Confederate stripes, only they form one half the flag.]  On the blue ground and occupying somewhat more than one-half of it, is an elliptical band (the axis of the ellipse [illegible] the proportion of fifteen to thirteen, the longitudinal axis parallel with the flag staff) bearing superiorly, "In God is our Trust"; inferiorly, "Florida"--making, as it were, a frame for the shield.  In the centre of the ellipse is a single strong live-oak tree.  Beyond it is seen the Gulf of Mexico, with sailing vessels in the distance.--In front of and near the front of the oak, is a piece of Field Artillery.  Beyond the gun, and resting against the bole of the oak, is seen a stand of six colors--the Confederate and State flags to the front.  To the left of the field piece are four muskets stacked.  To the right and near, balls piled, and a drum.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, October 7, 1861, p. 1, c. 2

Our Reduced Sheet.

                To-day we being to print The Mercury upon a sheet considerably smaller than that which we have hitherto used.  In this measure of economy we have been preceded by too many of the public journals of the Confederate and United States, to make any detailed statement of the reasons which have led us to this step, either necessary or desirable.  It will be enough to inform our readers that, in the present stagnation of trade, the advertising business, which is the sustaining element of newspaper incomes, has, in great measure, been cut off.  In view of this fact, we have not felt warranted in continuing the issue of so large a paper, at an expense at once needless and burdensome.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, October 8, 1861, p. 1, c. 4 
                                                               
                                                Richmond, October 4.  
. . . Our young ladies are hard at work with knitting needles.  Visit them when you will, they meet you knitting in hand.  The formation of some of the socks which they have produced does not indicate a very exact knowledge of human anatomy.  I saw one last evening, which, I am told, was intended for the foot of the entire Southern Confederacy.  From its size, I judged it would make rather a loose fit.  Socks are costly luxuries now-a-days.  The coarsest yarn costs two dollars a pound, and a pound of yarn will not quite make five pairs of socks.  The weather is still very warm, but the trees show where the fingers of Jack Frost have pinched 'em. 
                                                                                                                               
Hermes.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, October 10, 1861, p. 2, c. 1 
               
Associations and individuals, contributing to the Hospitals in Virginia, are reminded that a pressing want is of 160 cotton mattresses, 6 1/2 feet long, 30 inches wide, 1 1/2 to 2 inches thick, to be used on the straw beds, which are rather hard.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, October 12, 1861, p. 3, c. 3

Confectionery.

Marshmallow Paste  
Marshmallow Drops  
Cream Chocolate Drops  
Gum Drops  
Superfine Sugared Almonds  
French Burnt Almonds  
French Cream Bon Bons  
Brandy Peaches  
Pickled Shrimps  
Genuine Farina Cologne  
No. 1 Family Chocolate  
Assorted Pie Fruit.  For sale by  
Kinsman & Bro., 247 King street.  

Rice Flour!  
For Table use  
and  
as a Substitute for Arrow Root,  
Farina, Corn Starch, &c.

Is now manufactured at the Claussen Mills, in Charleston, S. C., on a scale sufficient to supply any demand.  The article is not only of a very superior quality, but will be furnished at such a low price as to insure general introduction.  
It is put up in Barrels of 196 and Bags of 98 and 24 1/2 lbs.  
Agents wanted throughout the Confederate States. 
                                                                                                               
F. W.  Claussen.  

Fine Black Tea.

6 Chests Very Choice Congou Tea, just received from London, for sale by D. Paul & Co.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, October 14, 1861, p. 3, c. 2

Kid Gloves.

                A few dozen of Ladies' and Gent's Kid Gloves.  Also, Ladies' Beaver Gloves, Taffetta [sic] Gloves, Paris Cloth Gloves, Cashmere Gauntlets, Lisle Gauntlets, and Lisle Gloves, this day opened at                                                                Read's, 237 King-street.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, October 18, 1861, p. 1, c. 4 
                                                                                                                  
Richmond, October 14.  
. . . Charlottesville is reduced almost to utter darkness; gas being now out of the question, and the supply of tallow candles being limited indeed.  People will have to go back to lightwood knots.  
. . .Shops for the sale of tobacco and cigars are springing up in every direction; bar-rooms are also increasing fearfully.  We are determined to smoke and drink as much as we please, in spite of Lincoln's blockade.  That's our comfort.                                                                                                                  Hermes.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, October 21, 1861, p. 1, c. 4 
                                                                                                                  
Richmond, October 17.  
. . .An order from Manassas, for the making of twenty-five regimental flags of a peculiar description, has been received here, and our young ladies have gone hard to work at them.  This circumstance excites considerable speculation.  Before the battle of Manassas an enormous quantity of flannel was used in the making of wing-badges, which were thrown away after the battle of the 16th, because similar badges were seen on the shoulders of the enemy.  Now we need flannel for underclothing.  We wager that the pattern of these new flags has already reached New York; for the recent publication, in the Herald, of the names of the officers in the Confederate Army, shows conclusively that there is a traitor in the War Office. . . .              Hermes.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, October 21, 1861, p. 3, c. 1

Camp Mattresses,  
Camp Stools,  
Camp Oil Cloth Cloaks,  
at

                                                                                                                H. W. Kinsman's, 
                                                                                               
Corner King and Beaufain Streets.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, October 23, 1861, p. 2, c. 1 
               
Latest Richmond Fashions.--Hoops.--The fair ladies of Richmond, the Examiner tells us, have begun to discard these appendages.  The ultra fashionables eschew them altogether.  The middle classes, who desire to preserve looks and fashion at the same time, hold on to them, diminish some of their exuberant proportions, while those country cousins and others who don't care for dame fashion, sport them as large as life.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, October 24, 1861, p.  1, c. 2

The "Wee Nees" of Williamsburg District.

To the Editor of the Charleston Mercury: 
               
As I have been informed that there is considerable curiosity among those who are aware of the services of the "Wee Nees" upon Sullivan's and Morris' Islands last winter, as to how it came to pass that there are now two companies claiming the same name,--I beg a small space in your columns to explain why it is I claim the original name for the company in which I hold the office of Captain. 
               
The company did duty for four months, in Charleston harbor, under the name of the "Wee Nee Volunteers," although it had been incorporated at the last session of the Legislature, as the "Wee Nee Riflemen."  The reason, I suppose, it did not go by its incorporated name, was, that the Captain did not know that it had been incorporated till we had been disbanded and returned home.  I was not aware of it myself till I returned and examined the Acts of the Legislature.  The company was still kept up after our return, under the same officers.  I showed the Act of incorporation to the Captain.  At the next meeting, upon his suggestion, a committee was appointed to draft a constitution and by-laws, as the Act had given that liberty.  The committee reported, and their report was finally adopted.  One of the provisions of the Constitution was that the company should consist of not less than sixty-four, nor more than one hundred members.  The company did not then number more than about seventy, as several had gone into Confederate service, and some had removed from the District.  About the time the Constitution was adopted, Captain Pressley was making an effort to raise a company for Confederate service.  After some time, he succeeded in getting the necessary number for organization for Confederate service, (about sixty-eight, I believe), when a meeting was held, and he was elected Captain over the new company.  Of course, then, this vacated his office of Captain in the old company, for if the company then forming had been the old company, it was a mere farce to elect him Captain of it, for he held that position already.  This is too plain to need any further explanation.  Seventeen or eighteen, including Captain Pressley himself, were all he had of the old members, all the others being recruits.--Captain Pressley went into the Confederate service; he did not carry, nor attempt to carry, the Constitution and By-Laws, nor drums, fife, &c. which seemed to be a tacit admission that he considered he had left the "Wee Nee Riflemen" behind.  It is true the Constitution and By-Laws would have been of no use to him in service, but the drums and fife would; and it is quite clear that the Constitution, having been adopted as The Constitution of something, it was not the Constitution of Capt. Pressley's Company; it must, therefore, have been the constitution of that portion of the old company, remaining at home.  Besides, those remaining had considerably the majority. 
               
These were my conclusions upon the subject.  Accordingly, being reduced below the constitutional number, (64) I now gave notice, as commanding officer (1st Lieutenant) of the company, that recruits were desired to increase the ranks, and that as soon as the necessary number were obtained, elections would be held to fill vacant offices.  The number was soon obtained, elections held, I was elected Captain; and I claim and intend to hold to the original incorporated name.  I was somewhat astonished, therefore, when I saw the muster roll of Capt. Pressley's Company in the Mercury, under the name of the "Wee Nee Volunteers."  many persons saw this also, and were at the same time, aware that my command was known as the "Wee Nee Riflemen," and not being aware of the facts I narrate in this letter, could not understand the mystery.  I now leave the matter with those, for the benefit of whom I write, to decide which has the better right to the prefix, "Wee Nee."  I will state, for the information of those who may not be aware of the fact, and who may be curious to know, from reading the preceding, what the "Wee Nee Riflemen" are doing at home, that we have reported and been received into the Pee Dee Legion, commanded by Genl. W. W. Hardee, organized for the defense of South Carolina. 
                                                                                               
Yours truly, 
                                                                                                               
Samuel W. Maurice. 
                                                                                                                               
Capt. W. N. R.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, October 24, 1861, p. 3, c. 1

Madam Fillette

Will open this day, and continue doing the same for some days, a handsome collection of Bonnets, Ribbons, Flowers, Bonnet Ruches.  Bonnet Tabs, Velvet Ribbons, in all widths, White and Black Feathers, Muslin for Skirt Linings, White and Black Illusions, White and Black Flowers, Straw Bonnets, White and Crape; Straw Jockeys; Turbans Zouave; Boulevards, &c.  
Between two and three hundred bunches French Flowers, which will be sold low, at wholesale or retail.  

Mrs. A. G. Parker,  
242 King-street, in the Bend,

Respectfully informs the ladies and purchasers generally, that she will open This Day a Handsome Assortment of Millinery, consisting of every variety appertaining to that department.  
Also, Silk and Cloth Cloaks, Mantillas and Chesterfields.  
An Assortment of French and German Corsets.  
Mrs. P. would inform those buying that she is prepared to furnish Bonnets for the trade, and will attend to any orders she may be favored with.  
Dress Making attended to with dispatch.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, October 24, 1861, p. 4, c. 1

Knitting for the Soldiers.

Knitting for the soldiers! 
               
How the needles fly!  
Now with sound of merriment-- 
               
Now with many a sigh!  

Knitting for the soldiers! 
               
Panoply for feet--  
Onward bound to victory? 
               
Rushing in retreat?  

Knitting for the soldiers! 
               
Wrinkled--aged crone  
Flying flying needles 
               
By the ember stone.  

Crooning ancient ballads 
               
Rocking to and fro,  
In your sage divining 
               
Say where these shall go!  

Jaunty set of stockings 
               
Neat from top to toe,  
March they with the victor? 
               
Lie with vanquished low?  

Knitting for the soldiers! 
               
Matron--merry maid,  
Many and many a blessing 
               
Many a prayer is said.  

While the glittering needles 
               
Fly "around! around!"  
Like to Macbeth's witches 
               
On enchanted ground.  

Knitting for the soldiers-- 
               
Still another pair!  
And the feet that wear them 
               
Speed they onward--where?  

To the silent city 
               
On their trackless way?  
Homeward--bearing garlands? 
               
Who of us shall say?  

Knitting for the soldiers! 
               
Heaven bless them all!  
Those who win the battle, 
               
Those who fighting fall.  

Might our benedictions 
               
Speedily win reply,  
Early would they crown ye 
               
All with victory!  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, October 25, 1861, p. 2, c. 1 
               
Martial Juveniles.--A battalion (i. e. two companies) of youngsters, emulous of the military drill and discipline of their elders, paid us a visit yesterday and went through some portions of the manual very creditably, in Broad St., just in front of The Mercury office.  These mimic soldiers, who were uniformed in the very brightest tints of red, blue and yellow, and who were attended by a drum corps almost as numerous as that of the New York Seventh Regiment, will, one of these days, take their places in the ranks, and show that they have not forgotten the lessons of these trying days of '61. 

CHARLESTON MERCURY, October 26, 1861, p. 1, c. 3 
               
Unmitigated Gouging.--As instances of the extortion and imposition practiced by some of the tradesmen of Richmond, we give the following enormous prices asked for different articles, viz:  $10 a pair for soldiers' shoes made to order, 20 cents per pound for coffee and sugar, 30 cents for crushed sugar, 30 cents per pound for bacon, 28 cents per pound for lard, 38 cents per pound for butter, 50 cents per pound for coffee, $3 per pound for green tea, &c.  It is said that one merchant there purchased a whole cargo of coffee in one of our Southern cities, some time ago for 13 cents per pound, which he is now disposing of at the rate of 45 and 50 cents per pound.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, October 29, 1861, p. 1, c. 2 
               
The Wool Product of the South.--According to a recent collection of wool statistics, there is produced in all the Southern States, not including Texas, 10,000,000 pounds of wool. 
               
The number of sheep in Texas in 1860, as shown by the census report of that year, was 340,000.  With these, not then enumerated, and those since brought into the country, there may possibly be 160,000 more, which, added to census returns, would increase the number now in the State to 500,000.  Of these, at least 30,000 are Mexican coarse wool sheep, which will not average more than one and a half pounds to the fleece, making of coarse wool 450,000 pounds.  Then counting the 200,000 Merino and other improved stock to average three pounds to the fleece, and we have of fine wool 160 pounds, which, added to the coarse wool, will make 1,050,000 of Texas grown wool. 
               
Including the wool crop of Texas, it will be perceived that there is annually produced in the Confederate States less than 12,000,000 pounds. 
               
According to calculations, made in well informed quarters, there are required annually for clothing, blankets, &c., six pounds of wool for every individual in the country.  Estimating the population of the Confederate States to be ten millions, we find that there is annually required for home consumption sixty millions pounds of wool, or forty-eight millions pounds more than is produced. 
               
The deficit shown by these statistics is certainly a large and serious one.  Fortunately, however, for the South, wool is the only article of manufacture of which we have not an abundant supply. 
               
It has been stated in some of our exchanges that there are now at work in the Confederate States more machinery for the manufacture of woollen [sic] fabrics than can be supplied with the materials.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, October 29, 1861, p. 1, c. 5 
               
Substitute for Tea.--In some of our North Carolina exchanges we have seen notices of Yopon as a substitute for tea.  A writer in the Houston (Texas) Telegraph, says: 
               
"Yopon is excellent.  But let me say that the wild thorned leaf holly is the best tea I have ever used.  It would take the best of judges to tell it from the best of black tea.  Fall is the time to gather the leaves.  Make as black tea."  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, October 29, 1861, p. 2, c. 2 
               
Hard Times for Newspapers.--That old and excellent daily, the Nashville Union and American, has made a heavy curtailment in the size of its sheet.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, October 30, 1861, p. 2, c. 1 
               
Color for the First Regiment of South Carolina Volunteers.--We have been shown a very handsome flag, about to be presented by the ladies of Charleston, to the First Regiment, now at Suffolk, Virginia, as a regimental standard.  On one side, beautifully embroidered upon a white ground, stands a Palmetto, emblem of the State, with a Crescent in the upper flagstaff corner.  Below is the name of the regiment.  On the reverse, upon a green ground, is a large white wreath, half oak, half laurel, admirably worked.  And in the centre, the words, "Pro Patria.--Campaign 1861."  The flag is surrounded by a green fringe, and is of a very proper size, not too heavy for use.  We understand that it comes from the hands of Mrs. Schuckman, to whose skill it does great credit.  It may be seen at Messrs. Hayden and Whilden's for a day or two.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, November 1, 1861, p. 4, c. 3 
               
Stockings for the Army.--The following rules are laid down for the direction of ladies wishing to knit socks for the soldiers:  Get large needles and a coarse yarn.  Cast on seventy-eight stitches, and knit the leg ten inches before setting the heel.  The heel should be three and a half inches long, and knit of double yarn, one fine and coarse, for extra strength.  The foot should be eleven or twelve inches long.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, November 2, 1861, p. 1, c. 3

Paris Fashions for the Fall.

                Notwithstanding that the determination is very general among our ladies not to indulge in expensive dresses during the war, they will doubtless be glad to learn how the fair Parisiennes will arrange their toilet for November.  We copy the following resume of the latest Paris Fashions from Le Follet, received from Europe by way of Havana, in the Southern steamer Theodora: 
               
Winter materials may not yet be brought prominently forward, but our various manufacturers are busily engaged in preparing many attractive novelties.  At present we are fully occupied with costumes for the mid season, which are necessarily usually simple.  The Mozambique, a woollen [sic] material, stronger than the poil de chevre, is making itself of no little importance for neglige costume.  The taffetas are being trimmed with velvet.  Seaside morning dresses are often of alpaca, or dark clear colored foulard.  Violet alpaca is very recherche this season; dresses of this material are generally made plain, or trimmed simply with white and violet checked ribbons, or white and any other color the dress may be made of.  Muslins, gazes de soie, grenadines, &c., are beginning to be worn only in the evening.  Poplins are now making their appearance for walking dress.  Among the morning walking dresses may be seen the silk and woollen [sic] poplins, with patterns in velvet; the robe mandarine, or woollen [sic] terry velvet, with Chinese patterns, in bright colors, on a ground of grey or black.  There is also the taffetas epingle d'automne in large check or squares, on a ground covered with a small colored flowers.  The drouguet Byzantin, with small spots of white on colored or black ground, is also in vogue.  Then comes the charming collection of checked taffetas for dinner dress, in the new and striking shade of coral and white, white and blue, white and amethyst, and white and maize.  The plain taffetas antiques, of laurel green, Russian leather, and other dark colors, are employed for the robes imperatrice, or redingotes, with paletots to match. 
               
The vogue for Zouaves is far from becoming extinct; there is an economical reason which proves greatly in their favor.  For instance, skirts that would otherwise be rejected, have a very good effect, when accompanied by the coquette vest Zouave and an elegant chemisette; but, setting aside the question of economy, this loose jacket, in which one is as entirely at ease as when dressed in a robe-de-chambre, is so convenient, that it will be difficult altogether to discard it.--Velvet, moire, cloth, taffetas, and cachemire, are all employed for the Zouave.  Some persons prefer the waistcoat to the loose bouffante chemisette.  The waistcoat is generally made of the same material as the Zouave; but the white quilting, trimmed with narrow embroidered frills, appears preferable. 
               
The form of bonnets remain almost stationary, and will continue, with but slight modifications, until the winter sets in.  Hats are universally worn at the seaside and in the country.  The Brunswick is a sort of bell, bent on the sides, and has obtained a great success this year.  It is made of Leghorn, edged with black velvet, with a band of the same around the head, and a bouquet of field flowers in the front, with long foliage, falling on either side like the ends of a flat bow.  A small bouquet is placed inside, rather high on the forehead.  The Tudor of black straw, with a small tail behind, edged with black taffeta ribbon, and trimmed behind with a large bow of broad ribbon, the ends falling over the back.  A small bunch of feathers ornaments the front, from which floats a long sky-blue feather.  The chapeau Amazone, of white straw; the edge is deep, very much turned back, and covered with black velvet.  A long feather is placed negligently on the side; the top part of the feather is cinded [sic?], the tip is knotted, and hangs low over the shoulder.  A small bouquet of black feathers, fastened with a white aigrette, is placed half concealed under the long feathers in front; a gauze or lace veil, edged with broad velvet, is often fastened on the edge of this hat.  Hats of rice straw are trimmed with ornaments of Italian straw, and white and black feathers; maize and black strings, and bouquets of eglantine inside. 
               
Bonnets preserve much of the summer trimming, and shapes; we must, however, allow that the material is slightly changing; taffetas is used in lieu of light straws and crape, &c.  The shades of this season commence with green, felt grey, and Solferino. 
               
Ball dresses at the watering places, or in the country, as elegant as winter costume, with the exception of diamonds and other precious stones--although these are to be seen on the occasion of a ball given on the celebration of a marriage.  The fashion has made white almost the uniform for evening dresses.   Robes of tulle, embroidered muslin, tarletane, gaze de Chambery, or gaze de Lyons, which, although an imitation of the former, is fresher and clearer. 
               
Peach-colored tulle is very pretty, trimmed with white and black lace, disposed in bands on the bottom of the skirt, headed with a full ruching of white and black lace.  The body is round and low a la vierge, with two rows of white and black lace.  Spotted muslins and tarlatanes are in universal demand. 
               
Elegance in morning dress increases daily; the simple, gathered peignoir is no longer allowed, but must be replaced by the casaque, over a skirt of the same material.  The choice is varied:  a casaque, with a jaconet skirt, with narrow tucks and magnificent embroidery; an embroidered muslin, with rich laces; or the more simple skirt edged with a broad black or red velvet, must be accompanied by the braided casaque of black taffetas or white quilting. 
               
Caps and head-dresses have not greatly varied as yet.  A very becoming cap is of English lace, trimmed with a rose and long grass.  The rose is placed very high, and is without leaves.  The strings are of broad pink ribbon. 
               
Dress caps are composed of white and black lace, mixed with ribbons and flowers; and most young married ladies wear a white coiffure, however beautiful and luxurious their hair.  It is quite the fashion in full dress.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, November 2, 1861, p. 1, c. 1

The Wee Nee Volunteers.

                                                                                                                Cole's Island, October 30.  
To the Editor of the Charleston Mercury: 
               
In your issue of 24th October, I see a communication, over the signature of Samuel W. Maurice, "Capt. W. N. V.," written, as he says, because he had been informed that there is considerable curiosity among those who are aware of the services of the "Wee Nees," upon Sullivan's and Morris' Islands, last winter, as to how it came to pass that there are now two companies claiming the same name."  I was not aware of the fact that there were two companies claiming the same name.  I had been informed that the company commanded by Capt. Maurice called itself the "Wee Nee Riflemen."  The article alluded to so styles that company.  My company is called the Wee Nee Volunteers.  It does not strike me that the names are the same.  Wee Nee is the Indian name of Black River, the stream upon which many of the men now with me were reared.  I once heard of a company called the Wee Nee Dragoons.  I do not think that either the "Wee Nee Riflemen" or the "Wee Nee Volunteers" is fairly chargeable with having taken their name. 
               
The company which I had the honor of commanding last winter; of which I feel justly proud, was called the "Wee Nee Volunteers," as Captain Maurice states in his article; but as, according to his own statement, his company is not now called by the original name, nor is mine called by the name which his now bears.  I have failed to see the use of going into an argument to prove which has the best title to the original name.--There is certainly not now any conflict in names.   I would only add, in conclusion, that the members of my old company know me too well to render it necessary for me to say, that it was with no spirit of opposition that we continued to call ourselves "Wee Nee Volunteers."  Last winter's service has not only created an attachment for the men, but even the name by which the company was known; and I cannot conceive (aside from any question of right) that we have been guilty of any impropriety, particularly as that portion of the company, whose rendezvous is at Kingstree, now call themselves by another name.  I speak of the portion at Kingstree, because I understand that there are two other companies, either formed or in the process of formation, by members of my old company; and besides, there are a good many in Virginia, and some in the 10th Regiment S. C. V. know the fact, that there are others (besides the twenty now here), who were prevented from circumstances beyond their control, from joining me, till an order from our colonel, discontinuing recruiting, was published. 
               
With the best wishes for every member of my old company, and the perfect confidence that they will fully discharge their duty, when called into action.  I beg leave to subscribe myself, 
                                                                               
Respectfully, 
                                                                                               
Geo. W. Pressley, 
                                                                               
Capt. Wee Nee Vols., 1st Reg't. S. C. V.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, November 4, 1861, p. 4, c. 5 
                                                                               
In Camp Near Centreville, 
                                                                                               
Fairfax Co., Va., October 26. 
               
The camps have been in a dreadful condition to-day.  The ground is wet with the steady rains, and the thick clay soil holds the water on the surface for hours.  The roads are but stagnant channels of mud; the by-paths through the roads, making short cuts to the different camps, are horrible, as well to foot passengers and mounted men.  The day has been a dreary one.  Even the base-ball players find the green sward in front of the camp, too boggy for their accustomed sport.  Nevertheless, breakfast and dinner have to be cooked.  The fires of green, wet wood, burn lazily; the smoke is thick, and permeates everywhere.  It is just such a day as will fit many a brave fellow for the hospital, with a touch of rheumatism or pneumonia, or neuralgia.  I put on my oil cloth and walk through the camp.  It is quite early, and the boys are getting breakfast ready.  Intent upon the contents of a tin pan, I find one, in his shirt sleeves.  He has the rations of raw flour for his mess; near by is a bucket of water, and in a frying pan a piece of fat bacon, with which to grease the tough dough.  After a rough kneading, it is put in the oven, spread out with the hand, and left to bake; and, in due course of time, it is pronounced "done."  Upon examination, you find it brown outside, raw inside, and only palatable because of the grease--otherwise, it would choke you. 
               
To the left, is another of the mess; he has the rations of coffee, which have just been burnt in the fire.  These are put into a stocking and laid on an oak log with one hand--with the other heavy blows are struck with a billet of wood or an axe; this process is in lieu of a coffee-mill, which is not to be had.  There are several ways of "grinding" coffee; the most novel, however, is to get a smooth board and a glass bottle; the grains of coffee are deposited on the board, and the bottle is used as a roller.  After great effort the grains are broken, not into very small particles, but as well as is possible under the circumstances.  As to meat, we have the everlasting beef, and the steaks are chopped with a knife, or beat with a stick, until they have reached a proper degree of tenderness.  The French--but why mention them--even the detested Yankees, issue ground coffee in paper packages of one ration each, packed in boxes of one hundred or two hundred each.  So with sugar, tobacco, salt, pepper, &c.  But the rations of coffee are fast giving out; and whisky, better known as "army lightning," is reported on the way to be issued in gills to the men. . . .This will, perhaps, be considered by some folks as a fault-finding letter, but what I have said is a plain picture of our camp life.  A member of --- Company tells me that there is scarcely a blanket to a man in his corps, and that there is great suffering now; and what will be the result in a week or two is easily foreseen.  Either send clothing and blankets for our soldiers, or enlarge your hospital accommodations! . . .Kiawah.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, November 4, 1861, p. 4, c. 3 
               
The Little Rock Democrat says that the Van Buren Cotton Factory is in full operation, and will be able to supply this year's demand in Arkansas for cotton yarns.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, November 19, 1861, p. 3, c. 1

Drugs, Chemicals, &c.  
10,000 lbs Castile Soap, Genuine.  
400 lbs Turkey Opium  
50 lbs Rhubarb Root  
100 lbs.   "     "     Powdered  
25 lbs.     "     "     Turkey  
100 oz Sulphate Morphine  
50 lbs White Precipitate  
100 lbs Red     "  
200 lbs Corrosive Sublimate  
100 lbs Prussinate Potash  
100 lbs White Wax (Virgin)  
200 lbs Sweet Spirits Nitre  
200 lbs Water Ammonia  
5 bbls Ground Flax Seed (to arrive)  
100 lbs Pearled Sago  
2 lbs Oil Bitter Almonds  
20 lbs "     Bergamot  
20 lbs "     Lemon  
5 bbls. Borax, Refined  
200 lbs Seneka Root  
100 lbs Velerian Root  
200 lbs Pink     "  
50 lbs Sarsaparilla Root  
50 lbs Magnesia, Small Squares  
8 bbls Camphor  
15 bbls Glue, Extra  
10 bbls Brimstone  
5 bbls Sulphur  
10 bbls Venetian Red  
10 bbls Spanish Brown  
10 bbls Chalk  
5 bbls Blacking, Mason's  
10 kegs Red Lead  
300 lbs Race Ginger  
300 lbs "     "     Ground  
1 bale Cloves  
3 tons Zinc Paint in 25 lb kegs  
3 cases Chrome Yellow  
3 cases "     Green  
3 bales Bottle Corks  
300 gross Vials, long assorted  
19 bbls Tobacco, Smoking  
500 doz. Maccaboy Snuff, Lorillard's  
25 jars "     "     "  
300 doz Scotch     "     "  
500 doz Soda Powders  
200 doz Extracts, Flavoring  
100 gross Ayer's Preparations  
100 doz McLean's Cordial  
100 doz Hostetter's Bitters  
100 gross Wilson's Pills  
8 gross Peruvian Syrup  
8 gross Townsend's Sarsaparilla  
10 gross Arabian Liniment  
10 gross Edwards' Rat Poison  
2 gross Indelible Ink, Kidder's  
50 gross Cephalic Pills,  
100 doz Wood's hair restorative  
100 doz Sachem Bitters  
50 gross Fahnestock's Vermifluge  
3 gross Bull's Sarsaparilla  
20 gross Lee's Pills  
25 doz Wolfe's Schnapps  
With a good assortment of soaps, brushes and fine perfumery, for sale by Stevenson & Co., 23 Hayne-street.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, November 25, 1861, p. 2, c. 6

Theatre.  
G. F. Marchant,.........Sole Lessee and Manager  
For Three Nights only!  
the  
Zouaves!  
French Soldiers of the Crimea, Algeria, etc.  
Who instituted a  
Theatre on the Battle Field!  
At Inkermann, before the walls of Sebastopol, and who  
have recently performed with immense success for 90 con-  
secutive nights in New Orleans.  
This Evening, November 25, 1861,  
The  
Troubadour Soldier!  
Comic Pantomime in One Act.  
La Marseilaise!  
Sung by Zouave Frederich.  
Une Fille Terrible!  
Comic Vaudeville in One Act.  
Soldier and Boarder!  
Military Episode of the Crimean War.  
Ambuscade at Tracktir!  
Military Episode of the Crimean War, in one Tableau.  
Introducing  
Bayonet Exercise and Fencing  
With the Bayonet!  
To conclude, the Zouaves will sing their own Song,  
Le Rondeau Des Zou! Zou!!  
Doors open at 6 1/2; performance commence precisely at 7 1/4 o'clock.  
Box office open from 10 to 12, and 4 to 4 p.m.  
Prices of Admission--Dress Circle 75c; Pit and Family Circle 50 cents; Gallery 25 cents.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, November 28, 1861, p. 1, c. 3 
               
Marriages.--From a table compiled by the Auditor of State, exhibiting the ages of marriage between persons marrying for the first time, and the number of each, in the several districts of the State, and the whole State, we learn that by calculating from intermediate periods, that if a female is twenty years of age and is unmarried, more than one quarter of the probabilities of even her ever becoming married are gone; if she passes the age of twenty-five, a maiden, more than three-quarters of her probabilities are lost; and if she passes to thirty years unmarried, seven eighths of her chances of ever becoming a wife are past; at thirty-five years of age and still unmarried, she has only about three chances in a hundred left, and these rapidly becoming less. 
               
The tables of course vary as to males.  In respect to them it will be perceived that if he is twenty and is unmarried, one in forty of his probabilities of ever becoming married are gone; if he passes the age of twenty-five unmarried, on-half his probabilities are lost; and if he passes to thirty years of age, he has fifteen in every hundred of his chances remaining; at thirty-five years of age and still unmarried, he has only two chances in every hundred left. 
               
In this State the number of marriages in 1859 was 7048--embracing 14,038 persons passing this interesting event in life for the calendar year. 
               
In 1860 there were 7336 marriages, or one in every 142 of the free white inhabitants.  Of this number 4919 were males, and 6497 were females, marrying for the first time. 
               
From 1839 to 1843 there was in England an annual average of one marriage in every 130 of population; in France and Austria, one in 123, and in Prussia, one in 110.  In Massachusetts, the average annual marriages for the years 1850, 1851, and 1852, was one in 106; in Kentucky, in 1853, 1854, and 1855, one in 143; and in South Carolina, in 1856, one in every 174 of the white population. 
               
The returns of marriages show that in the Northwestern districts of the State, the youngest female who married was twelve years of age, and the youngest male was fourteen.  No female married in any of the other districts under thirteen years of age, and no male under sixteen years of age.  Richmond Examiner.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, November 30, 1861, p. 2, c. 5

Soldiers  
Water Proof Oil Cloth  
Overcoats, Capes, Leggins  
and  
Blanket Linings.

                The above goods are manufactured by Golucke & Wilson, Washington, Wilkes county, Ga.  Their goods are not affected by cold, and will not leak nor crack, being thoroughly saturated with an elastic composition.  Persons desiring to purchase such goods, will find this article to answer every purpose for which it is intended, and at lower prices than any ever yet presented to the public.  Mr. Wilson can be found at the Pavilion Hotel, in this place, for several days, where specimens can be seen, for the purpose of receiving orders. 
                                                                                                                               
Wm. H. Wilson.

CHARLESTON MERCURY, December 2, 1861, p. 1, c. 2 
               
Manufactories in the South.--They have thirty factories in the State of Georgia engaged in making cotton and woolen goods, besides several smaller factories that only spin yarn.  The following is a statement of the works of the factories for one week:  202,000 yards of shirtings; 271,500 yards of osnabergs, stripes, drills and denims; 54,000 yards of kerseys and lindseys [sic], and 22,900 yards of jeans and cassimeres.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, December 10, 1861, p. 1, c. 3 
                                                                                                                   
Richmond, December 7.  
. . .Richmond ladies are busily engaged in knitting woolen comforts and helmets or vizers [sic] for the soldiers.  Figured worsted costs 50 cents an ounce, plain 37 1/2 cents.  A dress of what used to be called "ten cent calico," now costs seven dollars.  Seven small tenements, in an out-of-the-way part of town, which had been offered privately for $10,300, sold at auction, the other day, for $12,500. . .                                                                                      Hermes.      

CHARLESTON MERCURY, December 11, 1861, p. 2, c. 1  
Six Sisters of Mercy will leave Charleston to-morrow, on their way to Western Virginia, to nurse the sick in our army hospitals there.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, December 17, 1861, p. 1, c. 1 
               
A new kind of cloth is noticed in the western papers, made of cotton and cow's hair spun together.  It is heavy and strong--well calculated for warmth and wear--a very good substitute for wool, and, if lined, a good substitute for blankets.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, December 27, 1861, p. 3, c. 2

Tracts for the Soldiers.

                The South Carolina Tract Society has recently printed and published in Charleston, all of them designed to be appropriate, and several of them specially applicable, to our Soldiers in their peculiar trials and temptations, the following:  
No. 17                     I don't like Professions                                                                        4 pages.  
No. 18                     The Bible in my Trunk                                                                         4 pages.  
No. 19                     How to dispose of Care                                                                      4 pages.  
No. 20                     The Way of Peace                                                                               8 pages.  
No. 21                     Quench not the Spirit                                                                          4 pages.  
No. 22                     Fatal Delusions                                                                                    4 pages.  
No. 23                     The Sword of the Spirit                                                                       4 pages.  
No. 24                     Provocation                                                                                         4 pages.  
No. 25                     The Missionary's Nephew                                                                   4 pages.  
No. 26                     Lost Convictions                                                                                 4 pages.  
No. 27                     Profane Swearing                                                                                 4 pages.  
No. 28                     Obstacles to Conversion                                                                      4 pages.  
No. 29                     The Spirit Grieved                                                                                4 pages.  
No. 30                     Counsel to the Convicted                                                                     4 pages.  
No. 31                     Every Man the Friend or the Enemy of Christ                                       4 pages.  
No. 32                     The Soldier's Victory                                                                           8 pages.  
No. 33                     The Wrath to Come                                                                             4 pages.  
No. 34                     What are you Fit for?                                                                          8 pages.  
No. 35                     Christ a Convert from the Tempest                                                      8 pages.  
No. 36                     The Christian Traveller                                                                        8 pages.  
No. 37                     Napoleon's Argument                                                                         8 pages.  
No. 38                     I can't make Myself Different                                                              8 pages.  
No. 39                     The Sinner his own Destroyer                                                             8 pages.  
No. 40                     The Infidel's Creed                                                                             8 pages.  
No. 41                     Alarm to the Careless                                                                         8 pages.  
No. 42                     True Conversion                                                                                 8 pages.  
No. 43                     Christian Offices                                                                                 8 pages  
No. 44                     Our War, our Cause, and our Duty.  By Rev. C. W.  
                                               
Andrews, D. D.                                                                 16 pages.  
No. 45                     The Crimean Hero                                                                            __ pages.  
No. 46                     The Muffled Drum                                                                               8 pages.  
No. 47                     How do you bear your Trials?                                                           __ pages.  
No. 48                     How long have you been sick?  The Soldier's Legacy                        __ pages 
               
These can be had at the Sunday School and Tract Depository, opposite Chalmers-street, No. 67 Meeting-street, at the rate of $1 for 1600 pages. 
               
Donations and applications for grants to be made to E. L. Kerrison, Esq., Secretary and Treasurer, or to Rev. C. C. Pinckney. 
               
As the Society is altogether without funds, and is daily making grants, donations are earnestly required. 
               
N. B.  Other papers will aid the good cause by inserting this Notice and Appeal.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, December 28, 1861, p. 3, c. 3 
               
A certain cure for coughs.--A remedy never known to fail:  Three cents' worth of liquourice [sic]; three cents' worth of rock candy; three cents' worth of gum arabic.  Put them in a quart of water, simmer them till thoroughly dissolved; then add three cents' worth of paregoric, and a like quantity of antimonial wine.  Let it cool, and sip whenever the cough is troublesome.  It is pleasant, infallible, cheap and good.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, December 30, 1861, p. 1, c. 3 
                                                                                                                  
Richmond, December 25. 
               
Christmas, the fire-cracker Sunday of the year, dawns as brightly as heart could wish.  There is anything else than "peace on earth and good will to men," yet the present situation and the prospect before us afford ample cause for gratitude.  We are not perhaps so well off as we might have been, but are intact as a nation, and after many months of war with a people much superior to ourselves in numbers and resources, have proved our ability to maintain our independence.  Of course, there were egg-nog parties all over the town last night.  "It was the custom of my ancestors," said a friend, at whose foaming bowl your correspondent presented himself, "and I intend to keep it up, whether I am able or not, war or no war."  Military Christmas gifts are all the go among children, judging from the number of little boys in the street this morning with drums swung from their necks. . . . Hermes.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, January 1, 1862, p. 1, c. 4  
The Washington Star, of the 23d inst., says: 
               
The clothing of the "secesh" taken in the recent battle at Drainsville, proves that the enemy are, indeed, intense sufferers for want of Quartermaster's stores.  Thus, three-fourths of their coats are of cotton cloth--not woolen--lined in some instances with a heavier cotton cloth, or padded with cotton.  The coats of the South Carolina troops engaged were colored by being dyed with tobacco juice.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, January 1, 1862, p. 1, c. 4 
               
The following extract from a letter from Washington to the Cincinnati Times most significantly indicates the difference of feeling, motive and action that animates the women of the two sections.  The difference between the men is equally as great, as every battle field has attested: 
               
And now, that blankets are the subject, let me digress to refer to the recent appeal of the Government for donations of these indispensable comforts.  The meagre [sic] response made by Northern women to this call is, by itself, evidence that the South is more earnest than the North--at least, it feels more keenly the necessity of the crisis.  It is known that scarcely a Southern matron from Bull Run to the Rio Grande possess a spare blanket.  All surplus contents of the family chests and drawers have gone to comfort the shivering rebel army.  But the women of the opulent and thrifty North--the 5,000,000 housewives of the North--find heart to distribute among their patriot brothers only thirty-five hundred of the 20,000,000 blankets in their possession.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, January 1, 1862, p. 2, c. 2 
               
Clothing Manufactory.--Among the many manufacturing establishments destroyed by the recent destructive fire, and which had given abundant employment to hundreds of industrious persons, was, as we have already mentioned, the Clothing Manufactory of Messrs. Matthiessen, O'Hara & Co.  We are pleased to learn, however, as likewise, will be the community at large, that the establishment of this enterprising firm will soon be in operation again.  They have secured the large hall over Follin's Grocery, corner of Meeting and Market-sts., and expect to be in full blast within ten days.  This house, alone, employs constantly upwards of two hundred steady hands.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, January 3, 1862, p. 1, c. 3 
                                                                                                               
Richmond, December 31,  
. . . An interesting series of experiments with war rockets and other missiles is being made daily at the Confederate Laboratory in this city.  Hands to the number of nine hundred are employed in this establishment.  
. . . Prices for provisions are still advancing.  Turkies [sic] sell for $3.50 to $4 each; apples $15 to $20 a barrel, ice-cream $9 a quart; and "French candy" $1 a pound.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, January 4, 1862, p.  1, c. 2 
               
The manufacture of wooden shoes is now carried on quite extensively in Raleigh, N. C., by Messrs. Theim & Fraps.  The enterprising manufacturers have in their employment some thirty hands, and are turning out about one hundred pair of shoes per day.  The shape and size of the shoe are first marked and sawed out, and then it is bored and scooped out, and fashioned at the bottom and sand-papered, and lined, and painted, and topped with leather, and thus finished in various rooms in the same building.  Most of this work is done by machinery, driven by steam.  The wood used is gum and poplar, which is well steamed before the shoe is made.  We understand these shoes are actually lighter than the leather brogan of the same number, and as for durability, the bottoms will last until the next war.  Messrs. Theim & Fraps have more orders than they can fill.  Wooden shoes are worn in some parts of Europe; but we suppose this is the first manufactory of the sort, by machinery and steam, which has been established.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, January 4, 1862, p. 1, c. 6

Camp Prices.

                The annexed extract from a Centreville (Va.) letter will give the reader some idea of the prices at which various articles sell at the sutler's stores: 
               
By paying five prices for the article, you obtain anything in the market, from sardines to stove polish.  Oysters arrive every night, fresh from the shell, "only a dollar a quart," while preserves, pickles, nuts, raisins, shirts, drawers, looking glasses, cigars, stockings, boots (twenty five dollars a pair), caps, cards, crockery, and ten thousand other articles, make up the organization of the commanding general over whom the owners hoist their banners:  "General Assortment."  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, January 4, 1862, p. 2, c. 2 
               
Jones' Portable Soup and Potted Meats.--In these days of war and blockade, when we are thrown upon our own resources for all our little comforts and necessaries, every enterprise which tends to widen the gap of our dependence upon foreign nations is hailed with pleasure, and particularly so if that enterprise is for the benefit of the poor soldier, who, in his camp life, is too frequently neglected.  Mr. J. W. Jones, of our city, has recently commenced preparing portable soups and potted meats, expressly for camp use, and where soups and meats are not easily prepared or are wanted in a hurry, these articles are indispensable.  Mr. Jones has gone to a large expense in fitting up an oven and bake house--not so much with a view of money making, as it was to provide a moderate luxury for the residents of the camp, and he must feel gratified at having so well succeeded.  Already several of our local companies encamped on the coast, and several companies in Virginia, have been supplied by Mr. Jones; and in their letters ordering further supplies, they, without exception, speak in the highest terms of the several preparations.  We have received from Mr. Jones a sample of his soup, potted and collared beef, and, after trial, fully coincide with the above verdict of unqualified approval.  The Commissary General of the State has made large purchases, and it is to be hoped that ere very long these preparations will be among the regular rations of the soldier.  Any person wishing to try a package may be supplied at Messrs. Hamilton & Smith's Grocery Store.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, January 4, 1862, p. 2, c. 2 
                                                                                                                        
Richmond, January.  
. . . Quite a number of new-fangled flags are exhibited in the window of the Dispatch office.  The latest picture, which is gotten up with great care and neatness, represents a tri-color--three bars of equal width running horizontally--the lower black, the middle purple, the upper white, with stars in it.  The black bar is designed to notify mankind that the Confederacy "sprung from Black Republicanism."  Ha!  How would a buzzard sitting on a cotton bale, with a chew of tobacco in his mouth, a little nigger in one claw, and a palmetto tree in the other, answer?  Nothing could be more thoroughly and comprehensively Southern. 
               
Negro hiring is the great business just at this time.  Women command better prices than men.  Cooks, male or female, are eagerly sought after, at any price almost.  Men are hiring for $100, and from that to $120 and $150.                  Hermes.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, January 4, 1862, p. 2, c. 2

Charleston Wayside Hospital and Soldiers' Depot.

                Every train will bring large numbers of soldiers hungry, fatigued, and many perhaps sick and faint.  Refreshments are essential immediately upon their arrival.  Our City Council has appointed the undersigned a Committee to attend to this matter.  The new building erected as a depot for the South Carolina Railroad Company, has been kindly given up for the reception of the soldiers, and ample accommodations prepared for the sick and disabled. 
               
We want cooks, waiters, nurses, fuel, hospital stores, &c., &c.  Our citizens, we are assured, will immediately come to our aid.  All communications should be addressed to Prof. F. S. Holmes, the Superintendent, at his residence, corner of Calhoun and St. Philip streets, or at the depot of the South Carolina Railroad. 
                               
H. R. Banks,          } 
                               
F. S. Holmes,         } Committee. 
                               
J. S. Riggs,             }  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, January 10, 1862, p. 1, c. 3 
               
Woman's Invention.--The Eutaw (Alabama) Observer states that a lady of that place, being desirous of obtaining a military scarf for a relative, and not being able to buy one to suit her, cut up and carded a silk dress, spun it into thread, and crotcheted [sic] it into a most beautiful and elegant scarf.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, January 10, 1862, p. 2, c. 1 
               
Paper Manufactories.--The importance of establishing paper mills throughout the South is at once obvious.  Thousands upon thousands of dollars, invested in printing materials, are now lying idle and unproductive for want of paper.--No other branch of business in the South has suffered more than the printing business, and that mainly for the want of paper, and this too when the manufacture of paper would be the most princely profitable business imaginable.  The ends of rope, waste cotton, pieces of bagging, and other articles used in the manufacture of paper, could be procured in quantities sufficient for all purposes, and would be cheerfully and gladly given.  Sites would be donated, and doubtless premiums could be obtained by parties wishing to start the business; and yet our capitalists, with a stolid indifference which is wonderful, make no move in the matter, and to the cry for paper, which comes from all parts of the South, they remain foolishly indifferent.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, January 13, 1862, p.  1, c. 3 
                                                                                                                      
Richmond, January 10.  
. . . One of the most profitable businesses in this town is the selling of split lightwood.  All a man has to do is to go into the woods, find a log of fat pine, split it up, tie up the splits in billets, haul them to town, and get from $7 to $10 for an old log. . . . Hermes.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, January 16, 1862, p. 1, c. 1 
                                                                                                                      
Richmond, January 13.  
. . . Rye is the coffee now in general use at the boarding houses, and the substitute for tea is believed, by the best judges, to be hay.                                       Hermes.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, January 16, 1862, p. 4, c. 1 
               
A young widow woman named McDonald, was discharged from Col. Boone's Regiment, at Paraquet Springs, Kentucky last week, where she had been serving as a private, dressed in regimentals, for some time.  This was her second offence, she having once before been discharged from a regiment.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, January 16, 1862, p. 4, c. 5 
               
Moss Blankets.--A Wilmington N. C. correspondent says:  I notice an important invention, by means of which our soldiers are being shielded from the cold and dampness of tent life.--Blankets are being made of the moss which is to be found in such immense quantities around the trees in many portions of the South.  Yesterday six hundred of these blankets passed through this city.  They are thick and as warm as any blanket.  Here then is another great instance of the inventive genius of our sunny South.  We rob the trees of their clothing rather than that our brave boys shall suffer for lack of raiment.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, January 17, 1862, p. 1, c, 1 
                                                                                                                      
Richmond, January 14.  
. . . Col. Blanton Duncan is about to start a lithographic establishment on a large scale here.  The Dispatch window is filled with all manner of attempted improvements on the Confederate flag--most of them exceedingly ugly.  The best yet proposed is a cross, surrounded by stars, on a pure white field, the upright red, the cross piece blue, and the space where the two pieces cross each other white. 
               
A large number of letters from the United States reached here Saturday by flag of truce.  At the "Secession Club Restaurant," things are being done on a magnificent scale and at New Orleans prices.  The rooms are very handsomely furnished, mulatto girls act as waiters, coffee sells for 25 cents a cup, batter cakes 15 cents a plate, mutton chop 50 cents, and 40 cents for a fry of oysters.                                    Hermes.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, January 17, 1862, p. 1, c. 4

A Female Spy on Horseback

                The Washington correspondent of the New York Post relates the following incident: 
               
A horseman, clad in a sort of cavalry costume, with a heavy overcoat and slouched hat, had been noticed for some time dashing about the city in rather a suspicious manner.  At last the authorities felt themselves warranted in arresting him, and accordingly, one morning, when trotting down Pennsylvania avenue, he found himself suddenly surrounded by a file of soldiers, and was carried off to prison.  But the funniest part was to come.  The investigation that followed resulted not only in the discovery of certain papers, but also of the fact that the cavalier was a woman.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, January 18, 1862, p. 2, c. 1 
               
The newspapers on all sides begin to show the marks of the scarcity of paper.  The New Orleans Picayune has discontinued its evening edition; the Delta continues to publish twice a day as formerly, but uses only a half sheet; the Savannah News comes to us printed on brown paper; and among the journals generally half sheets and all the colors of the rainbow, are rapidly growing epidemic.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, January 23, 1862, p. 4, c. 1-2

Fashionable Life in Richmond.  
A "Hop" at the Spottswood Hotel.

                The clever correspondent of the New Orleans Crescent--whose style we think we recognize--has lately been playing "Jenkins" in the gay circles of the Confederate Capital, and thus does up a "hop" at the Spottswood Hotel, giving dioramic sketches of the fair women and brave men of the assemblage: 
               
'Tis night in the Confederate Capital--a winter night.  A desperate war is raging in the land; hundreds of thousands of brave Southern gentlemen are in the tented field, their dauntless hearts a living wall against the foe; hundreds on hundreds are pining in the hospitals, and each hour a fresh grave yawns to receive the corpse of some defender of his country.  What of that?  We will be merry here in the capital.  Our brothers are dying to save us from subjugation, but "on with the dance, let joy be unconfined."  Will it mend the matter for us to be wretched?  Nay, truly.  Who speaks of a decent respect for suffering patriots?  What fool compares gaiety in the Confederate capital to merriment in the house of mourning, and predicts an ignoble fate for a people so insensible to the peril and the calamity of their country?  Go to; let the croaker croak.  We will attend a hop at the Spottswood Hotel.  Let us rejoice to-night, for to-morrow we die.  After us the deluge. 
               
So be it, then.  We will go to the Spottswood.  A dense fog hangs like a pall over the city, but not so dense that we cannot see the lights gleaming from the ever open War Office as we pass Ninth street.  War!  Tut!  Don't think of it.  We are going to wriggle in the mazes of the polka.  Divine pleasure, rapturous occupation.  So manly and pretty at all times, and especially during a war.  Pish!  Let's think about something else.  We ascend the steps leading to the second story from the ladies' entrance.  There is a broad streak of green on the newly painted wall.  But, hark!  the sound of the viol comes to our ears.  We quicken our pace, give our hat and coat to a negro, brush our hair, adjust our collar, and enter the great parlor, to which the carpetless dancing room is attached. 
               
"Not such a crush as we have seen in Washington at the parties given by members of the Cabinet, or at the big hops at Brown's."  This is our unspoken thought, as we catch a first glimpse of the company.  Still, here is a very respectable and well-looking assemblage.  There is a style about these people, which we greatly like, for it is in the people themselves, not in their clothes.  The men carry themselves well, and have character in their faces--they are gentlemen; and certes [sic?] there are some lovely faces and forms among the women.  This we discover while they are gliding through the dance; presently we shall be impressed with their rare beauty in repose.  An unpleasant sensation comes over us as we discover here in Richmond unmistakable specimens of a genus squirt; a thing with addled brains, a tongue beslimed with slang phrases, and some soft sickly hairs fuzzing parts of its weak face--a thing born of the tailor's goose--just such poor things as you see in Washington--a wretched little cit [sic?] and popinjay, the morbid project of civilization anywhere.  Female counterparts of these pitiful fiddlededees you also see--creatures that giggle and carry on--the shallow-hearted, silly, fashionable, false, artificial--vapid, sickening, pasty imitations, caricatures, libels on womanhood--fit only for spending money in gimcracks and for breeding such wretched little dogs as you see frisking around them tonight.  We turn away from these, convinced that there must be some stern but most inexplicable necessity that brings this human scum into existence and to the surface of society.  There is here something really worth looking at--let's view it, by all means. 
               
Do you see that lady over there by the wall?  Look well at her, for you have never seen and will probably never see again so beautiful a woman.  Observe her magnificent form, her rounded arms, her neck and shoulders, perfect as if from the sculptor's chisel, her golden hair, the pose of her well shaped head.  Saw you ever such color in human cheeks?  They are nature's own roses.  Her mouth, her teeth, her eyes, her every feature, all in keeping.  And she is not less intelligent than beautiful. 
               
She is dressed in pure white.  It is worth a king's ransom, a life time of trouble, to look at one such woman.  No wonder Beauregard pronounced her the most beautiful in that city of lovely women, Baltimore.  Her sister--she who made the battle-flag that is to rest on the top of the Washington monument--a very pretty woman, stands near her.  Not far off you see her cousin, a fair exile from Alexandria, less tall, less rosy, but by some thought even more beautiful than Miss Hettie herself.  Seldom indeed is it given to man to see three ladies, all bearing the same family name, and all so extraordinarily beautiful. 
               
On the other side of the room, just opposite the fair Baltimorean, is a face that attracts you at the first glance by its sparkling intelligence, and which wins and fascinates you the moment the pretty mouth is opened, and the music of her witty tongue begins.  Don't go mad over that hand--'tis too little a thing to drive a grown man distracted.  Be on your guard, for that miniature member has slaughtered more students in Charlottesville than all the Trojans Achilles slew before the walls of Troy. 
               
Here comes, leaning on the arm of an officer, a tall, stylish-looking girl, in a black velvet boddice [sic].  She is blue-eyed, fair, very quiet and modest.  Anywhere in the world she would be accounted a beautiful woman.  She is the daughter of one of the wealthiest men in the famous tobacco city of Lynchburg.  Not far from here you descry a young lady, below the medium stature, with dark hair and eye, an expressive face, and a form charmingly moulded.  What delight she takes in the dance!  She is a granddaughter of Patrick Henry.  Moving most gracefully across the floor--for now the cotillion has begun--you can but notice the sweet face, the soft, lustrous eyes, the eminently lady-like manners of the young girl in a white body (white bodies are quite the rage now), and the rose-colored skirt.  What a fine brow she has, and now her sweet face is lighted up with innocent gaiety!  This is the singer, whose beauty, not less than her admirably cultivated voice, have added so much to the attraction of the concerts lately given here for patriotic causes.  The Virginian who looks on her is filled with pride to think that, in the lovely [tear in paper] of the Old Commonwealth, far [tear in paper] the follies and the fashions of the great [tear in paper] lovely and refined a creature can be [tear in paper].  Our country gentlemen are the glory of the State, our country girls the perfection of their sex.  Do you want proof?  Look again at the genuine daughter of the soil. 
               
Yonder, so surrounded by beaux that you can hardly see her, is a tall, proud beauty, flaxen-haired, violet-eyes--a young Saxon queen, with just a trace of the Celt in her nose--the least bit retroussez--and all a Celt in the fire, the spirit, the animation, the energy of her manner and expression.  Her mouth, where a pretty scorn sits enthroned, is full of even pearls; you notice her ears, so like wondrous little sea-shells, white, translucent with the roseate tints of life, and [tear in paper] the small head that rests so firmly, yet so [tear in paper] on her swan-like neck.  Her dainty, [tear in paper] hands, are but marred in their beauty [sic] diamonds in the rings that cumber [tear in paper] fingers.  This is one of our city belles, [tear in paper] resistible charms are far more fatal than [tear in paper] that came from Sherman's battery on the [tear in paper] day at Manassas.  Her wounds no physician [tear in paper] cure. 
               
[tear in paper] list is not ended yet.  There is another [tear in paper] in pure white, slender, lithe, fair haired [tear in paper] eyed, gentle, and graceful exceedingly--a [tear in paper] just in the bloom of maidenhood.  Her face is lovely in every outline, her skin as soft, clear and pure as a being's of immortal birth.  While you gaze at her, you doubt whether she is not the most beautiful of all, the beautiful Baltimorean not excepted, so patrician is her air, so symmetrical her figure, so tasteful her dress, so perfect her every movement.  Would you know her name?  I cannot tell you; but if you will ask the gallant gentleman of whom Punch lately implored peace--"Pacem Peagrim Precamur"--he may possibly inform you. 
               
These are not all the pretty girls in the room--there are others who would be esteemed pretty anywhere else, but whose prettiness pales in the midst of this galaxy of wonderfully beautiful women, the like of which, I dare be sworn, no ball room, however vast, in any of the great Yankee homes, or in any of the capitals of Europe, can exhibit.  Certain it is, that the Jenkins pro hac mce [sic?] who has seen many assemblages of fair women, never in all his life saw, in a company of thrice the size, half so many truly beautiful young ladies as he sees to-night at the hop at the Spottswood.  But there are married ladies, whose charms, if they do not eclipse, vie with those of the prettiest girls here present.  The tall lady, dressed in black, the wife of a representative from an extreme Southern State, would attract attention among a thousand as a fine looking woman.  Her daughters, most becomingly attired, are worthy of the mother, whose fascinating manners make here their formidable rival.  The spirituelle blonde, who mingles in the dance, is the daughter of a Justice of the Supreme Court, and the wife of an officer once the great favorite of the mighty, but ill fated chieftain, Winfield Scott. 
               
On the sofa sits a lady, whose fine features betray excellent good sense and refinement, blended with dignity and benevolence.  She is the wife of the Commanding General of the Army of the Potomac.  The youthful looking lady, whose brows are wreathed with a green coronal, is a daughter, I believe, of New Orleans, and a greater belle than the greatest of the unmarried belles.  The Quartermaster-General can tell you who she is.  Another lady dressed in black, of splendid proportions, a countenance full of sweetness and beauty; full, too, of womanly intelligence, attracts your eye, and makes you envy the classmate of McClellan, and a far greater man than he, the peer of our ablest commanders--Gen. G. W. Smith.  Lastly, you are irresistibly drawn to a lady whose head and profile seem to have been modeled after the most exquisite cameos of Italy, and the richness of whose complexion, for "all that's best of dark and bright meet in her aspect and her eyes" make her a prefect type of the brunette.  The wife of the accomplished Superintendent of the R and P. R. R, is certainly one of the prettiest, as she is one of the best, women in all the world. 
               
There are gentlemen here who are fit to pay court to such ladies.  "None but the brave deserve the fair," and here we have the brave--young heroes of the battle field, some of whom have been wounded, fellows full of mettle, of devotion to their country, and of truly manly presence.  It does the heart good to look upon their open, ingenuous countenances, illuminated now with ardent gallantry and intense enjoyment of the social pleasures vouchsafed them during their brief furlough.  Statesmen are here, too--men whose names will live in history; Burnett, the sturdy representative of Kentucky; Pryor, a Colonel and a Congressman, warrior and orator, able anywhere; Seddon, the unbending champion of the Southern cause in the Peace Congress; and many more, whose names there is not space at the close of this long letter to enumerate. 
               
Take it all in all, a hop at the Spottswood during the war winter is something to remember.--The young men and maidens, who join in the dance, will have a pretty thing to tell about these hops to their grand children.  Even the historian may not disdain to notice them, and perhaps this attempt at Jenkinsism, which cannot fatigue your readers more than it has me, may give a clue to the social life in the metropolis which the antiquarian of 1900, who happens to procure a musty copy of the Crescent, may be glad to obtain.  But come--the delicious chocolate, the cakes, apples and nuts have been banded around, the dance begins again, it is not after 11, the young people will not leave till half past 12 or 1 o'clock--come, it is time for decrepit old sinners to go home and go to bed.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, January 24, 1862, p. 1, c. 4 
               
We make the following extracts from a letter addressed by a planter of Chapel Hill, Texas, to a gentleman of Mobile, which breathes a spirit of patriotism even more ardent in the portions which we neglect than in those which we make room for, because of the general character of the information contained:  
. . . "You say give us coffee and salt and a continuation of warm weather, &c.  Now we do not care a fig for coffee, as we have the best substitute in the world, viz:  sweet milk and butter milk; it is better adapted to the constitution, with more nutriment.  We substitute a mixture of okra and coffee, say one fourth coffee.  The difference is not noticed by visitors, not even when told.  We can use, if we choose, sage tea, green tea, or the old woman's yopon [sic], that "kept her out of heaven twenty years, bless God," or grubheisen, better known as sassafras.  I have salt enough to do me another year with proper care.  'Tis as fine as any Liverpool salt, perfectly white.  Our Legislature has passed a law making Salt Lake at Corpus Christi free for everybody, and speculators are hauling salt all over the State.  It is inexhaustible at the Lake; as yet we get it at home for about $10 per sack.  It will no doubt be much cheaper. . . ."  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, January 27, 1862, p. 2, c. 1 
               
The Battle Flag.--The papers are all discussing what kind of flag the South ought to adopt as the permanent ensign of the Confederacy.  It seems to be generally agreed that the "Stars and Bars" will never do for us.  They resemble too closely the dishonored flag of Yankee Doodle.  Should the questions remain undecided until Gen. Beauregard redeems the pledge which has given--to plant upon the stately column which towers aloft from Mount Vernon Place, in Baltimore, the battle flag given him by a lovely and exiled rebel of Maryland--we imagine that the battle flag will become the Southern flag, by popular acclaim.  We are indebted to the cunning fingers of a lady friend for a small but very accurate and beautiful model of the battle flag under which our brave soldiers on the Potomac will yet march to victory.  It may be seen at the Mercury office.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, January 28, 1862, p. 1, c. 3 
                                                                                                                      
Richmond, January 25.  
. . . Coal is so slow coming into the city, that we can't light our streets, or heat our churches properly.  A great deal of coal goes to Manassas. . . .  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, January 28, 1862, p. 1, c. 2 
               
Newspaper Mortality.--Seventeen of the twenty-six newspapers that were published in Florida twelve months since, have been forced to suspend, by reason of hard times.  The remainder, with the exception of one, a Semi-Weekly paper, have been reduced in size.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, January 30, 1862, p. 1, c. 3 
                                                                                                             
Richmond, Va., January 27.  
. . . Rents are increasing enormously.  Beef, and other food, which has been low up to this time, is getting higher daily.  Within a stone's throw of where I write, there is a single small room in the second story, which rents for $350 a year; and in the third story, another room of moderate size, which brings $600 per annum.  What is strange, the highest rents are paid by $1,000 clerks in the Departments. . . .Hermes.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, January 31, 1862, p. 1, c. 6 
               
Mr. Flanagan, of Henderson, Texas, a tanner, has ten thousand hides in his vats.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, January 31, 1862, p. 2, c. 2

Practical Directions for Making Bread.

To the Editor of the Charleston Mercury: 
               
As most of the ingredients for raising bread, as yeast powders, &c., are becoming scarce, I think a good receipt given to housekeepers not out of the way:  Take about eight or ten middling sized Irish potatoes, pare and cut them very fine; then set them on to cook, with about three times as much water as will cover them.  When done, mash them fine in the same water, then add flour enough to make a thick batter.  Remember the flour must be put in while the water is boiling hot; let it then cool off until about lukewarm, and then add a little piece of sour dough, say a teaspoonful to start with.  Of course, after the housekeeper has once made this yeast, she can always keep a little of the old to add to the new.  If kept in a warm place it will be fit for use in about six hours.  Add plenty of this to your flour, and you will have the lightest and best tasted [sic] bread that you would wish for. 
                                                                                                                               
F. W. Claussen.  
Claussen Mills, January 30.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, February 4, 1862, p. 1, c. 1 
                                                                                                                     
Richmond, February 1.  
. . . A chemist, who lately became a resident of this city, has gone to work making stearine candles--a much needed article.  He has discovered a method of making meerschaum clay--the silicate of magnesia--out of the ordinary carbonate of magnesia of the shops; and, when the war is over, will begin the manufacture of pipes.  Oranges are selling here for seventy-five cents a piece, lemons a dollar each, and a pippin apple if fair sized, brings twelve and a half cents.                                                        Hermes.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, February 6, 1862, p. 1, c. 6 
               
"Stitch, Stitch, Stitch."--The following note was found in the pocket of a pair of pantaloons among some new Yankee uniforms received the other day at Paducah, Ky: 
               
I make these pants for the pitiful sum of thirty cents.  If they last the wearer no longer than this sum of money lasts the maker, he will be naked before cold weather. 
                                                                                                     
Mrs. R. M. Randall, Indianapolis.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, February 7, 1862, p. 4, c. 1

Homespun  

The air is balmy with the breath  
Of the early coming Spring,  
And yet the sweet South breeze to me  
No other thought can bring  
Than of the arms that clasped me fondly to his breast,  
As through my tears I saw him, clad in his homespun dress.  

I saw him in the winding ranks;  
The sun it glittering played,  
Like a halo of glory round his head  
And upon his trusty blade.  
I envied the steed that bore him, and the comrade at his side,  
And prayed that God would guard him, whatever might betide.  

Oh! sun, and dew, and storm, and rain,  
I prithee gently fall,  
And may the guardian angel's wing  
Avert the deadly ball;  
That glory won,  
And duty done,  
I once again may press  
The hand of him I dearly love, clad in his homespun dress.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, February 8, 1862, p. 1, c. 2 
               
A beautiful battle flag was presented to the 1st Regiment of Georgia State Troops, on Wednesday last, by Miss Carrie Bell Sinclair.  The fair donor made a handsome speech to the regiment, which was duly responded to by Sergeant Major R. D. Chapman.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, February 8, 1862, p. 1. c. 6

Look Out!

To the Editor of the Charleston Mercury: 
               
You will oblige the ladies of Charleston by giving to the persons concerned the following advice, which, if they will take it, will cause the ladies to appreciate them more highly, as those who desire to protect them from the enemy that now hovers on our coast, and threatens our subjugation: 
               
1st.  It would be gratifying to the ladies to see fewer officers and men at the doors of the hotels, and to know that they are in camp; for "the hotels are not in danger," as I am told, Gen. Beauregard said to some officers during the bombardment of Fort Sumter. 
               
2d.  The ladies are mortified to see so many intoxicated soldiers staggering through the streets, and would take it as a favor if the officers in command would be more particular in granting such men furloughs to come to the city. 
               
3d.  They would advise the young men of the city to hurry up and volunteer.  I am told, if they do not, and are seen lounging about the corners and bulletin boards of the Mercury and Courier, some of them may receive, on Valentine's Day, a doll baby, or a hoop skirt, or something of the kind.        A Warning Voice.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, February 8, 1862, p. 2, c. 1 
               
Rye Coffee vs. Rio--How to make the former.--To the Editor of the Charleston Mercury:  Take Rye, boil it, but not so much as to burst the grain; then dry it, either in the sun, on a stove or a kiln, after which it is ready for parching, to be used like the real Coffee Bean.  Prepared in this manner it can hardly be distinguished from the genuine Coffee.  The Rye, when boiled and dried, will keep for any length of time, so as to have it ready whenever wanted for parching.                F. W. Clauussen.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, February 12, 1862, p. 1, c. 6 
               
Newspapers in Texas.--The San Antonio Herald says:  "We cannot count more than ten papers now published in this State, out of some sixty a year ago.  War and blockade are death to newspapers."  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, February 21, 1862, p. 2, c. 3 
               
The design of the new Confederate flag may be seen at the recruiting office of the Charleston Light Artillery Company, No. 29 Broad-street.  The flag presents two designs; one of a crescent with the 13 stars within it, the other of the Southern Cross, arranged in the shape of a diamond.  This beautiful design was gotten up by several young ladies in this city.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, February 27, 1862, p. 1, c. 6

Trophies from Roanoke Island and Fort Henry.

A Washington despatch [sic] says: 
               
The Navy Department has its trophies as well as the War Department.  There were received there to-day a number of rebel flags, captured at Roanoke Island and Fort Henry.  Among those from Roanoke is one that was originally the flag of some French vessel, being a tri-color, with a blue Union attached to it, on which are ten stars.  One is a South Carolina flag, with a single star.--Others have either seven or eleven stars.  Some of them are tattered, evidently by the bursting of shells.  The Navy Department has received the flag which most prominently waved over Fort Donelson. 
               
Among the Mill Spring trophies at the War Department is one upon which is printed, in conspicuous letters, "Wigfall Rifles--Jeff. Davis and the Southern Confederacy," which was captured by Company F, Ninth Regiment Ohio Volunteers.  Another, a splendid silk flag, has on one side, "We Choose Our Own Institutions," and on the other, "We Collect Our Own Revenue."  This was taken by Captain Davidson, Twelfth Regiment Kentucky Volunteers.  Another magnificent silk flag has upon it the inscription, "Presented to the Mountain Rangers, Captain Ashford, by Mrs. W. V. Chardavoyne."  Several other flags were taken by the Second Minnesota Regiment.  Two of them are made of colored cotton.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, February 27, 1862, p. 2, c. 1 
               
A standard for the Holcombe Legion.--An exceedingly rich and tasteful flag, intended for the Holcombe Legion, Colonel P. F. Stevens, has just been completed.  The field is of blue silk, trimmed with heavy gold bullion fringe.  The Palmetto, supporting two shields, inscribed "1776" and "1860," with the crescent in the upper inner corner, are emblazoned upon one side of the flag, while the reverse is gorgeously adorned with a wreath of oak and laurel leaves, encircling "the Lone Star."  Above the star are the words "HOLCOMBE LEGION," and below it, the noble motto:

"Fortis cadere, cedere non potest."

                The staff, tassels and other mountings, correspond in richness with the banner itself.  We understand that this flag is to be presented to the Legion by Mrs. Governor Pickens.  The "Lone Star," we presume, found a place on the standard, as the emblem of the State of which that lady is a native.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, February 28, 1862, p. 4, c. 5 
               
A ball is to come off in Raleigh, N. C., to-night.  The ladies are all to be dressed in homespun, the gentlemen are to wear homespun also, and wooden shoes.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, March 5, 1862, p. 1, c. 1 
               
The young ladies of Wesleyan Female College, at Macon, have stripped their beds of twenty-nine blankets to present to the soldiers.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, March 5, 1862, p. 1, c. 6 
               
Vice-President Stephens was sworn into office, dressed in silk clothes, woven by the Misses Elizabeth and Sallie Sharp, of Tallaferro county, Georgia.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, March 6, 1862, p. 1c, 3

The Flag of the Confederacy.

                There is no mistaking the very general dissatisfaction existing with the "Stars and Bars," adopted, in the early stage of this revolution, by the Provisional Congress, as the Confederate Ensign.  A cognate variation of the United States flag, similar in idea, pattern and color, squinting strongly at "reorganization," and undistinguishable at a distance by sea or land, it is suited neither to the taste for national independence, the sectional feelings, nor the practical uses of the Southern Standard.  Congress itself, stimulated, we presume, by the action of the Army of the Potomac, at its last session took the matter again in hand.  The committee sat and reported a flag, which has been erroneously published as adopted by Congress--red field and blue union, flecked with four white stars, intended to indicate the four corners of a St. Andrew's Cross.  We are informed that this flag was not adopted, or any other; but that the body having shown a preference for another ensign, transferred the whole subject over to the new Congress, now in session.  Our readers may have noticed, among the committees of the new House of Representatives, one "on the Flag and Seal."  Below we give cuts of four designs. [picture] 
               
The first is that for which the Provisional Congress indicated a preference, without adopting it.  Although handsomer than the "Stars and Bars," and unlike any other standard, it has a look of singularity of design which we do not fancy. [picture] 
               
The second is the Battle Flag of the Army of the Potomac, adopted by Generals Beauregard and Johnston, to avoid mistakes of troops in future.  Though rich and handsome, it is objectionable to some religious denominations--the Israelites, if not the Roman Catholics--in a country in which Church and State are separate.  It, therefore, is not likely to be chosen.  [picture] 
               
The third is unique and handsome.  The division is similar to that of the old Knight Templars flag, but the colors and centre are different. 
               
The sun, with a ray for each State, dispenses with the borrowed stars, while emblematic of the latitude of our country, source of our agricultural wealth, and also of the warmth and geniality of Southern character.  [picture] 
               
The fourth and last is a flag of peculiar dignity and simplicity.  It is altogether unlike the ensign of any other nation, and especially unlike that of the Yankee nation.  Those who imagine that a flag should be symbolical, will find in the colors of this one--white and black--an obvious significance.  Such a standard would typify our faith in the "peculiar institution," and be an enduring mark of our resolve to retain that institution while we exist as an independent people.  For maritime uses this proposed flag, although it discards the everlasting Yankee stars and the worn out combinations of "red, white, and blue," would be distinguishable at as great distance as any other that can be devised. 
               
The Union Jack of all these flags is similar to the ensign itself, as in the French, Spanish, and other naval service.  The pennant streaming to the wind could readily be made.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, March 6, 1862, p. 4, c. 5 
               
A blacksmith, in Wilkes county, N. C., has commenced the manufacture of ladies' sewing needles, and will soon be able to supply and required quantity.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, March 10, 1862, p. 1, c. 3                                                                                                                          Richmond, March 6.  
. . . We had gas last night in the streets, for a rarity.  Beef is selling at 25 cents a pound.  More rain is promised by the weather.                 Hermes.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, March 12, 1862, p. 1, c. 6

Yankee Accounts from Nashville

. . . The correspondent finds that "the ladies of Nashville are as full of treason as they are in occasional cases of loveliness."  Among the evidence of their contempt for the Yankees the following is given: 
               
"Occasionally I met other specimens of Nashville ladies, who, in many cases supposing me to be a soldier, from the possession of a blue overcoat, described upon meeting a wide semi-circle of avoidance, swinging, as they did so, their rotundant skirts with a contemptuous flirt fall out, as if the very touch of a blue coat would be contamination.  And then the angle at which the noses of the naughty darlings went up, and the extent to which their lips and eyes went down, were not the least interesting portion of these little by-plays, and assisted materially in showing the exquisite breeding of these amiable demoiselles."  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, March 13, 1862, p. 4, c. 3.  [Summary:  article by L. J. Robert on harmful effects of rye coffee.  For entire series, see Daily Chronicle & Sentinel [Augusta, GA], March 11, 1862; March 27, 1862; April 12, 1862]  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, March 13, 1862, p. 4, c. 3 
               
Spirited Texan Ladies.--The "Bell County Rebels," from Belton, Bell county, Texas, started for their rendezvous, Hempstead, some time ago, when one of their lieutenants, J. F. Hardin, a lawyer, resigned and returned to Belton.  Several ladies of the place (says the Crescent) incensed to see him strutting about the streets in his uniform, got together a few days ago, and seizing him in public, stripped off his stripes, which they sent to his company, who rewarded them with a vote of thanks.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, March 13, 1862, p. 4, c. 3 
               
Dr. B. B. Alfriend, of LaGrange, Ga., has invented a machine to manufacture sewing machine needles, and is now making them.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, March 17, 1862, p. 1, c. 1 
               
Liquor Destroyed by Ladies.--Some twenty ladies of Statesville, N. C., proceeded in a body to the railroad depot of the town, a few days ago, and with hatchets and hammers destroyed five or six barrels of whiskey and poured the liquor poison upon the ground; a fitting libation (says the Iredell Express) to the devil and his imps from the hands of patriotic women, whose mission, pending the war, is to "go about doing good."  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, March 18, 1862, p. 1, c. 1

Small and Unhealthy Tents.

                To the Editor of the Charleston Mercury:--I wish to call your attention to one thing in particular, which should be remedied:  I mean the private soldier's tent.  The new tents that we have been receiving, when put up, will enclose about 7 feet of ground and, according to orders from Headquarters, five men are compelled to sleep in one of these small tents.  It is impossible, from the slope of the canvas, for a man to sleep within 5 or 6 inches of the edge of the tent.  Then, allowing ten inches that cannot be occupied, we have 6 feet 2 inches of space for 5 men to sleep in, which is not quite 15 inches to the man.  Now I ask, why should men, who have left their homes to fight for their liberties, be forced to sleep like hogs, with hardly enough space to turn over in?  Is it healthy to crowd so many men in warm weather in such small tents?  I think not.  Our country has need for every soldier that she can raise, and our commanders should look a little more closely to the health and comfort of the poor privates.  It is too often the case, that, in order to save a few dollars, we lose a few soldiers. 
                                                                                                               
I am, sir, etc., 
                                                                                                    
A Member of the 11th S. C. Reg.

CHARLESTON MERCURY, March 19, 1862, p. 1, c. 3 
                                                                                                        
Richmond, Saturday, March 15.  
. . . Male note cutters are paid by the Treasury Department $1000 a year, while female cutters receive only $500 for doing exactly the same kind of work.  Some of these cutters are fair refugees from Alexandria and elsewhere, and they complain of injustice.  Other refugees, males, from the same city, have gone into business here and are doing well, making from $500 to $800 a day on commissions, as I hear on good authority. . . . "Blockade" whisky is selling for $8 a gallon.  Nine pence calico is sold for 50 cents, and butter for 75 cents or a dollar a pound; bad at that. . . .                                 Hermes.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, March 19, 1862, p. 4, c. 2 
               
The Women of Texas.--Extract from a private letter from General Daggett, of Texas: 
               
"In Palo Pinto county, a call being made for volunteers, out of a crowd of men only five marched out, when fifteen young daughters of Texas marched out into line, and declared they would to into the service of their country if their places were not filled by good men, when a perfect yell ensued, and fifteen men took their places!  This is so."  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, March 20, 1862, p.1, c. 2 
               
The Cotton Manufacturers of this State are making a rich harvest from the necessities of the war.  With the raw material cheaper than it has been for many years, they have advanced the price of the cloth most exorbitantly, charging 20 cents a yard for cloth which, previous to the war, they sold at 10 cents a yard.  When peace again blesses us, we hope that these greedy fellows will be remembered, and rewarded according to their desserts.--Raleigh Standard.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, March 20, 1862, 1, c. 3 
               
The ladies of Baltimore, notwithstanding Lincoln's proclamation, appear daily on the streets, in secession colors, to wit "red, white and red."  Bonnets are so constantly trimmed with a red, a white, and again, a red rose, that even the manufacturers have been prohibited from making these rebellious flowers, in order "to support the Government."  Yet, the ladies, who are equal to every emergency, were not to be out-done in this matter.  The insulting Yankee soldiers, on several occasions, spoke to the traitorous demoiselles, and even went so far as to tear the trimmings from their bonnets.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, March 21, 1862, p. 1, c. 3 
                                                                                                         
Richmond, Monday, March 17.  
. . . Drunken people abounded yesterday, in spite of the whisky blockade.  Turkies [sic] are selling at $4 apiece. . . .                                                      Hermes.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, March 21, 1862, p. 1, c. 3 
               
The following advertisement appears in the Petersburg Express:  "A number of ladies in this city desire to offer themselves as substitutes, to serve during the war, for any of those gentlemen who lately visited Richmond to obtain such substitutes, and may have failed to do so.  Apply at this office."

CHARLESTON MERCURY, March 22, 1862, p. 1, c. 2 
               
To Preserve Dead Bodies.--The following preparation, which has been used on many occasions for thirty or forty years past, comes highly recommended for the preservation of dead bodies.  It will, in a great degree, prevent the offensive odor from corpses, and while the remains of so many of our deceased soldiers are being transported from the camps homeward, it may be of service to publish:  Take two pounds of common salt, two pounds of alum, one pound saltpetre--dissolve in six gallons of water and keep the shrouding wet with the solution.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, March 22, 1862, p. 1, c. 2 
               
Persons have been detected in New Orleans, going round the city buying up all the mourning goods, for the purpose of speculation, in anticipation of a great battle at Corinth, where thousands of the young men of New Orleans are now posted.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, March 22, 1862, p. 1, c. 6 
               
The Alabama ladies are sending their copper preserving kettles to Beauregard, to be made into cannon.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, March 24, 1862, p. 2, c. 1 
               
Praiseworthy Reduction in Prices.--The Georgia Factory and Athens Factory have reduced the prices of yarns, osnaburgs, sheetings, &c.  They furthermore give preference to those dealers who conform to their schedule of prices, rather than the speculator.  Soldiers' families are to be supplied at wholesale prices.  This arrangement goes into effect on the first of April, and continues until an agreement to change shall be made.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, March 25, 1862, p. 2, c. 1 
               
The Price of Soda Water.--"Justice" writes to us to say that the advance in the price of soda water is due to the fact that sulphuric acid and super carbonate of soda, the principal ingredients used in its manufacture, have advanced enormously in price; the former from 2 1/2 cents to 72 1/2 cents per pound, and the latter from 3 1/2 cents per pound to 87 1/2 cents.  Under these circumstances, he contends that "the increase in price must be considered exceedingly moderate."  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, March 26, 1862, p. 4, c. 4

                Bacon in Memphis sells at 22 cents per pound--Flour sells in the same market at $14 75 per barrel.  Cheap living that.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, March 29, 1862, p. 1, c. 1 
                                                                                                        
Richmond, Tuesday, March 25.  
. . . The cheapest living, now-a-days, is in camp, where sugar can be had for 3 1/2 cents and coffee for 28 cents a pound.                                            Hermes.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, March 31, 1862, p. 1, c. 1

Cotton Seed as a Substitute for Coffee.

                To the Editor of the Charleston Mercury:--Seeing a notice, some time ago, that cotton seed was a good substitute for coffee, I was induced to try a mixture of two-thirds cotton seed and one-third coffee, and found it answered extremely well.  The seed merely requires to be washed and parched before grinding, the same as coffee.  We have been using it for six or seven weeks constantly in our family, and many of our friends who drank it without knowing what the mixture was, pronounced it equal to the best coffee.  A friend suggests that parched cotton seed in future may be known as "Carolina Mocha."  As these are times in which all are called upon to practice economy, I send you the result of my experiment, requesting an insertion as early as convenient, in your paper. 
                                                                                                               
An Old Housekeeper.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, April 2, 1862, p. 1, c. 6 
               
A Good Example.--The following is an extract of a private letter from a lady, dated Aberdeen, Arkansas, February 20th.  It says: 
               
The ladies about here have all learned to shoot; last summer we had shooting matches regularly--rather masculine sport for ladies, think you, I reckon; but nevertheless we all learned, and thought the times would justify it, and some got to be very expert in loading and shooting.  Would you believe that I can kill squirrels or birds on the top of tall trees?  I keep a loaded gun in my room, also a pistol on a table near my bed every night, and, if necessary, would not hesitate to use them, and I hope never to have a use for them.  Since the late requisition from the Governor every man seems most willing to respond to the call, both old and young, married and single.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, April 3, 1862, p. 2, c. 1 
               
Camp Games.--Every volunteer who has been in service, has realized the tedium of camp life.  Between reveille and breakfast--between morning and evening drill--there is waste time, which might be used advantageously at such manly exercises as cricket, base ball, foot ball, quoit pitching, etc.  A recent visit to some of our camp, showed several parties enjoying a quiet hand at quoits in a shady grove.  Cannot some of our hardware dealers have a supply cast, and let our soldiers know where they can be procured?  Cricket and base ball bats are also wanted, and a few dozen substantial foot balls would, we are sure, find ready sale.  For want of such things, the time of the soldier is mainly spent in playing cards.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, April 7, 1862, p. 2, c. 1 
               
Flag for the Bee Rifles.--Messrs. Hayden & Whilden have now at their jewelry store a very handsome Company flag, which they have had manufactured by order of several ladies, and which is to be presented to the Bee Rifles,  Capt. J. M. Kinloch, during the coming week.  The ground of the flag is blue, and the lettering and ornamenting gold.  On its face is a handsome Palmetto, with the name of the Company above, and a few bales of the great staple at its base, beneath which is the year of the Company's organization, "1861."  On the upper inner corner is the crescent; on the reverse, encircled in a beautiful wreath of cotton and rice in bloom, are the last words of the lamented General BEE--"If we determine to die here, we will conquer."  The flag is richly trimmed with gold and mounted on a gold-headed spear.  Its design and execution are specimens of art which reflect much credit on the gentlemen who have carried out the wishes of the ladies interested.  The flag may be seen at Messrs. Hayden and Whilden's for a few days.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, April 8, 1862, p. 4, c. 3 
               
Substitute for Leather.--There has been much talk about leather and the want thereof for harness uses for the Government.  A substitute has been found, so far as traces and chains are needed.  Simple oak or hickory splits can be used for heavy or light loads.  We are assured that every part of a harness, even to bridle and collar, can be made from hickory or oak splits.  It has been proven that wood hoops can be successfully used in baling cotton, in place of hempen rope.  In fact, an entire wagon harness, which costs in leather, at this time, from forty to fifty dollars or more, can be furnished on almost any farm for a few dimes.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, April 8, 1862, p. 4, c. 3 
               
The Negros' [sic] Crop.--The corps usually grown by negros has heretofore been planted in cotton, and to a great extent remunerative, but for the future we would advise all planters to encourage their negros in the cultivation of pototos [sic], rice, ground peas, or peas of any kind, and particularly vegetables.  They are easily cultivated, easily gathered, and will pay them better than cotton.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, April 10, 1862, p. 1, c. 1 
               
Louisiana Cottonade.--We translate from L'Avant Courrier the following:    
               
The Creole women of Attakapas have been making, for a long time, out of the cotton grown upon the soil, certain goods much esteemed in the markets of the South.  A woman can make twenty-five ells (an ell is a yard and a half) of cottonade a month, and this is worth three dollars an ell, which makes seventy-five dollars.  The expenses of fabrication are small.  Two years since a Tennessean brought into Attakas a certain number of machines to clean, card and spin the cotton.  There are now in this region about a hundred of these machines, capable of making 300 ells of cottonade a month.  The cottonade sells at a price reduced to one dollar and seventy-five cents an ell.  The machine imported from Tennessee does not occupy more than four or five square feet, and can be worked by two children.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, April 11, 1862, p. 1, c. 2 
               
Patriotic.--J. Starke Simms, Esq., of Grindal's Shoals, Pacolet River, So. Ca., has refused to allow any thing made in his factory to be sold for more than it brought before the war.  While others have sold yarn at $2.00 to $2.25 per bunch, he has held it steadily at $1.00.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, April 12, 1862, p. 1, c. 2 
               
Sore Throats--Salt as a Remedy.--In these days, when diseases of the throat are so prevalent and in many cases so fatal, the use of common salt is recommended as an effectual remedy.  We commenced by using it three times a day--morning, noon, and night.  We dissolved a large tablespoonful of pure table salt in about half a tumbler full of cold water.  With this we gargled the throat most thoroughly before meal time.  The result has been that during the entire winter we were not only free from the usual coughs and colds to which, so far as my memory extends, we have always been subject, but the dry, hacking cough has entirely disappeared.  We attribute this satisfactory result entirely to the salt gargle.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, April 12, 1862, p. 2, c. 1 
               
Lampblack Manufactory.--Among the many articles whose value has been enhanced by the Yankee blockade, is that of lampblack, the consumption of which has increased in about the same proportion than its supply has diminished.  At the present time lampblack is in extensive use for coloring, knapsacks, haversacks, in making oil cloths, etc., all of which are indispensable in military matters, not to mention its prime necessity in the making of printers' ink and the sundry other things for which it is daily called into requisition.  Its price had advanced from a few cents to 75 to 80 cents a pound.  Under these circumstances, Mr. H. W. Kinsman, whose enterprise in other directions has been of much value to the State, contemplated its manufacture.  The difficulty was to procure the necessary machinery, of which Mr. Kinsman knew nought, and in this dilemma he applied to Mr. T. B. Fogarty, whose inventive genius--without any previous knowledge of the manufacture of the article--soon supplied the requisite appliances.  Three times these gentlemen had got their manufactory to work, on as many different sites, and each time, after a few day's running, were they burned down.  They were not discouraged, however.  Perseverance, and their past experience, prompted them to erect other works, which are a complete success, and which have now been running for the past month, turning out about four hundred pounds a day, which has been pronounced by all who have examined it a most superior article of lampblack.  Only a few days ago lampblack sold at auction at 45 cents a pound.  Mr. Kinsman can supply the trade at much less than one-half this price. 
               
The Lampblack Manufactory is up the King street road, some four hundred yards west.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, April 14, 1862, p. 1, c. 1 
                                                                                               
Richmond, Friday, April 11.  
. . . Baltimore papers of the 5th contain little of interest, except the growing antipathy by the people of Western Virginia to the Abolitionists.  When Seward came back from Winchester he was asked, "How about the Union sentiment, Mr. Seward?"  "The men have all gone to the rebel army, and the women are all she devils," was Seward's gruff response.  The Confederate Congress has passed a vote of thanks to the "she devils," not only in Winchester, but in the whole South, and God bless 'em!  They richly deserve it.. . . Hermes.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, April 14, 1862, p. 1, c. 2

A Vote of Thanks from Congress to the Women of the South.

                Whatever be the final issue of the great struggle in which we are engaged, the women of the South, by the devoted and unfaltering patriotism which they have exhibited at all times and under the most trying circumstances, have won for themselves the respect and admiration of the world.  In the early stages of the Revolution, the Ladies were ever the staunchest champions of separation from the North; and, when the war broke out, their acts did not unbeseem the ardor of their professions.  To their influence, in a measure, we must attribute the promptness with which the South was enabled to raise vast armies for coast and frontier defence; and without their industry we should have been sadly puzzled to supply the shortcomings of a Government, the official machinery of which was still new and untried.  They have cheered our armies on the march to battle; have denied themselves the luxuries of life that they might contribute to the welfare of the soldier; and day and night, with a fortitude unequalled in ancient or modern times, plied the needle and shuttle to clothe the volunteer exposed to the hardships of camp life, whether under a blistering sun or amid the snows of winter.  In the States which have been overrun by the enemy, the Ladies, almost without exception, have exerted themselves constantly to keep alive the spirit of resistance, and, in spite of insults and oppression, they have clung with unwavering fidelity to the Southern Cause.  The noble women of Maryland have shed upon the fame of their State, fettered as she is, a greater lustre than the bayonets of her "Old Line" ever conferred.

                                                "There is faith in their unrelenting woes, 
                                               
 "There's Life in the Old Land yet."

                Congress has seen fit, formally, to recognize the services of our fair countrywomen.  The following joint resolution was adopted by both branches of the Confederate Legislature on Thursday last: 
               
Resolved by the Congress of the Confederate States of America, That the thanks of the Congress of the Confederate States are eminently due, and are hereby tendered, to the patriotic women of the Confederacy, for the energy, zeal and untiring devotion which they have manifested in furnishing voluntary contributions to our soldiers in the field, and in the various military hospitals throughout the country.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, April 14, 1862, p. 4, c. 3 
               
Town topics in Spartanburg.--The following chapter of local gossip, which we find in the last issue of the Spartanburg Express,, may be interesting to many of our readers: 
               
In common with most of the towns and villages of the interior, Spartanburg has been filling up with visitors from the low country.  We believe nearly every vacant house in the village has been taken.  We hope the intercourse between our citizens and the visitors from below may have a good effect, by bringing them to see the better qualities of each other, and thus remove much of the prejudice which often exists between the inhabitants of remote sections of the same State.  As our boys in the camp may like to know something of the changes taking place at home, we propose to give, as far as we are able, a list of the families who have recently taken quarters in our pleasant village.  It will be understood, however, that very few of the males of these families are here.  
[list]  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, April 15, 1862, p. 1, c. 1 
                                                                                                          
Richmond, Saturday, April 12.  
. . .The imminence of great events does not disturb the equanimity of our people to much extent.--Families have been sent away, more to avoid the distress and danger of a panic than anything else.  The ladies evince a decided unwillingness to go; they want to share the fortunes of their husbands, sons and brothers.  In many instances, only the younger members of the family are sent off.  We await, with much anxiety, further news from the Merrimac.  Butter and eggs have come down; but the butchers are stiff-necked.  Colds and sore throats abound.                                                                                                   Hermes.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, April 21, 1862, p. 1, c. 2 [picture]

The New Flag of the Confederacy.

                The Committee appointed by Congress to choose a suitable flag for the Confederate States, has at last closed its labors, and recommended for adoption the design given above.  The flag is thus described in the terms of English heraldry: 
               
On a field qules (red); a saltier argent (white); a Norman shield azure (blue), charged with a sun or (yellow). 
               
The new ensign is certainly rich, brilliant, and easily distinguishable.  The Sun has been very frequently urged as the proper emblem for the South, and the rays, which are to be alternately long and short, will suffice to represent the separate sovereignty of the States.  Many would have preferred a more simple arrangement, to consist of two colors only; but, inasmuch as the Committee's device in no wise resembles the flag of the Yankees, we suppose that it will be generally well relished by the people.  The new flag, however, has yet to receive the sanction of Congress, and may be rejected altogether by that body.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, April 21, 1862, p. 2, c. 6

Tableaux Vivants  
for the  
Gunboat Fund,  
at  
Military Hall  
on To-Morrow Evening,  
the 22d inst.  
Programme.

1.  Harem Scene--Sultana and Odalisks.  
2.  Nomjahad receiving the elixer of life  
3.  Gipsey [sic] encampment, or the stolen child--by Finden.  
4.  Elizabeth, of England, and Sir Walter Raleigh.  
5.  The Martyrs under Diocletian.  
6.  Titania--by Landseer.  
7.  Gipsey [sic] fortune telling.  
8.  Harvest Home--by Finden.  
9.  Cornelia, the mother of Gracchi, the Roman lady.  
10.  Richard Coeur de Lion and Berengeria.  
11.  Cinderella.  
12.  Confederate States. 
               
Admittance 50 cents.  Children 25 cents. 
               
Tickets for sale at the Music and Book Stores, and at the door. 
               
Door open at 7 1/2.  Curtain rises at 8 o'clock p.m. 
               
The Fort Sumter Band will be in attendance.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, April 24, 1862, p. 2, c. 2

The Ladies' Gunboat Fair at Columbia.

                To the Editor of the Charleston Mercury:--My friend and I were walking down Main street, Columbia, on Thursday week last.  "What babble is that across the way, in that lighted hall?  It sounds as if ten thousand jackdaws had assembled there with the determination to try their utmost powers of noise-making."  "Why, that is the Ladies' Gunboat Fair, now going on," replies my companion.  "Let's go over, and see the elephant, then."  We leave our twenty-five cents shinplaster at the door, and enter the hall--at least we attempt to.  But what a jam!  men and women, girls and boys packed together like sardines on end!  For my part I feel considerably flustered--my modesty is shocked.  Pushed forward by the crowd, women in front and women behind.  It is too much; I look for a corner.--But suddenly I am confronted by one of the fair sex:  "Take a chance at a baby, sir?"  "A baby, Madam:  me a chance at a baby!  never, surely!  I assure you, Madam, babies are quite out of my line."  "Are they?" she smiles, "I didn't know it," and disappears in the crowd.  When will I get to that corner, I sigh to myself.--I am waylaid again.  "Buy a baby cap, sir?"  "A baby cap!  why, my dear Miss, I have no baby; what should I do with the cap?  Anything but babies."  Psaw! says the fair damsel, and turns quick on her heel.  But I think I saw a twinkle in her eye.  My nerves are getting quite shaky; but I near the corner.  There is a most portly old lady, just in front of me.--Again I am assaulted.  "Buy a baby wrapper, sir?"  "Ghost of Banquo!"  I exclaimed; "what evil thing have I done, that I should be thus afflicted?"  The young lady looks at me in astonishment, evidently thinks I am an escaped inmate of the Lunatic Asylum.  "Buy a baby wrapper, sir?" she repeats.  I look at her; she looks at me.  I look at the wrapper, and she looks at the wrapper.  My nerves are all gone; my knees feel very weak.  I look at the corner and the corner looks at me; looks like a friend.  Modesty gives way; despair lends strength; I utter not a word; I rush through the crowd and disappear, subside in a chair, away back in the corner, behind a curtain.  My breath comes and goes by jerks--I feel for my ribs--I reflect--gently I stroke my moustache--and very gradually my nerves are soothed, and again I look out upon the babble.  Lucky corner, kind corner--I spy a fresh lettuce--how refreshing.  And there is a turkey, and--why, now I am quite happy--there is a whole supper table.  I recognize the fair hostess; and, what is better, she recognizes me.  "What will you have?"  "Oh! anything--everything."   Soon I have a little table.  I stick it in a nice little corner of the hall, fix my chair so as to keep off the crowd, and with knife, and fork, and jest, and all sorts of things good for the inner man, I entirely recover my strength.  Again I venture into the throng.  "Buy a bunch of flowers?"  "By all means."  "Take a pipe?"  "Most certainly," and so I wade forward.  "What tall, fine looking girl is that selling flowers?"  It is a fine face.  There is something like enthusiasm in it, if I mistake not.  It is a pleasing face.  And there is another pretty girl--a regular Virginia face--bright and amiable.  And now look at that little vixen behind that table.  An exquisite figure, is it not?  So graceful and distingue--a soft, pretty, nervous looking hand, too.  And look at those eyes; see how they sparkle; how quick they glance from side to side.  Ah!  a bright and sly young lass, that.  Prenez garde, prenez garde, young man!  Observe what a contrast it is to that fair, calm, regular face beside it. 
               
But I must stop.  I wish I could go on.  I could write you pages.  There were some funny things [that] came off.  But I can only tell you now the Fair was a great success, and very pleasant.  I understood from one of the fair managers that they had realized in two days, no less than twenty-three hundred dollars.  The ladies of Columbia speak also of having another Fair very soon.  May it be as successful as the last.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, April 28, 1862, p. 1, c. 6 
               
Miss Narcissa Sanders is the stepdaughter of Hon. A. V. Brown, who left a princely residence in the beautiful hills which encircle Nashville.  She is young, beautiful, witty, and was a noted belle at the Capitol at Washington.  The Federal commander, McCook, having known her formerly, upon taking possession of the city, called to pay his respects, and sent up his card from the door.  Her reply was:  "Tell him to please excuse me; I am in mourning for my country, and can see no one."  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, April 29, 1862, p. 4, c. 1

The War and the Manufacturing Interests of the South.

                A correspondent of DeBow's Review for April gives a detailed account of the increase of manufactures in the South since the beginning of the war.  The following are a portion only of the many referred to: 
               
In Spartanburg and Laurens, South Carolina, great manufacturing enterprise has been exhibited.  In the latter county it is mentioned, in addition to the regular branches of manufacture, the ladies generally are making a great quantity of most excellent cloth of various descriptions for men's wear, children, negros [sic], and even for themselves, which are now taking the places of fine delaines and silks.  The ladies in one battalion in that district, recently furnished for the uniforms of one company of volunteers three hundred and fifty yards of very nice jeans, five hundred yards of flannel, and three hundred and fifty pairs of socks, in a very short time, made upon the old-fashioned hand looms, which are numerous in that county--one in almost every family--and some of the cloth for service is said to be equal, if not superior, to the best broadcloth.  In Chester every household is said to have become a manufacturing establishment. . . . In Carthage, the entire people, it is said, with unexampled energy, have recurred to the primeval principles and customs of industry, economy and frugality which characterized our ancestors for many years subsequent to the wars of  '76 and 1812. . . .The women, too, animated with becoming zeal and resolution to sustain our glorious cause, have put aside their silks, their calicos, their head dresses, and covered up their pianos, and have substituted the wheel, the cards, the loom, and are fostering a commendable spirit of emulation in making the largest number of yards, and the neatest patterns of checks and stripes for themselves and their little ones, and the substantial jeans to clothe their husbands, their sons, and their brothers in the army, and then for gratuitous distribution to any needy soldiers.  They are, without distinction of circle or property, all united in constant and useful engagement in getting up domestics of every kind to add to their comforts at home, and supply our army with blankets, clothing, and neat caps.  Defend us with your bayonets, and we will sustain you with our needles, is the watchword with them.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, April 30, 1862, p. 1, c. 6 
               
The Sisters of Charity have under their charge a large hospital at Corinth and, as is always the case in their hospitals, it is admirably arranged and conducted. 
               
The women of Magnolia, Miss., since the battle of Shiloh, anxiously watch every down train, prepared to furnish the sick and wounded soldiers with milk, eggs and in fact every delicacy that can be had in the neighborhood.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, April 30, 1862, p. 1, c. 6 
               
A Most Pleasant Summer Drink.--To the many thirsty souls in this city, and elsewhere, who suffer inconvenience from martial law, we recommend the following drink, which has not been inaptly called "Cream Nectar," as a thirst assuager, and at the same time a most refreshing and delightful beverage.  It is better than the best "snow drop julep" that was ever manufactured, and Sherry Cobblers cannot begin to compare with it in quality: 
               
Take 3 lbs. white sugar, 3 ounces tartaric acid, and 1 quart cold water, put them into a brass or copper kettle, and when warm, add the white of 3 eggs; beat up with 3 teaspoonfuls of flour; stir till it boils 3 minutes; when cold, add 1 gill of essence, and bottle up. 
               
Directions for use.--Two dessert spoonfuls of the Nectar to each glass; then fill them two-thirds full of ice water, if it can be had, and add a little Carbonate of Soda.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, April 30, 1862, p. 1, c. 6 
               
The Ladies Making Shoes.--Quite a number of ladies of this parish have commenced making their own and their children's shoes, and they do very good work.  We have seen several pairs of these home-made shoes, and they are not only strong, but they are very well proportioned.  The cheapest way that they make them is to take the soles of old shoes, soak them in water until they are limber, pick out the old stitches, fit them to the last after the cloth is fitted to the same, sew the soles to the cloth with strong waxed thread, and then turn the shoe, nail the heel to its place, and the shoe is done.  It is cheap, serviceable, and a very good cloth shoe.--Planter's Louisiana Banner.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, April 30, 1862, p. 2, c. 2 
               
Death of a Well Known Sister of Charity.--The New Orleans papers announce the death, on Wednesday last, of Sister Regis Barrett, whose good deeds in the yellow fever hospitals and orphan asylums has made her name a household word in that city.  Her age was 56.  She joined the Sisters of Charity in 1826, came to New Orleans in 1835, and established the Camp-street Orphan Asylum, the St. Elizabeth Asylum, the St. Vincent Infant Asylum, and an Orphan Asylum in Carrollton.  Rich and poor alike admired Sister Regis for her many virtues.  It may truly be said of her, that she spent her life in doing good--in promoting 
                               
"The charities that soothe, and heal, and bless."  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, May 1, 1862, p. 2, c. 2 
               
A Splendid Regimental Standard was presented yesterday morning to Col. Keitt's fine Regiment on Sullivan's Island.  The flag is a very rich one, and magnificently mounted.  The field is blue silk, delicately embroidered with the Palmetto, the Crescent and the Shamrock, and emblazoned with the motto--

                                                "Pro Deo et pro Patria."

The reverse is of sky blue silk, on which is worked a cross, surrounded by seven stars, representing the States that formed the Confederacy.  This beautiful banner was presented to the Regiment in an eloquent address by the Rt. Rev. Bishop Lynch.  Col. Keitt, in receiving it, responded in his usual happy style.  W. Gilmore Simms and Richard Yeadon, Esqs., who were present, were called upon and each made some remarks appropriate to the occasion.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, May 6, 1862, p. 2, c. 1 
               
Home Made Soap and Starch.--A lady sends us the following simple and useful recipe for making soap and starch:  Put up the bones of everything for a fortnight, and then boil them in strong lye, skimming as long as the grease rises.  The next day boil the grease with strong lye until it becomes soap.  Put some lime in the lye barrel, and it makes much better soap.  All of my starch is soft hominy or gruel strained.  If you have not come to it yet, try it.  How much this war will teach us!  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, May 15, 1862, p. 4, c. 2 
               
The Rush to the Interior.--The Edgefield Advertiser says: 
               
The people from the seaboard, and especially from Charleston, are flocking to various points in the interior of our State.  At many villages there are already crowds of refugees.  Greenville and Spartanburg are reported full to overflowing.  There are but few as yet in this place.  At Aiken, we learn, there are a goodly number.  Of course, these refugees are almost entirely women and children.   The people of the up-country should greet them cordially whenever it comes in the way, and be ready, also, to render them such counsel and assistance as they may need.  We hear of three or four houses being engaged in this village, soon to be occupied.  In view of the probable increase of our population from this source, we respectfully urge our good-living farmers to send along their surplus eatables to our village market.  We are harder pressed at these little towns in the article of living than most persons are aware of.  Please send your butter, lard, chickens, beef, potatos [sic], peas, &c., &c.  You can get fair prices here, and that is all you want.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, May 19, 1862, p. 2, c. 1 
               
Newspapers and the War.--These are terrible times for the newspapers.  The scarcity of paper, and the enormous prices charged for it when obtained, are everywhere forcing the first class daily newspaper of the South to curtail their dimensions.  Three out of the four dailies in Richmond, viz:  the Whig, Enquirer and Examiner, are now printed upon a half sheet.  All the newspapers of Mobile, Memphis, Vicksburg and New Orleans, also issue a half sheet only.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, May 20, 1862, p. 1, c. 2 
               
Spring Fashions in Yankeedom.--Many of our lady readers will doubtless be interested in knowing the styles prevailing among the Flora McFlimseys of the North.  We copy from a late New York paper: 
               
The mild weather of the past few days has had the effect of gladdening the hearts of millions--and dry goods dealers--and to call out the fair portion of humanity, who are given to promenade, shopping, &c.  This morning our streets were thronged with ladies who seemed to delight in basking in the pleasant rays of the sun, and in inspecting the new fashions of the season. 
               
We learn that the novelties of the season are almost altogether in straw goods--fancy crapes, gauzes, tulles, and the like, being very little used.  The variety and beauty, however, of the fine straw fabrics, leave nothing to be desired, and possess, indeed, an appearance so distinguished as to put silks and inferior combinations quite in the shade.  The novelty and beauty of the straw trimmings seem to be a marked feature of this season's decorations, and exceedingly apropos to the prominence given to rich straw fabrics. 
               
The peculiarity of the present style of a "love of a bonnet" is striking.  It is very high in front, almost square across the top, with very straight sides, and narrow, compressed crown and curtain.  The peculiarity is, therefore, the extreme height, which is greatly increased by the arrangement of the trimming.  As the shape precludes the possibility of side trimming, the lace and flowers that beautify the inside are disposed in flowery bandeaux across the forehead, or inclined a little to the one side.  The materials most in use are crape, silk, lace and straw.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, May 21, 1862, p. 4, c. 2 
               
It appears that according to marriage registrations the chances are three times greater of widowers between the ages of 25 and 30 getting married than those of bachelors; five times greater between the ages of 30 and 40; and eleven times after the age of 60.  The chances, it would appear, of bachelors getting married rapidly diminish after the age of 30.  These important facts are furnished by an American statistician.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, May 22, 1862, p. 1, c. 6 
               
From the Fredericksburg correspondence of the New York Herald we extract the following:  Visitors to Fredericksburg from the Union line describe their reception by the inhabitants as very amusing.  The men stare defiantly, or turn their backs.  The women turn up their noses, or laugh derisively, and the children exclaim, "I see a Yankee," "There goes a Yankee."  Even those who have been kindly received within the Federal camps are frigid in reciprocating hospitalities.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, May 23, 1862, p. 2, c. 2 
               
The Ladies of the South.--A Washington correspondent writes: 
               
Officers who have been in regions lately reconquered by our troops testify that the "men can be got along with well enough," but the women are exceedingly violent and insulting.  This sort of malignity, doubtless, arises from sympathy for "their boys," who were first to take up rebellious arms, and with whom the counsels of age and experience went for nothing.  These boys were to the great conspirators like clay in the hands of the potter.  The mothers and daughters are continually thinking of these "young Southern gentlemen, every one of whom could drive twenty Yankees."  Some woman in Georgetown has threatened to shoot President Lincoln if her son in the rebel army shall be killed.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, May 27, 1862, p. 1, c. 2 
               
The Columbus Ga., Sun says that the scarcity of bacon there is creating a great demand for catfish of all sizes, from "kittens" to the "big blue" when he is caught.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, May 27, 1862, p. 2, c. 2 
               
Accommodations for Refugees from the Coast.--We regret to learn that many property holders in the up country districts and towns refuse to rent houses to refugees from the seaboard, but at the same time are ready to sell the same houses.  This treatment of those who have become the victims of the war is most inconsiderate; for, in general, they can ill afford to pay heavy rents, much less the purchase money of the houses they need to shelter their families.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, May 29, 1862, p. 1, c. 6

A Wail from the Camp.

                                                                                                                           "In Camp." May 24. 
               
To the Editor of the Charleston Mercury:--While Chaplains and Colporters are screaming for "more Tracts" to distribute among soldiers; while the religious press is busily engaged in "working up" the material, and the unread surplus is being trampled under foot in camp, no one seems to think of, or care for, the entertainment and amusement of the soldier, lying idle in his tent these long spring and summer days.  For want of some light entertaining reading matter he is compelled to lounge lazily about camp, or sleep away the tedious hours not occupied by his duties.  Permit me, sir, to make an appeal, which, I am sure, will be heartily approved in every camp on the coast.  There is scarcely a family which has removed, or is about removing, from the city, that has not a surplus of old novels and other books which they cannot carry with them, and which would be very acceptable to the soldiers in camp.  As the blackberry season is now far advanced, and the fruit getting scarcer, the usual midday occupation--walking through the fields, tin cup or wash basin in hand, gathering it--is becoming "stale, flat and unprofitable"--a few books--not of the Tract complexion--would receive a hearty welcome here.  Will not some kind "friend of the soldier" open a depot for the reception of such donations of books as the generous public will bestow, and have them distributed through the different camps in the State?  Moreover, as Charleston is likely to become a vast camp this summer, let a species of circulating library of old books be established at some convenient place where soldiers can get the wherewithal to keep them from "foraging" and other mischievous tricks.  Not to be thought trespassing upon the domain of Tractarians and Colporters, I would suggest this to them as a means of circulating their prints.  Let the leaves of the Novels be interlarded with Tracts, which might serve in many cases as antidote to poison. 
               
Please make an appeal for us, Mr. Editor, in your valuable paper, and you will receive the thanks of Infantry, Cavalry and 
                                                                                                                               
"Artillery."  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, June 4, 1862, p. 2, c. 1 
               
Scarcity of Cotton Cards.--We are reliably informed that the article of Cotton Cards, so valuable to the South at this time in the manufacture of clothing, has become a prohibited article of export from the Northern ports, the officials of the Lincoln Government having, on several occasions lately, refused to clear vessels with these goods on board for ports in the West Indies or Bahamas until such articles were taken ashore again.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, June 4, 1862, p. 2, c. 1 
               
Linen for the Wounded.--We find the following card in the Columbia papers: 
               
I have been telegraphed from Richmond to "let the ladies of Columbia know, through the newspapers, that shirts, drawers, and linen or cotton rags, are very much wanted for the wounded in the late battles."  I have been authorized to send on by a special courier everything of the kind that the ladies will put up in boxes for transportation.  I am requested to ask that they act promptly.  Let other communities act also. 
                                                                                               
Jos. Daniel Pope.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, June 10, 1862, p. 1, c. 1 
               
Giving up the Cushions.--Many of the churches in Richmond have sent to the Medical Purveyor of that city, the cushioned seats used therein, to be applied in rendering the wounded soldiers comfortable.  The ladies of the different churches are now engaged in fabricating mattresses for the use of the wounded.  Two cushions tacked together make an excellent mattress.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, June 11, 1862, p. 2, c. 2 
               
How to Manufacture Salt for Home Use.--Take a towel, or any piece of cloth--say, two yards long--sew the two ends together, hang it on a roller, and let one end revolve in a tub or basin of salt water; the sun and air will act on the cloth, and evaporate the water rapidly.  It must be revolved several times throughout the day, so that the cloth is well saturated.  When the solution is evaporated to near the bottom, dip from the concentrated brine, and pour it in a large flat dish or plate; let it remain in the sun until the salt is formed; taking it in every night, and placing a cover over it.  This is accomplished by capillary attraction, and can be manufactured for $1 per sack, on a large scale.  Each gallon of salt water will produce two and a half ounces of salt when evaporated. 
                                                                               
John Commins, Charleston Tannery. 
               
P.S.--To make salt requires a little patience, as it is of slow formation.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, June 12, 1862, p. 1, c. 5 
               
Salt from the Palmetto Root.--A gentleman, writing from Ware county, Ga., to a friend in this city, says:  "We have made an important discovery in this section of Georgia.  The palmetto root burned to ashes, and the ashes leached, and the ley [lye] boiled, makes an excellent salt.  Numbers of our citizens have tried it with the same results.  The salt is not as white as the Liverpool salt, but equally as strong.  We have, as you know, any quantity of the palmetto in Southern Georgia, and it has been useless heretofore; but now its value is unknown.  I have known for years that the ashes of the palmetto was salt tasted, but the discovery has lately been made that good salt could be made from it.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, June 13, 1862, p. 2, c. 1 
               
Hospital Regulations.--Among the regulations of the army hospitals in Richmond, is one:  "No young misses to be admitted."  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, June 14, 1862, p. 1, c. 2

Soldiers' Clothing for the Winter Campaign.  
[From the Richmond Whig]

                As we look for no relaxation of the blockade or cessation of the war, until the Yankees shall be taught the impossibility of conquest, we ask the attention of the Government to the important subject of clothing the soldiers next winter.  There is a great deal of wool in the country, and a large crop of flax will, no doubt, be grown in many parts of Virginia, North Carolina, and Tennessee; but cotton warp constitutes the basis of all our textile fabrics.  How can the people obtain this indispensable article?  The coarse yarn spun by machinery is scarce and very costly; and though we see the cotton burned in the face of the invader, raw cotton cannot be obtained in many portions of the interior at any price. 
               
There is a mechanical difficulty, also, which has impeded domestic manufacture.  Hand cards cannot be had at any price. 
               
While our soldiers are in the field, there are at home thousands of patriotic mothers and sisters, willing to toil in any way, and under any disadvantage, for those who defend them.  But, in many cases, these patriotic women have neither material nor machinery to manufacture the clothing and blankets their friends require. 
               
We may anticipate a similar difficulty in regard to shoes and boots, though there will be, we suppose, leather enough to produce a winter supply of so indispensable an article. 
               
Now, what can our Government do to provide for the winter wants of our army?  We answer, let it appoint commissioners of manufactures within the sections of country prepared to conduct the operations referred to, and assign to them as many skilled artizans [sic], detailed under authority of the Act of Congress, as may be necessary to give effect to the object of army supply. 
               
In the meantime the Government should purchase and distribute, at low prices, quantities of raw cotton, and if possible wool, so as to employ the industrious poor, who have the will to work, without the means to work.  These measures will cause domestic manufactures which still linger in upper Virginia, Carolina, and Tennessee, to revive and furnish important aid to the cause. 
               
This plan, with the manufacture and distribution of hand cards, will meet the emergency; for though the goods thus made may not be so good as we would wish, they will be infinitely better than rags.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, June 19, 1862, p. 1, c. 2 
               
Light.--Spirits of turpentine, burnt in a lamp, invented about two years since, costing about $3, makes a beautiful gas light.  This light is very brilliant, perfectly safe, and costs about three cents per night.  By distilling, you get clear of the particles of rosin, which makes it a more cleanly, but not a more brilliant light.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, June 19, 1862, p. 1, c. 2 
               
Blacking.--A correspondent sends us the following:  Fill a snuff bottle nearly full of soot from a common chimney, put in a good drink of whisky, and the same quantity of vinegar, shake it well, and you have a first rate bottle of glossy blacking.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, June 20, 1862, p. 2, c. 1 
               
Half Sheets.--The Richmond papers are now all printed upon half sheets.  The Dispatch, which, pecuniarily, has been perhaps the most successful newspaper in the South, comes out, in its issue of Wednesday, upon a half sheet.  Indeed, printing paper has become so dear and so difficult to obtain, that the publication of papers of any kind is now a matter attended with great embarrassment.  In such times, to waste paper in display of profitless advertisements is sheer folly.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, June 20, 1862, p. 2, c. 3 
               
Lint.--Mrs. Faust, of Barnwell, has discovered a way to make lint much faster than by picking it with the fingers.  Cut the linen (old table cloths), in slips half an inch or three-quarters in width, biasing, then cut in short pieces; card it in a pair of wool cards, and it soon makes a beautiful lint.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, July 10, 1862, p. 2, c. 3 
               
Hints on Health.--A Yankee paper copies the following hints on health from Hall's Journal of Health, a very good authority in such matters.  If remembered and practised [sic], they may save many lives: 
               
1.  If a man faints, place him flat on his back, and let him alone. 
               
2.  If any poison is swallowed, drink instantly half a glass of cold water with a heaping teaspoonful each of common salt and ground mustard stirred into it; this vomits soon as it reaches the stomach; but for fear some of the poison still remains, swallow the white of one or two eggs, or drink a cup of strong coffee, these two being antidotes for a greater number of poisons than any dozen other articles known, with the advantage of their always being at hand; if not, half a pint of sweet oil, lamp oil, or "drippings," especially if they vomit quickly. 
               
3.  The best thing to stop the bleeding of a moderate cut instantly, is to cover it profusely with cob web, or flour and salt, about half-and-half. 
               
4.  If the blood comes from a wound by jets or spurts, be spry, or the man will die in a few minutes, because an artery is severed; tie a handkerchief loosely around near the part, between the wound and the heart.  Put a stick between the handkerchief and the skin, twist it around until the blood ceases to flow, and keep it there till the doctor comes; if in a position where the handkerchief cannot be used, press the thumb on the spot near the wound, between the wound and the heart; increase the pressure until the bleeding ceases (but not lessen that pressure for an instant until the physician arrives), so as to glue up the wound by the coagulation or hardening of the cooling blood. 
               
5.  If your clothes take fire, slide the hands down the dress, keeping them as close to the body as possible, at the same time sinking to the floor by bending the knees; this has a smothering effect upon the flames.  If not extinguished, and a great headway is gotten, lie down on the floor, roll over and over, or better envelope yourself in a carpet rug, bed cloth, or any other garment you can get hold of, always preferring woollen [sic]. 
               
6.  If the body is tired, rest; if the brain is tired, sleep. 
               
7.  If the bowels are loose, lie down in a warm bed, and remain there, and eat nothing until you are well. 
               
8.  If an action of the bowels does not occur at the usual hour, eat not an atom until they do act, at least for thirty-six hours; meanwhile drink largely of cold water, or hot teas, and exercise in the open air to the extent of a general perspiration, and keep this up until things are rightened.  This suggestion, if practised [sic], would save many lives every year, both in the city and in the country. 
               
9.  The three best medicines in the world are warmth, abstinence, and repose.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, July 12, 1862, p. 2, c. 1 
               
To Remove Maggots from Wounds.--As a matter of wide-spread interest at this time, we give place to the following: 
               
Take the leaves, bark, flowers, or berries of the common elder (Sambacus niger), make a strong tea by pouring boiling water upon them, and letting them steep.  Wash the wounds once or twice a day with this.  Boil some lard, and, while boiling, stir in elder in considerable quantity, and strain off through a sieve of coarse cloth.  This makes an ointment for the same purpose.  It is improved by adding one-fourth as much common beeswax as the amount of lard used. 
               
Antiseptic Powder.--To correct the offensive odors of wounds, mix one hundred parts of calcined plaster of paris and two parts of coal tar.  Rub well together.  Sprinkle this upon the wound once or twice daily.  They have been fully tested for years in the Bellevue Hospital.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, July 14, 1862, p. 2, c. 3 
               
To the Editor of the Charleston Mercury:  Permit me a little space in your journal to make some acknowledgments for donations, for the benefit of our soldiers, and more especially for the sick in our hospitals. 
               
Miss Cobia, of Charleston, sent two sacks of wool, cotton cards, and other articles.  Three dozen pairs of cotton cards were sent by several ladies of Charleston, Columbia and Newberry, and a half a dozen pair by Graveley & Pringle.  These I have distributed according to the expressed wishes of the donors--in every case to those only who were manufacturing clothing for their sons, husbands, or brothers in the army.  The six pair of cotton cards for the lady in Spartanburg District who, by her own industry, clothed her four sons in the army of Virginia, I carried to her family on the day when the mournful tidings arrived that one of these heroic boys had fallen in battle and in the arms of victory. . . .Jno.  Bachman.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, July 14, 1862, p. 2, c.4

Medicinal Barks Wanted.

                The barks of the following plants are much wanted in the army, to be issued to the troops as a preventative of Country Fever: 
               
Bark of the root of the dogwood. 
               
Bark of the wild cherry. 
               
Bark of the willow. 
               
40 cents per pound will be paid for the above articles if properly dried and delivered to the Medical Purveyor in Charleston.                        
                                                                                                               
J. J. Chisolm, 
               
July 9.                                                                                     Medical Purveyor C. S. A.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, July 15, 1862, p. 1, c. 6 
               
Figures on Dress Parade.--A correspondent makes the following calculation:  600,000 men would extend in single ranks 227 3-11 miles, allowing two feet to a man.  In double ranks they would extend 118 7-11 miles, and if formed in a hollow square, in double ranks, it would measure 28 6-22 miles on each side, and enclose nearly 807 square miles.  They would stand on 55 35-363 acres, or nearly 1-11 of a square mile, each man occupying four square feet.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, July 15, 1862, p. 2, c. 2 
               
"Spirit Rapping" in Georgia.--The Columbus (Ga.) Enquirer mentions that a "medium," not a thousand miles from that city, has been in communication with the spirit of a gallant Confederate officer, slain in battle, and has had a revelation from him that the decisive battle of this war will be fought in Maryland within the next six weeks, and that before that time Great Britain (not France) will have intervened.  It is also said that a medium in another county of Georgia has had a revelation substantially the same.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, July 18, 1862, p. 2, c. 1 
               
Supplies of Postage Stamps.--Much inconvenience has lately been felt owing to the lack of postage stamps.  The Richmond Enquirer says that a large quantity has recently been received by a foreign arrival, and promises that abundant supplies will soon be ready for distribution.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, July 19, 1862, p. 2, c. 1 
               
To Destroy Flies.--Boil arsenic (say one-teaspoonful) in one quart of water one hour, then bottle it up, and put a little each day in saucers or plates, adding a little sugar, molasses or honey to attract the flies.  This ought to be renewed each day.  By boiling arsenic one hour, the water will dissolve one part in 40, while, without this boiling, the quantity dissolved will be only about one part to 600, or 800 parts of water.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, July 22, 1862, p. 2, c. 2

Vegetables for Our Troops.

                                                                                                                       Tupelo, July 12, 1862.  
To Southern Editors: 
               
Gentlemen:  Our fruits and vegetables are ripening upon their branches, and essential service to our cause may be effected, by urging in time upon our people the necessity of preserving that surplus which has been habitually wasted.  No efforts should be spared to save every edible which can be preserved in such manner and form as will prevent decay, and admit of easy transportation. 
               
Apples, peaches, pears, figs, okra, peppers, &c., can all be readily and cheaply dried, and would thus materially aid to supply, throughout the year, not only nutritious food, but that variety in diet which is so essential to health.  Our soldiers require something more to maintain their manly vigor than the salted meat and badly cooked bread to which the necessities of our beleaguered land have long and often reduced their diet.  A more savory and varied diet, which the products of our soil can bountifully furnish, would more effectually keep our hospitals empty, and our camps free from the languid and pallid victims of the blood destroying scurvy, than physic and physicians. 
               
The preservation of fruit can be superintended by our noble women, whose glorious devotion has already been recorded on the pages of parliamentary history by the chivalric gentlemen of England.  Let them be informed that they could thus aid to save the lives of more braves in our camps, and the hearts of more mourners in their homes, than are killed and wounded by the bullets of low-born Yankees in a bloody battle, and there need be but little fear that this season will witness our fruits wastefully destroyed by the stock, or prodigious rotting on the ground. 
               
While loftier motives should prompt their preservation, I am authorized to add another inducement by Major John J. Walker, whose zeal and talents are now, fortunately for our soldiers, devoted to them at the post of Chief Commissary of this Department, where energy, ability, and sympathy with suffering are so much needed. 
               
He gives his assurances that he will promptly purchase for our soldiers, at a fair and liberal price all dried (or otherwise preserved) fruits and vegetables. 
               
It is hoped that these views will meet with your approbation, and will therefore be pressed upon the public notice. 
               
Very respectfully, your ob't. serv't. 
                                                                                                               
Stanford E. Challie, 
                                                                                                                     
Medical Inspector, &c.

CHARLESTON MERCURY, July 22, 1862, p. 2, c. 1 
               
A New Oil.--Mr. B. Schur announces that he has succeeded in the production of an oil, to which he has given the name of "Palmetto Oil," and which for softness and brilliancy, is said to equal the Kerosene Oil, at a cost of only a quarter of a cent per hour.  See his advertisement in another column.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, July 23, 1862, p. 2, c. 1 
               
"Sewing Machine Needles, to be Used for the Confederate Soldiers, Sent by the Ladies of Baltimore."--The officers of the Soldiers' Relief Association return their heartfelt thanks to the noble, warm-hearted, patriotic ladies of Baltimore for their valuable and timely present.  Such Southern sisters we must ever be proud to claim.  We feel you are with us, heart and hand; and well do our noble, courageous Marylanders deserve such fair ones.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, July 23, 1862, p. 2, c. 1 
               
An Illustrative Anecdote.--It is stated in one of our exchanges that some Yankee prisoners, taken in the battle of Gaines' Mills, meeting some North Carolina soldiers near Richmond, said, "You North Carolinians are everywhere.  We meet you in every fight.  We believe you would charge h-ll with Barlow Knives, if Bethel Hill should give the word."  All honor to the dear old State and her gallant sons!  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, July 23, 1862, p. 2, c. 1 
               
Rice flour.--This article is coming into very general use.  The Atlanta Intelligencer says:  "We have tried it, and, for batter cakes and waffles, there is nothing better.  Mix it with corn meal or wheat flour, and it makes excellent bread.  It requires much less lard than the common meal or flour used alone."  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, July 25, 1862, p. 1, c. 2 
               
About Friction Matches.--The value of the friction or lucifer match will never be realized by the coming generation, for they will know nothing of the difficulties of obtaining and preserving fire previous to their invention.  So rapidly do we move on, that persons that remember the tinder-box are getting old.  Then matches made by hand were valuable and carefully preserved; now they are as abundant as dew-drops of an autumn morning, and almost as cheap.  An English writer says that one firm, Messrs.. Dixon, of London, constantly employ four hundred workmen in making matches, and make twenty-two hundred millions in a year.  The average consumption in England is two hundred and fifty millions a day, or eight to each individual in the Kingdom.  It is as large or larger in the United States.  There are two manufactories in Austria and Bohemia that turn out forty-five thousand million in a year.  The friction match is therefore one of the institutions of modern times, and one that, having once known and employed, we could no more do without and move on at the rapid rate we are doing, than we could live without air or water.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, July 29, 1862, p. 2. c. 1 
               
Camp Prices.--A correspondent of the Columbia Guardian, writing from one of the camps near Richmond, on the 20th inst., says: 
               
War has its financial aspect, as well as public; and the camp prices we pay may not be devoid of interest to our friends at home.  Some of these that we mention here have come under our personal observation--the rest we have on the information of friends.  Sugar, $1 a pound; coffee, $2.50 a pound; butter, $2 a pound; eggs, $1 a dozen; ham, $1 a pound; chickens, $1 a piece; molasses, $6 a gallon; onions, 25c a piece; cabbage, $1 a piece; brogans, $15; Irish potatos [sic], $16 a bushel; foolscap paper, $2 a quire; blackberries, 75c a quart; whiskey, $2 a gill--$64 a gallon; buttermilk, 40c a quart; daily newspapers, 25c a piece; bakers' bread, 20c for a 5c loaf; oats, $4 a bushel; horse-shoeing, $4 the round.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, July 29, 1862, p. 2, c. 3 
               
Home Made Starch.--A correspondent of the Mobile Register gives the following recipe for making starch: 
               
In the present state of the corn as good starch can be made of it as any housewife needs.  Grate it from the ear; mix the pulp thoroughly with cold water, and strain it through a sieve.  Let the liquor settle, and, pouring off the water, which will be discolored, the starch will be found at the bottom of the vessel in a rather soft cake, pour on more water, stir it up, and repeat the process.  At each repetition the cake will be found firmer, and when the water comes off clear, and the starch is free from a pink or yellow tinge on the top, the process is complete, except drying.  I never knew but one miscarriage, and that was in very warm weather, when the water was not cold enough, or was allowed to stand too long, and the mass fermented.  A grater can be made from an old coffee pot or tin bucket, by punching it (outwards) full of holes--a hammer and nail will answer the purpose--and taking it to a piece of board.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, July 30, 1862, p. 2, c. 2

Circular of the Free Market of Charleston.

                Sir:  The undersigned, on behalf of the Executive Committee of the Free Market of Charleston, take the liberty of calling your attention to the important work, which they have undertaken, and in which they respectfully ask your earnest cooperation. 
               
The patriotic struggle, in which we are engaged, has its glories and its triumphs; but it has likewise its trials and its sufferings.  While husbands and fathers nobly perform their duty, in camp and on the battle field, their families, at home, in too many instances, suffer from the want even of necessary food. 
               
This evil presents itself most strongly in a crowded city, like Charleston, where, even in the ordinary course of things, a large proportion of the population must live, day by day, on the proceeds of their daily labor.  The inhabitants of a city cannot raise their own provisions; they must purchase them with their earnings.  The stagnation of business, consequent on the blockade, had already greatly diminished the amount of employment, open to the laboring classes; and the departure of so many to the war has debarred hundreds of families from any participation in the small amount remaining.  The greatly enhanced price of provisions has still further aggravated the evil.  The little savings of families, where any savings existed, are being rapidly consumed.  The mutual charity of the poor towards each other was measured by their means, and those means are now exhausted.  The fact stares us in the face.  Hundreds of families of our soldiers have not earned, and cannot now earn, the means of purchasing even the necessaries of life. 
               
Shall they be left to starve?  Shall our soldiers be put to the dreadful test of learning that, while our country calls them away to the toils of the camp and the perils of war, she leaves their wives and children, undefended at home, to sink before the assaults of a foe, more terrible and merciless than any they will meet on the battle field?  It cannot be.  Such a conviction would chill their hearts and paralyze their arms, far more effectually than any military reverse.  A country, which would allow such a condition of things, is already conquered. 
               
The same evil presented itself in every large city in the South.  First, as is natural, it was seen in the largest--New Orleans.  There it has been met and remedied by the noble charity of the New Orleans Free Market.  For the character of that work, the generous emulation with which all classes unite to uphold it, and the good it is doing, we refer to the accompanying extracts, from he address of our Chairman, Richard Yeadon, Esq., on this subject.  Mobile and Savannah have also felt the pressure of the sufferings of the poor, and are taking steps to establish similar Free Markets. 
               
Here, in Charleston, the disastrous conflagration of December last, perhaps hastened the coming of the evil, which is not on us in its intensity.  For several weeks past, several gentlemen, members of our Committee, have been earnestly laboring to establish a Free Market for the relief of the families of our patriot soldiers.  They have met with such success that we hope, within a few days, to see it opened and in full operation. 
               
We now appeal to our fellow citizens, both in the city and in the interior, for their valuable aid; and we solicit from them donations in money, and in provisions of any and every kind. 
               
We beg that you, sir, will unite with us cordially and earnestly, in this charitable, necessary and eminently patriotic work, and that you will use your influence with your neighbors to induce them to do the same.  We specially request that you and they will be pleased to forward to the nearest Railroad Depot, or such other point as may be deemed suitable, any articles of provision, which, from time to time, it may not be too inconvenient to devote to this purpose. 
               
Contributions may be sent, directed to any one of the under named members of the Executive Committee.  
Richard Yeadon, Chairman.  
Rt. Rev. P. N. Lynch, D. D.  
Hon. Henry D. Lesesne.  
Rev. A. Toomer Porter.  
Rev. John H. Honour.  
Benjamin Mordecai.  
James Rose.  
Rev. Wm. B. Yates.  
George W. Williams.  
George M. Coffin.  
Wm. H. Houston.  
James Tupper.  
Charleston, April 17th, 1862.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, July 30, 1862, p. 2, c. 3 
               
The Price of Passage to Europe.--A New York letter says:  In view of the advance in gold and the depreciation in the currency, the various steamship companies have resolved to raise their fares for the outward trips.  The agents of the Great Eastern announce that on and after the 9th of September the fare will be raised fifteen per cent.  The Cunard line has raised its rate from $130 to $150 for the first cabin, and from $75 to $90 for second class.  This is to take effect on the first of August.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, July 31, 1862, p. 2, c. 2

Fruits and Vegetables for Our Troops.

                                                                                                                                Home, July 27. 
               
To the Editor of the Mercury:  Will you not urge upon our Southern people the necessity of putting up fruits and vegetables, and drying herbs to send on to our hospitals now, reserving some for winter use?  Every one should now, and as long as the material last, be making pickles, catsup, drying apples, peaches, figs and any other fruit they may have.  Among the vegetables okra is easily dried, and lima beans will keep all winter, put away after they have fully dried on the vines, (a little sassafras will keep the insects away), and tomatos [sic] can be put up in bottles.  Let each one think for a moment how acceptable all this will be to our soldiers, from whom vegetables are debarred by the prices asked for them, and none will hesitate. 
               
Let no one think "It is but little I can do;" but each one go to work in earnest, and much can be accomplished.  I will give you an easy way of putting up tomatos [sic]:  Wash and cut up the tomatos [sic]; when sufficiently cooked run them through a sieve or cullender [sic], add salt and a few pods of red pepper, cook until the consistency of syrup, then bottle and seal.  I sent these to camp all winter, and in the "Boxes from Home" nothing was more acceptable. 
               
Now, Mr. Editor, so write a piece that will set our people to work.  All they need is that they should be reminded of what is both a pleasure and duty--working for our soldiers!                
                                                                     
Annie.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, July 31, 1862, p. 2, c. 2 
               
Flesh Wounds.--The following recipe for flesh wounds has proved very efficacious, and is recommended to the Medical Faculty as an experiment.  It has been practically tested by an officer in the French army, who was wounded in the arm, and in the space of eight days his wound was healed.  It is worth a trial: 
               
Take a linen rag, in which cut small holes throughout, dip it in camphor oil, and apply it to the wounded parts.  Take finely powdered camphor and sprinkle over the linen--a piece of lint in camphor salve should then be applied over the wound.  Bandage the part wounded, and apply twice or three times a day.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, August 1, 1862, p. 1, c. 2 
               
A New Tent.--Lieutenant J. A. Letondale, of Company A, Twelfth Alabama regiment, has obtained a patent for a new style of tent, which, if generally adopted, promises to be of great advantage to the army.  All the tents at present in use, being designed for the accommodation of from six to ten men, are heavy and cumbrous, and, in all sudden movements of an army, either in advance or retreat, are, of necessity, left in the rear.  Mr. Letondale's tent is intended to accommodate but two men; it weighs but four pounds, and is so constructed that, when struck for a march, it can be used by its occupants as knapsacks.  The fly and front of the tent may at any time be detached, and, being fitted with an opening for the head, may be used as a wrapping by the sentry or guard.  On picket duty and on forced marches, in which the baggage is left behind, this tent will be found to be the long-wished desideratum.  The idea of its construction first occurred to the inventor during the long campaign at Manassas, and having fabricated one with his own hands, and tried it during all of last winter, he was emboldened to apply for a patent.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, August 1, 1862, p. 1, c. 6

The Michigan Flag Presented to the State.

                The following is the official correspondence between Gov. Pickens and Gen. Jenkins (late Colonel of the Palmetto Sharpshooters) in relation to the flag of the 16th Michigan Regiment, captured in the battle of Gaines' Mills, in which the Yankee regiment was nearly annihilated by the withering fire of our expert riflemen.  The flag is of blue silk, six feet by four, with a gold fringe, and mounted on a staff which has lost its spear head in the fight.  One side exhibits the Goddess of Liberty and the inscription, "Stand by the Constitution and the Union"; the other shows the State Arms of Michigan and the name, "Stockton's Regiment:" . . .  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, August 1, 1862, p. 1, c. 6 
               
Price of Beef in Richmond.--Since the raising of the siege of Richmond the farmers of Albemarle, Madison, Green, and the neighboring counties, exposed to raids of the enemy, have hurried their beef cattle to Richmond.  The consequence has been that for three weeks past there has been a glut in the market, and the wholesale prices of beef have fallen one hundred and fifty per cent.  The butchers are now offering but nine cents a pound for the very best article.  This decline in an article of prime necessity must be a subject of congratulation with the people of Richmond were the retail prices equally affected; but this is not the case.  While offering the farmers only from five to nine cents a pound for their cattle, the butchers are selling beef at the old famine prices of from forty to fifty cents.  We mention this fact not with the hope of effecting any good, but simply to put the butchers on record with the hucksters and other extortioners, who are, in these times of public calamity and private distress, wringing money from the necessities of the people.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, August 2, 1862, p. 2, c. 1 
               
Cotton Seed Soap.--Put cotton seed into a large and strong iron pot, in small quantities at a time, mash them well with a wooden pestle, and then pour in a certain quantity of common ley [lye], and boil thoroughly; strain in an ordinary sieve, and proceed in the usual way, in drying and cutting into cakes.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, August 4, 1862, p. 1, c. 3 
                                                                                                           
Richmond, Thursday, July 31.  
. . . Many pretty stories of Southern pluck, as shown in the Chickahominy battles, are going the rounds here.  One is that a Yankee brigade was stimulated so far as to make "a real bayonet charge" on a regiment of Texans.  The Texans were so delighted to see the Yankees coming, that they took off their caps and gave them three rousing cheers.  The Yankees were so completely taken aback by this cool and unexpected reception, that they tucked tail and travelled [sic].  Fields' brigade, of Hill's division, did cross bayonets with Yankees, and seventy of our men received the triangular bayonet wound. . .                                                                      Hermes.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, August 6, 1862, p. 2, c. 3 
                                                                                                        
Confederate States of America,] 
                                                                                                           
Medical Purveyor's Office,] 
    
                                                                                                       Columbia, August 1st, 1862.] 
               
The following prices will be paid for the following Medical Barks and Roots, if carefully gathered and dried, upon delivery at the Medical Purveyor's Office, 212 Main-street, Columbia:  
Poplar Bark                                                            per lb      10 cts.  
*Wild Cherry Bark                                                               80 "  
*Dogwood Bark                                                                   80 "  
*Sassafras Bark                                                                    25 "  
*Persimmon Bark                                                                 25 "  
*Willow Bark                                                                        20 "  
*Slippery Elm Bark                                                               30 "  
*Red Oak Bark                                                                     10 "  
Snake Root                                                                           50 "  
Blackberry Root                                                                   30 "  
Queen's Delight Root                                                            25 "  
Blood Root                                                                           30 "  
Bone Sett                                                                             10 "  
Pleurisy Root                                                                        25 " 
               
*The inner bark of the trunk and branches, or the bark of the root, is required.  The outer coarse bark from the trunk should be removed with a chaiding knife before the inner bark is peeled off. 
                                               
J. J.  Chisolm,  
August 4               mwf8                                                       Medical Purveyor.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, August 7, 1862, p. 1, c. 1 
                                                                                                       
Richmond, Monday, August 4. 
               
. . . It is touching to see the poor people who come here to look after their relatives in the army.  Some days ago, a gentleman, who has been occupying Gov. Letcher's house in his absence, in looking out of his window in the morning, saw two ladies seated under a tree.  As soon as he was dressed, he went out to ascertain something about them, and found they were two old ladies from one of the mountain counties of Virginia, who had come down to look after their sons, and who owing to the crowded state of the hotels, and been compelled to stay under the tree all night.  Each of them had two sons in the army, and of the four they had learned that two had been killed in the late battles, one was sick in a hospital, and the last they had been unable to hear from.  But for Mr. Crocker's admirable Army Intelligence Office, these poor creatures might have had to stay weeks in the city before their mission of love could be accomplished.  As it was, they were taken promptly into the Govern'rs house, and there comfortably lodged until the fate of the fourth son is ascertained. . . .                      Hermes.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, August 9, 1862, p. 2, c. 2 
               
A Chance to Get Tooth Brushes.--Everybody knows how impossible it has become, now-a-days, to get a good English tooth brush.  At the recent sale of imported European goods, the lot of tooth brushes, in consequence of their very great scarcity, excited much competition.  There were many eager bidders from several States of the Confederacy; but as the people of Charleston and its neighborhood needed the article as much as our more distant friends, Messrs. Stevenson & Co. were determined that the brushes should remain here, and purchased the lot at the very extravagant price of $18.50 per dozen.  The purchase was made with a view to accommodate our people and to supply a universal want.  The brushes will be sold at retail by Messrs. Kenifick & Skrine at a slight advance on the above cost price.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, August 11, 1862, p. 1, c. 6 
                                                                                                                       
Richmond, August 7.  
. . . A great deal of work is behind-hand in departments connected with the War Office, and many applications come in from lady refugees seeking employment.  It is said that some of these fair sufferers have resorted to the making of pill boxes for a livelihood.             
                                                                     
Hermes.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, August 12, 1862, p. 1, c. 3-4 
                                                                                                            
Richmond, Friday, August 9.  
. . .  Much speculation goes on here and elsewhere in Virginia, mainly in tobacco.  It is said that the quick-witted tobacconists of that sharp little town, Lynchburg, have "made a perfect pile" out of their slow brethren in this city and in Petersburg.  Contraband trade with Baltimore through Pope's lines has been active.  The way was, at one time, so open that a party of Marylanders left here to spend a few weeks at Cape may.  Smuggling from other places than Baltimore is extensively done.  I chanced to be in a down-town cross-street store this morning, and found there something less than a [tear] of army pipes, made of meerschaum [tear] wood and India rubber--the last being lined with metal.  I saw, besides, small parcels of medicines, toothbrushes, combs and pins.  The owner told me he had run the blockade more than once. 
               
Spite of smuggling, prices are well nigh ruinous.  Matches, for example, command from 50 to 75 cents a box.  Consequently, pipe-smokers are going back to the old fashioned sun-glass.                                              Hermes.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, August 14, 1862, p. 1 c. 2 
                                                                                                         
Richmond, Sunday, August 10.  
. . . The heat, if anything, increases in intensity.  It is amusing to see the Capitol Square filled with sleepers at night; some stripped as if for bed; most of them under trees, but many with their faces turned up to the brilliant moon.  One is tempted to join these sleepers, and hundreds, who have good beds, would do so, if there was not a crowd quarrelling around the spring all night long.                                 Hermes.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, August 14, 1862, p. 1 c. 3 
                                                                                                       
Richmond, Monday, August 11.  
 
. . . The like of peddling that is carried on in this city you can hardly conceive.  Every boy, every old negro woman, and almost every other body who can procure a few bruised apples, or peaches or pears, a stick or two of candy, three mean segars [sic], a plug and a half of bad tobacco, a newspaper, a pie, or anything else, immediately establishes a shelf in a hole in the wall, or a table on the shady side of the street, and goes to peddling.  I saw a negro boy yesterday, with a bottle tied to a long string, fishing water out of an unfinished well and selling a drink for five cents.  . . .                                                       Hermes.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, August 16, 1862, p. 2, c. 1 
               
Manufacture of Soap.--One of the greatest wants of the Confederacy, and especially of the army, has lately been soap.  We are glad to see that in Richmond the article is now produced to such an extent as to cause a fall of price from a dollar or more to fifty cents a pound.  A few days ago, says the Fayetteville Observer, we were presented with a very creditable specimen of turpentine bar soap, made by a lady of this town, under the direction of a. J. O'Hanlon, esq.  She can turn out 100 pounds a week.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, August 16, 1862, p. 2, c. 1

(Communicated.)

                An Incident on the Cars.--Chancing to pass on the down train from Columbia, a few days since, we witnessed a scene between Orangeburg and Branchville well worth narrating.  A sick soldier, unable to keep his seat, and there being no ambulance coach (!) with the train, was stretched on the floor, across the door-way, panting from heat, and wan and wasted by disease, resting his head on his knapsack.  With the committee of ladies and gentlemen, who got on the train at Orangeburg to look to the comfort of the sick and wounded, was a fine looking young lady (a refugee), tastefully though simply attired, who had a basket of phials and bandages, &c.; and when she entered the door where the poor sick soldier lay, she stooped, and, with the aid of one of the gentlemen, took immediate charge of him, in the tenderest and most practical manner.  Wine and milk were given, cologne and other reviving stimulants were in prompt use.  At first she stood stooping over him, fanning him, but when no better facilities presented themselves, she sat down on the floor, near the head of the emaciated patriot, and in the most modest and sisterly style bathed his forehead and cheeks, and fanned him with the utmost patience--all in silence.  There was scarcely a murmur or hum in the cars--all eyes were turned to the scene--and all hearts were filled with admiration.  Thus, as a ministering angel, did this modest but lovely young lady do the work of a sister; and, while I lingered near the spot, I thought I could see the big tears gather in the sick man's eyes as he would turn them to the face of his amiable and admirable attendant.  Some gentlemen threw some money into her lap, as she sat, heedless of the intense interest her devotion to the suffering soldier was producing.  She quietly took the cash, and asking the sick man for his purse, she deposited it therein; and he took the train for Augusta, greatly revived in appearance, and no doubt the moral advantage to his mind and heart were of the most propitious nature.  There is no computing the amount of good being done by the good people of Orangeburg in this way; and, if they had more time, more would be done. 
               
Mr. Peake allows committees of ladies and gentlemen to go down and up, in attendance on the sick and wounded, free; so what they cannot do at the depot they try to accomplish on the train, as they go on to Branchville.  I mention no dates or names, for I am sure my young lady friend would deprecate newspaper notoriety, and I mention the facts simply to indicate to others the way to do good, and also to demonstrate that our women are still friends of the suffering, and ready to do all they can to sustain our country in these days of calamity and peril.  
                                                           
K.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, August 18, 1862, p. 2, c. 1 
               
Portable Soup.--Let veal or beef soup get quite cold, then skim off every particle of fat; boil it till of a thick glutinous consistence.  Care should be taken not to have the soup burn.  Season it very highly with pepper, salt, mace, and cloves; and a little brandy or wine, and pour it over earthen platters, not more than a quarter-inch in thickness; let it be till cold, then cut in three inch square pieces; set them in the sun to dry, often turning them.  When very dry, place them in tin or earthen vessels, having a layer of white paper between each layer of cakes.  These directions, if they are carefully attended to, will keep good for a long time.  Whenever you wish to make a soup of them, you have only to put a quart of water to one cake, and make the water piping hot.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, August 19, 1862, p. 2, c. 1 
               
Attention, Soldiers!--Fill your pockets with dried slippery elm bark when bout to take up the line of march for the battle field, or for a new encampment.  You will find that chewing it freely will greatly allay both thirst and hunger.  The slippery elm grows in abundance in Virginia, North and South Carolina, and in Georgia.  Our Surgeons call for it as a substitute for Gum Arabic.  It is to be hoped our patriotic and philanthropic friends in the country will procure an abundant supply for our army.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, August 26, 1862, p. 1, c. 3 
               
Seizure of a Treasonable Bed Quilt.--The Baltimore Sun publishes this item: 
               
Yesterday afternoon Deputy Marshal Lyon seized, at a house on Hoffman-street, a magnificently wrought bed quilt, which, it is alleged, was intended as a present for Jeff. Davis.  It is made of silk, and in the centre is a large Confederate flag, with a white cross in the centre of the blue ground.  In the cross was embroidered "Jefferson Davis, President of the Southern Confederacy."  On other portions of the flag were the names of the Confederate Cabinet officers and of some of the principal Generals.  It was taken to the Marshal's office, and will be turned over to Gen. Wool.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY,  September 4, 1862, p. 2, c. 1 
               
Knitting for the Soldiers.--This is an important matter, and one which we hope will engage the early and earnest attention of all the women of the country who have it in their power to aid in providing for the wants of our brave soldiers.  The season for cold weather is rapidly approaching.  In a very few weeks our soldiers will require their supplies of winter clothing.  Among the articles they will need, and which should be furnished them with as little delay as possible, are good, warm, comfortable socks.  The pittance which the soldiers receive from the Government for clothing, is not enough to supply them with outer clothing alone; and hence many are unable to pay for the under clothing which their necessities compel them to have.  Last year at this time, there were thousands of fair fingers busily employed in knitting for the soldiers, and, thanks to the untiring efforts of the noble hearted women of the South, the defenders of the country were as comfortably clad during the last winter, as could have been expected.  Next winter there will be more than double the number of soldiers in the field that there was last, and renewed and redoubled exertions will be necessary in order to prevent suffering in their ranks from the want of sufficient clothing.  It is the duty of those who remain at home to provide for those in the field, and we feel assured that those who have fathers, husbands, sons, brothers and friends in the army, will not fail to do all that love, patriotism and duty require.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, September 17,1862. 
               
Thanksgiving Day.--Thursday, the 18th inst. (to-morrow), has been appointed by the President to be observed as a Day of Thanksgiving to Almighty God for the signal triumphs which have lately everywhere attended the arms of the Confederacy. 
               
Thanksgiving Service.--Bishop Davis sets forth the following order of service for next Thursday, to be used in the Protestant Episcopal Churches of this Diocese: 
               
Morning Prayer to begin with the following sentences: 
               
"Make a joyful noise unto God, all ye lands;  sing forth the honor of His name; make His praise glorious.  Say unto God, how terrible art thou in Thy works; through the greatness of Thy power shall Thine enemies submit themselves unto Thee." 
               
Then the last of the "Sentences of Scripture," in the Prayer Book, with what follows, to the "Venite," instead of which use "The Psalm of Praise After Victory," in the "Form of Prayer to be used at Sea." 
               
For the Psalter--Psalm 27, 30, and 150. 
               
First Lesson--Deut. 30. 
               
Second Lesson.--Eph.. 6 to v. 20. 
               
The rest of the Morning Prayer, as usual, with the Prayer for the Congress, the special prayers already set forth by the Bishop, and the last Collect, in the "Forms of Prayer to be used at Sea," substituting for "this happy victory," "our late happy victories," and changing "this" into "these great mercies," and "this victory" into "these victories."  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, September 20, 1862, p. 1, c. 1

Directions for the Use of Rice Flour

                The following recipes for making different kinds of bread, with rice flour, were published many years ago in Charleston, and are vouched for as being valuable: 
               
To Make Loaf Rice Bread.--Boil a pint of rice soft, and a pint of leaven, then three quarts of rice flour, put it to raise in a tine or earthen vessel, until it has risen sufficiently; divide it into three parts, and bake it as other bread, and you will have three large loaves.  Or scald the flour, and when cold, mix half wheat flour or corn meal, raised with leaven in the usual way. 
               
Another.--One quart of rice flour--make it into a stiff pap, by wetting with warm water, not so hot as to make it lumpy; when well wet add boiling water, as much as two or three quarts, stir it continually until it boils, put in 1/2 pint of yeast when it cools, and a little salt, knead as much wheat flour as will make it a proper dough for bread, put it to rise, and then add a little more wheat flour--let it stand in a warm place half an hour, and bake it.  This same mixture only made thinner and baked in rings make excellent muffins. 
               
Journey or Jonny [sic] Cake.--To three spoonsful of soft boiled rice, add a small tea cup of water or milk, then add six spoonsful of rice flour, which will make a large Jonny cake, or six waffles. 
               
Rice Cakes.--Take a pint of soft boiled rice, a half a pint of milk or water, to which add twelve spoonsful of the rice flour, divide it into small cakes and bake them in a brick oven. 
               
Rice Cakes Like Buckwheat.--Mix one-fourth wheat flour to three-fourths superfine rice flour, and raise it as buckwheat flour, bake it like buckwheat cakes. 
               
To Make Wafers.--Take a pint of warm water, a teaspoonful of salt, add a pint of the flour, and it will give you two dozen wafers. 
               
To Make Rice Puffs.--To a pint of the flour, add a teaspoonful of salt, a pint of boiling water, best up four eggs, stir them well together, put from two to three spoonsful of lard in a pan, make it boiling hot, and fry as you do common fritters. 
               
To Make a Rice Pudding.--Take a quart of milk, add a pint of the flour, boil them to a pap, beat up six eggs, to which add six spoonsful of Havana sugar, and a spoonful of butter, which, when well beaten together, add to the milk and flour, grease the pan it is to be baked in, grate nutmeg over the mixture and bake it. 
               
Rice Flour Sponge Cake.--Make like sponge cake, except that you use 3/4 of a pound of rice flour, thirteen eggs, leaving out four whites and add a little salt. 
               
Rice Flour Blanc Mange.--Boil one quart of milk, season it to your taste with sugar and rose water, take 4 tablespoonsful of the rice flour, mix it very smooth with cold milk, add this to the other milk while it is boiling, stirring it well.  Let all boil together about fifteen minutes, stirring occasionally, then pour it into moulds and put it by to cool.  This is a very favorite article for invalids. 
               
Rice Griddle Cakes.--Boil one large cup of whole cold rice quite soft, in milk, and while hot stir in a little wheat flour or rice flour, when cold add two eggs, and a little salt, bake in small thin cakes on the griddle. 
               
In every case in making rice flour bread, cake, or pudding, a well boiled pap should be first made of all the milk and water and half the flour, and allowed to get perfectly cold before the other ingredients are added.  It forms a support for them and prevents the flour from settling at the bottom, stir the whole a moment before it is set to cook.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, September 20, 1862, p. 1, c. 5 
                                                                                            
Richmond, Wednesday, September 16.  
. . . We now have factories of matches, envelopes and blacking in this city.  One firm alone makes 40,000 envelopes a day.  Salt is still very high--85 cents a pound, about $60 a sack, by wholesale, I am told.  Adamantine candles $1.75 a pound. . .                                                                Hermes.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, September 29, 1862, p. 1, c. 3 
                                                                                            
Richmond, Wednesday, September 24.  
. . . A new literary paper, the Magnolia, will shortly appear in this city.  The vilest liquor that ever went down the neck of man is now sold here in plenty of laces at fifty cents a drink.  Reported that a genuine case of yellow fever, resulting in death, occurred here on yesterday.  White shirts are rapidly disappearing from this scene, and garments fabricated from Jacob's coat, Rachel's frock, or whatever will resist dirt and reduce washerwomen's bills, are coming into vogue.  Weather brilliant, cloudless, bracing.                              Hermes.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, September 30, 1862, p. 1, c. 1

From the Northern Papers.  
Charleston in War Times--As Seen by a Yankee Lady.

                The New York Journal of Commerce prints the following as the substance of a conversation with Mrs. Livingston, of New York, who was brought from Savannah under a rebel flag of truce, after a sojourn of several months in Dixie: 
               
Mrs. Livingston, whom I find to be a very intelligent lady (and who is the wife of a Captain in the Federal army), says she has been treated with uniform kindness and respect since her detention in the South, which dates back to the commencement of the war.  From personal observation, she believes Savannah may be taken, but Charleston, never. . . . There is no property, except real estate, within a dozen miles of Charleston.  All the furniture, stores, and indeed everything moveable, was sent into the interior immediately after the battle of James Island.  Two provision stores only remain.  Many of the inhabitants reside about three miles outside the City, in barracks similar to soldiers, and use only the most indispensable and cheapest kind of furniture.  No Sabbath day services are held in any of the Charleston churches; all the church bells have been cast into cannon, and even the iron railings and fences have been collected together and made into cannon.  It is regarded as a mistaken idea that there are Union men in the South.  Mrs. Livingston does not believe there is one.  She never saw a people so united and so determined.  There is not a lady in the entire Confederacy who owns fifty dollars worth of jewelry.  It has voluntarily been given for the cause, and the proceeds have built many of their finest boats.  The blockade is ineffectual; she has seen three steamers enter Charleston harbor on one day--and during a short visit at Charleston, one steamer made three trips to Nassau, N. P., bringing medical stores enough to last the entire army a full year.  Nothing but the most common qualities of wearing apparel can be obtained--and shoes are very expensive--the pair she wore, worth about one dollar and a half costing in Savannah twelve dollars.  Necessary provisions were cheap, but the luxuries were very expensive.  A free market has been opened in Charleston where anybody could procure, on application, three pounds of fresh beef and a half a peck of potatos [sic] per day.  Besides the heavy war and State tax, every male resident of the Confederacy is taxed two dollars per year for the support of the families of soldiers. . . . Very few slaves were to be found in Savannah or Charleston--they were so scarce as not to be procured for servants, even when one dollar and a half per day was offered for them. . . . Boys of eight and ten years of age were formed into "Home Guards" at Charleston and Savannah, and had acquired so much skill in the use of arms as to be able to hit a mark formed in the shape and size of a man at a distance of thirty rods.  These precocious defenders, it is said, were to mount sheds and fences, when the cities were invaded, and shoot down the Yankees.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, September 30, 1862, p. 2, c. 1 
               
A Growing Evil.--The free people of color in Charleston are, in general, an orderly and very respectable class; but the present anomalous condition of our city affairs is, and for some time has been, made the occasion for daily promenades of colored street-walkers in the most public streets.  It is high time that it were summarily checked.  Some of these women are seen riding about the city in hired carriages, making purchases at the stores, and occasionally have gone so far as to have hacks at church to ride off after the services. 
               
We have been repeatedly requested to bring this nuisance to the attention of the city government, and to urge, for the sake of public decency, the nuisance be abated.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, October 1, 1862, p. 2, c. 2 
               
Nurses Wanted.--Nurses, male or female, white or colored, are wanted immediately to go to the relief of our sister city, Wilmington, N.  C.  Apply to the Office of the City Registrar, between 10 o'clock, a. m., and 2 o'clock p.m. 
               
By order of the Mayor:                                                                       W. H. Smith, C. C. 
               
September 26  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, October 6, 1862, p. 1, c. 3 
                                                                                                   
Richmond, Wednesday, October 1.  
. . .All manner of contrivances to smuggle liquor into the city are practised [sic].  An instance is mentioned of a gentleman who brought in a churn of apple brandy dressed in a full suit of girls' clothes.                                                                                       Hermes.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, October 8, 1862, p. 1, c. 2

Clothing for Our Troops.

. . . The women of the South last fall clothed the armies then in the field; but to do it this fall will be a much more difficult undertaking.  Although they may still do much, they cannot accomplish it.  And, although it is now late for the Government to begin what should have been attended to last spring, prompt and systematic energy on the part of the War Department may yet do much to ensure the health and good condition of our troops during the severest portion of the approaching winter. . .  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, October 8, 1862, p. 1, c. 1 
                                                                                                       
Richmond, Saturday, October 4.  
. . . .The latest Yankee notion is "Gunjah-Wallah, or Hashish Candy."  What next?  Assafoetida pound cake and Epsom Salts ice cream?                                                                             Hermes.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, October 8, 1862, p. 2, c. 1 
               
The Jewish citizens of Wilmington, now in Fayetteville, have raised $1,100 for the relief of their suffering city.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, October 11, 1862, p. 2, c. 1 
               
The Graniteville Factory--Liberality.--Mr. Wm. Gregg, President of the Graniteville Factory Company, has recently given $7000 to the working people and poor of Graniteville and vicinity.  The Company has uniformed one military company from Edgefield District complete; it has contributed $3000 towards equipping another; and Mr. William Gregg, Jr., has given Miss Buie 150 yards of shirting for the soldiers.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, October 13, 1862, p. 1, c. 1 
                                                                                                
Richmond, Wednesday, October 8.  
. . . Brown Windsor and honey soaps are now manufactured here by a Monsieur Garcia.  Sugar is plentiful and falling in price.  Tobacco is thought to be the best of all investments, except negros [sic]. [sic]  Many marriages are talked of, among them that of the most distinguished widow in the city.  Days warm and cloudless; nights lovely with the harvest moon, and hideous with musquitos [sic] and cats.   Hermes.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, October 15, 1862, p. 1, c. 3

The Plunderers in Louisiana.

                The Montpelier (Vt.) Journal contains a letter from a Vermont soldier in Louisiana, describing the manner in which the plantation of General Richard Taylor, of the C. S. A., a son of old Zach, was "confiscated."  After mentioning that the slaves, 150 in number, were carried off, the Yankee warrior adds: [description of foraging, etc.]  You and every one may be thankful that you are out of the reach of plundering armies.  Here are whole families of women and children running in the woods--large plantations entirely deserted--nothing left except slaves too old to run away--all kinds of the best mahogany furniture broken to pieces.  Nothing is respected."  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, October 15, 1862, p. 1, c. 6

The Confederate Flag.

                To the Editor of the Charleston Mercury:  It speaks well for the good taste of our people that they are not satisfied with any one of the scores of designs for flags, conformed to the rules of the heraldry of the Old World, or made up of unmeaning crosses, bars, diagonals, shields, etc.  A simple flag, with the inscription--Confederate States of America--would probably answer every purpose of which a flag is used, and be in better taste than many of the elaborate designs proposed.  Flags, like national hymns, ought to be born of inspiration; or they should bear insignias which have been consecrated by association; or represent a prominent idea of the times.  Failing of these, they should be characterized by extreme simplicity.  The present flag--the Stars and Bars--has the advantage of association, but is condemned by its resemblance to the United States flag. 
               
The design appropriate to the idea of chivalry would, probably, be more generally gratifying to the Southern mind than any other.  The horse is the emblem, and we cannot spare the horse from our flag.  But the soul of chivalry is woman.  The genius of our Confederacy is woman.  She taught us honor, and inspired us with courage to dissolve the old Union.  She has toiled much, and made many sacrifices for the success of our cause; and it is now submitted to a chivalrous people whether the design of a woman on horseback is not the design for our flag.  Leave it to the genius of the artist to drape the figure, and create a face which shall embody the Southern idea of Southern women.  But it is here suggested that her proud head shall not be ensconced in a Red Republican cap, but be allowed to grace a crown--queen, as she is--inscribed, Confederate States of America; each point of the crown to represent a State.  The design would be as appropriate for the Confederate Seal also.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, October 15, 1862, p. 2, c. 1 
               
A Few Words About Chicory.--Chicory, Succory (Cichorium Intybus), a perennial herbaceous plant, indigenous to Europe, but naturalized in this country.  It has been found that the root, cut into thin slices, roasted and ground, is an admirable substitute for coffee; and, when combined with the latter in the proportion of two to one, improves the flavor of coffee very much.  In these blockade times, when none but the wealthy can indulge in pure coffee, the chicory will be found to answer all its purposes.  Chicory is used to a great extent in Europe, and throughout Germany coffee is scarcely ever prepared without the addition of a portion of it.  Several of our own citizens are now using chicory, and speak of it in the highest terms.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, October 15, p. 2, c. 2

Yankee Atrocities in Florida.

                The Savannah papers contain the particulars of the recent doings of the Yankees at St. Augustine, Florida, as related by a lady, who, with her family of five little children, was recently banished from that place.  She gives an account of the Yankee atrocities towards the people of St. Augustine, and of the hardships she had to encounter in her efforts to reach her home in Savannah. 
               
In the early part of September a meeting of the citizens of St. Augustine, male and female, from the age of fourteen years and upwards, was ordered, by Gen. Saxon, to assemble at the Presbyterian Church.  The meeting being assembled at the appointed time, Col. Beard, of the Provost Guard, opened his address as follows:  "I do not know whether to address you (alluding to the ladies present), as ladies or women, as all Broadway crinolined women are called ladies!" It was soon ascertained, from the speaker's remarks, that the object of the meeting was to have the oath of allegiance to the United States administered.  A guard was stationed at the door to prevent any from leaving.  Those who refused to take the oath were required to go in the galleries--some two to three hundred men, women and children.  The others were furnished with certificates and allowed to depart.  Those from the galleries were then called down to receive, as Col. Beard termed it, their "benediction."  They were forced to register their names, together with the number of their respective residences.  This having been gone through with, he told them that when he was ready he would give all the women and children among them who had relatives in the Confederacy "a free ride across the lines." 
               
He then gave orders to the guard to permit the ladies to pass to their homes.  Their residences were duly labeled, and about a week after the meeting, wagons were sent for their baggage, and these banished people were taken on board a transport.  The steamer left for the St. John's river with some fifty families--about 150 women and children huddled together, without a bed to rest on, or any accommodations whatever, and kept two and a half days outside without food or water save what they took with them, and in their sea sickness were refused even water to drink.  Fearing to enter the St. John's, as our informant supposes, they were taken back to St. Augustine, and when near that place it was ascertained that the vessel was leaking badly, having some four feet of water in the hold.  It was supposed on board that the negros [sic] had attempted to scuttle the vessel in order to drown the "Secesh." 
               
Our informant, who was among the sufferers, having been furnished a pass which had been some time previously promised here, was placed with her young charge and her baggage in a cart and taken across the country to the St. John's River.  The cart having broken down several times on the way, they were forced to walk and seek shelter in a negro cabin, with nothing but the naked floor to sleep upon--their feet and limbs sore and bruised, and their dresses torn by briars.  Arriving at St. John's, they were taken across to a small boat, where they procured another cart and reached the railroad at Trail Ridge.  They were, after severe suffering, some ten days in their trouble to get to our lines.--Taking the railroad, they came by way of Lake City, and reached this city, to the great joy of themselves and their friends, Saturday last. 
               
Gen. Mitchell sent notice from Hilton Head to St. Augustine, previous to her leaving, that he would send a boat to that place and take all the ladies who had refused to take the oath to Jacksonville. 
               
She states that the poor of St. Augustine are regularly furnished by the Federals with rations; but it was reported they intended soon to stop the supply.  The troops are respectful to the ladies in passing them in the streets, and are very orderly.  . . . No articles of silver or gold will be allowed to leave St. Augustine in the baggage of those who are sent away, which is regularly searched, in order to prevent them getting into the hands of Confederates to be coined into money.  Groceries of all kinds are selling at very low figures, for gold or silver only.  She saw no paper currency in circulation.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, October 16, 1862, p. 1, c. 4

Yankee Outrages in Louisiana.

                The Raleigh Church Intelligencer publishes the following private letter from a lady living on a Mississippi river plantation in the Southwest.  The editor vouches for the trustworthiness of his correspondent: 
                                                                                                                       
Elkridge, August 31.  
. . . Don't believe Butler's lies about "Union sentiments" and loyal citizens there.  If there is a place where the Federals are most detested, it is here in Louisiana.  In New Orleans the ladies never go out of their houses if they can help it, and then are always armed as, in all parts of the State exposed to their inroads, the women are.  I believe I am the only woman in this community who has not arms and does not know how to use them, and I think I could shoot too on an emergency, only I have such a distaste to weapons that I think I would rather be killed than to kill anybody.  I would not shoot in defence of life, but I would of honor. . .  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, October 16, 1862, p. 1, c. 5

Soldiers' Rest at Greenville, S. C.

                The Ladies' Aid Association, of Greenville, has been, in proportion to its means, one of the most efficient in the State.  Rising two thousand dollars have been given and expended since its formation, and an untiring industry displayed in making garments for the soldiers.  It was organized July 19th, 1861, and has carried through its objects with quiet energy, distributing money, clothing and provisions in every available channel. 
               
After sending large supplies, from time to time, to Virginia and other places, it was thought expedient to study the wants of our soldiers here, and, with this view, a Wayside Table was furnished, in the summer, at the Station.  This was bountifully supplied, and regularly attended by the ladies, who would cheerfully have continued their pleasant duty, but it was ascertained from the soldiers themselves that the liberal supply at Greenwood rendered Greenville refreshments superfluous. 
               
In view of expected attacks on our seacoast, where so many of our mountaineers are stationed, who may be returned sick or wounded, the Association, within the last month, have established a Soldiers' Rest, superintended by the Lady Directors in person.  Already twenty sick or weary soldiers have found food and lodging on their homeward way, and some who were destitute of means have been assisted to pay travelling [sic] expenses.  The Soldiers' Rest is pleasantly situated on College, near Buncombe street, and a conveyance is provided by the Association to convey the sick from the cars to the spot. 
               
Greenville being the terminus of the railroad, travellers [sic] are subject to delay; under these circumstances, the ladies are desirous that no sick, or wounded, or indigent soldier, who requires aid, may pass to his home without a helping hand being extended to him, gratefully remembering that our armies are giving the strength of their manhood to protect the women and children of the Confederacy.                                    A Refugee. 
               
Greenville, S. C., October 4.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, October 21, 1862, p. 1, c. 1-2 
                                                                                                        
Richmond, Friday, October 17.  
. . . The Medical Purveyor's Office in this city, admirably managed by Dr. Johns, is well worth a visit.  It is an immense establishment, and has done and is still doing an enormous amount of work.  Its supplies are derived mainly from England, and the clerks tell me the English preparations are so superior to those of the Yankees that even the English bottles can be told in the dark by their feel and finish.  The medical stores captured by Jackson in Winchester, when he routed Banks, have helped us out greatly.  Among the good things supplied to Yankee soldiers, are prepared soup and coffee.  A spoonful of the one put into hot water makes a splendid, rich vegetable soup in five minutes; a spoonful of the other, used in the same way--both are in the form of powder--makes an excellent cup of coffee, already sweetened and creamed, complete in all respects, and far better than you get at hotel and boarding house tables. 
               
Next door to the Purveyor's, in Pearl street, is the Clothing House of the Quartermaster's Department, another great establishment.  Here, every morning, may be seen a throng of servant girls, little white girls and boys, poor women of the city, and even buggies from the country, all in quest of bundles of soldiers' clothing, which are cut out and sent to all parts of the city and suburbs to be sewed. . . .     Hermes.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, October 22, 1862, p. 1, c. 6 
               
To Keep Apples for Winter Use.--Put them in casks or bins in layers well covered with dry sand, each layer being covered.  This preserves them from the air, from moisture, and from frost; it prevents their perishing by their own perspiration, their moisture being absorbed by the sand; at the same time it preserves the flavor of the apples, and prevents their wilting.  Pippins have been kept in this manner sound and fresh til mid-summer; and how much longer they would have kept is not known.  Any kind of sand will answer, but it must be perfectly dry.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, October 22, 1862, p. 2, c. 4

The Very  
Best  
Substitute  
for  
Coffee  
is  
Chicory.  
Try it!  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, October 25, 1862, p. 2, c. 4

The Great  
Substitute  
for  
Coffee  
Everybody is Using It.  
Chicory.  
Chicory.  
Chicory.  
Chicory. 
      
Can be used with safety. 
     
Has a delightful flavor. 
      
It improves poor Coffee. 
     
Can be had at a Low Price. 
    
Originally imported here. 
     
Really good and nutritious. 
    
You must give it a trial.  
Chicory.  
Chicory.  
Chicory.

                N.B.  To Accommodate the Public, I shall open a few bags of this desirable Article, and sell, at Retail, in parcels of not less than Ten Pounds Each.  Send at once. 
               
For sale by 
                                                                                                                               
Philip Wineman, 
                                                                                                                      
No. 29 Hayne Street.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, October 30, 1862, p. 2, c. 1

The Wants of Our Soldiers.

                To the Editor of the Mercury:  The representation of the condition and necessities of our Army in Northern Virginia, contained in the correspondence of the Savannah Republican, lately copied into your paper, must create a profound and painful sensation throughout the country.  It is not to be supposed that they are exaggerated, for the writer, as an eye witness, speaks of what he knows.  Three remarks are induced thereby. 
               
1.  It is almost impossible for private enterprise to supply the want, for the simple reason that the necessary material for clothing and shoes can, in many places, not be procured at all, and, in all others, can only be had at such prices as absolutely preclude their purchase, except by the wealthy, who constitute, of course, very much the smaller number of those interested.  The materials, as fast as manufactured or brought into the country, have been taken up by the Government, or by speculators who are co-operating with the public enemy, and accomplishing even more than himself towards the end he seeks.  Having occasion recently for so much grey cloth as would make a suit for a private in the service, and being unable to obtain any nearer home, search was made, through a friend, in your city, and the only chance of success proved to be, in purchasing at seven dollars per yard, a whole piece of thirty yards, of a very coarse article, worth ordinarily, perhaps, one dollar.  Raw wool cannot be had, else the cloth could be woven in our hand looms.  The only course that remains is to take to pieces such blankets as have not already been given to the army, and from the wool thus obtained, mixed with cotton, manufacture the needed cloth.  But this resource must soon be exhausted. . . .  
               
3.  But is it really true that the Government is not able to supply these necessities?  A gentleman, careful in his statements, who recently visited Richmond, reported, on his return, that there was in the government warehouses of that city the largest abundance of winter clothing, a good suit of which, for a private, would be furnished at the cost of fourteen dollars; that at one point on the way several large stores were entirely filled with blankets belonging to the War Department; and that at a recent sale of imported goods over $40,000 worth of flax thread had been purchased for government use, in the manufacture of clothing for the army.  The woolen manufactories, the tan yards, the shoe factories throughout the country refuse to furnish anything towards the supply of the private necessities of families or plantations, on the ground that they are in the employment of the Government, and under contracts enforced by stern obligations, which exhaust their utmost capacities for production. 
                                                                    
C.

 

CHARLESTON MERCURY, October 31, 1862, p. 2, c. 2

Hibernian Hall.  
Saturday Night, Nov. 1st, 1862.  
Grand Opening Night  
of  
Keeper's Southern  
Harmonians!  
Mammoth Troupe of the World!

                This company consists of Southern talent, and each member has served in the Confederate Army, and their desire is to give Concerts for the Benefit of the Sick and Wounded Soldiers. 
               
Free concert at the Hall every evening before the doors are opened by the Brass Band. 
               
Don't fail to see Jim Wood and Guss Frank, the great Southern favorites. 
               
For further particulars see small bills.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, November 5, 1862, p. 2, c. 1 
               
Aged Industry.--We have been shown by a friend a sample of check homespun, the cotton of which was carded spun and woven by an aged and venerable lady in Marion District, whose grand-children had planted and picked the raw material.  The indigo with which the homespun is dyed was also made by the industrious lady, who has nearly completed here three-score and ten.  Surely when such work can be accomplished by the aged, and with the great staple in abundance, there is no reason why homespuns should be selling at fabulous prices, nor why younger fingers with an average share of industry, might not supply the wants of an army.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, November 8, 1862, p. 1, c. 1

Fearful Catastrophe.

                Jackson, Miss., November 5.--Shortly after 3 o'clock this afternoon the building used as a cartridge manufactory, having a large amount of powder stored in it, exploded with a fearful concussion.  Of its occupants, boys, girls and young ladies, not one escaped.  There were certainly not less than thirty in number, and possibly more.--Cause of explosion unknown.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, November 8, 1862, p. 2, c. 1 
               
Color for the Brooks Artillery.--A beautiful flag, which the "patriotic ladies of Charleston" have had worked for the Brooks Artillery by the accomplished embroiderer, Mrs. Schuckmann, is now to be seen at Schuckmann's store, in King street.  It was begun some time ago, and could not be finished before, as the materials could not be got in the Confederacy, and had to be sent for to Paris.  It is a peculiar and handsome banner.  The ground is of a dark red, rather approaching the new-fashioned French color, magenta.  On one side is worked, in beautifully shaded green silk, a wreath of bay and oak leaves, tied below with a blue ribbon.  In the interior of the wreath is worked, in gold colored silk letters, the names of the battles, previous to that of Sharpsburg, in which this gallant company has been engaged.  On the other side is the emblematic Palmetto tree, with the dauntless rattle snake coiled around the foot of the trunk; and a crescent in the upper flag staff corner.  The crescent, like the tree, is worked in golden colored silk, which contrasts beautifully with the crimson ground.  The cord and tassels are very handsome.  The staff is made of wood from the flag staff at Fort Sumter, which was shot away by the battery of Fort Moultrie during the bombardment.  This flag, in its general appearance, is, I am told, very much like one that waves over the tomb of the Great Napoleon, "Aux Invalides," in Paris.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, November 12, 1862, p. 2, c. 1 
               
Primitive Currency.--The Swedish Iron Manufacturing Company, of South Carolina, announce that they will exchange iron and nails at their works, for bacon, leather, flour and corn, as follows:  
2 pounds Nails for 1 lb. Bacon.  
6     "          "     for 1 lb. Leather.  
1     "          "      for 2 lbs. Flour.  
5     "          "      for 1 bushel Corn.  
8 pounds Iron for 1 lb. Bacon.  
10     "       "    for 1 lb. Leather.  
1      "        "     for 1 lb. Flour.  
10     "       "     for 1 bushel Corn. 
               
Nails and iron will also be exchanged for wheat, cotton and woollen [sic] cloths.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, November 13, 1862, p. 1, c. 2 
               
The physicians and nurses who went from this city to the assistance of Wilmington, during the epidemic, have all returned, the necessity for their services no longer existing.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, November 13, 1862, p. 1, c. 4 
               
The yellow fever still lingers in Wilmington.--The Journal announces that five new cases and two deaths occurred on Monday.  The Howard Association held a meeting on Monday evening and adopted the following resolutions: 
               
Resolved, That the thanks of this Association are due and are hereby tendered to Drs. Choppin, Wragg, North, Huger, White, Seabrook, Trescot and Cooper, who came to our aid during the late epidemic, giving to us freely the advantage of their experience and skill in combatting [sic] the fearful disease which was ravaging our community. 
               
Resolved, That our thanks are also due to Messrs. Cox, Valieau, Schaffer, Jackson and Stephenson, druggists, who volunteered their services at a time when such services were very much needed, if, indeed, they were not absolutely indispensable. 
               
Resolved, That we feel deeply grateful for the services of the corps of nurses from Charleston, who, under the energetic direction of Mr. Schouboe, rendered us such efficient aid.  To Mr. Schouboe himself this community is under especial obligations, which we take pleasure in gratefully acknowledging, we are also under many obligations to Rev. Dr. Corcoran, of Charleston, and to the ladies from the Convent of our Lady of Mercy in that city, who have been with us during the period of our deepest affliction.  We tender them our warmest thanks.  Our thanks are also due to Judge O. M. Olin, of Augusta, Ga., for his efficient and disinterested services freely rendered to us during our late difficulties. 
               
Resolved, That, as citizens of Wilmington, we tender our thanks to our sister communities for the promptness and liberality with which they came to our aid at a time when aid was so much needed.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, November 15, 1862, p. 1, c. 2

Shoes for Our Soldiers.

                The Richmond Whig, in noticing the fact that the winter is opening in Virginia with unexampled severity, makes a touching appeal to the humanity and patriotism of the people of the South in behalf of our shoeless soldiers.  It is terrible to think that hundreds--nay, thousands--of our brave troops--our sons and brothers and friends--who are suffering that we may be comfortable--are in this bitter weather without the comforts of negros [sic], of paupers, or even of convicts in the penitentiary--are literally barefooted in the snow.  Shame, shame on those who have failed to prevent this, and on those who now permit it!  There is something more important and pressing for the people now to do than sit in judgment on delinquent officials, and that is, to do what they can to supply the neglects of their public agents.  The condition of the army is heart-rending.  The people must come to the rescue.  Men who have fought and suffered as they have done, must not be neglected by those who stay at home.  Let each citizen resolve, the moment he reads this, to furnish one or more pairs of shoes; or, if they cannot be had, something else that will serve to shield a soldier from suffering.  If you haven't it, buy it, no matter at what price, if you can pay for it; for it is better to fill the pockets even of the most heartless speculator, than that this disgraceful condition of things should continue an hour.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, November 15, 1862, p. 2, c. 1 
               
Bread.--The Bakers of this city are now charging twenty cents for loaves of bread which were formerly sold for five cents!  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, November 17, 1862, p. 1, c. 2-3 
                                                                                                 
Richmond, Tuesday, November 13.  
. . . Fifteen thousand dollars have already been subscribed by the citizens and others for the army.  All the prominent people paid readily and liberally, except Mr. Memminger, who, according to the Examiner, "denounced the movement as a reflection upon the Government."  The President, while handing in $50, remarked, facetiously, that he had two pairs of boots, one of which he would give, if necessary, and the other pair, also; but, for the fact that he had become so unaccustomed to going barefoot, that he was afraid to attempt it in cold weather.  Mr. Benjamin had just been informed that 11,000 pairs of shoes had gone up to Lee's army, and that the barefoot soldiers consisted only of those who sold their shoes for whisky, or threw them away in order to be sent to the rear.  Yet it has been only a fortnight since Gen. Randolph telegraphed the fact that the Government needed all the assistance it could get, or something tantamount to that.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, November 17, 1862, p. 1, c. 5 
               
Shoes for the army.--Diligent inquiry has resulted in the development of the fact that there is not in the city of Richmond--the seat of Government and headquarters of the army of the Confederate States--an establishment where shoes are made for the army.  Shoes are cut out and distributed around the city and country, wherever a chance cobbler may happen to live, and no system or regularity exists in regard to the matter.  Leather is to be had, but it is not used up, and yet the cry is for "shoes."  Nor has there been any regular detail made of shoemakers from the army, such as the Secretary of War is authorized to make.  But, when the soldiers were marching bare-footed through our streets, a few days since, there were in the quartermaster's Department, in Richmond, shoes enough to have supplied every one of them, but they could not be obtained except by regular requisition, with the name of the applicant stated most particularly, and every i dotted an every t crossed, lest, perchance, some well fed and well clothed quartermaster, who is responsible for these things, should not be able to make his accounts balance in his report at the end of the month.--Richmond Examiner, 13th.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, November 18, 1862, p. 1, c. 5 
               
Copperas in North Carolina is made in Cleveland and Johnston counties, and alum is found in McDowell county and elsewhere.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, November 19, 1862, p. 1, c. 1-2 
                                                                                                             
Vernonsville, November 14.  
. . . The corn crop has been gathered, but it has not proved a full average with us.  There is little or no cotton to take care of; and, unfortunately for the lovers of the weed, little or no tobacco has been made for our home use; consequently, a common article will bring two dollars per pound.  Farmers are now sowing their wheat, and, in the absence of blue stone, some are resorting as a substitute to one thing, and some to another; but strong lye of ashes from the fireplace is thought to be best.  You cannot buy wheat here under six dollars per bushel, and very inferior at that.  Rye cannot be obtained either for sowing or as a substitute for coffee.  There is a pretty good stock of hogs in the country.  Cattle are becoming scarce, and sell very high.  The number of sheep have been greatly reduced by dogs--wool will sell readily at from one dollar and fifty to two dollars per pound.  There is great demand for it, but it cannot be obtained.  Yarn is also in very great demand, as I am told by those who go to the factories to purchase it, that they sometimes find from two to three hundred people there waiting for the hour of sale to arrive.  It is selling now at three dollars per bunch, of five pounds.  This great demand for factory yarn is caused, in a great measure, by the want of cotton cards.  Here was exhibited a great deficiency of common sense or foresight in those who conduct affairs, in not having imported at the proper time a full supply of cards for our women.  Had this been done, it would greatly have curtailed the enormous and unconscionable price not demanded by the cormorant proprietors of any of the cotton factories.  Nevertheless, the women of our country are doing the best they can to obviate the many difficulties in their way, and, with cheerfulness, forego the comforts and conveniences they enjoyed before the war.--There is a loom and spinning wheel in every house and cabin, and there is great activity in making domestic cloth of all kinds; and there is a great deal made, and much of it of excellent quality.  After supplying the wants of their families at home and their sons and brothers in the army, with good thick jeans and linseys, many sell the remainder at the villages to purchase more yarn to make more cloth--and so they go on.  I have never before known as much cloth of different kinds to be made in the country.  Good jeans have been selling at four, and linseys at three dollars per yard.  God bless our precious mothers, wives, and sisters!  Always susceptible of happy influences, how could the present glorious struggle for home, liberty and honor, fail to give new spirit and vigor to their patriotic and devoted affections?  They say they want peace--and would gladly embrace it; but never, no, never in a Union with Yankeedom--they want a separation, total and everlasting.  . . .                 W.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, November 19, 1862, p. 1, c. 2 
               
Confederate Candle.--This rivals the rush in simplicity, and far exceeds it in serviceableness.  To make it, melt together a pound of beeswax and a quarter of a pound of rosin, or turpentine fresh from the tree.  Prepare a wick thirty or forty yards long, made up of three threads of loosely spun cotton.   Saturate this well with the mixture, and draw it through your fingers to press all closely together, and to keep the size even.  Repeat the process until the candle attains the size of a large straw or quill; then wrap it around a bottle, or into a ball with a flat bottom.  Six inches of this candle elevated above the rest will burn for fifteen minutes, and give a pretty light, and forty yards have sufficed a small family a summer for all the usual purposes of the bed chamber.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, November 19, 1862, p. 2, c. 4 
               
Choice New Goods, just received per steamer from Europe, on sale this day, at Bissell's, corner King and Wentworth sts. 
               
Shoes!  Shoes!  Shoes! 
               
300 pairs Oxonian's shoes, 250 pairs Spanish Shoes, 200 pairs Men's Bluchers, 100 pairs Lace Shoes, 100 pairs Button Gaiters, 100 pairs French Side Calf, 75 pairs Slides (for men), 150 pairs Men's Boots, 100 pairs Boys' Boots, 80 pairs Bluchers, 200 pairs Shoes (assorted), 45 pairs Balmorals, 120 pairs Ladies' Gaiters, 75 pairs Ladies' English Gaiters, 50 pairs Ladies' Calf Gaiters, 35 pairs Enamelled [sic] Shoes. 
               
The above Shoes are the best assorted lot in the "Confederate States." 
               
Also, Prime lot of calf and kip skins.  20 Calf Skins.  100 Kip Skins. 
               
For sale at Bissell's, Corner King and Wentworth streets.  
November 19  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, November 21, 1862, p. 1, c. 2 
               
How to knit a worsted cap for the soldiers.--Put on 150 stitches, and knit, ribbed, one finger and a quarter's length.  Take off for the head-piece, eighty-one stitches, and knit a finger's length, as you would the heel of a stocking; then take off thirty-three stitches, and knit nearly a finger's length, narrowing each side until all the stitches are taken off.  Then take up the stitches as you would the foot of a sock, and knit as on a sock until you have one hundred and twenty-six stitches left on the needles.  After narrowing, knit a few rows round, and bind off.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, November 22, 1862, p. 1, c. 5

A Plea for the Poor.

                To the Editor of the Mercury:  If your valuable journal is not over crowded with better matter, I beg you to insert this plea for the poor. 
               
Sometimes, I fear that in the great anxiety which we feel for ourselves in reference to the possible contingencies of a long and consuming war, we may forget that there are those who are now actually reduced to more extreme necessities. 
               
Remember, kind parent, while you contemplate the exigency of having to leave a dear family without your fond attention.  Then reflect upon the lone, aye, needy families, whose stay or support have been many months battling for your security.  See you not that they are already comfortless, houseless, hungry and cold?  Fold your tender daughter in your arms, and by the love you bear her, as you would screen her from want and shame, so open your heart towards "sorrow's child" and give. 
               
Remember, when, in ordinary times, you even shivered around your cosy [sic] firesides, reminded by the whistling winds without of the sufferers near you in their discomfort.  Did you not then hasten off from a luscious breakfast next morning and drop a gift into the hand of the cheerless and needy?  O, then!  do not let selfish prudence make you indifferent, now that the occasion calls louder for your sympathy.  Then, wood was from $5 to $6 per cord, now from $18 to $20; flour 6 to $8 per barrel, now 40 to $45; bacon 10 to 12 1/2 cents, now 65 to 70 cents; beef 10 to 12 1/2, now 30 to 37 cents; sugar 8 to 10 cents per pound, now 50 to 60 cents (and no coffee or molasses); material to clothe themselves and children, from 12 to 20 cents per yard, now from $2 to $3; shoes from 75 cents to $1 per pair, now from $8 to $15.  Then the fathers and brothers of most families earned from $4 to $5 per day, now father and brothers in the army, and mother finds no work even for her needle.  Come, then, in the name of Him who left the poor with you, who lived and taught a life of love and benevolence, to whom you look for eternal life, and who pronounced blessings upon those who fed the hungry, clothed the naked and visited the sick; come, and out of your abundance cast in your mite, for surely it is more blessed to give than to receive.  I pity the being who has never felt this blessing. 
               
Would it not be wise to cease railing against speculators and those who are termed extortioners?  Heartless men may own large barns, and even build new ones, while there is a limited supply for so great a demand.   Warn such as to the fate of the rich man spoke of by our Saviour, which may be read in 12th chapter of Luke, 16th, 17th, 18th, 19th, and 20th verses. 
               
It has ceased to be the fashion to have all things in common.  I repeat, is it not wise to cease cavilling [sic] and put your hand into your pockets and give cheerfully and freely--give. 
               
The poor have nothing wherewith to buy, and might be as effectually starved on low prices as on high.  God pity the poor in my country, specially of the city of Charleston, who may be required soon to leave their homes, and probably ill clad and unprovisioned, to sojourn amongst strangers in the country.   God pity them, we pray, and incline the hearts of those who are able to help them. 
               
I herewith enclose you twenty five dollars, which you will please divide between the "Ladies' Fuel Society," and the "Free Market."  And should necessity require it, though not rich in this world, I will strive to give more. 
               
In conclusion, I suggest that the best plan is to form yourself into a committee of one, to dispense your alms, but be sure you do it, and take care that the speculators do not get ahead of you.                                                                                                                              Annie. 
               
Greenwood, S. C., November 19.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, November 24, 1862, p. 2, c. 1 
               
Salt.--The individual who makes salt for his hominy in these days is considered fortunate, and we, of the seacoast, have reason to congratulate ourselves, for we are informed by Prof. Hume who has tried the experiment, that rice boiled in salt water (which is within every persons reach in Charleston) and hominy boiled in half salt and half fresh water, receives the requisite saline flavor for these indispensable articles.  The cost of salt at the present time makes it an object for the general trial of this experiment.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, November 25, 1862, p. 2, c. 1 
               
English Photographic Goods.--Quinby & Co., No. 233 King street, have just opened a large assortment of fine photographic materials, selected with great care in London, and imported direct from Europe by the last steamer.  Among other articles are a lot of very rich and tasteful photographic albums, beautifully bound and well arranged so as to contain, in convenient form a number of Cartes de visite.  We advise a call at Quinby's Gallery.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, November 28, 1862, p. 1, c. 1 
                                                                                                   
Richmond, Monday, November 24.
                Burnside still delays the destruction of Fredericksburg.  Nothing from there this morning.  It was a sad scene at the Depot, Saturday night, when the refugees arrived.  Women and children, who had been huddled in box and cattle cars, were found far off from the Depot, seated or standing in the night air, utterly at a loss what to do, or where to go.  Will not this needless suffering be requited unto the Abolitionists? . . . Hermes.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, November 28, 1862, p. 1, c. 2 
               
The "Ladies' Division" of the Treasury Department.--The Richmond Enquirer announces that "the ladies' division of the Treasury Department is now complete, all the positions being filed.  New appointments will only be made to fill such vacancies as may occur from time to time."  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, December 1, 1862, p. 2, c. 1 
               
Arrest and Sentence.--A negro woman, named Phillis Stuart, was arrested by officer Hicks on Wednesday last, for sending a mulatto child to a school for white children.  The Mayor sentenced her to thirty days' solitary confinement.  We understand that there are some other cases of this character, which will soon be looked after.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, December 2, 1862, p. 1, c. 1 
               
A Cheap Method of Curing Bacon.--At this time, when salt is selling for three hundred dollars a sack, the following simple and cheap method of curing bacon (given by a citizen of Georgia), may be worth trying: 
               
I saw at the house of Mr. William Morton, a well known and respectable citizen of this place, good bacon, from a hog weighing two hundred and fifty pounds, killed last week, made by dipping it in boiling brine, hung and smoked immediately.  The plan is simple and commendable for its economy of salt.  Take a kettle or large pot nearly full of water, put it to boil, cut up the meat, and while animal heat is in it put in the kettle and boil, from two to four minutes, according as the meat is thick or thin; rub on meal to keep off the flies; then hang and smoke it.  The brine must be kept up to its full strength by occasionally adding salt.  When the work is done, the remaining brine may be boiled down and the salt saved for other uses, or for the next killing. 
               
Mr. Morton tells me he learned this plan from an old man forty years ago, who had used it for years previous.  He has frequently tried it in the month of August with invariable success.  Every one who knows him will vouch for the truth of his assertion.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, December 2, c. 2, c. 1 
               
Cheap Fire Wood for the People.--We cannot too highly commend the energetic action of our city authorities in securing for the poor, on and after to-day, a supply of fuel at reasonable rates.  The orders for the wood will be issued by Mr. W. H. Smith, Clerk of Council.  Mr. Thos. W. Riggs has been appointed Agent for the delivery of the wood at his Yard, Corner Wolfe-street and Railroad track, for the present.  One quarter of a cord will be furnished each family weekly at the following rates:  Oak wood, $8.10 per cord; and Pine wood, $7 10 per cord.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, December 2, 1862, p. 2, c. 1 
               
Important to Soldiers' Aid Societies.--The following notice, from the Quartermaster General's Department, is published in the Richmond papers: 
               
It is announced for the information of all concerned, that the Quartermaster's Department will pay for shoes, blankets and other articles of clothing, which may be contributed by the people of the counties in the several States of the Confederacy, to their soldiers in the field, at the prices stated in the following table; provided, that such articles are supplied under the direction of the County Courts or other county tribunals:  
Caps..........$2.00                                                    Drawers..........$1.00  
Jackets.......12.00                                                   Shoes................6.00  
Pants............9.00                                                   Woolen Socks...1.00  
Flannel Shirts...3.00                                              Overcoats (with capes).....25.00  
Cotton Shirts....1.00                                             Blankets (per pair).....15.00  
Striped Cotton Shirts....1.50 
               
Payment will be made upon delivery at the nearest Quartermaster's Post on the line of railroad transportation, and the articles will be sent or issued to the Chief Quartermaster of the nearest military department, by whom they will be issued, so far as may be needed, to the particular troops for whom they were intended.  In all cases, however, where such troops shall be already supplied, the articles will be issued to others who may require them.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, December 3, 1862, p. 1, c. 2 
                                                                                                  
Richmond, Saturday, November 29  
. . . The city authorities are again making a show of rigor against the "dead-fall," small fry gaming houses; the great establishments are, as usual, left untouched. 
                                                                                                                               
Hermes.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, December 3, 1862, p. 2, c. 1 
               
Phrenology.--Prof. Samuel Ellis, the blind Phrenologist, arrived in Charleston yesterday, and has rooms at Mrs. Jones' Boarding House, No. 190 King street.  He will remain in the city for a few days, during which those who desire to have their mental peculiarities pointed out according to Phrenological Science, will have an opportunity to do so.  We have had some evidences of the skill of Prof. Ellis, and can recommend him to the patronage of the public.  Parents wishing to learn the phrenological development of their children, may secure a call from Prof. Ellis by leaving their addresses with him.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, December 4, 1862, p. 2, c. 1 
               
In these days, when ordinary corn whiskey is regarded as a thing of fabulous value and when grave newspapers wistfully discuss the possible merits of persimmon brandy, the fact of the existence of an A No. 1 article of French Brandy ought not to be overlooked.  Among the merchandize offered for sale to-day by Mr. James H. Taylor, Auctioneer, are a few demijohns of brandy of a private stock and strictly pure.  This will be a rare chance to secure a stimulant of the best quality and suitable for medicinal purposes.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, December 5, 1862, p. 1, c. 5 
               
Corn is selling at one dollar per bushel in most of the lower counties of Alabama, at which price thousands of bushels can be obtained.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, December 10, 1862, p. 1, c. 1 
                                                                                                  
Richmond, Saturday, December 6.  
. . . The Enquirer says that officers should keep diaries of events happening in the army and on the battle field, so that the histories of this revolution may be as complete and truthful as possible.  The suggestion is a good one; and so is that of preserving all the Yankee letters that are found.  The unutterable depravity of the Northern people could thereby be verified beyond all disputation. 
               
After the soaking rain which lasted all day yesterday, a little wind sprang up, and to-day it is stinging cold.  Think of the poor fellows, drenched to the skin, who were on picket last night, and of those who were trying to sleep on the wet ground.  Think of them!                                  Hermes.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, December 11, 1862, p. 2, c. 5

Jones' Portable Soup Cakes.

                This article has now been before the public upwards of a year, and has met with general approval for its excellence and convenience.  It is now being used extensively in the Virginia Hospitals, and found indispensable in many kinds of sickness being at once stimulating and nourishing, and so readily prepared.  Those having friends in Virginia, or elsewhere, will find these SOUP CAKES one of the most desirable articles to send on. 
               
Price.--$1 per dozen, or $8 per 100; 100 Cakes will make 50 to 60 quarts of Soup. 
               
At present for sale only at the northeast corner of Line and Meeting streets, Charleston, S.C. 
               
December 10                                                                                         J. W. Jones.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, December 12, 1862, p. 2, c. 2

The Bare-Footed Boys.

By the sword of St. Michael, 
               
The old Dragon, through!  
By David, his sling, 
               
And the giant he slew!  
Let us write us a rhyme, 
               
As a record, to tell  
How the South, on a time, 
               
Stormed the ramparts of Hell 
                                               
With her bare-footed boys.  

Had the South in her borders 
               
A hero to spare?  
Or a heart at her altars? 
               
Lo! its life blood was there!  
And the black, battle grim 
               
Might never disguise  
The smile of the South 
               
On the lips and the eyes 
                                               
Of her bare footed boys.  

There's a grandeur in fight, 
               
And a terror the while;  
But none like the light 
               
Of that terrible smile;  
The smile of the South 
               
When the storm-cloud unrolls;  
The lightning that loosens 
               
The wrath in the souls 
                                               
Of her bare-footed boys.  

It withered the foe, 
               
As the red light that runs  
Through the dead forest leaves, 
               
And he fled from his guns,  
Grew the smile to a laugh-- 
               
Rose the laugh to a yell,  
As the iron-clad hoofs 
               
Clattered back into Hell 
                                               
From our bare-footed boys.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, December 13, 1862, p. 1, c. 4 
                                                                                               
Richmond, Thursday, December 11.  
. . . Mr. Ward, special agent of the Postoffice Department, is out in a card, showing how many letters to soldiers are never received and the reason thereof.  It is because the company and regiment, with the number of the regiment and the State to which it belongs, are not carefully and plainly put down in the letter.  He gives a formula to guide every one in directing letters.  Thus:  "Private John Jones, care of Company K, 47th Regiment Georgia Volunteers, Fredericksburg, Virginia." . . . 
               
An extortioner of this city went up to Fredericksburg last Sunday with a barrel of snacks--a piece of ham between two slices of bread--and sold out directly at a dollar a snack.  He also made $65 on a barrel of apples, and bragged about it.  But who does not fleece the poor soldier?  Hermes.

CHARLESTON MERCURY, December 25, 1862, p. 1, c. 2 
               
Merry Christmas to you, kind reader.  That is to say, the merriest Christmas possible, under the circumstances.  The noble hymn, written for this anniversary of the great Festival, by one of our own poets, and published in to-day's paper, reminds us how heavily the joyous scenes of the season must be fringed with sorrow and distress; how the gladsome pealing of our ancient chimes, which were wont to usher in the morn of the Nativity, are drowned to-day in the din of a ruthless war; how the memories of the heroic dead, whose blood has dyed the battle-fields of the expiring year, and the thoughts of the not less heroic living, who are watching and battling and suffering on the border, surge up together to sadden the Christmas time of '62.  Yet it may be that the little ones will escape these grave reflections, and, though they may miss something of the well-remembered grandeur of the shops in the holidays, will yet, with unshaken faith in the inexhaustible bounty of the good old Saint, who annually fills their stockings with his gifts, spring delighted from their beds, as of yore, to grasp the presents of the thoughtful Kriss Kringle, whom neither war nor blockade can banish or repress.   For their sake, then, let the old-time customs of Christmas Day be faithfully kept up.  The Christmas tree may still blossom with its marvelous and miscellaneous fruit; the mantel may still be decked with Laurel and Evergreen; the Yule Log may still blaze and roar cheerily, shedding its generous glow around the hearth, and still may the children listen to the old chaunt [sic] of the days gone by, and with their joyful voices ring in the chorus, lustily and mirthfully,-- 
                                               
"Christmas luck and Christmas cheer, 
                                               
Christmas cakes and Christmas beer, 
                                               
Christmas far and Christmas near, 
                                               
For Christmas comes but once a year!"  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, December 25, 1862, p. 2, c. 1 
               
Turtle soup will be served up at the "Bachelor's Retreat," this day, at 11 o'clock, at $1 a quart. 
               
Rather Cheap.--The poor of Columbia are furnished with pine wood from the city carts at one dollar per cord.  

CHARLESTON MERCURY, December 25, 1862, p. 2, c. 2

                                Christmas. 
                               
by Henry Timrod.

                How grace this hallowed day?  
Shall happy bells, from yonder ancient spire,  
Send their glad greetings to each Christmas fire 
               
Round which the children play?

                Alas! for many a moon,  
That tongueless tower hath cleaved the Sabbath air,  
Mute as an obelisk of ice aglare 
               
Beneath an Arctic noon.  

                Shame to the foes that drown  
Our psalms of worship with their impious drum,  
The sweetest chimes in all the land lie dumb 
               
In some far rustic town.  

                There, let us think, they keep,  
Of the dead Yules which here beside the sea  
They've ushered in with old world, English glee, 
               
Some echoes in their sleep.  

                How shall we grace the day?  
With feast, and song, and dance, and antique sports,  
And shout of happy children in the courts, 
               
And tales of ghost and fay?  

                Is there indeed a door,  
Where the old pastimes, with their lawful noise,  
And all the merry round of Christmas joys, 
               
Could enter as of yore?  

                Would not some pallid face  
Look in upon the banquet, calling up  
Dread shapes of battle in the wassail cup, 
               
And trouble all the place?  

                How could we bear the mirth,  
While some loved reveller of a year ago  
Keeps his mute Christmas now beneath the snow, 
               
In cold Virginia earth?  

                How shall we grace the day?  
Ah! let the thought that on this holy morn  
The Prince of Peace—the Prince of Peace was born, 
               
Employ us, while we pray!  

Pray for the peace which long  
Hath left this tortured land, and haply now  
Holds its white court on some far mountain's brow, 
               
There hardly safe from wrong.  

                Let every sacred fane  
Call its sad votaries to the shrine of God,  
And, with the cloister and the tented sod, 
               
Join in one solemn strain!  

                With pomp of Roman form,  
With the grave ritual brought from England's shore,  
And with the simple faith which asks no more 
               
Than that the heart be warm!  

                He, who till time shall cease,  
Shall watch that earth, where once, not all in vain,  
He died to give us peace, will not disdain 
               
A prayer whose theme is—peace.  

                Perhaps ere yet the spring  
Hath died into the summer, over all  
The land, the peace of His vast love shall fall 
               
Like some protecting wing.  

                Oh ponder what it means!  
Oh turn the rapturous thought in every way!  
Oh give the vision and the fancy play, 
               
And shape the coming scenes!  

                Peace in the quiet dales,  
Made rankly fertile by the blood of men;  
Peace in the woodland, and the lonely glen, 
               
Peace in the peopled vales!  

                Peace in the crowded town,  
Peace in a thousand fields of waving grain,  
Peace in the highway and the flowery lane, 
               
Peace on the wind-swept down!  

                Peace on the farthest seas,  
Peace in our sheltered bays and ample streams,  
Peace wheresoe'er our starry garland gleams, 
               
And peace in every breeze!  

                Peace on the whirring marts,  
Peace where the scholar thinks, the hunter roams,  
Peace, God of Peace!  peace, peace in all our homes, 
               
And peace in all our hearts!