Student Counseling Center
SQ3R- A Study Skills Method
- Preview the assignment/material to be studied by scanning the text quickly to discover the central concept.
- From your preview, formulate an overall picture and the purpose of what you ’re going to study.
- Read the introduction to the chapter. Look over major section headings, figures, questions, key words and chapter summaries.
- Create context for remembering, generating interest and sense of what is important. Plan study sessions, setting a time limit for work, include breaks and rewards.
- Create and answer questions for each section of the chapter.
- Try to think in terms of who, what, when, where, why and/or how, to support the central concept.
- Write these questions in the margins of your textbook or at the top of your lecture or study notes.
- Focus on basic issues such as What is the main point? What supports the main point? What are the applications or examples? How does this relate to the rest of the chapter, the book, the world, me?
- Also consider questions that include comparing, contrasting and evaluating, predicting or problem solving strategies.
- Read specifically to answer the questions.
- Most paragraphs contain one or more main ideas in support of a concept.
- Locate and highlight them with a marker.
- Make notes (see web sites on note taking) in the margins, summarizing key points.
- Pay special attention to bold or italicized type and to tables, graphs and illustrations which may explain an idea more thoroughly than text.
- Start an outline on scratch paper.
- Pause periodically (every 15 minutes or so) look up from the book to recall in your own words a summary of what you have read: the important ideas or concepts and how the text, examples, graphs, chart or illustrations support them.
- Write on notepaper as much as you can recall about what you have read and learned! Each mini-review is a knowledge builder and memory reinforcer.
- Talk out loud and listen to the answers. Recite to strengthen connections and improve memory.
- Did you answer your questions, understand the new material and accomplish your goal?
- Reread difficult parts; work a few more problems.
- Go back and review the main points in the section adding more notes to the outline and margin.
- Recalling and reviewing the same material several times over a period of several times over a period of several days is the best way to fully absorb and remember it!
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